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Novo G.,University of Palermo | Rizzo M.,University of Palermo | Carruba S.L.,Villa Sofia Whitaker Hospital | Caruso M.,University of Palermo | And 8 more authors.
Angiology | Year: 2012

We assessed whether macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) levels are associated with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We studied 56 patients with AMI (mean age: 67 ± 12 years) and identified those with clinical (Killip class >II) or echocardiographic signs (ejection fraction ≥45%) of LVSD. We evaluated the established cardiovascular risk factors and measured several cardiovascular biomarkers, including M-CSF. Serum M-CSF concentrations (pg/mL) were significantly increased in patients with both clinical and echocardiographic signs of LVSD (460 ± 265 vs 290 ± 210, P =.0103 and 493 ± 299 vs 287 ± 174, P =.0028, respectively). We found a significant inverse association between M-CSF and ejection fraction (r = -.351, P =.0079). Logistic regression analysis revealed that, among all evaluated clinical and biochemical parameters, the stronger predictor of LVSD was M-CSF (odds ratios 2.1, 95% confidence interval 1.1-2.9, P =.0168). This is the first study reporting plasma M-CSF levels as independent determinants of low LV ejection fraction and clinical LV dysfunction in patients with AMI. © 2012 SAGE Publications. Source

La Carrubba S.,Villa Sofia Whitaker Hospital | Manna L.,Villa Sofia Whitaker Hospital | Rinollo C.,Villa Sofia Whitaker Hospital | Mazzone A.,Legnano Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Italian Journal of Medicine | Year: 2011

Introduction: There are few data on the prevalence of depression among acute patients with comorbidities. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms in hospitalized patients admitted to Internal Medicine Units and the correlation between these symptoms and comorbidities and disability indexes. Materials and methods: All consecutive patients admitted to 26 Internal Medicine Units of the Italian National Public Health System in Sicily, Italy, from September 2001 to March 2002 were screened. Within 24 hours of admission, patients were administered the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Mini-Mental State Examination, Activities of Daily Living (ADL), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) and Charlson's Comorbidity Index. Results: 1,947 subjects were included in the analyses. Of the patients, 509 (26.1%) showed depressive symptoms (indicated by GDS score ≥ 15). Depression was significantly associated (univariate analyses) with hypertension (OR 1.45; CI 95% 1.18-1.79), diabetes (OR 1.48, CI 95% 1.17-1.87), cerebrovascular disease (OR 1.50, CI 95% 1.08-2.07), cirrhosis (OR 1.49, CI 95% 1.01-2.19), ADL score (OR 0.72: CI 95% 0.63-0.82), and IADL score (OR 0.83; CI 95% 0.78-0.87), but not with Charlson's Comorbidity Index (OR 1.04; CI 95% 0.98-1.10). Multivariate analysis showed that independent predictive factors for depression were age (OR 1.02, CI 95% 1.01-1.02), female gender (OR 2.29, CI 95% 1.83 - 2.87), and IADL score (OR 0.86, CI 95% 0.81 - 0.93). Conclusions: The data suggest that depressive symptoms are not linked to worse clinical conditions but are associated with the loss of autonomy in Instrumental Activities of Daily Living. © 2011 Elsevier Srl. All rights reserved. Source

Di Salvo G.,The Second University of Naples | Di Bello V.,University of Pisa | Salustri A.,Cardiology Unit | Antonini-Canterin F.,ARC Cardiology | And 7 more authors.
Clinical Cardiology | Year: 2011

Background: Early diagnosis of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction represents a major challenge in asymptomatic subjects with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors. Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) has emerged as an important tool with clinical relevance in several cardiac diseases. Hypothesis: To evaluate the prognostic ability of TDI in detecting early longitudinal ventricular dysfunction in a large group of asymptomatic subjects with CV risk factors (RsF), normal LV systolic function, and normal diastolic function. Methods: A total of 554 subjects (mean age 55 ± 13 years, 39% men) formed our study population: controls, 144 healthy subjects; group 1, 163 subjects with 1 CV RsF; group 2, 147 subjects with 2 CV RsF; group 3, 100 subjects with ≥3 CV RsF. All subjects underwent a comprehensive standard echo-Doppler evaluation, including posterior wall TDI study. Follow-up data were available in all the studied samples (mean 28 ± 16 mo). Results: Upon follow-up, 18 individuals (3.2%) developed a first overt CV event. The presence of a peak systolic velocity <7.5 cm/second showed a significant additional predictive value compared with the presence of CV RsF (P<0.001). Conclusions: Tissue Doppler imaging is able to identify early longitudinal LV systolic abnormalities in the presence of apparently normal systolic and diastolic function. It demonstrated a significant additional prognostic value compared with the simple presence of coexisting CV RsF. These findings could be clinically relevant in identifying asymptomatic subjects with CV RsF who need early, tailored preventive treatment. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Carerj S.,Messina University | Raffa S.,Messina University | Martiniello A.R.,Monaldi Hospital | Leto A.,Villa Sofia Whitaker Hospital | And 9 more authors.
Echocardiography | Year: 2010

Objective: The aim of the study was to compare the prevalence of interventricular and intraventricular asynchrony in patients with different degrees of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Methods: We enrolled 182 patients (male 79%, mean age 64 ± 11 years) with LV ejection fraction (EF) < 50% and identified two groups: Group A (n = 79) with mild-to-moderate LV dysfunction (EF between 36% and 49%) and Group B (n = 103) with severe dysfunction (EF ≤ 35%). An echocardiogram was performed in all patients and a delay longer than 40 msec in the time difference between the aortic and pulmonary preejection intervals was considered as an index of interventricular asynchrony. The electromechanical delays were assessed by pulsed tissue Doppler technique. A time difference between the earliest and the latest segment greater than 40 msec was considered the cutoff for intraventricular asynchrony. The sum of asynchrony was calculated by adding to the LV intraventricular delay the delay between the lateral basal right ventricular segment and the most delayed LV basal segment. Results: The prevalence of interventricular asynchrony was lower among Group A patients (19.8% vs. 37.9%; P = 0.007) while the prevalence of intraventricular asynchrony did not differ between groups (32.9% vs. 44% in Group A and Group B respectively; P = 0.18). The sum of asynchrony (cutoff >102 msec) did not differ between groups either (29.9% vs. 35.9%; P = 0.39). Conclusions: The prevalence of intraventricular asynchrony is independent of the LV systolic dysfunction severity. This could indicate the potential role of cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with mild-moderate systolic dysfunction. © 2009, Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

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