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Kavsan V.M.,NASU Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics | Baklaushev V.P.,Vp Serbsky National Research Center For Social And Forensic Psychiatry | Balynska O.V.,NASU Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics | Iershov A.V.,NASU Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Biomedical Science | Year: 2011

An important task in understanding oncogenesis is the identification of those genes whose copy number and expression increase during tumorigenesis. Previously, in an effort to identify genes which could be used as molecular markers for glial tumors, we compared gene expression in glioblastoma to the normal brain cells. Among the genes with the most pronounced increased expression in tumors there was CHI3L1, encoding the secreted chitinase 3-like 1 protein (also known as HC gp-39 or YKL-40). Expression of CHI3L1 was found increased significantly in various tumors in comparison with corresponding normal tissues. Here we show that CHI3L1 can decrease the doubling time of 293 cells. We have also demonstrated that CHI3L1 allows the anchorage-independent growth in soft agar and, in addition, stable CHI3L1 expression made 293 cells tumorigenic: these cells stimulate the initiation of tumors after their xenograft transplantation into the Wistar rat brains. Thus, the overexpression of CHI3L1 is likely to be critical in the development of some tumors and when we gain more information about mechanisms of CHI3L1 oncogenicity, it could be used as one of the potential targets for anticancer therapy. Source

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