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Salem, India

Pavaskar R.,Goa Dental College and Hospital | Chalakkal P.,Goa Dental College and Hospital | Krishnan R.,VMSDC | Sirikonda S.,Meghna Institute of Dental science | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Purpose: This study evaluated the efficacy of 2% chlorhexidine (CX), calcium hydroxide (CH), Vitapex® (VP), linezolid (LZ), a combination of LZ with CH (LC) against Enterococcus faecalis (EF). Study Design: EF strains were mixed with peptone water and the turbidity was adjusted to the McFarland's turbidity standard tube No: 0.5. The inoculum obtained was used to make lawn cultures on the agar plates. A total of 30 agar plates were prepared, such that each plate had five wells containing the five medicaments. The plates were incubated and evaluated for zones of inhibition after intervals of 24 hours and 72 hours. The results were statistically evaluated by paired t-test, ANOVA and Post-hoc analysis using Tukey's HSD. Results: The difference between values of the zones of inhibition around various medicaments after 24 hours and 72 hours was found to be statistically significant. A comparison between the five groups after 24 hours or 72 hours showed that each group differed significantly from the rest of the groups. Conclusions: LC had the greatest effectiveness against EF, followed by LZ, CX, VP and CH.

Chalakkal P.,Goa Dental College and Hospital | De Ataide I.D.N.,Goa Dental College and Hospital | Krishnan R.,VMSDC | Pavaskar R.,Goa Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

These case reports highlight dental treatment abuse performed by a quack on children. The anterior teeth of these children were metal capped using cement, which were otherwise healthy. The treatment was done on children without parental consent by a quack from Denmark who gave the reason as for resolving proclination of upper permanent incisors. The unanatomic, unaesthetic metal caps were removed after the child reported to the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry.

Bargale S.,K M Shah Dental College and Hospital | Ramesh K.,VMSDC
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences | Year: 2015

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of websites on the thumb sucking habit using DISCERN instrument and Health on the Net (HON) seal code at a single moment in time. Subjects and Methods: An Internet search engine (www.google.com) was used to identify websites comprising information on "thumb sucking habit." Of over 204,000 links for thumb sucking habit, the first 100 were analyzed in detail. After excluding discussion groups, news and video feeds, and removing carbon copy sites, only 36 relevant websites remained, which were then assessed using the DISCERN instrument and HON seal code. Using the 16 questions of DISCERN for assessing the reliability and quality of the consumer information which were scored from 1 to 5, an appropriate index of the quality of the information was generated. All the assessed websites were also checked for presence or absence of HON seal code. Results: The maximum score attainable for an outstanding website is 80. Of the 36 websites that were scored the highest score obtained by one of the websites according to the DISCERN tool was 55 of 80, and the lowest score achieved was 16 of 80. The websites achieving the maximum and minimum score were children.webmd.com and thebehaviorsolution.com, respectively. The HON seal was displayed only in three websites, which were medicinenet.com, righthealth.com, and children.webmd.com. Conclusions: By directing patients to validated websites on the thumb sucking habit, clinicians can ensure patients find appropriate information. © 2015 Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow.

Duraisamy V.,VMSDC | Nayak U.A.,NIMS University | Reddy V.,Khammam Dental College | Rao A.P.,Mahatma Gandhi Institute
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences | Year: 2015

Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the sealing ability of two self-etching adhesive systems and glass ionomer cement (GIC) lining Light cure (LC) under composite restorations in primary teeth. Materials and Methods: Class V cavities are prepared on the cervical third of the facial and lingual surfaces of primary molars. The specimens are then assigned into four experimental groups. The restored primary molars are stored in distilled water and subjected to thermocycling. Each section was examined using a stereomicroscope to assess dye penetration at the margin of the restoration and evaluated via pictures. Statistical Analysis Used: The degree of microleakage was analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test and the intergroup significance by multiple comparison analysis. Results: The mean rank of the groups are Group I (Adper Prompt TM + Z-100) 19.44, Group II (UniFil BOND + Solare) 5.38, Group III (GIC lining LC + Z-100) 20.06, and Group IV (GIC lining LC + Solare) 21.13 with the P < 0.001. Conclusion: Composite resin restorations bonded with two-step self-etching adhesive system (UniFil Bond) exhibited lesser microleakage than one-step self-etching adhesive system (Adperprompt TM ) in primary teeth. © 2015 Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow.

Duraisamy V.,VMSDC | Xavier A.,CSI Dental College | Nayak U.A.,NIMS Dental College | Reddy V.,Mamatha Dental College | Rao A.,MGPI
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences | Year: 2015

Aims and Objectives: To determine the demineralization inhibitory potential of fluoride varnish and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and to compare and evaluate the additive effect of fluoride varnish + CPP-ACP. Materials and Methods: Ten healthy premolar teeth that were extracted for orthodontic purposes were collected, and each tooth was longitudinally sectioned buccolingually and mesiodistally into four sections. The teeth were then assigned to four different treatment groups namely fluoride varnish, CPP-ACP, F- varnish followed by CPP-ACP and control. The prepared enamel samples were suspended in an artificial caries challenge for 10 days. The demineralizing inhibitory effects of the groups were recorded using polarized light microscopy. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analysis was carried out using analysis of variance and Duncan's multiple range tests. Results: The mean lesion depths of all the groups were Group 1 (fluoride varnish): 104.71, Group 2 (CPP-ACP): 127.09, Group 3: (F- varnish + CPP-ACP): 82.34, Group 4 (control): 146.93. Conclusion: Demineralization inhibitory potential on the additive use of F- varnish and casein phosphopeptide was superior to fluoride varnish or CPP-ACP applied alone on the enamel of young permanent teeth. © 2015 Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow.

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