Machida, Japan
Machida, Japan

Wako University is a private university in Japan, which is located in Machida, Tokyo.Wako University is part of a comprehensive educational institute called Wako-Gakuen , that includes kindergarten, two elementary schools, junior high school and high school. All schools are located in Tokyo.In fact, the university has direct attached schools, so that people who have attended from the elementary school are relatively wealthy and then they directly go to the university without taking an examination. Wikipedia.

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Yamagata S.,Entrance | Takahashi Y.,Kyoto University | Ozaki K.,The Institute of Statistical Mathematics of Tokyo | Fujisawa K.K.,Keio University | And 2 more authors.
Developmental Science | Year: 2013

This twin study examined the bidirectional relationship between maternal parenting behaviors and children's peer problems that were not confounded by genetic and family environmental factors. Mothers of 259 monozygotic twin pairs reported parenting behaviors and peer problems when twins were 42 and 48 months. Path analyses on monozygotic twin difference scores revealed that authoritative parenting (the presence of consistent discipline and lack of harsh parenting) and peer problems simultaneously influenced each other. Authoritative parenting reduced peer problems, and peer problems increased authoritative parenting. Neither consistent discipline nor harsh parenting alone was associated with peer problems. These results suggest that maternal authoritative parenting works protectively in regard to children's peer problems, and peer problems can evoke such effective parenting. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


Sueki H.,Wako University | Yonemoto N.,Translational Medical Center | Takeshima T.,National Institute of Mental Health | Inagaki M.,Okayama University
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Background: There has been no study that has allowed clear conclusions about the impact of suicide-related or mental health consultation-related internet use. Aim: To investigate the impacts of suicide-related or mental health consultation-related internet use. Methods: We conducted prospective observational longitudinal study with data collection at baseline screening (T0), 1 week after T0 (T1) and 7 weeks after T0 (T2). Participants with a stratified random sampling from 744,806 internet users were 20-49 years of age who employed the internet for suicide-related or mental health consultation-related reasons and internet users who did not. The main outcome was suicidal ideation. Secondary outcome measures comprised hopelessness, depression/anxiety, and loneliness. Results: The internet users who had employed the internet for suicide-related or mental health consultation-related reasons at T0 (n = 2813), compared with those who had not (n = 2682), showed a significant increase in suicidal ideation (b = 0.38, 95%CI: 0.20-0.55) and depression/anxiety (b = 0.37, 95%CI: 0.12-0.61) from T1 to T2. Those who disclosed their own suicidal ideation and browsed for information about suicide methods on the web showed increased suicidal ideation (b = 0.55, 95%CI: 0.23-0.88; b = 0.45, 95% CI: 0.26-0.63, respectively). Although mental health consultation with an anonymous other online did not increase suicidal ideation, increased depression/anxiety was observed (b = 0.34, 95%CI: 20.03-0.71). Conclusions: An increased suicidal ideation was observed in the young and middle-aged who employed the internet for suicide-related or mental health consultation-related reasons. Mental health consultation via the internet was not useful, but those who did so showed worsened depression/anxiety. © 2014 Sueki et al.


Kubo K.,University of Tokyo | Ikebukuro T.,Kokushikan University | Maki A.,Kokushikan University | Yata H.,Wako University | Tsunoda N.,Kokushikan University
European Journal of Applied Physiology | Year: 2012

The purpose of this study was to investigate the time course of changes in human tendon properties and metabolism during resistance training and detraining. Nine men (21-27 years) completed 3 months of isometric plantar flexion training and another 3 months of detraining. At the beginning and on every 1 month of training and detraining periods, the stiffness, blood circulation (blood volume and oxygen saturation), serum procollagen type 1 C-peptide (P1P; reflects synthesis of type 1 collagen), echointensity (reflects collagen content), and MRI signal intensity (reflects collagen structure) of the Achilles tendon were measured. Tendon stiffness did not change until 2 months of training, and the increase (50.3%) reached statistical significance at the end of the training period. After 1 month of detraining, tendon stiffness had already decreased to pre-training level. Blood circulation in the tendon did not change during the experimental period. P1P increased significantly after 2 months of training. Echointensity increased significantly by 9.1% after 2 months of training, and remained high throughout the experiment. MRI signal intensity increased by 24.2% after 2 months and by 21.4% after 3 months of training, but decreased to the pre-training level during the detraining period. These results suggested that the collagen synthesis, content, and structure of human tendons changed at the 2-month point of training period. During detraining, the sudden decrease in tendon stiffness might be related to changes in the structure of collagen fibers within the tendon. © Springer-Verlag 2011.


Kubo K.,University of Tokyo | Ikebukuro T.,Kokushikan University | Yata H.,Wako University | Tsunoda N.,Kokushikan University | Kanehisa H.,University of Tokyo
Journal of Applied Biomechanics | Year: 2010

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of resistance training on muscle and tendon properties between knee extensors and plantar flexors in vivo. Twenty healthy young men voluntarily participated in this study. The subjects were randomly divided into two training groups: knee extension group (n = 10) and plantar flexion group (n = 10). They performed five sets of exercises with a 1-min rest between sets, which consisted of unilateral knee extension for the knee extension group and plantar flexion for the plantar flexion group at 80% of 1 repetition maximum with 10 repetitions per set (4 days/wk, 12 wk). Before and after training, muscle strength, neural activation level (by interpolated twitch), muscle volume (by magnetic resonance imaging), and tendon stiffness (by ultrasonography) were measured. There were no differences in the training-induced increases in muscle strength, activation level, muscle volume, and tendon stiffness between knee extensors and plantar flexors. These results suggested that if the used protocol of training (i.e., intensity, repetition, etc.) were the same, there were no differences in the training-induced changes in muscle and tendon properties between knee extensors and plantar flexors. © 2010 Human Kinetics, Inc.


Kubo K.,University of Tokyo | Ikebukuro T.,Kokushikan University | Yata H.,Wako University | Tsunoda N.,Kokushikan University | Kanehisa H.,University of Tokyo
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research | Year: 2010

The purpose of this study was to investigate the time course of changes in mechanical and morphological properties of muscle and tendon during isometric training and detraining. Eight subjects completed 3 months of isometric knee extension training and detraining for another 3 months. At beginning and on every 1 month of training and detraining periods, muscle strength, neural activation level, muscle and tendon cross-sectional areas (CSA), and tendon stiffness were measured. Training increased muscle strength and neural activation level by 29.6 and 7.3% after 2 months and by 40.5 and 8.9% after 3 months (all p's < 0.05). Muscle CSA and tendon stiffness did not change until 2 months of training period, and afterward, the increases in muscle CSA and tendon stiffness reached statistical significance at the end of training period (both p's < 0.05). During detraining period, muscle strength and neural activation level did not change, although muscle CSA and tendon stiffness decreased to pre-training level at 1 and 2 months of detraining, respectively. These results suggest that the adaptations of tendon properties and muscle morphology to resistance training are slower than those of muscle function and inversely that the adaptations of former to detraining are faster than those of latter. © 2010 National Strength and Conditioning Association.


Kubo K.,University of Tokyo | Tabata T.,Kokushikan University | Ikebukuro T.,Kokushikan University | Igarashi K.,Kokushikan University | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Applied Physiology | Year: 2010

The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanical properties of muscle and tendon in long distance runners and their relations to running performance. Fifteen long distance runners (LDR) and 21 untrained subjects (CON) participated in this study. Muscle strength and activation level of knee extensors and plantar flexors were measured. Tendon elongation was determined using ultrasonography, while subjects performed ramp isometric knee extension and plantar flexion up to the voluntary maximum. Relative MVC (to body mass) of LDR was significantly lower than that of CON for knee extensors, but not for plantar flexors. No significant difference in the neural activation levels was found between LDR and CON for both sites. Maximal tendon elongation of LDR was significantly lower than that of CON for knee extensors, but not for plantar flexors. Furthermore, faster running time in a 5,000 m race (best official record of LDR) was associated with lower tendon stiffness for both sites. In conclusion, the tendon of long distance runners is less extensible than those of untrained subjects for knee extensors, but not for plantar flexors. For both sites, however, the lower tendon stiffness may be in favor of the running performance in long distance runners. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.


Background: Nurturing gatekeepers is an effective suicide prevention strategy. Internet-based methods to screen those at high risk of suicide have been developed in recent years but have not been used for online gatekeeping. Aims: A preliminary study was conducted to examine the feasibility and effects of online gatekeeping. Method: Advertisements to promote e-mail psychological consultation service use among Internet users were placed on web pages identified by searches using suicide-related keywords. We replied to all emails received between July and December 2013 and analyzed their contents. Results: A total of 139 consultation service users were analyzed. The mean age was 23.8 years (SD = 9.7), and female users accounted for 80% of the sample. Suicidal ideation was present in 74.1%, and 12.2% had a history of suicide attempts. After consultation, positive changes in mood were observed in 10.8%, 16.5% showed intentions to seek help from new supporters, and 10.1% of all 139 users actually took help-seeking actions. Conclusion: Online gatekeeping to prevent suicide by placing advertisements on web search pages to promote consultation service use among Internet users with suicidal ideation may be feasible. © 2015 Hogrefe Publishing.


Background Infodemiology studies for suicide prevention have become increasingly common in recent years. However, the association between Twitter use and suicide has only been partially clarified. This study examined the association between suicide-related tweets and suicidal behaviour to identify suicidal young people on the Internet. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Background: Previous studies have shown that suicide-related Internet use can have both negative and positive psychological effects. Aims: This study examined the effect of suicide-related Internet use on users' suicidal ideation, depression/anxiety tendency, and loneliness. Method: A two-wave panel study of 850 Internet users was conducted via the Internet. Results: Suicide-related Internet use (e.g., browsing websites about suicide methods) had negative effects on suicidal ideation and depression/anxiety tendency. No forms of suicide-related Internet use, even those that would generally be considered positive, were found to decrease users' suicidal ideation. In addition, our results suggest that the greater the suicidal ideation and feelings of depression and loneliness of Internet users, the more they used the Internet. Conclusion: Since suicide-related Internet use can adversely influence the mental health of young adults, it is necessary to take measures to reduce their exposure to such information. © 2013 Hogrefe Publishing.


This study aimed to clarify the association between the experience of searching for deliberate self-harm (DSH)-related Internet content and the mental states and lifetime suicidal behaviors of Japanese young adults (n = 1000) using an online questionnaire. The results were assessed using χ2 and t-tests, which revealed that the experience of DSH-related Internet searches may be significantly associated with lifetime suicidal behaviors (including DSH), suicidal ideation, and tendencies towards depression/anxiety. We discussed the possibility of using search engines to increase the motivation of Japanese young adults who deliberately harmed themselves with regard to seeking help. © 2012 The Author. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences © 2012 Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology.

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