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PubMed | Vila Velha University Vila Velha and Federal University of Espirito Santo
Type: | Journal: Frontiers in physiology | Year: 2015

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most important causes of chronic renal disease, and the incidence of DN is increasing worldwide. Considering our previous report (Gomes et al., 2014) indicating that chronic treatment with oral low-dose quercetin (10 mg/Kg) demonstrated anti-oxidative, anti-apoptotic and renoprotective effects in the C57BL/6J model of DN, we investigated whether this flavonoid could also have beneficial effects in concurrent DN and spontaneous atherosclerosis using the apolipoprotein E-deficient mouse (apoE(-/-)).Streptozotocin was used to induce diabetes (100 mg/kg/day, 3 days) in male apoE(-/-) mice (8 week-old). After 6 weeks, the mice were randomly separated into DQ: diabetic apoE(-/-) mice treated with quercetin (10 mg/kg/day, 4 weeks, n = 8), DV: diabetic ApoE(-/-) mice treated with vehicle (n = 8) and ND: non-treated non-diabetic mice (n = 8).Quercetin treatment diminished polyuria (~30%; p < 0.05), glycemia (~25%, p < 0.05), normalized the hypertriglyceridemia. Moreover, this bioflavonoid diminished creatininemia (~30%, p < 0.01) and reduced proteinuria but not to normal levels. We also observed protective effects on the renal structural changes, including normalization of the index of glomerulosclerosis and kidney weight/body weight.Our data revealed that quercetin treatment significantly reduced DN in hypercholesterolemic mice by inducing biochemical changes (decrease in glucose and triglycerides serum levels) and reduction of glomerulosclerosis. Thus, this study highlights the relevance of quercetin as an alternative therapeutic option for DN, including in diabetes associated with dyslipidemia.

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