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Rishon Le Zion, Israel

Ecosystem services (ES) (goods and services) represent the outputs of natural systems from which people can have benefits. Evaluation of the benefits resulting from ES of inland waters or the benefits, which are lost when the necessary measures are not implemented, is one of the methods of evaluating the external costs of environmental damage - environmental and resource costs. Evaluation of ES is based on the CICES classification v. 4.3, which defines provision, regulation/maintenance and cultural services. In the assessment of ES also enters groundwater, although in comparison with surface waters in lesser extent. At present, the evaluation is performed at the level of sub-basins of the Slovak Republic. In this paper, evaluation of selected ES is presented. Use of evaluation in practice is also discussed.

Murinova S.,Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava | Murinova S.,Water-Gen | Dercova K.,Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava
International Journal of Microbiology | Year: 2014

Bacterial strains living in the environment must cope with the toxic compounds originating from humans production. Surface bacterial structures, cell wall and cytoplasmic membrane, surround each bacterial cell and create selective barriers between the cell interior and the outside world. They are a first site of contact between the cell and toxic compounds. Organic pollutants are able to penetrate into cytoplasmic membrane and affect membrane physiological functions. Bacteria had to evolve adaptation mechanisms to counteract the damage originated from toxic contaminants and to prevent their accumulation in cell. This review deals with various adaptation mechanisms of bacterial cell concerning primarily the changes in cytoplasmic membrane and cell wall. Cell adaptation maintains the membrane fluidity status and ratio between bilayer/nonbilayer phospholipids as well as the efflux of toxic compounds, protein repair mechanisms, and degradation of contaminants. Low energy consumption of cell adaptation is required to provide other physiological functions. Bacteria able to survive in toxic environment could help us to clean contaminated areas when they are used in bioremediation technologies. © 2014 Slavomíra Murínová and Katarína Dercová.

Ilavsky J.,Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava | Barlokova D.,Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava | Munka K.,Water-Gen
Water, Air, and Soil Pollution | Year: 2015

The paper presents the results of antimony removal from the Dúbrava water resource using a pilot plant system capable of taking samples from different heights of adsorption materials. The adsorbents GEH, CFH12, CFH18, and Bayoxide E33 and two experimental stainless columns with bleeder valves located at heights of 20, 45, and 70 cm of the adsorption media and 91 cm (GEH), 94 cm (CFH18), 87 cm (CFH12), and 87 cm (Bayoxide E33) filter media high were used. The results of the experiments show that the most suitable material for removing antimony from water is GEH. For an antimony concentration of 78.4-108.0 μg/L in raw water and a filtration rate of 5.6-5.9 m/h, the limit concentration of 5 μg/L at the outlet of the 70-cm high adsorption media was reached at the bed volume 1788. In a case when the media height was 91 cm, the antimony concentration in the treated water would reach the limit value of 5 μg/L after a 672-h operation of the stainless column at the bed volume 4256. Under these conditions, the adsorption capacity was calculated at 184 μg/g. The adsorption capacities and bed volumes of the other adsorbents were lower in comparison to GEH. © Springer International Publishing 2014.

Murinova S.,Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava | Murinova S.,Water-Gen | Dercova K.,Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava | Dudasova H.,Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava
International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation | Year: 2014

We investigated the PCB-degrading abilities of four bacterial strains isolated from long-term PCB-contaminated soil (Alcaligenes xylosoxidans and Pseudomonas stutzeri) and sediments (Ochrobactrum anthropi and Pseudomonas veronii) that were co-metabolically grown on glucose plus biphenyl which is an inducer of the PCB catabolic pathway. The aim of study was to determine the respective contribution of biomass increase and expression of degrading enzymes on the PCB degrading abilities of each isolate. Growth on 5gl-1 glucose alone resulted in the highest stimulation of the growth of bacterial strains, whereas grown on 10mgl-1, 100mgl-1, 1gl-1, or 5gl-1 biphenyl did not effected the bacterial growth. None of the strains used in this study was able to grow on PCBs as the sole carbon source. Cells grown on glucose exhibited enhanced degradation ability due to an increased biomass. Addition of biphenyl at concentrations of 1 or 5gl-1 did not increase total PCB degradation, but stimulated the degradation of highly chlorinated congeners for some of the strains. The degradation of di- and tri-chlorobiphenyls was significantly lower for cells grown on 5gl-1 biphenyl independently on glucose addition. The highest degradation of the PCBs was obtained for A.xylosoxidans grown in the presence of glucose. Thus A.xylosoxidans appears to be the most promising among the four bacterial isolates for the purpose of bioremediation. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

A system of managing water production in a vehicle. The system comprises a water conducting element set to receive and conduct water generated as a product of an operation of a vehicle air conditioner of the vehicle to a water container, a gauge that measures the amount of water in the water container, and a manager that receives the measurement and instructs the operation accordingly.

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