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Hellinger A.,Universitatsmedizin Marburg Campus Fulda | Wotzlaw F.,Universitatsmedizin Marburg Campus Fulda | Fackeldey V.,Vascular and Visceral Surgery | Pistorius G.,Thoracic and Visceral Surgery | And 3 more authors.
Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications | Year: 2016

Background Incisional hernias are one of the most frequent complications in abdominal surgery. Laparoscopic repair has been widely used since its first description but has not been standardized. A panel of hernia experts with expertise on the subject “incisional hernia” was established to review existing literature and define a standard approach to laparoscopic IPOM-repair for incisional hernia. All involved surgeons agreed to perform further IPOM-repairs of incisional hernia according to the protocol. Methods/design This article summarizes the development of an open prospective observational multicentre cohort study to analyse the impact of a standardization of laparoscopic IPOM-repair for incisional hernia on clinical outcome and quality of life (health care research study). Discussion Our literature search found that there is a lack of standardization in the surgical approach to incisional hernia and the use of medical devices. The possibility of different surgical techniques, various meshes and a variety of mesh fixation techniques means that the results on outcome after incisional hernia repair are often not comparable between different studies. We believe there is a need for standardization of the surgical procedure and the use of medical devices in order to make the results more comparable and eliminate confounding factors in interpreting the results of surgical hernia repair. This approach, in our view, will also illustrate the influence of the operative technique on the general quality of surgical treatment of incisional hernias better than a “highly selective” study and will indicate the “reality” of surgical treatment not only in specialist centres. Trial registration The LIPOM-trial is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov, with identifier: NCT02089958. © 2016 The Authors

Kruse M.-L.,Laboratory of Molecular Gastroenterology | Friedrich M.,Laboratory of Molecular Gastroenterology | Arlt A.,Laboratory of Molecular Gastroenterology | Rocken C.,University of Kiel | And 4 more authors.
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases | Year: 2016

Background: The antioxidant transcription factor Nrf2 confers broad cytoprotection and has a dual role in tumorigenesis. Enhancing proteasome activity is one mechanism by which Nrf2 can promote cancer development, e.g., colorectal cancer. This study investigated whether this potential oncogenic effect of Nrf2 emerges already from the epithelial adaptation to persistent oxidative stress during inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods: Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-producing inflammatory myeloid cells (IMCs) from colon tissue of patients with IBD were cocultured with human NCM460 colonocytes. ARE-luciferase-, c-H 2 DCF-DA-assays, Western blotting, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction were performed for assessing Nrf2-activity, intracellular ROS-level, and Nrf2-target gene expression. Proteasome activity was quantified by Suc-LLVY-amido-4-methylcumarin-assay, and apoptosis by caspase-3/-7 assay and PARP1-Western blots. Nrf2, proteasome proteins, and IMCs were analyzed in IBD-tissues by immunohistochemistry. Results: IMC-coculture caused a temporary increase of ROS in NCM460, followed by Nrf2 activation and elevated expression of ROS-protecting enzymes (NQO1, GCLC). This was accompanied by Nrf2-dependent expression of proteasome proteins (PSMD4, PSMA5) and an enhanced proteasome activity in IMC-cocultured NCM460. Nrf2-siRNA or the ROS-scavenger Tiron blocked these alterations. Depending on Nrf2-induced proteasome activity, IMC-cocultured NCM460 or Colo320 cancer cells were less sensitive to apoptosis (TRAIL-/etoposide induced). Immunostaining of IBD-tissues confirmed Nrf2 activation in the colonic epithelium within inflamed areas, along with greater proteasome protein expression. Conclusions: IMC/NCM460-coculture experiments and immunohistochemistry of colonic tissues from patients with IBD reveal a Nrf2-dependent adaptation of colon epithelial cells to oxidative stress caused by inflammatory cells. This involves increased proteasome activity and apoptosis resistance that protect from tissue damage due to colitis on one hand, but on the other hand, may favor carcinogenesis. Copyright © 2016 Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc.

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