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Madrid, Spain

Rica M.,Complutense University of Madrid | Lopez-Gunn E.,Water Observatory | Llamas R.,Water Observatory
Irrigation and Drainage | Year: 2012

This paper analyses the emergence and evolution of collective action in relation to intensive groundwater user by looking at the case of groundwater user associations in Spain. The paper analyses the rules in norm or constitutional level and the typology of collective organizations, to then offer an empirical analysis of the main factors in the emergence and evolution of collective action in Spanish groundwater user associations. It identifies some key endogenous and exogenous factors that either facilitate or hinder collective action by groundwater users, as well as documenting their evolution through time towards a more diverse institutional range, partly explained by reaching increasing resource limits, which triggers looking for additional resources to minimize and manage risk and uncertainty. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source


Rica M.,Water Observatory | Rica M.,Complutense University of Madrid | Dumont A.,Water Observatory | Dumont A.,Complutense University of Madrid | And 4 more authors.
Water International | Year: 2014

This article examines different forms and levels of collective action by aquifer users in securing access to over-allocated groundwater resources using a case study of La Loma, Úbeda (Jaén, Spain), one of the largest olive-growing areas in the world. It shows how opportunities for collective water management increase at the basin level as bargaining spaces increase but also how political rent influences the institutional designs that emerge. The article identifies an opportunity to redesign the organizational and institutional configurations by both securing access to water and strengthening collaborative spaces at the basin level. © 2014 © 2014 International Water Resources Association. Source

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