Strucinski P.,National Institute of Public HealthNational Institute of Hygiene |
Morzycka B.,Voivodship SanitaryEpidemiological Station |
Goralczyk K.,National Institute of Public HealthNational Institute of Hygiene |
Hernik A.,National Institute of Public HealthNational Institute of Hygiene |
And 7 more authors.
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment | Year: 2015
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to characterize short- and long-term risk for consumers associated with dietary intake of pesticide residues in fruits, vegetables, and other foodstuffs available on the Polish market based on 2010–2013 official surveillance results. Among 779 samples collected from 2010 to 2013 no pesticide residue was found in 39.7% samples while 58.5% contained residues at or below the EU Maximum Residue Levels (MRLs). Non-compliances (residues above the respective MRLs) were found in 14 samples (1.8%). Most of the estimated daily intakes were well below 1% of respective acceptable daily intake (ADI) values. The highest intake for children and adults was about 7% and 1.5% of ADI, respectively. For non-compliant results acute risk was characterized. Predicted short-term intakes for children and adults ranged from 0.7% to 425%, and from 0.2% to 100% of respective acute reference dose, respectively. Results of chronic risk characterization show that consumers in Poland are adequately protected; however, incidental cases where residue levels may potentially pose a threat to consumers’ health due to acute exposure cannot be excluded. © 2015, Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.