Plymouth, MN, United States
Plymouth, MN, United States
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VCSEL apparatus having a substrate, a solid-state gain medium, a reflective mirror on one side of the medium, a movable reflective mirror on an opposite side of the medium, and a mechanism configured to move the movable mirror to tune a characteristic wavelength. Also described is a VCSEL apparatus having a silicon substrate having a slot therethrough and electrical connections formed on a first face, a substrate having VCSELs thereon and mounted across the slot and electrically connected to the electrical connections on the silicon substrate, and a glass substrate affixed to a second face of the silicon substrate. Also described is a VCSEL apparatus having a graded-index lens array having GRIN lenses mounted adjacently in a staggered arrangement, a PCB mounted to the lens array, and VCSEL chips mounted adjacently on the PCB and arranged so as to emit laser light through the lenses.


Patent
Vixar Inc | Date: 2015-06-16

An optical package having a patterned submount, an optoelectronic device mounted to the patterned submount, a spacer affixed on one side to the patterned submount, the spacer having a bore hole therethrough wherein the optoelectronic device is positioned, and an optical element affixed to the spacer on a side opposite the patterned submount and covering the spacer bore hole. The patterned submount may be a circuit board. The optoelectronic device may be a VCSEL. The spacer may be affixed to the circuit board, for example, using an epoxy preform or an adhesive laminate. The spacer may, for example, be manufactured from a sheet of stainless steel or from a circuit board. The optical element may be, for example, a diffuser, a concave lens, a convex lens, a holographic element, polarizers, or diffraction gratings. The optical element may be affixed to the spacer using an epoxy preform or an adhesive laminate.


Patent
Vixar Inc | Date: 2013-12-11

An optical package having a patterned submount, an optoelectronic device mounted to the patterned submount, a spacer affixed on one side to the patterned submount, the spacer having a bore hole therethrough wherein the optoelectronic device is positioned, and an optical element affixed to the spacer on a side opposite the patterned submount and covering the spacer bore hole. The patterned submount may be a circuit board. The optoelectronic device may be a VCSEL. The spacer may be affixed to the circuit board, for example, using an epoxy preform or an adhesive laminate. The spacer may, for example, be manufactured from a sheet of stainless steel or from a circuit board. The optical element may be, for example, a diffuser, a concave lens, a convex lens, a holographic element, polarizers, or diffraction gratings. The optical element may be affixed to the spacer using an epoxy preform or an adhesive laminate.


A VCSEL package including a VCSEL, a housing, containing the VCSEL, and a diffuser operably attached to the housing and configured to receive an emitted beam of light from the VCSEL and produce a beam of predetermined angular divergence. The housing may be a PLLC package, a ceramic package, or a TO-style package. The diffuser could be a substantially planar diffuser sheet, which in some cases may be comprised of glass or plastic. In some embodiments, the diffuser could be a diffractive optical element or holographic light shaping diffuser. In some embodiments, the diffuser can be designed to produce a beam with an illumination full angle of up to about 90 degrees.


A VCSEL array having a plurality of VCSELs, each having more than two modes, and the optical emission from each of the VCSELs overlaps in a far field of the VCSELs. A VCSEL array having a plurality of VCSELs, each having an aperture size of at least about 6 m, and the optical emission from each of the VCSELs overlaps in a far field of the VCSELs. A VCSEL array having a plurality of VCSELs, wherein the spectral width of each VCSEL is at least about 0.5 nm, and the optical emission from each of the VCSELs overlaps in a far field of the VCSELs.


A segmented VCSEL array having a plurality of individually addressable segments, each segment comprising one or more VCSELs. In some cases, at least two of the plurality of individually addressable segments may be driven in combination. The plurality of individually addressable segments, in some embodiments, may be centered around the same central point. An optical element may be used in conjunction with the segmented VCSEL array, and in some cases may be aligned to the central point. The optical element may be configured such that light passing therethrough may be directed according to which of the plurality of individually addressable segments is activated. In some embodiments, the optical element is a grating or diffractive optical element. The grating or diffractive optical element could be patterned with optical segments that each correspond to at least one the plurality of individually addressable segments.


VCSELs and methods having improved characteristics. In some embodiments, these include a semiconductor substrate; a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) on the substrate; a first electrical contact formed on the VCSEL; a second electrical contact formed on the substrate, wherein the VCSEL includes: a first resonating cavity having first and second mirrors, at least one of which partially transmits light incident on that mirror, wherein the first second mirrors are electrically conductive. A first layer is between the first mirror and the second mirror and has a first aperture that restricts the path of current flow. A second layer is between the first layer and the second mirror and also restricts the electrical current path. A multiple-quantum-well (MQW) structure is between the first mirror and the second mirror, wherein the first and second apertures act together to define a path geometry of the current through the MQW structure.


Grant
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services | Branch: National Institutes of Health | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 743.60K | Year: 2016

DESCRIPTION provided by applicant This project will develop swept wavelength laser light sources at several frequencies in the near infrared NIR While applicable to numerous applications the goal is to use these laser sources as an enabling technology for Diffuse Optical Spectroscopic Imaging DOSI a technique which allows noninvasive characterization of human tissue and can monitor and predict chemotherapy response in the treatment of breast cancer During this Phase II project the sources will be adapted to three specific wavelength ranges that are useful in detecting molecular states of the three most absorbent NIR tissue absorbers hemoglobin nm lipid nm and water nm The three light sources will be integrated into a miniature x mm NIR laser module for use in a handheld imaging system This is an enabling technology that will greatly expand technical capability and clinical applicability of optical imaging as well as the scientific knowledge that will result fro its incorporation into research studies The technology for the swept optical sources is based on a vertical cavity surface emitting laser VCSEL and a micro electro mechanical system MEMS that allows for wide tunability The devices require very low power to operate and the fabrication platform is robust low cost and adaptable to many applications Phase I of this project has already demonstrated a prototype swept laser source capable of mW output power and nm tuning range Phase II will improve upon these results to realize mW optical power and continuous tunability over nm which are practical requirements for a hand held DOSI system The swept NIR source will improve the performance and commercialization potential of a DOSI instrument by allowing D subsurface imaging improving the signal to noise ratio of the image by delivering a much higher photon intensity to the detector and allowing the miniaturization of the device so that it is compatible with routine clinical use Furthermore the unique spectral and performance characteristics of this laser open up a wide range of biomedical and other applications that can benefit from a miniaturized swept source PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE This project will develop several new optical light sources that enable improved functional optical imaging of human tissue specifically for tissue hemoglobin fat and water concentration The new light sources will be integrated into a portable imaging system for breast cancer Key applications include differential diagnosis of breast cancer as well as monitoring and predicting the effectiveness of chemotherapy


Patent
Vixar Inc | Date: 2014-05-14

Plastic optical fiber data communication links. Particularly, plastic optical fiber data communication links for embedded applications. More particularly, unique packaging approaches to constructing a very small, low cost, but high performance optical link, which may operate at 1 gigabits per second (Gbps) or faster.

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