Antwerpen, Belgium
Antwerpen, Belgium

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Boets P.,Ghent University | Brosens D.,Research Institute for Nature and Forest INBO | Lock K.,Ghent University | Adriaens T.,Research Institute for Nature and Forest INBO | And 3 more authors.
Aquatic Invasions | Year: 2016

Biological invasions of aquatic macroinvertebrates are gaining interest because of their potential for significant ecological and socio-economic impacts (positive and negative). In the present study, an inventory was made of the alien macroinvertebrates occurring in Flanders (northern Belgium) based on extensive existing collections of biological samples and supplemented with our additional sampling programs. Fresh and brackish waters as well as the Belgian coastal harbours, situated at the interface of the marine environment, were investigated. Over 2,500 samples containing alien macroinvertebrates were identified to species level, which allowed us to accurately map their distribution in Flanders. Alien macroinvertebrates are widespread and abundant in many watercourses in Flanders. Four new macroinvertebrate species for Flanders were discovered: Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852), Echinogammarus trichiatus (Martynov, 1932), Synurella ambulans (F. Müller, 1846) and Laonome calida Capa, 2007. Fifty-two alien macroinvertebrates were encountered in fresh and slightly brackish surface waters, and 21 alien species were reported for the Belgian part of the North Sea and its adjacent estuaries. Most alien macroinvertebrates collected were crustaceans and molluscs. Alien species found in fresh and brackish water mainly originate from the Ponto-Caspian area and North America; fewer species originated from Asia and South- and East-Europe. The major pathways were probably shipping and dispersal through canals. Based on observations in neighbouring countries, several additional species are expected to arrive in the near future. Follow-up work is needed to assess the ecological and economic impacts of existing alien macroinvertebrates, and a monitoring program is needed to detect new incoming species. © 2016 The Author(s).


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ERA-NET-Cofund | Phase: LCE-26-2016 | Award Amount: 31.30M | Year: 2017

The GeoERA proposal is put forward by the national and regional Geological Survey Organisations (GSO) of Europe. Its overall goal is to integrate the GSOs information and knowledge on subsurface energy, water and raw material resources, to support sustainable use of the subsurface in addressing Europes grand challenges. The GeoERA consortium will organise and co-fund together with the EC a joint call for transnational research projects that address the development of 1) interoperable, pan-European data and information services on the distribution of geo-energy, groundwater and raw material resources; 2) common assessment frameworks and methodologies supporting better understanding and management of the water-energy-raw materials nexus and potential impacts and risks of subsurface use; 3) knowledge and services aimed at European, national and regional policy makers, industry and other stakeholders to support a more integrated and efficient management and more responsible and publicly accepted exploitation and use of the subsurface. The transnational projects selected in the call will be implemented by the consortium partners themselves, who provide their co-funding in-kind. GeoERA will contribute to the overall EU objective of building the ERA through enhanced cooperation and coordination of national and regional Geological Survey research programmes. GeoERA will also include forward looking activities, including the creation of opportunities for future collaborative research, and the feasibility assessment of an Article 185 initiative in Applied Geoscience as follow-up to the GeoERA ERA-NET towards the development of the ultimate goal of delivering a Geological Service for Europe.


De Saedeleer V.,Free University of Brussels | Cappuyns V.,Free University of Brussels | Cappuyns V.,Catholic University of Leuven | De Cooman W.,Vlaamse Milieumaatschappij | Swennen R.,Catholic University of Leuven
Geologica Belgica | Year: 2010

In the present study, the relationship between heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Pb, Ni, Sn and Zn) and major elements and the location and/geological substrate of 105 river sediments in Flanders was investigated. Factor Analysis was used to divide the dataset into four components: a first component including clay, organic matter, Na, Ca, K and Mg, a relationship between Fe, As and Cd, an anthropogenic factor (including Cu, Hg, Pb, Sn and Zn) and finally the pH and insoluble residue. Regression equations were constructed, using major elements such as Fe and Ca as independent variables, besides more classical explaining variables such as clay content (< 2μm fraction), organic matter content and pH. Most heavy metal concentrations could be predicted very well by the independent variables, except Zn, Se and Sn. The results from this study, performed on a dataset of 105 riverbed sediments, indicate that, besides organic matter and clay content, other variables such as the total Fe and Ca content can be relevant parameters to predict heavy metal concentrations in sediments. The more general applicability of the obtained regression equations should be verified, and the inclusion of Fe and Ca in regression equations that are applied for the standardization of total metal concentrations in soils and sediments, should be considered.


Brown R.J.C.,National Physical Laboratory United Kingdom | Jarvis K.E.,Center for Environmental Policy | Disch B.A.,Center for Environmental Policy | Goddard S.L.,National Physical Laboratory United Kingdom | And 2 more authors.
Accreditation and Quality Assurance | Year: 2010

A comparison study of the measurement of metals in ambient particulate matter collected on air filters, using energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (ED-XRF), laser ablation inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) and wet chemical digestion followed by ICP-MS analysis according to the European 'reference method' EN14902, is presented. Whilst it is shown that the methods have a low systematic bias with respect to each other, overall they do show a high random variability, and when considered individually using regression methods, some analytes have shown bias with respect to the EN14902 method. The low systematic bias observed is not unexpected since both the ED-XRF and LA-ICP-MS methods have been calibrated using results from the EN14902 technique. The uncertainty of each analysis has been estimated and compared with the data quality objectives for uncertainty specified in the relevant European air quality legislation. This has tentatively shown that approximately 75% of the analyses using ED-XRF and LA-ICP-MS meet the requirements of the legislation. However, improvements in repeatability and calibration methods for both ED-XRF and LA-ICP-MS would be needed before these methods were truly applicable for routine use in air quality measurements of this type. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.


Lefebvre W.,Flemish Institute for Technological Research | Cosemans G.,Flemish Institute for Technological Research | Van De Vel K.,Flemish Institute for Technological Research | Janssen S.,Flemish Institute for Technological Research | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Environment and Pollution | Year: 2012

When simulating concentration fields in the direct vicinity of plants emitting heavy metals by using the bi-Gaussian model IFDM and the reported emissions, the simulated concentrations were much lower than the measured ones. Detailed analysis of these results showed that this was due to building downwash. We show that it is possible for a bi-Gaussian model to simulate correct concentration levels by inserting extra virtual sources. It is shown that inverse modelling can be used to produce detailed and validated concentration maps of the surroundings of the industrial site and that building downwash has an important effect on local concentrations. Copyright © 2012 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

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