Vivekananda Dental College

Nāmakkal, India

Vivekananda Dental College

Nāmakkal, India
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Sudhakar V.,Sathyabama University | Vinodhini T.S.,Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Dental science | Mathan Mohan A.,Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Dental science | Srinivasan B.,Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Dental science | Rajkumar B.K.,Vivekananda Dental College
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences | Year: 2014

Introduction: Pain-free treatment to the patients is considered as an important treatment objective for orthodontic health care providers. However, many orthodontists underestimate the degree of pain experienced by the patients. Hence, this study was conducted as a randomized, double-blinded clinical trial with the following objectives. Objective: To study the pain characteristics after separator placement; to compare the efficacy of various commonly used analgesics in pain management and to determine the efficacy of pre-and post-operative analgesics in pain management. Subjects and Methods: Data were collected from 154 patients (77 males and 77 females, age group of 14-21 years, with mean age of 18.8 years) who reported to Department of Orthodontics. Patients were randomly divided in to four groups. Group 1: Paracetamol 650 mg, Group 2: Ibuprofen 400 mg, Group 3: Aspirin 300 mg, Group 4: Placebo and the study were conducted as a randomized, double-blinded clinical trial. The patients were instructed to take two tablets, one tablet 1 h before separator placement, and the other one after 6 h. The pain evaluations were made by the patients, when teeth not touching (TNT), biting back teeth together, chewing food (CF) using a 100-mm visual analogue scale for 7 days after separator placement. Patients were advised to record the severity of pain. Results: Group 3 (Aspirin 300 mg) showed lowest pain values, followed by Group 2 (ibuprofen 400 mg), and Group 1 (paracetamol 650 mg). All NSAID′s achieved good pain control compared to Group 4 (placebo), where the intensity pain was maximum. Conclusion: Pre-and post-operative analgesics were found to be more effective in controlling orthodontic pain, after separator placement at all-time intervals.


PubMed | Mansarovar Dental College, JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital, Vivekananda Dental College, DY Dental College and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry | Year: 2016

Some occupational exposures are associated with oral changes in both hard and soft tissues. Presence of oral lesions can interfere with speech, swallowing, and general health of a patient. The present cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the oral health status of battery factory workers in Chennai city.A total of 600 subjects were selected in battery factory out of 3500 workers using statistical sample selection formula 4pq/l(2) and divided into study and control groups based on acid exposure. The data were recorded on a modified World Health Organization 1997 pro forma. The data were evaluated using Chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U-test.A total of 600 subjects were selected in battery factory out of 3500 workers using statistical sample selection formula 4pq/l(2) and divided into study and control groups based on acid exposure. The data were recorded on a modified World Health Organization 1997 pro forma. The data were evaluated using Chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U-test.Oral symptoms such as disturbed taste, dry mouth, oral ulcers, and foul breath were statistically significant between the groups (<0.001). Dental erosion was statistically significant with the duration of working years. Dental erosion was significant among study group compared to control (0.001).The present study showed that selected samples had various oral conditions due to exposure to acids from battery. It was observed that oral health problems were directly related to the duration of acid exposure in the study group. Implementing exhaust ventilation and monitoring the devices help in reducing the acid exposure. Implementation of oral hygiene education and nutritional supplementation helps in improving their oral health.


Devaki V.N.,Vivekananda Dental College | Manonmani P.,Vivekananda Dental College | Balu K.J.,Vivekananda Dental College | Aravind R.,Vivekananda Dental College
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences | Year: 2012

Alveolar ridge atrophy poses a clinical challenge toward the fabrication of successful prosthesis. Resorption of mandibular denture bearing areas results in unstable non-retentive dentures associated with pain and discomfort. This article describes rehabilitation procedure of a patient with resorbed ridge with maximal areas of coverage to improve support and neutral zone arrangement of teeth to improve stability of denture.


PubMed | Vivekananda Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences | Year: 2012

Alveolar ridge atrophy poses a clinical challenge toward the fabrication of successful prosthesis. Resorption of mandibular denture bearing areas results in unstable non-retentive dentures associated with pain and discomfort. This article describes rehabilitation procedure of a patient with resorbed ridge with maximal areas of coverage to improve support and neutral zone arrangement of teeth to improve stability of denture.


PubMed | Vivekananda Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences | Year: 2012

The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) in the assessment of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis and its importance in treatment planning. The objectives of study were to measure and assess the mediolateral extent of ankylosis mass in 3D-CT and to compare the extent with intraoperative assessment. The study was also aimed to measure the coronoid process elongation in 3D-CT and its significance in treatment planning.This prospective study included 3D-CT evaluation of 11 patients with TMJ ankylosis during the period of February 2006-October 2007.The 3D-CT assessment provided the length of the coronoid process and the relation of vital structures including maxillary artery to the ankylosed mass. Measurement of ankylosed mass also aids in preoperative measurement of the graft required to reconstruct the defect following removal of the ankylosed mass.Our study concludes that 3D-CT is a useful tool in the diagnosis and treatment planning of TMJ ankylosis.


PubMed | Vivekananda Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences | Year: 2012

Wound healing is a dynamic process that involves the integrated action of a number of cell types, the extra cellular matrix, and soluble mediators termed cytokines. In recent years considerable advances have been made in the research, knowledge, and understanding of growth factors. Growth factors are, in essence, proteins that communicate activities to cells. Their function is dependent on the receptor site they attach to. Growth factors were initially named for the type of response generated by them, but newer research has shown that many of these cells may accomplish many different types of response. A growth factors role in wound repair is a critical component of the successful resolution of a wound. Growth factors help regulate many of the activities involved in healing. The role and function of growth factor is an evolving area of science and offers the potential for treatment alternatives in the future.


PubMed | Vivekananda Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences | Year: 2012

Bisphosphonates are used widely for variety of bone condition, most notably IV bisphosphonates in the treatment of metastic bone lesion and oral bisphosphonates for osteoporosis. They constitute a group of drugs capable of modulating bone turnover and reducing its remodeling when an excessive resorption occurs. In the last few years, due to their extensive use, many cases of complications associated with their use have been published. This paper provides recent knowledge on general characteristics of these drugs and their mechanism of action, pathogenesis, as well as their relevance to dentist.

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