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Gorlov I.F.,Volga Region Research Institute of Manufacture and Processing of Meat and Milk Production | Gelunova O.B.,Volgograd State Technical University | Giro T.M.,Volgograd State Technical University | Mirzayanova E.P.,Saratov State Agrarian University
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science | Year: 2014

Integrated researches aimed to develop technologies and recipes for meat products of “Halal” category using seed fat and Milk Protein-Carbohydrate Concentrate (MPCC) represent a new generation of scientific and practical interest. In this connection, the authors propose technologies and recipes for meat products of “Halal” category, designed on the basis of rational combinatorics of animal and vegetable origin raw materials, that let us to expand the range of halal meat products and to develop cost-effective technologies. The results of the research have provided expanding the range of functional meat products, including Halal products for muslims, that meet the quality standards of the finished product in the category «Halal». Practical feasibility of using a vegetable fats complex and Milk Protein-Carbohydrate Concentrate (MPCC) «Lactobel-ED» in sausage production has been found. The levels of adding to the formula have been proved. Thermodenaturation of milk and whey proteins during thickening and drying of “Lactobel-ED” increases the availability of peptide chains and ionized amino acid residues. Solubility study showed that the concentrate is highly soluble in aqueous solutions, but this has a high dispersion degree, which increases the overall adsorption surface. Analysis of the results of structural and mechanical changes in the characteristics of minced model systems indicates a decline in YV of prototypes with sunflower oil on average 99.5 Pa. © 2014 I.F. Gorlov et al. Source

Gorlov I.F.,Volgograd State Technical University | Slozhenkina M.I.,Volgograd State Technical University | Karpenko E.V.,Volga Region Research Institute of Manufacture and Processing of Meat and Milk Production | Giro T.M.,Saratov State Agrarian University | Andreeva S.V.,Saratov State Agrarian University
Voprosy Pitaniia | Year: 2015

The paper presents the biomedical evaluation of meat and cereal spread from low-cholesterol raw material with vegetable ingredients, recommended as a functional food. The experimental model with myocardial infarction like changes in hearts of the animals, accompanied by vascular changes similar to atherosclerotic changes in humans, as well as the modeling of the metabolic imbalance of lipids have been carried out by intramuscular injection of epinephrine and unbalanced feeding the animals with food rich in cholesterol, with a high content of carbohydrates and fats. Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups of 12 animals each. The rats in groups 1-3 were induced the cardio distress with intramuscular injection of epinephrine; group IV consisted of intact (healthy) animals. Dramatic changes in biochemical blood status that indicated heart disease have been observed within 2 days after the injection of epinephrine (0,2 mlper 1 kg of animal body weight) to the tested animals. During the experiment a sharp increase in activity of indicator enzymes of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferases (AST), with a predominance of AST over ALT, along with an increase in LDH activity have been observed. The 1,4-1,6 fold increase in blood serum creatinine has also been found. Later the animals in groups 1,2, 3 with simulated cardio pathology were fed a ration with intervention of food rich in cholesterol, with a high content of carbohydrates and fats (50% of the diet) for a month for induction of lipid metabolism disorders. An increase in the concentration of cholesterol and triglycerides by 3 fold or more has been observed. In addition, an accumulation of sulfhydryl groups has been noted, as evidenced by increased rates of thymol. For further normalization of lipid metabolism, the animals in tested group I were fed the diet with intervention of spread, developed in accordance with GOST 12318-91 Canned meat «Meat spread»; the rats of group 2 were fed with spread with vegetable supplements (pumpkin by-products and alginates), and group 3 received a standard diet within the next month. The results of biochemical blood serum studies have shown that the level of cholesterol, triglycerides, creatinine and sulphydryl groups in the experimental groups 1 and 2 decreased; indicating a positive influence on lipid metabolism and prevention of peroxides formation in the organism. These changes were more pronounced when meat product with plant additives and alginate was used in the diet. Only under the application of the meat-vegetable pate cholesterol level ceased to differ from that of the control group of animals. Based on the significant reduction of blood malondialdehyde level, antioxidant properties of vegetable supplements have been proven. The experimental data showed that the spread, developed on the basis of low-cholesterol raw meat with vegetable ingredients (pumpkin by-products and alginates) can be used to correct metabolic disorders of lipids, reducing the risk of cardio pathology in the body. Source

Gorlov I.F.,Volgograd State Technical University | Levakhin V.I.,All Russian Research Institute of Beef Cattle | Azhmuldinov E.A.,All Russian Research Institute of Beef Cattle | Levakhin G.I.,Orenburg State Agrarian University | And 4 more authors.
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2015

The purpose of this research was to study the possibility of cattle breeding in a radioactively contaminated area and to develop methods of purifying the animal body from cesium-137 before slaughter to obtain environmentally safe meat. Experiments were conducted on 4 groups of calves of Simmental breed grown with the cows and after weaning in a feedlot or in a fattening complex. The density of radioactive contamination by cesium-137 in the core sector was up to 925 kBq/m2, out at grass 851-1110 kBq/m2, in the "Clean" area, where the fattening complex was located to 185 kBq/m2. For the period of cleaning the calves-body with clean feeds, the decrease multiplicity of the cesium-137 content in comparison with the control was 17.0-33.7 times, respectively. Similar results were obtained in the study of animal internal organs (heart, liver, lungs and kidneys). The meat production was safe for use in human food. © 2016 Knowledgia Review, Malaysia. Source

Gorlov I.F.,Volgograd State Technical University | Khramtsov A.G.,North Caucasus Federal University | Evdokimov I.A.,North Caucasus Federal University | Lodygin A.D.,North Caucasus Federal University | And 5 more authors.
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2015

The purpose of the research was to explore the feasibility of enzymatic catalysis with elements of microbial synthesis of the polymerization of lactose monomers into the galactooligosaccharides (GalOS) nanoclusters. The main objects of the study were the lactose solution (milk raw sugar) and the whey permeates subjected to electroactivation and fermentation by Lactokanestsin G20x and Ha-Lactase. To determine the carbohydrate composition of samples and finished products, the high-pressure liquid chromatography method was used. For the process monitoring, the freezing point depression method and the lactose transformation rate were applied. The directed and controlled types of synthesis of a universal agricultural bioecologic raw material of animal origin were examined in the context of solving a task of transglycosylation of the whey lactose into the GalOS. A biotechnology paradigm of the enzyme-catalyzed GalOS polymerization by [beta]-galactosidase in model solutions of milk sugar and industrial samples of the whey permeates was substantiated. The transglycosylation patterns with optimized parameters of the GalOS synthesis were established. The GalOS synthesis in the whey permeate had an optimum, which was observed at a temperature of (50±2)°C and a pH value of (6.4±0.2). On the basis of the research results, the Innovative Technology Platform (the priority was patented with know-how elements) of the GalOS-concentrates production was generated. The relevance of this work is due not only to the practical applicability of the GalOS-concentrates as prebiotic components and their biological value, but also to the need for the complex processing of lactose containing raw material. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2015. Source

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