PubMed | PDM Dental College Bahadurgarh, Vyas Dental College and KLES Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2014
Macrodontia is a rare dental anomaly that refers to teeth appears larger than normal. It can be generalized or isolated macrodontia. Isolated macrodontia involving premolar is very rare. This case report presents an unusual unilateral molarifrom macrodontia of mandibular second premolar.
PubMed | Awadh Dental College and Hospital, Journal of Health Research and Review and Vyas Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry | Year: 2014
This study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the adjunctive use of tetracycline fibers (Periodontal Plus AB()) as a local drug delivery with scaling and root planing, as compared with the results of one episode of scaling and root planing for the treatment of chronic periodontitis.The effectiveness of Periodontal Plus AB (tetracycline fiber) was assessed in 100 patients suffering from chronic periodontitis using split-mouth technique.The relative efficacy of the two treatment modalities was evaluated using the paired Students t-test, and the comparative evaluation between the two groups was done using the independent Students t-test.Significant improvement was found in all the variables, including reduction in pocket depth and gain in clinical attachment level, in both test and control groups in 3 months, which was statistically significant. Mean reduction in pocket depth and gain in clinical attachment level were more in test than in control group.Tetracycline fiber therapy along with scaling and root planing improves the healing outcome, namely, reduction in pocket depth and gain in clinical attachment level, when compared to scaling and root planing alone.
PubMed | KLE University, AMES Dental College and Hospital, Vyas Dental College and Indraprasthaal College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European journal of dentistry | Year: 2015
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a highly lethal, progressively epidemic viral infection characterized by profound impairment of the immune system. Oral manifestations are common in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infected AIDS patients, and are usually the first indicator of symptom and disease progression. The main objective of the current study was to compare the prevalence of oral manifestations in HIV patients on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) with those, not on HAART therapies.A cross sectional study was conducted among 100 patients diagnosed as human immune virus sero-positive. These patients were divided equally into two groups (50 each); Group I patients on HAART and Group II patients who were not on HAART. Information regarding age, sex and cluster of differentiation 4 cell count was obtained from the medical records. Oral examination was done, and findings were recorded by using internationally accepted presumptive clinical criteria. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square statistical test.The presence of oral manifestations was significantly decreased in subjects on HAART (32%) compared to those who are not on HAART (56%). The most common oral lesions detected in patients on HAART were increased oral hyper-pigmentation (14%), recurrent aphthous stomatitis (8%), non-specific ulcerations (4%), pseudo-membranous candidiasis (2%), periodontitis (2%) and xerostomia (2%), whereas in non HAART oral hyperpigmentation (10%), pseudo-membranous candidiasis (8%), angular cheilitis (4%), and erythematous candidiasis (4%) and Periodontitis (14%) were more prevalent.The number and severity of oral manifestation decreased, and even there was a change in the type of oral manifestations on HAART, which may be because of the improvement in immunity gained by the therapy.
PubMed | University of Liverpool, Vyas Dental College and Government Dental College
Type: | Journal: Journal of investigative and clinical dentistry | Year: 2015
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk indicators of betel quid oral lichenoid lesions in chewers.A total of 1209 chewers were identified and categorized into three main groups based on the type of lesion: betel quid oral lichenoid lesions only, betel quid oral lichenoid lesions in association with quid-induced other oral mucosal lesions, and no lesions. Multinomial regression analyses were used to determine associations between dependent and independent variables.Betel quid oral lichenoid lesions were more common in individuals who chewed quid comprising both tobacco and areca nut, and in those who chewed it two to three, or greater than three, times a day. Betel quid oral lichenoid lesions+quid-induced other oral mucosal lesions were more likely to occur in females, and in individuals who chewed quid containing both tobacco and areca nut, in their processed and unprocessed forms, and greater than three times a day.The prevalence of betel quid oral lichenoid lesions was higher than that reported in previous studies conducted in India. Increase in the frequency and duration of quid chewing was associated with increased likelihood of developing these oral lichenoid lesions.
Sumit B.,Dr Dy Patil Dental College And Hospital |
Geetika A.,Vyas Dental College
International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy | Year: 2012
Nature has bestowed on us a very rich botanical wealth and a large number of diverse types of plants grow in different parts of the country. Plants are the richest resource of drugs in traditional systems of medicine, modern medicines, nutraceuticals, food supplements, folk medicines, pharmaceutical intermediates and chemical entities for synthetic drugs. Medicinal plants are a source of great economic value all over the world. Ocimum sanctum Linn (Tulsi) is a well-known plant used in the Indian system of medicine. This paper reviews the therapeutic potential of this plant in treatment of various medical and oral disorders.
PubMed | JSS University, Vyas Dental College and Darshan Dental College & Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of international oral health : JIOH | Year: 2015
Traumatic injuries to the dento-alveolar structures are emergencies that compromise the quality of life of the patients. In addition to symptomatic management, definitive functional restoration and suitable rehabilitation becomes a major treatment objective in such cases. The dynamics of the traumatic forces may cause multiple injuries of different grades to the oral and para-oral structures, which makes comprehensive management a greater challenge to the dentist. The present case report elaborates a modified esthetic splint designed to treat multiple dental injuries in children, which can promote healing, restore optimal functionality along with esthetic rehabilitation to psychologically benefit the child during the time of recovery.
PubMed | Vyas Dental College
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Indian journal of dental research : official publication of Indian Society for Dental Research | Year: 2014
When ceramic brackets were introduced as an esthetic alternative to the stainless steel brackets, it was a step ahead in the use of esthetic appliances for orthodontic treatment. Although ceramic brackets had overcome the drawbacks of the initial polycarbonate brackets such as staining and bracket slot distortion, they posed an altogether different problem. This was on account of the physical properties of the ceramic material, namely brittleness.The purpose of this study is to investigate the physical properties of three different varieties of esthetic brackets, i.e., MXI ceramic bracket, Spirit MB bracket (Ormco), a composite bracket with metal slot reinforcement and the third one fiber bracket, with silicious copolymer, Natura (Leone Co.). AIMS AND OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: The objective of this study is to compare the torsional resistance of the brackets and resistance of brackets to second order archwire activations.The strength of the selected brackets was more than sufficient to withstand orthodontic load without any fracture or deformation.
PubMed | KLE University, Vyas Dental College, Rajas Dental College and Sharavathi Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of natural science, biology, and medicine | Year: 2015
Hemisection is sectioning of multi-rooted teeth with its crown portion, with the loss of periodontal attachment and is performed to retain the original tooth structure and attain the fixed prosthodontic prosthesis. We describe hemisection of a mandibular molar tooth followed by adequate restoration in a young patient.
PubMed | Vyas Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2015
Dental anomalies are the formative defects caused by genetic disturbances or environmental factors during tooth morphogenesis. The term microdontia is defined as the condition of having abnormally small teeth. Clinically, microdontia in the permanent dentition, excluding the third molars, is found in 0.8-8.4% of the population. One of the commonest forms of localized microdontia is that which affects the maxillary lateral incisor, a condition called Peg laterals. The next tooth which can be affected is the third molars. Few cases of microdontia in canines have been reported. Localised microdontia of maxillary second molar has never been reported in literature before.
PubMed | Jodhpur Dental College and Vyas Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Contemporary clinical dentistry | Year: 2015
The purpose of this review was to assess the effectiveness of the buccal myomucosal flap in secondary repairs of cleft palate in 20 patients.Totally, 20 patients, who underwent secondary palatoplasty between 5 years and 8 years in which a buccal myomucosal flap was used, were reviewed retrospectively. All patients had undergone at least one previous attempted repair at other institutions. Indications for the secondary repair included velopharyngeal incompetence and/or oronasal fistula. Patients were evaluated preoperatively for oronasal fistula status, velopharyngeal competence, nasal resonance, speech quality, and nasal escape.The buccal myomucosal flap was used in all 20 patients, and there was marked increase in the quality of speech as well as nasal regurgitation decreased. In patients with levator dysfunction due to poor primary surgery and glottal speech the results were inconclusive.Palate re-repair combined with a buccal myomucosal flap, occasionally in conjunction with other techniques, is an effective method for correcting failed cleft palate repairs. Minimum donor site morbidity and complication makes the buccal flap a useful armamentarium of a cleft surgeon.