Vmv Com Jmt Arts And Jjp Science College

Nāgpur, India

Vmv Com Jmt Arts And Jjp Science College

Nāgpur, India
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Shrivastav T.G.,National Institute of Health and Family Welfare | Chaube S.K.,Banaras Hindu University | Kariya K.P.,Vmv Com Jmt Arts And Jjp Science College | Bhanot S.,National Institute of Health and Family Welfare | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry | Year: 2010

Homologous and heterologous combinations of enzyme conjugate with immunogen in steroid enzyme immunoassay (EIA) influence labeled steroid recognition by an antibody that affects the sensitivity of the assay. To develop dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), antibodies were generated against dehydroepiandrosterone-17-carboxymethyloxime- bovine serum albumin (DHEA-17-CMO-BSA) and dehydroepiandrosterone-7- carboxymethyloxime- bovine serum albumin (DHEA-7-CMO-BSA). Two dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) horse radish peroxidise (HRP) enzyme conjugates were prepared using two dehydroepiandrosterone derivatives (DHEA-17-CMO and DHEA-7-CMO). Four combinations of homologous and heterologous assays were evaluated. The use of heterologous combination improved the sensitivity of the assay. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Shrivastav T.G.,National Institute of Health and Family Welfare | Chaube S.K.,Banaras Hindu University | Charu,National Institute of Health and Family Welfare | Charu,Patna University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry | Year: 2010

A direct antigen heterologous enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for milk progesterone has been developed using progesterone-3-O-carboxymethyloxime- bovine serum albumin (P-3-O-CMO-BSA) antiserum and 17-α-hydroxy- progesterone-3-O-carboxymethyloxime-horseradish peroxidase (17-α-OH-P-3-O- CMO-HRP) enzyme conjugate. The data of the present study reveal that the homologous assay, which employed P-3-O-CMO-HRP as the label, showed no displacement. On the contrary, replacement of P-3-O-CMO-HRP with 17-α-OH-P-3-O-CMO-HRP as the label showed significant displacement and led to the development of a sensitive and specific assay. The recovery of the exogenously spiked progesterone from milk pools was in the range of 94.3-97.88% for toned milk and 97.6-101% for full-cream milk. The intra-assay and interassay coefficients of variation (CVs) ranged from 4.1-7.8% and 4.4-7.0%, respectively. A high ionic strength buffer was used to obtain released progesterone from binding protein/fat. The progesterone values measured in toned and full-cream milk ranged from 1.198-9.745ng/mL and 6.949-14.923ng/mL, respectively. The milk progesterone values obtained by this method correlated well with those obtained by radioimmunoassay; r=0.95 (n=65). Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Shrivastav T.G.,National Institute of Health and Family Welfare | Chaube S.K.,Banaras Hindu University | Kariya K.P.,Vmv Com Jmt Arts And Jjp Science College | Kumar D.,National Institute of Health and Family Welfare | Singh R.,University of Delhi
Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry | Year: 2011

Homologous and heterologous combinations of enzyme conjugate and antibody in steroid enzyme immunoassay (EIA) influences unlabeled steroid recognition by antibody that affects sensitivity of the assay. To develop dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) antigen heterologous enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), antibodies were generated against DHEA-3-hemisuccinate-bovine serum albumin (DHEA-3-HS-BSA), DHEA-7-carboxymethyloxime-bovine serum albumin (DHEA-7-CMO-BSA), and DHEA-17-carboxymethyloxime-bovine serum albumin (DHEA-17-CMO-BSA). Five horseradish peroxidase (HRP) enzyme conjugates were prepared using five testosterone derivatives [testosterone-3-CMO (T-3-CMO), testosterone-17-HS (T-17-HS), testosterone-17-glucuronoside (T-17-G), testosterone-19-carboxymethylether (T-19-CME), and testosterone-11-HS (T-11-HS)]. Fifteen antigen heterologous combinations of antibody and enzyme conjugates were evaluated in the standard binding assay; only two combinations showed binding. The use of antigen heterologous combination (different antigen in label than the immunogen) resulted in development of a simple, direct, and convenient assay as it permits the direct addition of the serum sample into the assay and it requires only 1.5h to complete. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Shrivastav T.G.,National Institute of Health and Family Welfare | Chaube S.K.,Banaras Hindu University | Kariya K.P.,Vmv Com Jmt Arts And Jjp Science College | Singh R.,University of Delhi | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry | Year: 2012

The introduction of spacers in coating steroid antigen or enzyme conjugates or immunogen is known to exert an influence on the sensitivity of steroid enzyme immunoassays. We have introduced different homobifunctional spacers having varying atomic length (3 to 10) between enzyme and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) moiety and studied their effects on functional parameters such as sensitivity and specificity of DHEA enzyme immunoassays. DHEA-3-hemisuccinate- bovine serum albumin (DHEA-3-HS-BSA) was used as immunogen to raise the antiserum in New Zealand white rabbits. Five enzyme conjugates were prepared using DHEA-7-carboxymethyloxime (DHEA-7-CMO) as carboxylic derivative of DHEA and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) as an enzyme label. These were DHEA-7-CMO-HRP, DHEA-7-CMO-urea-HRP (DHEA-7-CMO-U-HRP), DHEA-7-CMO-ehylenediamine-HRP (DHEA-7-CMO-EDA-HRP), DHEA-7-CMO-carbohydrazide-HRP (DHEA-7-CMO-CH-HRP), and DHEA-7-CMO-adipic acid dihydrazide-HRP (DHEA-7-CMO-ADH-HRP). The influence of different atomic length linkers on sensitivity and specificity were studied with reference to label without linker. The results of the present investigation revealed that DHEA moiety having a 3-hemisuccinate carboxyl arm that is hydrophilic in nature and spacer arm urea that is also hydrophilic in nature when used for the link to the protein carrier and enzyme for the preparation of immunogen and enzyme conjugate respectively resulted in development of assay having comparable sensitivity and lowest ED 50 as compared to other spacers. Thus sensitivity and ED 50 of the assay depend partly on the nature of the steroid and spacer arm link to the carrier protein and the enzyme. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Shrivastav T.G.,National Institute of Health and Family Welfare | Chaube S.K.,Banaras Hindu University | Kariya K.P.,Vmv Com Jmt Arts And Jjp Science College | Kumari P.,National Institute of Health and Family Welfare | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry | Year: 2011

Anti-sera were raised against three immunogen: dehydroepiandrostosterone- 17-carboxymethyl-oxime-bovine serum albumin (DHEA-17-CMO-BSA), DHEA-7-CMO-BSA, and dehydroepiandrostosterone-3-hemisuccinate-bovine serum albumin (DHEA-3-HS-BSA). They were evaluated with horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled DHEA-17-CMO, DHEA-7-CMO, DHEA-3-HS enzyme conjugates for their influence on the sensitivity and specificity of ELISA. Of the various combinations, DHEA-3-HS-BSA antiserum along with DHEA-7-CMO-horseradish peroxidase (DHEA-7-CMO-HRP) enzyme conjugate showed no cross-reaction with any of the closely related steroids. All the homologous combinations appeared to be less sensitive due to their low affinity for dehydroepiandrostosterone. Out of six heterologous systems tested, only three combinations, (1) anti-DHEA-17-CMO antiserum and DHEA-7-CMO- horseradish peroxidase, (2) anti-DHEA-7-CMO-antiserum and DHEA-3-HS-horseradish peroxidase, and (2) anti-DHEA-3-HS-antiserum and DHEA-7-CMO-horseradish peroxidase, showed displacement. The former two assays were less specific; the first one showed 15.38% and 16.66% cross-reaction with androstenediol and testosterone, respectively, whereas the second assay showed 30.3%, 22.72%, 111.1%, 62.5%, and 31.25% cross-reaction with DHEA-glucuronide, 16-dihydroxyprogesterone, androstenediol, etiocholon-3 - ol-17-one, and aldosterone, respectively. The ability of DHEA to displace the DHEA-enzyme conjugate and the specificity of the assay appear to depend on the position of the enzyme label on the DHEA molecule as well as on the availability of antigenic sites in particular combinations of antibody and DHEA-enzyme conjugates. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Shrivastav T.G.,National Institute of Health and Family Welfare | Kariya K.P.,Vmv Com Jmt Arts And Jjp Science College | Prasad P.K.V.,National Institute of Health and Family Welfare | Chaube S.K.,Banaras Hindu University | Kumar D.,National Institute of Health and Family Welfare
Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry | Year: 2014

Yearly estimation of urinary albumin is a prerequisite for predicting renal status in Diabetes Type II patients with negative dipstick results for overt proteinuria. A simple, sensitive, and cost-effective enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for urinary albumin has been developed using human serum albumin antiserum (HSA-antiserum), HSA-biotin, and streptavidin-horseradish peroxidase (SA-HRP) conjugates. To the antibody-coated wells, 100 μL of HSA standards followed by 1:100 diluted urine samples in duplicate were added and then 50 μL of HSA-biotin conjugates was added in all the wells. 100 μL of SA-HRP was added after washing. Bound enzyme activity was measured by adding 100 μL TMB/H2O2. The analytical sensitivity and ED50 of the developed method was found to be 0.01 μg/mL and 0.35 μg/mL, respectively. The percent recovery of the HSA from exogenously spiked urine pools were in the range of 98.13-100.29%. The intra- and inter-assay coefficient of variation (CVs) ranged from 3.38-10.32 % and 4.22-11.01%, respectively. The antibody showed 4.4% and 3.2% cross reactivity with monkey and horse serum albumin, respectively. There was no cross reaction with human β2-microglobulin, γ-globulin, and haemoglobulin. Copyright © 2014 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Shrivastav T.G.,National Institute of Health and Family Welfare | Chaube S.K.,Banaras Hindu University | Prasad P.K.V.,National Institute of Health and Family Welfare | Kariya K.P.,Vmv Com Jmt Arts And Jjp Science College | Kumar D.,National Institute of Health and Family Welfare
Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry | Year: 2012

In steroid enzyme immunoassay (EIA), homologous and heterologous combinations of enzyme conjugate with immunogen influences labeled steroid recognition by antibodies that affect sensitivity of the assay. To develop testosterone enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), antibodies were generated against testosterone-3-carboxymethyloxime-bovine serum albumin (T-3-CMO-BSA), testosterone-11-hemisuccinate-bovine serum albumin (T-11-HS-BSA), testosterone-17-hemisuccinate-bovine serum albumin (T-17-HS-BSA), testosterone-17-glucuronide-bovine serum albumin (T-17-G-BSA), and testosterone-19-carboxymethylether-bovine serum albumin (T-19-CME-BSA). Testosterone horseradish peroxidase (HRP) enzyme conjugate were prepared using carboxyl derivatives of 11-keto-testosterone (11-keto-T) and 1-dehydrotestosterone (1-Dehydro-T). Ten combinations of heterologous assays were evaluated. The data of the present study revealed that the use of the T-11-HS-BSA antibody in antigen plus site heterologous assay that employed 11-keto-testosterone-3-CMO-HRP as the label showed binding and displacement, and led to the development of sensitive and specific assay. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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