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Jain S.,VNS Institute of Pharmacy | Patil U.K.,Peoples Institute of Pharmacy and Research Center
Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources | Year: 2010

Cassia tora Linn. is one of the well-known anthraquinone containing plant and has been used in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. In the present review, an attempt has been made to explore a literature survey on its traditional uses, phytochemical studies and pharmacological properties. The whole plant as well as specific parts such as roots, leaves and seeds have been widely used and claimed against different diseases by rural and traditional practitioners of Satpura region of Madhya Pradesh. This plant has great contribution in modern system of herbal medicine for new drug development. Source

Smita J.,VNS Institute of Pharmacy | Patil U.K.,Dr Hari Singh Gour University
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines | Year: 2014

Aim: To investigate the active chloroform fraction of the ethanol extract of Ipomoea carnea flowers on hematological changes in toluene diisocyanate-induced inflammation in Wistar rats. Method: Except for the control group, all of the rats were sensitized with intranasal application of 5 μL of 10% toluene diisocyanate (TDI) for 7 days. One week after second sensitization, all of the rats were provoked with 5 μL of 5% TDI to induce airway hypersensitivity. After the last challenge, blood and bronchoalvelor lavage (BAL) fluid were collected and subjected to total and differential leucocytes count. Flash chromatography was performed on the most active chloroform fraction to isolate an individual component. Results: Treatment with the ethanolic extract and its chloroform fraction at an oral dose of 200 mg·kg-1 showed a significant decrease in circulating neutrophil and eosinophil in blood and BAL as compared with standard dexamethasone (DEXA). The structure of the compound obtained from chloroform fraction of Ipomea carnea was elucidated as stigmast-5, 22-dien-3β-ol on the basis of spectral data analysis. Conclusion: The chloroform fraction was found to be more effective to suppress airway hyper reactivity symptoms, and decreased count of both total and differential inflammatory cells. © 2014 China Pharmaceutical University. Source

Rajak H.,Guru Ghasidas University | Singour P.,VNS Institute of Pharmacy | Kharya M.D.,Dr Hari Singh Gour University | Mishra P.,GLA Institute of Pharmaceutical science and Research
Chemical Biology and Drug Design | Year: 2011

In search for a better anticonvulsant drug and the importance of semicarbazones and 2,5-disubstituted 1,3,4-oxadiazoles as anticonvulsant pharmacophore, a series of novel substituted semicarbazones were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their anticonvulsant activity. The chemical structures of the synthesized molecules were confirmed by elemental and spectral (IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and MS) analysis. The anticonvulsant activities of the compounds were investigated using maximal electroshock seizure and subcutaneous pentylenetetrazole (scPTZ) models. Efforts were also made to establish structure-activity relationships among synthesized compounds. The results of the present study validated that the pharmacophore model with four binding sites is essential for anticonvulsant activity. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source

Pawar R.S.,VNS Institute of Pharmacy | Jain A.P.,Dr Hari Singh Gour University | Lodhi S.,Dr Hari Singh Gour University | Singhai A.K.,Dr Hari Singh Gour University
Journal of Ethnopharmacology | Year: 2010

Ethnopharmacological relevance: Asteracantha longifolia Nees. (Family-Acanthaceae) is a wild herb commonly used in traditional ayurvedic medicine as Kokilaaksha and the Unani drug as Talimakhana in India and Srilanka for various medicinal uses as aphrodisiac, tonic, sedative and blood diseases etc. Aim of the study: The aim of the current study was to validate and explore the folk use of Asteracantha longifolia Nees. (AL) (Leaf part) on pharmacological grounds using haloperidol induced iron deficiency anemia for the assessment of erythropoietic activity. Materials and methods: Determination of iron in plant extracts was carried out using spectrophotometric method. Plant extract was obtained from crude drugs using extraction with ethanol. In vivo study, haloperidol induced iron deficiency anemia model was used in experimental studies. Results: An administration of ethanolic extract of AL at the doses of 100. mg/kg and 200. mg/kg body weight, i.p., demonstrated a significant (P<0.05) increase in erythrocyte count, haemoglobin count, serum iron and serum protein etc. This effect may be due to the presence of iron (622 μg/50. mg) in extract estimated by spectrophotometric method. Conclusion: An ethanolic extract of AL effectively restored the hematological parameters, serum iron and serum protein and normalized the microcytic (smaller in size), anisocytosis (disturbed shape) and hypochromic RBCs. These observations could justify the inclusion of this plant in the management of iron deficiency anemia due the presence of iron and other constituents as flavonoids, terpenoids, steroids, lupeol and betulin. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Iyer D.,VNS Institute of Pharmacy | Patil U.K.,Peoples Institute of Pharmacy and Research Center
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease | Year: 2012

Objective: To explore the Anti-hyperlipidemic and Anti-tumor effect of ethanolic extract, chloroform fraction and stigmast-5-en-3β-ol from stems of Salvadora persica L. Methods: The antihyperlipidemic effect of ethanolic extract of Salvadora persica, its chloroform fraction and isolated components was evaluated in Triton- induced hyperlipidemic rats. Animals were administered with i.p. injection of Triton WR 1339 at dose of 400 mg/kg body weight. After 24 h. of Triton administration the test drugs were administered orally at doses of 200 mg/kg body weight in rats. The ethanolic extract and stigmast-5-en-3β-ol from Salvadora persica were further investigated for the tumor take inhibitory activity in hybrid mice (of C57BL strain + Swiss albino strain). Preventive group animals were injected daily with the extract and Stigmast-5-en-3β-ol at dose of 50mg/kg body weight i.p. for 10 consecutive days. The animals were observed for the growth of tumor after injection of B16F10 melanoma cells into the dorsal skin of mice. Results: Phytochemical investigation of stems of Salvadora persica resulted in the isolation of stigmast-5-en-3β-ol. The structure of the component has been established on the basis of spectral data analysis. UV λ max was found to be 206 nm with a melting point of 138°C for the isolated component. The stigmast-5-en-3β-ol showed inhibition of total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoproteins level (LDL), and significantly increased high density lipoprotein level (HDL) in Triton- induced hyperlipidemic rats. It suggested marked antihyperlipidemic activity of stigmast-5-en-3β-ol at the oral dose of 200mg/kg. Pretreatment with the drug showed delay tumor growth by increasing the Volume Doubling Time (VDT) and Growth Delay (GD). The Stigmast-5-en-3β-ol had shown better mean survival time. Conclusions: These observations enabled to conclude that supplementation of antioxidants and phytosterols rich food exerts significant antihyperlipidemic and antitumor activity. The present investigation may be quite useful as this drug is highly valued as traditional system of medicine. © 2012 Asian Pacific Tropical Medicine Press. Source

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