Wuyts J.,Vrije Universiteit Brussel |
De Valck E.,Vrije Universiteit Brussel |
Vandekerckhove M.,Vrije Universiteit Brussel |
Pattyn N.,Vrije Universiteit Brussel |
And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Psychophysiology | Year: 2012
Cognitive hyperarousal, resulting in enhanced cognitive activation, has been cited as an important contributor to the development and preservation of insomnia. To further understand this process, our study examined the effects of acutely-induced pre-sleep cognitive hyperarousal on sleep onset processes in healthy volunteers. Following an adaptation night, 15 subjects slept two nights in our sleep laboratory: one reference night and another one with cognitive arousal induction, in a counterbalanced order. In the cognitive arousal condition, subjects worked through half an hour of cognitive tasks without interference of an emotional component prior to retiring to bed. Objective sleep onset latency was significantly prolonged in the cognitive arousal condition compared to the reference condition. Significantly more high frequency activity was recorded during the first and second deep-sleep period. Moreover, differences in heart rate and proximal temperature during and after sleep onset were observed in the nights after the cognitive induction. Pre-sleep cognitive activation successfully induced a significant cognitive load and activation in our subjects to influence subsequent sleep (onset) processes. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Warrick B.J.,University of New Mexico |
Boyer L.V.,VIPER Inc |
Seifert S.A.,University of New Mexico
Toxins | Year: 2014
Non-native (exotic) snakes are a problematic source of envenomation worldwide. This manuscript describes the current demographics, outcomes and challenges of non-native snakebites in the United States (U.S.). We performed a retrospective case series of the National Poison Data System (NPDS) database between 2005 and 2011. There were 258 human exposures involving at least 61 unique exotic venomous species (average = 37 per year; range = 33-40). Males comprised 79% and females 21%. The average age was 33 years with 16% less than 20 years old. 70% of bites occurred in a private residence and 86% were treated at a healthcare facility. 35% of cases received antivenom and 10% were given antibiotics. This study is compared to our previous study (1994-2004) in which there was a substantial coding error rate. Software modifications significantly reduced coding errors. Identification and acquisition of appropriate antivenoms pose a number of logistical difficulties in the management of these envenomations. In the U.S., poison centers have valuable systems and clinical roles in the provision of expert consultation and in the management of these cases. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
VIPER Inc | Date: 2015-09-25
Fitness equipment, namely, a weighted bar to improve posture and overall fitness; fitness machines and equipment, namely, weights, treadmills, rowing machines, stair stepping machines, resistance machines, stationary cycles; manually-operated exercise equipment for physical fitness purposes; physical fitness equipment, namely rigs in the nature of free weighted machines and selector-ized commercial gym equipment, exercise benches, equipment racks in the nature of free standing squat stands and squat racks, dead lifting platforms and multiple station wall mounted and free standing squat stations, flooring in the nature of commercial gym flooring, wood and rubber tiles or rolls interlocking and not, bands in the nature of resistance bands with and without handles, pull up bands and wooden, plastic and steel gymnastic rings, resistance exercise bands, custom squat rigs and racks, storage for physical fitness equipment, namely, bumper racks for storing weight lifting equipment, weight trees for storing weight lifting equipment, storage racks for athletic equipment in the nature of weight pins, and storage racks for physical fitness equipment, namely, barbells, dumbbells, kettle bells, bumper plates, three grip weighted plates, steel weighted plates, all for use with barbells.
VIPER Inc | Date: 2012-05-08
VIPER Inc | Date: 2012-07-24
Eyewear; Eyewear accessories, namely, straps, neck cords and head straps which restrain eyewear from movement on a wearer; Eyewear, namely, prescription and non-prescription eyewear including eyeglasses, sunglasses and eyewear with tinted lenses used for sunglasses.