Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, popularly known as Virginia Tech, is a public land-grant university with a main campus in Blacksburg, Virginia, educational facilities in six regions statewide, and a study-abroad site in Switzerland. The commonwealth's third-largest university and a leading research institution, Virginia Tech offers 225 undergraduate and graduate degree programs to some 31,000 students and manages a research portfolio of $454 million. The university fulfills its land-grant mission of transforming knowledge to practice through technological leadership and by fueling economic growth and job creation locally, regionally, and across Virginia.The Virginia Tech Board of Visitors serves as the university's governing body. The board comprises 13 members who are appointed by the governor of Virginia. Serving as ex-officio, non-voting representatives are the president of the state Board of Agriculture and Consumer Services; the presidents of the university's faculty senate and staff senate; and an undergraduate student and a graduate student selected through a competitive review process. Wikipedia.
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Date: 2017-02-03
The present invention provides engineered tissue scaffolds, engineered tissues, and methods of using them. The scaffolds and tissues are derived from natural tissues and are created using non-thermal irreversible electroporation (IRE). Use of IRE allows for ablation of cells of the tissue to be treated, but allows vascular and neural structures to remain essentially unharmed. Use of IRE thus permits preparation of thick tissue scaffolds and tissues due to the presence of vasculature within the scaffolds. The engineered tissues can be used in methods of treating subjects, such as those in need of tissue replacement or augmentation.
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Date: 2017-01-27
In one example, an omnidirectional wireless power transfer system includes high frequency power generator configured to generate a supply of high frequency oscillating power, a number of transmitter-side resonant tank circuits electrically coupled to the high frequency power generator, a receptacle including a number of coils arranged for omnidirectional power transfer to an electronic device placed in the receptacle, and a controller configured to activate individual ones of the transmitter-side resonant tank circuits to wirelessly transmit power to the electronic device through near-field resonant inductive coupling. In one example, the receptacle can be embodied as a bowl, and the controller can activate individual ones of the transmitter-side resonant tank circuits over time to generate an omnidirectional field distribution for wireless power transmission. In other aspects, various transmitter-side and receiver-side tank circuits for coupling independent resonance and ZVS operation are described.
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Date: 2017-07-26
Described herein are stem cells and stem cell compositions that can be used to treat soft tissue injuries, including tendon and ligament injuries. Also described herein are cellular scaffolds that can contain a stem cell or stem cell compositions described herein. Also described herein are soft tissue bioreactor devices. Also described herein are methods of using the stem cells, stem cell compositions, and soft tissue bioreactors and methods of treating tendon and ligament injuries.
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Date: 2017-07-19
Provided herein is a multivalent Brucella vaccine expressing at least one heterologous M. tuberculosis antigen. The vaccines described herein serve as an environmentally safe bivalent vaccine for protection against Brucella and Mycobacterium infections simultaneously. In particular, a multivalent vaccine comprising a Brucella strain transformed with a vector that expresses at least one M. tuberculosis antigen, where the M. tuberculosis antigen(s) is codon optimized for the Brucella strain is provided. In some aspects, the Brucella strain is B. abortus strain RB51 leuB and the M. tuberculosis antigen is one or more of Ag85B, Rv2660c, and ESAT6.
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Date: 2017-02-28
The present invention provides a novel chimeric porcine circovirus infectious DNA clone and live attenuated chimeric virus with the PCV2, preferably of subtype PCV2b, capsid gene integrated into a non-pathogenic PCV1 virus genome. In a particular embodiment, the PCV2 capids gene is of subtype PCV2b, the predominant subtype circulating in pigs worldwide. The attenuated chimeric virus, designated PCV1-2b, effectively protects pigs from PCV2b challenges, and can be used as a live vaccine, as well as an inactivated (killed) vaccine, that provides protection and cross protection against PCV2b and PCV2a subtypes infection. The live attenuated vaccine of the present invention is also effective protecting pigs from porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD).
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Date: 2017-08-16
Embodiments of the present invention overcome the well-known recalcitrance of lignocellulosic biomass in an economically viable manner. A process and a system are provided for the efficient fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass into cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. The cellulose and hemicellulose thus obtained are highly amorphous and can be readily converted into highly concentrated mixtures of five and six carbon sugars using known methods. Typical yields of sugars exceed 100 grams of sugars per liter of sugar solution. Other products, such as alcohols, can easily be prepared according to methods of the invention. The modest process conditions and low solvent/solid ratios of some embodiments of the invention require relatively low capital and processing costs.
The University Of Texas System, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Date: 2016-09-19
Disclosed are polybenzimidazoles containing sulfonyl groups. The polymers can be synthesized in Eatons reagent from 3,3,4,4-tetraaminodiphenylsulfone, which itself can be synthesized from 4,4-dichlorodiphenylsulfone. Methods of synthesizing the polymers are disclosed. The disclosed polymers can be used for high temperature H_(2)/CO_(2 )separation membranes and other uses.
Virginia Polytechnic Institute, State University, Sano Inc, Arena, Verbridge and Davalos | Date: 2017-03-22
A system and method for selectively treating aberrant cells such as cancer cells through administration of a train of electrical pulses is described. The pulse length and delay between successive pulses is optimized to produce effects on intracellular membrane potentials. Therapies based on the system and method produce two treatment zones: an ablation zone surrounding the electrodes within which aberrant cells are non- selectively killed and a selective treatment zone surrounding the ablation zone within which target cells are selectively killed through effects on intracellular membrane potentials. As a result, infiltrating tumor cells within a tumor margin can be effectively treated while sparing healthy tissue. The system and method are useful for treating various cancers in which solid tumors form and have a chance of recurrence from microscopic disease surrounding the tumor.
Intel Corporation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | Date: 2017-04-05
Embodiments of the present disclosure describe methods, apparatuses, and systems related to a wireless communication device using time-variant antenna. Other embodiments may be described and/or claimed.
Tyler W.J.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Nature Reviews Neuroscience | Year: 2012
All cells are influenced by mechanical forces. In the brain, force-generating and load-bearing proteins twist, turn, ratchet, flex, compress, expand and bend to mediate neuronal signalling and plasticity. Although the functions of mechanosensitive proteins have been thoroughly described in classical sensory systems, the effects of endogenous mechanical energy on cellular function in the brain have received less attention, and many working models in neuroscience do not currently integrate principles of cellular mechanics. An understanding of cellular-mechanical concepts is essential to allow the integration of mechanobiology into ongoing studies of brain structure and function. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.