Virginia Commonwealth University is a public research university located in Richmond, Virginia. VCU was founded in 1838 as the medical department of Hampden–Sydney College, becoming the Medical College of Virginia in 1854. In 1968, the Virginia General Assembly merged MCV with the Richmond Professional Institute, founded in 1917, to create Virginia Commonwealth University. Today, more than 31,000 students pursue 222 degree and certificate programs through VCU's 13 schools and one college. The VCU Health System supports the university's health care education, research and patient care mission.With a record $256 million in sponsored research funding in the fiscal year 2011, VCU is designated as a research university with very high research activity by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education. A broad array of university-approved centers and institutes of excellence, involving faculty from multiple disciplines in public policy, biotechnology and health care discoveries, supports the university's research mission. Twenty-eight graduate and first-professional programs are ranked by U.S. News and World Report as among the best in the country. VCU's athletic teams compete in Division I of the NCAA and are collectively known as the VCU Rams. They are members of the Atlantic 10 Conference. The VCU campus includes historic buildings such as the Ginter House, now used by the school's provost. Wikipedia.
Kendler K.S.,Virginia Commonwealth University
Psychiatric genetics has taught us a great deal about the nature of psychiatric disorders. Traditional family, twin and adoption studies have demonstrated the substantial role of genetic factors in their etiology, clarified the role of genetic factors in comorbidity, elucidated development pathways, and documented the importance of gene-environment correlation and interaction. We have also received some hard lessons when we were unable to detect replicable genes of large effect size and found that our much-valued candidate genes did not live up to their expected promise. With more mature molecular and statistical methods, we are entering now a different era. Statistical analyses of aggregate molecular signals are validating earlier heritability estimates. Replicated findings from genome-wide association studies are beginning to emerge, as are discoveries of large-effect size rare genomic variants. The number of such findings is likely to soon grow dramatically. The most pressing question facing the field is what biological picture these results will reveal. I articulate four possible scenarios that reflect (i) no, (ii) minimal, (iii) moderate and (iv) high biological coherence in the replicated molecular variant findings, which are soon likely to emerge. I discuss the factors that will likely influence these patterns, including the problems of etiological heterogeneity and multiple realizability. These findings could provide critical insights into the underlying biology of our psychiatric syndromes and potentially permit us to perceive, 'through a glass darkly,' the levels of the mind-brain system that are disordered. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved. Source
Meot-Ner M.,Virginia Commonwealth University
A study was conducted to provide detailed information about strong ionic hydrogen bonds (IHB). These strong hydrogen bonds were critical in ionic clusters and nucleation, in electrolytes, ion solvation, and acid-base chemistry, in the structures of ionic crystals, surfaces, silicates, and clays. IHBs were also important in bioenergetics including protein folding, enzyme-active centers, formation of membranes and proton transport, and biomolecular recognition. The energetics of IHB interactions were isolated and studied quantitatively in the gas phase. These studies led to a fundamental understanding of relations between strong ionic hydrogen bond strengths and molecular structure and the solvation of ions in the critical inner shells, and acid-base phenomena and bioenergetics. Source
Virginia Commonwealth University | Date: 2015-07-02
Compositions, methods and kits for treating victims of carbon monoxide and/or cyanide poisoning and/or nitric acid-induced vasoplagia are provided. The compositions comprise reduced forms of Vitamin B12 such as reduced hydroxocobalamin or reduced cobinamide, and typically comprise at least one reducing agent (e.g. ascorbic acid). The compositions are generally produced, stored and delivered under reducing, usually anaerobic, conditions in order to preserve the desired oxidation state when introduced into the blood stream of a recipient.
Virginia Commonwealth University | Date: 2015-04-17
Methods and compositions for the prevention and treatment of liver damage or disease in a subject in need thereof are provided. The methods involve providing the sulfated oxysterol 25-hydroxycholesterol-3-sulfate (25HC3S) to the subject e.g. by 1) administering 25HC3S to the subject; or 2) overexpressing, in the subject, the hydroxysterol sulfotransferase enzyme SULT2B1b, which catalyzes the sulfation of 25-hydroxycholesterol (25HC) to form 25HC3S.
Virginia Commonwealth University | Date: 2015-01-14
A glucometer guide is provided to address the difficulty that blind or visually impaired diabetic patients have when attempting to independently use a glucometer. The guide provides haptic cues for the effective transfer of blood onto a test strip.