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Backeberg G.R.,Water Research Commission
Irrigation and Drainage | Year: 2014

For irrigation water management, knowledge created through scientific research has to meet the criterion of being useful for decisions and actions. Research projects must therefore be directed and managed according to the innovation cycle. It means that research must be taken further to application of outputs and actually result in outcomes that are socially beneficial. Research-based innovation is thus about turning opportunities into ideas and thereafter widely used practice, by following the iterative process of creativity, invention and exploitation. Innovation is the instrument of entrepreneurship, which is essential in research management. Decisions must be taken on the allocation of scarce funds for competent scientists to improve the knowledge base. In irrigation water management the key decision variables for efficient food production are measuring water use; reducing canal water losses; estimating crop water requirements; real-time irrigation scheduling; costing and investment procedures; and selecting appropriate technology for water application. Case studies are presented of research on these priority issues, which were followed by technology transfer projects to review and improve practical application. Training guidelines and manuals were compiled in support of skills development through practical courses and extension programmes. This required a continuous, focused drive to promote technology adoption and implementation. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source


Schreiner B.,Water Research Commission
Water Wheel | Year: 2013

The NWA was aimed at fundamentally reforming the previous Water Act of 1956 which was not only racially discriminatory in how water was allocated, but was based on the legislation of water-rich Europe which was not appropriate for a water-scarce country such as South Africa. Central to the NWA of 1998 is the principle that water is a scarce natural resource that belongs to all of the people of South Africa, and that it must be used beneficially and in the public interest. The process of issuing licenses to water users has seen serious challenges and delays, hampering much needed economic growth in the country. The major restructuring of the South African water legislation was made possible by the transfer of power from a white minority to a democratically elected government representing all the people of South Africa. Source


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: WATER-5b-2015 | Award Amount: 3.24M | Year: 2016

The main objective of AfriAlliance is for African and European stakeholders to work together in the areas of water innovation, research, policy, and capacity development to prepare Africa for future Climate Change challenges. There are many but fragmented initiatives and networks in place, therefore we will not create new but will consolidate existing networks of scientists, decision makers, practitioners, citizens and other key stakeholders into an effective, problem-focused knowledge sharing mechanism via an overall coordination platform: the Africa-EU Innovation Alliance for Water and Climate. We will support them in identifying appropriate social innovation and technological solutions for key water and climate change challenges. We will take Africa-EU cooperation in this field to a practical level by sharing (non)technological innovation for local challenges, thus also identifying and boosting sustainable market and investment opportunities. Demand-driven, problem-focused Action Groups will share knowledge between the identified stakeholders and networks at all scales to effectively identify and address vulnerabilities. We will make extensive use of existing/emerging communication channels and events (EU/African platforms, conferences, social media) to streamline Climate Change issues into water-related networks to raise awareness about their impacts and propose adaptation measures. We will re-enforce and valorise Water and Climate Change research and (social) innovation (R&I) cooperation between Africa and Europe through a mix of forward-looking and bottom-up innovation and road mapping techniques. We will identify demands, opportunities, and constraints at different levels and develop strategic advice (short term demand-driven R&I outlook and long term R&I agenda) for improving Africa-EU collaboration. This will help policy makers to create a consistent approach to bilateral cooperation between Africa and the EU in the field of innovation for water and climate


Backeberg G.R.,Water Research Commission
Irrigation and Drainage | Year: 2013

Technical activities of the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID) are organised under four Strategy Themes of 'Basin', 'Systems', 'On-farm' and 'Knowledge'. On request of ICID, an appraisal of gaps, vision and future direction of the Strategy Theme 'Systems' was undertaken as a basis for discussion. For this purpose, definitions of key terms are provided to correctly place Strategy Themes within the Water System, which enables an outward focus on farmers and consumers that should be served by experts. Assessment of Work Bodies allocated under this specific Strategy Theme shows that overall, the performance does not fully support in achieving the mission of ICID. It is advisable that the allocation must be reconsidered within the conceptual framework of Complex Adaptive Systems. Effective operations must ensure adherence to the mandate, work plan, activities and reporting by participating members representing various National Committees. Proposals are made for the conclusion of activities of existing Work Bodies and for the establishment of new Work Bodies, with priority attention to irrigation and drainage water management within a renamed Strategy Theme 'Schemes'. The incentives for participation in Work Bodies by ICID member countries are emphasized and the future strategic direction with action plans for the next three years is recommended. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: ERA-NET-Cofund | Phase: WATER-3-2014 | Award Amount: 18.67M | Year: 2015

Water is a critical resource for the European society. Beside its main life function, freshwater also provides many other functions essential to our economy. Water challenges cannot be successfully tackled through the isolated effort of individual national research and innovation programmes. This ERA-NET cofund proposal is submitted in the name of the Joint Programming Initiative Water Challenges for a Changing World, and aims at contributing to tackle European water challenges through the development of transnational and trans-disciplinary research and innovation actions. WaterWorks2014 addresses the specific challenge of integrating the efforts and Strategic Agendas of many European Water Research and Innovation funding organizations. This ERA-NET cofund will implement a Call for proposals on research and innovation developing technological solutions and services to support the implementation of EU water policy, in particular for water distribution and measurement, waste water treatment and reuse, desalination, floods and droughts etc. This Call for proposals will be funded by 18 organizations from 16 countries, and will have a total budget of 15.2 million Euro. This total budget includes a cofund from the European Commission amounting to 5.0 million Euro. WaterWorks2014 will also perform additional activities contributing to Water JPI Strategy and Implementation. Activities contributing to strategy include the development of new versions of the Water JPI Strategic Agenda and the Implementation Plan. Activities contributing to implementation include sharing good practices on Water research and innovation funding and management, exploratory workshops, alignment of on-going projects and the monitoring and final evaluation of Calls without cofunding. WaterWorks2014 will benefit researchers, policy-makers, water authorities, utility operators, industry, farmers, and citizens by developing new solutions to water challenges.

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