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East London, South Africa

Walter Sisulu University is a university of technology and science in Mthatha, Eastern Cape, South Africa, which came into existence on 1 July 2005 as a result of a merger between Border Technikon, Eastern Cape Technikon and the University of Transkei. The university is named after Walter Sisulu, a prominent figure in the struggle against apartheid. Wikipedia.

Banwari M.,Walter Sisulu University
African Health Sciences | Year: 2011

Everyone loves children. They want them to be happy and prosperous, but poverty takes away their rights. Poverty even forces them to sell their daughters in exchange for money. The trio of poverty, sexual assaults and HIV are complimentary to one another. This paper is a selection of 5 cases who presented at Sinawe Center as victims of rape, where money has played a role in the delay in reporting to the police. First, a young girl of 13 years was raped by a known person. The cost of settlement was a mere R500 (equivalent to 70 US dollars). The second victim was paid R10 or R20 for each sexual act. Third, fourth and fifth cases, were young girls who were forced to marry by their parents. The history, physical examination and laboratory investigations are given. Psychosocial and economic aspects are also discussed. Source

Cook S.,Walter Sisulu University
South African Medical Journal | Year: 2013

Screening for diabetic retinopathy (DR) not only allows for detection of microvascular complications, but for detection of other comorbidities. Recent advances in digital camera technology have improved screening for DR and many countries have established systems that screen all diabetics for DR annually. However, South Africa has lagged behind due to pressures at the primary care level, with the result that many diabetics are not screened. In response, the Ophthalmology Society of Southern Africa has developed a low-cost 'scorecard' system for a national DR screening programme. Source

Background. Intracranial suppuration (ICS) is a life-threatening condition caused by various disease processes and consisting of brain abscess and extradural and subdural empyema. The major causes have changed over the decades. To the author’s knowledge, the incidence of ICS in South Africa (SA) has not been established. Objective. To determine the incidence of ICS, overall and according to age and gender, and to identify the source and distribution of ICS. Method. The archive of the radiology departments at Umtata General Hospital and Nelson Mandela Academic Hospital in the Transkei region, Eastern Cape Province, SA, was searched retrospectively for computed tomography (CT) reports of patients diagnosed with ICS. Cases in which the CT images, patients’ clinical information and CT reports were available for an uninterrupted period of at least 1 year were included. Results. Five time frames were established, encompassing 8 years of data. The first time frame established an incidence of ICS of 1/100 000/year for the Transkei region. All the time frames were utilised to determine the incidence according to gender and age, and the source and distribution of ICS. The incidence of ICS was higher among males than females, and highest in the age groups 0 - 10 and 11 - 20 years. A seasonal variation in the incidence of sinusitis- and meningitis-related ICS was noted. Numbers of cases declined during the last 3 years of the study period. Conclusion. Sinusitis, head trauma, ear infection and meningitis were the major sources of ICS. A pulmonary source was not a major feature. In the last 4 years, trauma became the commonest source of ICS. A steady decline in ear infection- and meningitis-related ICS was noted. © 2015, South African Medical Association. All rights reserved. Source

Angst J.,University of Zurich | Grobler C.,Walter Sisulu University
European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience | Year: 2015

In the classification of mood disorders, major depressive disorder is separate from bipolar disorders whereas mania is not. Studies on pure mania are therefore rare. Our paper reviews the evidence for distinguishing pure mania (M) and mania with mild depression (Md) from bipolar disorder. Two large epidemiological studies found a prevalence of 1.7–1.8 % of M/Md in adolescents and adults. Several clinical follow-up studies demonstrated good stability of the diagnosis after a previous history of three manic episodes. Compared to bipolar disorder, manic disorder is characterised by a weaker family history for depression, an earlier onset, fewer recurrences and better remission, and is less comorbid with anxiety disorders. In addition, mania is strongly associated with a hyperthymic temperament, manifests more psychotic symptoms and is more often treated with antipsychotics. Twin and family studies find mania to be more heritable than depression and show no significant transmission from depression to mania or from mania to depression. Cardiovascular mortality is elevated among patients with mood disorders generally and is highest among those with mania. In non-Western countries, mania and the manic episodes in bipolar disorder are reported to occur more frequently than in Western countries. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Ekosse G.I.E.,Walter Sisulu University
Applied Clay Science | Year: 2010

Kaolin exploitation remains a financially sustained profit making mining industry that continues to contribute positively to national economies of the world. Its occurrence in Africa is not properly documented and adequately investigated. This work presents a summary of the geology, mineralogy, chemistry and usage of over two hundred and fifty kaolin deposits and occurrences in Africa including Algeria, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Egypt, Eritrea, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe. Utilisation of African kaolin in bricks, ceramics, fibre glass, plastics, pottery, pharmaceutics, paint, rubber, among others is mentioned. Market economics including cheap labour, must be considered by prospective companies interested in investing in kaolin exploitation in the continent. With increasing and new industrial applications and continuous price increase, any promising deposit or occurrence of kaolin in Africa is worth investing in. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. Source

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