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Newport News, VA, United States

Virginia Union University is a historically black university located in Richmond, Virginia, United States. It took its present name in 1899 upon the merger of two older schools, Richmond Theological Institute and Wayland Seminary, each founded after the end of American Civil War by the American Baptist Home Mission Society. VUU's 84-acre campus is located at 1500 North Lombardy Street in Richmond's North Side. Wikipedia.

Valery Samoilenko S.,Virginia Union University
Information Technology for Development | Year: 2013

One of the routes by which investments in information and communication technologies (ICT) could impact a macroeconomic bottom line of economies is by contributing to total factor productivity (TFP), an important component of economic growth. While the more traditional "investments to revenues" resource-intensive path has been well researched, the nature of the indirect "investments to TFP" link remains much less clear. Specifically, it is not well understood what conditions must be present for economies to exhibit the relationship between investments and TFP. In the current study, conducted in the context of 18 transition economies in Europe and the former Soviet Union, we aim to identify some of the factors associated with the presence of the relationship between the subset of investments in ICT, investments in telecoms, and two components of TFP - change in efficiency and change in technology. The results of the analysis of the data set spanning from 1993 to 2002 suggest that while the presence of the link between investments and change in technology was associated with the level of investments, the presence of the relationship between investments and change in efficiency was associated with the quality of a full-time telecom workforce. The consequent analysis of the data set spanning from 2003 to 2008 supports this finding and also provides evidence of the importance of the macroeconomic strategies that balance an increase in the levels of investments with the increase in the levels of efficiency of utilization of investments and the generation of revenues. © 2013 Copyright Commonwealth Secretariat. Source

Oberhauser A.M.,West Virginia University | Yeboah M.A.,Virginia Union University
Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography | Year: 2011

Urban poverty is invariably linked to sociospatial dimensions of livelihood strategies. Gendered social relations, for example, have been seen to impact the ability of females to access resources, to gain assets, and to engage in viable income-generating activities. Focussing on the livelihood strategies of the urban poor as they intersect with neoliberal economic reforms in contemporary Ghana, this paper draws on a field-based survey of porters in Accra, mostly migrants from rural agricultural northern Ghana, whose primary livelihoods derive from transporting goods for clients in congested market areas of the urban industrial south. The paper highlights the gendered aspects of porters' livelihood experiences such as differences in migration patterns, reliance on physical labour and living conditions, which relatively few analyses have examined, especially as these relate to wider socioeconomic processes. The study illustrates how this perspective is important to understand the intersection of livelihood strategies, gender and national economic reforms in promoting both rural and urban development. © 2011 The Authors. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography © 2011 Department of Geography, National University of Singapore and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. Source

Samoilenko S.,Virginia Union University | Osei-Bryson K.-M.,Virginia Commonwealth University
Information Technology for Development | Year: 2011

For several years, researchers and practitioners have been concerned about the impact of investments in information and communication technologies (ICTs) on productivity. The research framework of neoclassical growth accounting is widely used in this area of research on information technology and productivity. While several studies have explored the relationship between investments in ICT and metrics such as GDP, the links between investments in ICT and total factor productivity (TFP) have received less attention, particularly for transition economies (TEs). While the data that we use in this study are directly related to TEs, our exploration can provide insights that are useful for understanding similarities and differences between developed and developing/emerging economies. In this study, we propose and illustrate a methodology for investigating the relationship between investments in ICT and TFP that is consistent with the framework of neoclassical growth accounting. © 2011 Commonwealth Secretariat. Source

We propose and test a conceptual model allowing for the investigation of the microeconomic impact of investments in telecoms. While the impact of investments in telecoms on the macroeconomic outcomes has been previously investigated, there seems to be no published research that looked at the microeconomic impact of telecom investments. The proposed conceptual model links investments in telecoms with microeconomic constructs that are closely associated with such measure of macroeconomic bottom line as GDP; this allows us to outline a more detailed path traversed by the impact of investments. We use structural equation modeling to test the proposed model in the context of a sample of transition economies comprising two groups differing in terms of economic development. The results suggest the existence of the context-independent paths that are common to both groups; however, there is evidence that some of the impacts of investments in telecoms are dependent on the level of economic development. The results of the investigation offer valuable insights to decision and policy makers tasked with the responsibility of improving the micro- and macroeconomic impacts of investments in telecoms. © 2013 © 2013 Commonwealth Secretariat. Source

Samoilenko S.,Virginia Union University | Ngwenyama O.,Ryerson University
Journal of Global Information Technology Management | Year: 2011

Human capital is one of the key factors affecting the expansion of ICT and the realization of macroeconomic outcomes in transition economies (TE). Research on ICT investments and their impact on the economic bottom-line have pointed to the shortage of technologically skilled ICT workers who can adopt, implement, innovate and maintain new information technologies in TEs. While ICT regulatory policies have shifted to encourage increased ICT investments, the ability to formulate and implement complementary practices to investments in ICT human capital development strategies remains a continuing problem. In this investigation we inquire into the relationship between investments in Telecoms (a subset of investments in ICT), and a full-time Telecom staff, and propose a two-phase approach allowing for formulating policy and strategies for complementary investments in the development of the ICT workforce. The proposed two-phase approach for formulating empirically-justifiable and theoretically sound HR strategies is then tested in the context of eight TEs. The framework of neoclassical growth accounting and the theory of complementarity provide the theoretical foundation for this inquiry, while multivariate regression and data envelopment analysis are utilized to conduct the data analysis. © 2001 Ivy League Publishing. Source

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