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Deshmukh S.P.,VSPMs Dental College and Hospital | Radke U.M.,VSPMs Dental College and Hospital
Gerodontology | Year: 2012

Purpose: To translate the original English version of the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) into Hindi and assess its validity and reliability for use among people in India. Materials and Method: After translation into Hindi, a total of 385 participants aged 55+ demonstrated acceptable validity and reliability when used for people in India. Individual GOHAI items were recorded and summed as originally recommended. The questionnaire sought information about socio-demographic characteristics and self-reported perception of general and oral health. Clinical examination included assessment of periodontal status and number of decayed teeth, missing teeth, filled teeth and crowned teeth. Result: Mean GOHAI score was 40.9 (SD, 10.6; range, 12-60). Cronbach's alpha for the GOHAI score was 0.88, indicating a high degree of internal consistency and homogeneity between the GOHAI items. The test-retest correlation coefficient for add-GOHAI scores was 0.72, indicating good stability. Add-GOHAI scores increased with poorer perceived general and oral health. Convergent validity, construct validity and discriminant validity of the GOHAI were demonstrated. Conclusion: It could therefore be used as a valuable instrument for measuring oral health-related quality of life for people in this region. © 2012 The Gerodontology Society and John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source


Deshpande S.,VSPMs Dental College and Hospital | Radke U.,VSPMs Dental College and Hospital | Kahar A.,VSPMs Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2010

Purpose of Study: To evaluate the prevalence of canine guidance & group function and various factors contributing to dento-facial aesthetics in young Indian population. Methodology: A questionnaire was designed including all the factors. Subjects were students of VSPM's Dental College & Research Centre of age group 22-25 yrs. Total sample size was100. Result & conclusion: Most prevalent type of occlusion was found to be Angle's Type I & most common guidance pattern is bilateral canine guidance. The prevalence of Average smile line was found to be highest. Most prevalent shade was B2.Such studies should be widely conducted in all regions of the country to provide a baseline data for future reference. Source

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