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Sonpavde G.,Texas Oncology And Us Oncology Research | Matveev V.,Russian Academy of Medical Sciences | Burke J.M.,Rocky Mountain Cancer Centers | Caton J.R.,Willamette Valley Cancer Center | And 9 more authors.
Annals of Oncology

Background: AT-101 (A), a small molecule oral inhibitor of the Bcl-2 family, has activity alone and in combination with docetaxel (Taxotere) and prednisone (DP) in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase II trial compared DP combined with either AT-101 (A) or placebo in chemonaive mCRPC.Patients and methods: Men with progressive mCRPC despite androgen deprivation were eligible and randomized 1 1. Patients received docetaxel (75 mg/m 2 day 1) and prednisone 5 mg orally twice daily every 21 days with either AT-101 (40 mg) or placebo twice daily orally on days 1-3. The primary end point was overall survival (OS).Results: Two hundred and twenty-one patients were randomly assigned. Median OS for AT-101 plus docetaxel-prednisone (ADP) and placebo-DP was 18.1 versus 17.8 months [hazard ratio (HR) 1.07, 95% confidence interval 0.72-1.55, P = 0.63]. Secondary end points were also not statistically different. Grade 3/4 toxic effects for ADP versus placebo-DP were cardiac events (5% versus 2%), lymphopenia (23% versus 16%), neutropenia (47% versus 40%), ileus (2% versus 0%) and pulmonary embolism (6% versus 2%). In a subgroup of high-risk mCRPC (n = 34), outcomes appeared to favor ADP (median OS 19 versus 14 months).Conclusions: AT-101 was tolerable but did not extend OS when combined with DP in mCRPC; a potential benefit was observed in high-risk patients. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved. Source

Schuster S.J.,University of Pennsylvania | Neelapu S.S.,University of Houston | Gause B.L.,U.S. National Institutes of Health | Janik J.E.,U.S. National Institutes of Health | And 15 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology

Purpose: Vaccination with hybridoma-derived autologous tumor immunoglobulin (Ig) idiotype (Id) conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) and administered with granulocyte-monocyte colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) induces follicular lymphoma (FL) -specific immune responses. To determine the clinical benefit of this vaccine, we conducted a double-blind multicenter controlled phase III trial. Patients and Methods: Treatment-naive patients with advanced stage FL achieving complete response (CR) or CR unconfirmed (CRu) after chemotherapy were randomly assigned two to one to receive either Id vaccine (Id-KLH + GM-CSF) or control (KLH + GM-CSF). Primary efficacy end points were disease-free survival (DFS) for all randomly assigned patients and DFS for randomly assigned patients receiving at least one dose of Id vaccine or control. Results: Of 234 patients enrolled, 177 (81%) achieved CR/CRu after chemotherapy and were randomly assigned. For 177 randomly assigned patients, including 60 patients not vaccinated because of relapse (n = 55) or other reasons (n = 5), median DFS between Id-vaccine and control arms was 23.0 versus 20.6 months, respectively (hazard ratio [HR], 0.81; 95% CI, 0.56 to 1.16; P = .256). For 117 patients who received Id vaccine (n = 76) or control (n = 41), median DFS after randomization was 44.2 months for Id-vaccine arm versus 30.6 months for control arm (HR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.39 to 0.99; P = .047) at median follow-up of 56.6 months (range, 12.6 to 89.3 months). In an unplanned subgroup analysis, median DFS was significantly prolonged for patients receiving IgM-Id (52.9 v 28.7 months; P = .001) but not IgG-Id vaccine (35.1 v 32.4 months; P = .807) compared with isotype-matched control-treated patients. Conclusion: Vaccination with patient-specific hybridoma-derived Id vaccine after chemotherapy-induced CR/CRu may prolong DFS in patients with FL. Vaccine isotype may affect clinical outcome and explain differing results between this and other controlled Id-vaccine trials. © 2011 by American Society of Clinical Oncology. Source

Scher H.I.,Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | Fizazi K.,University Paris - Sud | Saad F.,University of Montreal | Taplin M.-E.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | And 16 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine

BACKGROUND: Enzalutamide (formerly called MDV3100) targets multiple steps in the androgen-receptor-signaling pathway, the major driver of prostate-cancer growth. We aimed to evaluate whether enzalutamide prolongs survival in men with castration-resistant prostate cancer after chemotherapy. METHODS: In our phase 3, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we stratified 1199 men with castration-resistant prostate cancer after chemotherapy according to the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance-status score and pain intensity. We randomly assigned them, in a 2:1 ratio, to receive oral enzalutamide at a dose of 160 mg per day (800 patients) or placebo (399 patients). The primary end point was overall survival. RESULTS: The study was stopped after a planned interim analysis at the time of 520 deaths. The median overall survival was 18.4 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 17.3 to not yet reached) in the enzalutamide group versus 13.6 months (95% CI, 11.3 to 15.8) in the placebo group (hazard ratio for death in the enzalutamide group, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.53 to 0.75; P<0.001). The superiority of enzalutamide over placebo was shown with respect to all secondary end points: the proportion of patients with a reduction in the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level by 50% or more (54% vs. 2%, P<0.001), the soft-tissue response rate (29% vs. 4%, P<0.001), the quality-of-life response rate (43% vs. 18%, P<0.001), the time to PSA progression (8.3 vs. 3.0 months; hazard ratio, 0.25; P<0.001), radiographic progression-free survival (8.3 vs. 2.9 months; hazard ratio, 0.40; P<0.001), and the time to the first skeletal-related event (16.7 vs. 13.3 months; hazard ratio, 0.69; P<0.001). Rates of fatigue, diarrhea, and hot flashes were higher in the enzalutamide group. Seizures were reported in five patients (0.6%) receiving enzalutamide. CONCLUSIONS: Enzalutamide significantly prolonged the survival of men with metastatic castrationresistant prostate cancer after chemotherapy. (Funded by Medivation and Astellas Pharma Global Development; AFFIRM ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00974311.) Copyright © 2012 Massachusetts Medical Society. Source

Conlin A.,Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | Seidman A.,Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | Bach A.,Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | Lake D.,Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | And 7 more authors.
Clinical Breast Cancer

Purpose: This multicenter phase II trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of weekly nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel with carboplatin and weekly trastuzumab as first-line therapy for women with HER2-overexpressing metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Patients and Methods: We treated 32 patients who had measurable MBC that was HER2-positive defined by an immunohistochemical staining score of 3+ or gene amplification by fluorescence in situ hybridization, required for those with an IHC of 2+. Patients were treated with albumin-bound paclitaxel 100 mg/m2 and carboplatin at area under the curve (AUC) = 2 on days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle. Trastuzumab was administered at 2 mg/kg weekly after a loading dose of 4 mg/kg. Because of hypersensitivity reactions occurring during carboplatin infusion numbers 6-8 in 4 of the first 13 patients with this premedication-free regimen, the protocol was amended for carboplatin and dosed at AUC = 6 day 1 each 28-day cycle, in lieu of introducing steroid prophylaxis. Patients were treated with 6 cycles and allowed to continue with all 3 drugs or trastuzumab alone if free of progression and unacceptable toxicity after 6 cycles. Results: The overall response rate (ORR) was 62.5% (95% CI, 45.7%-79.3%) with 3 confirmed complete responders (CRs; 9%) and 17 confirmed partial responses (PRs; 53%). An additional 6 patients (19%) had stable disease (SD) for greater than 16 weeks for a clinical benefit rate (ORR + SD > 16 weeks) of 81%. As of April 16, 2009, 20 patients (63%) had progressed with a median progression-free survival (PFS) of 16.6 months (95% CI, 7.5-26.5 months). Antitumor activity was similar for patients treated with weekly carboplatin and every-4-week carboplatin (ORR, 65% vs. 67%, respectively). Hematologic toxicities were the only grade 4 toxicities noted and were infrequent with grade 4 neutropenia in 3 patients (9%) and 1 febrile neutropenia. Grade 2/3 peripheral neuropathy was uncommon (13%/3%). Conclusion: Weekly albumin-bound paclitaxel with carboplatin and trastuzumab is highly active in HER2-overexpressing MBC. In the absence of corticosteroid premedication, which we avoided with albumin-bound paclitaxel, carboplatin seems best dosed every 4 weeks rather than weekly because of carboplatin-associated hypersensitivity reactions. The regimen was very well tolerated with few grade 3 and 4 nonhematologic toxicities experienced, and severe hematologic toxicity and peripheral neuropathy were infrequent. Source

Jeon J.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Jeon J.,Yonsei University | Sato K.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Niedzwiecki D.,Duke University | And 14 more authors.
Clinical Colorectal Cancer

Background The impact of physical activity on survival outcomes in patients with recurrent colon cancer has not been studied. We tested the association between the level of postdiagnosis physical activity and survival outcomes of patients with recurrent colon cancer. Patients and Methods We conducted a prospective observational study of 237 patients with stage III colon cancer who had recurrence of disease. Physical activity was measured approximately 6 months after the completion of therapy (14 months after surgical resection) but before detection of recurrent disease. The primary end point of the study was survival time after recurrence. Results The hazard ratio comparing patients who reported at least 18 metabolic equivalent task (MET) hours per week of physical activity with those engaging in < 3 MET hours per week was 0.71 (95% confidence interval, 0.46-1.11). Increasing total MET hours of physical activity per week was associated with a borderline statistical significance trend for improved survival after recurrence (P =.052). The benefit of physical activity on survival was not significantly modified by sex, body mass index (BMI), number of positive lymph nodes, age, baseline performance status, adjuvant chemotherapy regimen, or recurrence-free survival period. Conclusion To our knowledge, this is the first study investigating the association of physical activity with survival outcome of patients with recurrent colon cancer. Although the association exceeded our predefined P trend <.05 for statistical significance, these findings warrant further studies of physical activity in patients with recurrent colorectal cancer. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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