Djonoputro E.R.,Water and Sanitation Program WSP |
Blackett I.,Water and Sanitation Program WSP |
Rosenboom J.-W.,Water and Sanitation Program WSP |
Weitz A.,Water and Sanitation Program WSP
Waterlines | Year: 2010
Across South-east Asia many of the poorest communities live on marginal land or over water. Owing to adverse geographic and climatic conditions in these areas, neither conventional nor most well known 'alternative' sanitation options are feasible at affordable prices for poor communities or poor governments. A recent study in the region has started to develop a typology of challenging environments for sanitation as a means to: assess the scale of the challenges; understand the specific issues involved in improving sanitation; identify, develop or improve sanitation technologies to cope with different environments; and to disseminate the results in the study countries, regionally and beyond. © Practical Action Publishing, 2010.
Devine J.,Water and Sanitation Program WSP |
Waterlines | Year: 2011
From 2003 to 2006, International Development Enterprises piloted a rural sanitation marketing approach in two provinces of Vietnam. During this period, coverage of sanitary toilets grew from 16 per cent to 46 per cent. Some three years after the project ended, the Water and Sanitation Program initiated a research study to investigate the sustainability of outcomes achieved. The study was conducted in collaboration with IRC and ADCOM and used a variety of methods including focus group discussion and structured interviews with community members, suppliers and promoters. The study found that coverage had continued to grow in pilot communes and had reached 59 per cent two years later. Promoters had continued their activities, albeit at a lesser intensity level. Many suppliers had expanded their product range and customer base and reported that their revenues from sanitation increased. Lack of tailored information on more affordable toilet construction and financing were the main barriers for those who had not yet built a sanitary toilet, despite having been reached by the pilot project. © Practical Action Publishing, 2011.