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Schiedam, Netherlands

Kasius K.M.,Canisius Wilhelmina Hospital | Claes F.,Vlietland Hospital | Verhagen W.I.M.,Canisius Wilhelmina Hospital | Meulstee J.,Canisius Wilhelmina Hospital
Clinical Neurophysiology | Year: 2012

Objective: To test our hypothesis that comparing the sensory nerve conduction velocity of the median nerve across the wrist with that of the forearm is more sensitive than comparing it with that of the palm in the electrodiagnostic confirmation of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Methods: One hundred and fifty seven consecutive patients with clinically defined CTS were prospectively included and electrophysiologically examined. Antidromic nerve conduction velocities were measured in 3 segments of the median nerve: forearm, wrist, and palm. Differences and ratios in nerve conduction velocities were computed between the forearm and wrist and between the palm and wrist segments. Results: Comparing the median nerve conduction velocities of the forearm with the wrist segment provides a greater sensitivity (79.6% and 82.8% for the second and third digit, respectively) than comparing the palm with the wrist segment (65.6% and 65.0%). Applying the ratio leads to slightly higher sensitivities for both comparisons. Conclusions: The modified segmental palmar test is a sensitive, robust and easily applicable method in diagnosing CTS. Significance: We recommend to use the median nerve sensory conduction velocity in the forearm as a reference in the segmental palmar test instead of that in the palm. © 2012 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. Source

Mannesse C.K.,Vlietland Hospital | Vondeling A.M.,Robert Bosch GmbH | van Marum R.J.,Robert Bosch GmbH | van Solinge W.W.,University Utrecht | And 3 more authors.
Ageing Research Reviews | Year: 2013

Aim of the study was to analyze temporal trends in prevalence of hyponatremia over four decades in different settings. A systematic review of the literature from 1966 to 2009 yielded prevalences of hyponatremia, with standard errors (SE) and pooled estimated means (PEM), calculated by year and setting (geriatric, ICU, other hospital wards, psychiatric hospitals, nursing homes, outpatients). 53 studies were included. Prevalence of hyponatremia was stable from 1976 to 2006, and higher on geriatric wards accept for ICU: e.g. PEM prevalence of mild hyponatremia (serum sodium <135. mM) was 22.2% (95%CI 20.2-24.3) on geriatric wards, 6.0% (95%CI 5.9-6.1) on other hospital wards and 17.2% (SE 7.0) in one ICU-study; for severe hyponatremia (serum sodium < 125. mM) these figures were 4.5% (95%CI 3.0-6.1), 0.8% (95%CI 0.7-0.8) and 10.3% (SE 5.6). In nursing homes PEM prevalence of mild hyponatremia was 18.8% (95%CI 15.6-22.2). The higher prevalence on geriatric wards could partly be explained by age-related changes in the regulation of serum sodium. Other underlying factors can be the presence of multiple diagnoses and the use of polypharmacy. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.. Source

Van Rensch P.J.H.,Postoperative Joint Infection Unit | Van de Pol G.J.,Postoperative Joint Infection Unit | Goosen J.H.M.,Postoperative Joint Infection Unit | Wymenga A.B.,Postoperative Joint Infection Unit | De Man F.H.R.,Vlietland Hospital
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy | Year: 2014

Purpose: Primary stability in arthrodesis of the knee can be achieved by external fixation, intramedullary nailing or plate fixation. Each method has different features and results. We present a practical algorithm for arthrodesis of the knee following a failed (infected) arthroplasty, based on our own results and a literature review. Methods: Between 2004 and 2010, patients were included with an indication for arthrodesis after failed (revision) arthroplasty of the knee. Patients were analyzed with respect to indication, fusion method and bone contact. End-point was solid fusion. Results: Twenty-six arthrodeses were performed. Eighteen patients were treated because of an infected arthroplasty. In total, ten external fixators, ten intramedullary nails and six plate fixations were applied; solid fusion was achieved in 3/10, 8/10 and 3/6, respectively. Conclusions: There is no definite answer as to which method is superior in performing an arthrodesis of the knee. Intramedullary nailing achieved the best fusion rates, but was used most in cases without-or cured-infection. Our data and the contemporary literature suggest that external fixation can be abandoned as standard fusion method, but can be of use following persisting infection. The Ilizarov circular external fixator, however, seems to render high fusion rates. Good patient selection and appropriate individual treatment are the key to a successful arthrodesis. Based upon these findings, a practical algorithm was developed. Level of evidence: Retrospective case series, Level IV. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Van Den Broek M.,Leiden University | Dirven L.,Leiden University | De Vries-Bouwstra J.K.,Leiden University | Dehpoor A.J.,Leiden University | And 6 more authors.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2012

Objective: Several prediction models for rapid radiological progression (RRP) in the first year of rheumatoid arthritis have been designed to aid rheumatologists in their choice of initial treatment. The association was assessed between RRP and disability and joint damage progression in 8 years. Methods: Patients from the BeSt cohort were used. RRP was defined as an increase of ≥5 points in the Sharp/van der Heijde score (SHS) in year 1. Functional ability over 8 years, measured with the health assessment questionnaire (HAQ), was compared for patients with and without RRP using linear mixed models. Joint damage progression from years 1 to 8 was compared using logistic regression analyses. Results: RRP was observed in 102/465 patients. Over 8 years, patients with RRP had worse functional ability: difference in HAQ score 0.21 (0.14 after adjustment for disease activity score (over time)). RRP was associated with joint damage progression ≥25 points in SHS in years 1-8: OR 4.6. Conclusion: RRP in year 1 is a predictor of worse functional ability over 8 years, independent of baseline joint damage and disease activity. Patients with RRP have more joint damage progression in subsequent years. RRP is thus a relevant outcome on which to base the initial treatment decision. Source

Bruijn J.,Vlietland Hospital | Locher H.,Sophia Childrens Hospital | Passchier J.,Erasmus Medical Center | Passchier J.,VU University Amsterdam | And 2 more authors.
Pediatrics | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: In past decades, numerous population- and hospital-based studies have revealed a relationship between migraine or headache and psychopathology in children. OBJECTIVE: To describe and assess all clinical studies on the prevalence and manifestations of psychological functioning and psychiatric comorbidity in children with migraine and to provide recommendations for its diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: A literature search was performed in Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Database to identify clinical studies that assessed psychological functioning and/or psychiatric comorbidity in children with migraine. Trial quality was assessed according to a standardized and validated set of criteria. RESULTS: Seven studies met our inclusion criteria. Evidence assessment was performed by using the best-evidence synthesis method of Slavin. On the basis of this method, we found strong evidence that children with migraine in a clinical setting do not exhibit more withdrawn behavior, do not have more thought problems, do not have more social problems, and do not exhibit more delinquent or aggressive behavior than healthy children. Furthermore, there is strong evidence that children with migraine have more somatic complaints and exhibit internalizing behavior which is, given the construct of the outcome measure used, a consequence of the nature of their disease rather than a sign of psychological dysfunctioning. Finally, compared with healthy children, there is limited evidence that children with migraine in a clinical setting are more frequently diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder, and they are not more frequently diagnosed with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, dysthymia, or depression. CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of this review, we conclude that children with migraine at referral to a specialist do not exhibit more psychological dysfunctioning and (to a lesser extent) do not exhibit more psychiatric comorbidity compared with healthy controls. Copyright © 2010 by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Source

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