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Mohandas U.,Vokkaligara Sangha Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Year: 2010

Dental caries comprise the single most chronic disease affecting children today. Evidence increasingly suggests that for successful prevention of dental caries, preventive interactions must begin within the first year of life. Pediatricians are responsible for the primary care of the child and are well positioned to begin this process if they recognize and encourage good preventive habits and refer appropriately. Insufficient information about their role in prevention of dental caries led us to conduct a survey among pediatricians in Bangalore urban to determine their knowledge, attitude and practice in prevention of dental caries. Source

Kadanakuppe S.,Vokkaligara Sangha Dental College and Hospital
Oral health & preventive dentistry | Year: 2013

The objective of this study was to assess the opinion of dental patients who use tobacco towards receiving tobacco cessation counseling and services in a dental college and hospital setting. A cross-sectional descriptive survey method using a structured questionnaire was used in this study. Participants were patients attending The Oxford Dental College, Hospital, and Research Center, Bengaluru, India. Each patient in the clinic waiting room was asked by the investigator to complete a 29-item self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and bivariate analysis using Fisher's exact tests were used for statistical analysis of the data. Ninety-six percent (n = 770) of tobacco users had previously attempted to quit tobacco and 95.7% were willing to quit. Sixteen percent (n = 132) of respondents reported that they currently used tobacco. About 83% of tobacco users agreed that the student dentist should ask patients whether or not they use tobacco, 79.4% agreed that the student dentist should advise tobacco users to quit, and 81.4% agreed that student dentists should offer information on quitting tobacco to patients who want to quit. Only 12.5% (n = 100) of the patients who use tobacco were aware of the community resources available to quit tobacco. This study shows that patients expect and felt comfortable with receiving tobacco cessation counseling services by oral health professionals in a dental hospital setting. Source

Raghavan S.A.,KLE University | Puttaswamiah R.N.,Vokkaligara Sangha Dental College and Hospital | Birur P.N.,KLE University | Ramaswamy B.,KLE University | Sunny S.P.,KLE University
Korean Journal of Pain | Year: 2014

Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) is defined as a chronic orofacial pain syndrome, without evidence of mucosal lesions and other clinical signs of disease or laboratory abnormalities. Patients with BMS complain of burning pain in the mouth, xerostomia and taste disturbances. It is more common among women and the median age of occurrence is about 60 years. BMS may be primary or secondary to other diseases. The mainstay in the treatment of BMS includes antidepressants, benzodiazepines, and anticonvulsants. A few cases of BMS caused due to medication have been reported. The causative drugs include angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, anticoagulants, antipsychotics, antiretrovirals, and benzodiazepines. This is a case report of a patient on antidepressants who developed symptoms of BMS thereby causing a dilemma in management. © The Korean Pain Society, 2014. Source

Mehta D.,Vokkaligara Sangha Dental College and Hospital | Gowda V.,Vokkaligara Sangha Dental College and Hospital | Finger W.J.,Tohoku University | Sasaki K.,Tohoku University
Dental Materials | Year: 2015

Objective Hypersensitivity of non-carious cervical lesions (DH) is a frequently encountered disease. This randomized, controlled, single-blind crossover study evaluated the effectiveness of a calcium phosphate containing desensitizer paste (TAP) on DH in comparison to water as placebo (PLA). Methods In this clinical trial 35 patients were randomly assigned to the test and the negative control group. Using a 10 cm long VAS (visual analog scale) patients should respond with DH score >6 on one tooth in each of two quadrants for allocation. Pain stimuli were a 2-seconds air blast (AB) and probe scratching (PS) of the exposed dentin. VAS scores were determined pre-operatively (PRE), immediately after treatment (POST), at 1 week, 1, 3 and finally after 6 months. Results Both TAP and PLA applications decreased DH significantly at POST and throughout the 6-months recalls (p < 0.001). Pain reductions upon AB stimulation of TAP treated teeth, assessed at POST and 6 months were 35 and 55%, upon PS stimuli 21 and 54%, respectively. PLA treated lesions responded to AB at POST and after 6 months with 20 and 36% pain reduction, to PS with 11 and 30% pain reduction, respectively. Differences between TAP and PLA pain scores were statistically significant at all recalls (p < 0.05). Significance TAP paste reduced DH successfully during this 6-months trial. The calcium phosphate crystallites included in the paste and the presumed hydroxyapatite precipitates upon exposure to saliva were hypothetically able to occlude open dentinal tubules, at least to some extent. TAP is considered a biocompatible desensitizer paste. © 2015 Academy of Dental Materials. Source

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