Vyws Dental College And Hospital

Amrāvati, India

Vyws Dental College And Hospital

Amrāvati, India

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Srivastava S.,Chandra Dental College and Hospital | Bodade P.R.,VYWS Dental College and Hospital | Rastogi V.,MLN Medical College
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2013

Osteoma is a benign tumour consisting of mature bone tissue. It is an uncommon lesion that occurs in the bones of the craniofacial complex. Only a few cases involving the temporomandibular joint have been reported. An osteoma of the left temporomandibular joint causing limited mouth opening in a 22-year-old man with CT findings revealing the unusual possibility in differential diagnosis of trismus. Copyright 2013 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


PubMed | VYWS Dental College and Hospital, Private practioner and Jazan University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of international oral health : JIOH | Year: 2015

Anesthesiologist gain access to the airway passage orally with the help of laryngoscope. Dental trauma can occur during different steps in anesthesia. The aim of the study is to evaluate the risk factor for dental trauma perioperatively and to look for the preventive measures mostly employed by the anesthesiologist to prevent dental insult.The present study involved 40 anesthetists working in private hospitals using simple random sampling. They were asked to answer a questionnaire designed to look for the risk factors that makes tooth most prone for injury and find out the measures that anesthesiologists follow to prevent such injuries to occur. Codes were placed for the obtained data and Medcalc statistical package was used for analysis.Injuries mostly occur during intubation with a laryngoscope in patients where there is limited visibility to the hypopharynx. Maxillary left central incisor was mostly affected. Some anesthetists used plastic blades or curved blades to prevent such injury.Patient with poor dentition and history of difficult intubation should be sent for pre-operative dental evaluation to prevent dental injuries.


PubMed | University of Mumbai, RCDSR, VYWS Dental College and Hospital and Government Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry | Year: 2015

To determine the utility of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) for the detection of anti-HIV antibodies in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with respect to their CD4 counts.The study was carried out between 37 seropositive (37GCF, 10 saliva) and 37 seronegative (GCF) individuals for a period of 7-8 months in GDC Nagpur. Thirty-seven GCF and 10 whole saliva samples were collected from the same patient. GCF samples were collected from gingival crevice with the help of Kimble disposable microcapillary. Saliva was collected by asking the patient to bend forward. The drooling saliva was collected in a sterile bottle and stored at Minus 20C (-20C). After the clinical observations the data were collected and tabulated for statistical analysis.When compared with serum, the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of GCF were 100% respectively.All the above findings are suggestive of GCF being a better diagnostic medium than saliva.


PubMed | VYWS Dental College and Hospital, Career Postgraduate Institute of Dental science and Hospital and SVS Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of international oral health : JIOH | Year: 2015

Appearance of the face is a great concern to everyone, as it is a significant part of self-image. The study analyzed the clinical crown dimensions of the maxillary anterior teeth with respect to their apparent mesiodistal widths, width-to-height ratio to determine whether golden proportion existed among the South Indian population.A total of 240 dentulous subjects were chosen for the study (120 males and 120 females) age ranging between 18 and 28 years. Full face and anterior teeth images of the subjects were made on specially designed device resembling a face-bow, mounted onto the wall under a standard light source. The width and height of the maxillary central incisors were measured on the stone casts using a digital caliper.The mean perceived maxillary lateral incisor to central incisor width ratio was 0.67 in males and 0.703 in females. The mean perceived maxillary canine to lateral incisor width ratio was 0.744 in males and 0.714 in females. The mean width-to-height ratio of the maxillary central incisor was 79.49% in males and 79.197% in females.The golden proportion was not found between perceived mesiodistal widths of maxillary central and lateral incisors and nor between perceived mesiodistal widths of maxillary lateral incisors and canines. In the majority of subjects, the width-to-height ratio of maxillary central incisor was within 75-80%. There are no statistically significant differences in maxillary anterior teeth proportions between males and females. The results may serve as guidelines for treatment planning in restorative dentistry and periodontal surgery.


Kalele K.P.,Vyws Dental College And Hospital | Patil K.P.,Periodontics and Oral Implantology | Nayyar A.S.,Saraswati Dhanwantari Dental College and Hospital and Post Graduate Research Institute | Sasane R.S.,Terna Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2016

Introduction: Lymphocytes are often termed to be isomorphic, having a monotonous light microscopic appearance. Morphological aspects of lymphocytes in tissue sections thereby are not routinely taken notice of as their morphology seems to vary only in case of lymphoid malignancies, hematological malignancies apart from certain viral infections. Atypical lymphocytes are the lymphocytes with unusual shape, size or overall structure. These are more commonly known as reactive lymphocytes. The unusual histomorphological feature of these cells include larger size than normal lymphocytes; in some cells the size exceeds even 30 microns. The large size is the result of antigenic stimulation of the cell. Alongwith these, the other rare feature which is recently coming under light is “Cellular Cannibalism” which is defined as a large cell enclosing a slightly smaller one within its cytoplasm. Previously, this feature was noted only in cases of malignant tumors. Aim: The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of atypical lymphocytes in chronic periapical granulomas and cysts; to determine the proportionate cellular cannibalism in these periapical lesions. Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive, observational study conducted in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology and Oral Pathology and Microbiology. Haematoxylin and eosin stained 30 slides of chronic periapical granulomas and 20 slides of cysts reported in the year 2014–15 and the clinical proformas of the patients were retrieved from the files of the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology and Oral Pathology and Microbiology. These slides were evaluated by 3 experts from the specialization of Oral Pathology and Microbiology to determine the presence of atypical lymphocytes and cellular cannibalism under high power magnification (400X). Results: Out of the 30 slides of chronic periapical granulomas, about 12 slides (40%) revealed presence of atypical lymphocytes. In case of slides of chronic periapical cysts, however, only 4 out of the 20 slides (20%) examined histopathologically showed presence of atypical lymphocytes. An interesting feature of cellular cannibalism was noted in tissues with atypical cells. Cannibalistic cells were present in 12 out of the 30 slides of chronic periapical granulomas (40%). None of the cysts, however, revealed cannibalistic cells (0%). Conclusion: In the present study, we have quoted our observations on the unique cellular composition that was seen in histopathological sections of chronic periapical lesions. As also it was noted that those cases in which atypical cells and cellular cannibalism was evident the lesion clinically showed size more than 5cm. The question arises that whether presence of atypical cells from the tissue sections in these lesions denotes an aggressive clinical behavior and should be given a due consideration in deciding the treatment protocols for such cases to provide an optimum patient care. © 2016, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.


Wankhade A.D.,Vyws Dental College And Hospital | Pandey R.K.,Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University | Singh R.K.,Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University | Naphade M.V.,VYWS Dental College and Hospital
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2013

Traumatic injuries to primary dentition may result in a wide range of developmental disturbances to succedaneous permanent teeth. The prevalence of morphological disturbances, secondary to dental injuries in the primary dentition, ranges from 12% to 69%. One of the morphological disturbances are crown dilacerations which are defined as the displacement of a portion of the developing crown at an angle to the longitudinal axis of the tooth. The prevalence of crown dilaceration constitutes 3% of the total injuries in developing teeth and is usually because of intrusion or avulsion of their primary predecessors. The present article narrates a case of crown dilaceration of a permanent mandibular right central incisor with open apex and large periradicular pathosis and its endo-aesthetic management with 2 years of follow-up. Copyright 2013 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


Wankhade A.D.,Vyws Dental College And Hospital
BMJ case reports | Year: 2013

Traumatic injuries to primary dentition may result in a wide range of developmental disturbances to succedaneous permanent teeth. The prevalence of morphological disturbances, secondary to dental injuries in the primary dentition, ranges from 12% to 69%. One of the morphological disturbances are crown dilacerations which are defined as the displacement of a portion of the developing crown at an angle to the longitudinal axis of the tooth. The prevalence of crown dilaceration constitutes 3% of the total injuries in developing teeth and is usually because of intrusion or avulsion of their primary predecessors. The present article narrates a case of crown dilaceration of a permanent mandibular right central incisor with open apex and large periradicular pathosis and its endo-aesthetic management with 2 years of follow-up.


Wankhade A.D.,Vyws Dental College And Hospital | Pandey R.K.,University of Lucknow | Singh R.K.,University of Lucknow | Gondhalekar R.,Vyws Dental College And Hospital
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2013

Lateral luxation is defined as the displacement of the tooth in a direction other than axially. The present case report narrates management of laterally luxated primary maxillary central incisor with occlusal interference using an inclined plane fabricated with composite resin. The composite resin inclined plane was successfully used for correction of cross-bite caused due to lateral luxation particularly in delayed presentation of the case to the Pedodontics clinic after traumatic injury with occlusal interference. Copyright 2013 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


Wankhade A.D.,Vyws Dental College And Hospital
BMJ case reports | Year: 2013

Lateral luxation is defined as the displacement of the tooth in a direction other than axially. The present case report narrates management of laterally luxated primary maxillary central incisor with occlusal interference using an inclined plane fabricated with composite resin. The composite resin inclined plane was successfully used for correction of cross-bite caused due to lateral luxation particularly in delayed presentation of the case to the Pedodontics clinic after traumatic injury with occlusal interference.


PubMed | Vyws Dental College And Hospital
Type: | Journal: BMJ case reports | Year: 2013

Lateral luxation is defined as the displacement of the tooth in a direction other than axially. The present case report narrates management of laterally luxated primary maxillary central incisor with occlusal interference using an inclined plane fabricated with composite resin. The composite resin inclined plane was successfully used for correction of cross-bite caused due to lateral luxation particularly in delayed presentation of the case to the Pedodontics clinic after traumatic injury with occlusal interference.

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