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Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal

Ribeiro S.,Braga Hospital | Salgado A.,Braga Hospital | Salome N.,Braga Hospital | Bettencourt N.,Vila Nova Of Gaia Espinho Hospital Center | And 3 more authors.
Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia

Mitral annulus calcification is a common echocardiographic finding, particularly in the elderly and in end-stage renal disease patients under chronic dialysis. Caseous calcification or liquefaction necrosis of mitral annulus calcification is a rare evolution of mitral annular calcification. Early recognition of this entity avoids an invasive diagnostic approach, since it is benign and, unlike intracardiac tumors and abscesses, has a favorable prognosis. The authors present the case of an 84-year-old woman with a suspicious large, echodense mass at the level of the posterior mitral leaflet with associated severe mitral regurgitation. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a hypoperfused mass with strong peripheral enhancement 10 minutes after gadolinium administration. Multislice computed tomography showed the calcified nature of the mass. A multi-modality imaging approach confirmed the diagnosis of caseous calcification of the posterior mitral annulus. The patient refused surgical treatment. © 2011 Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia. Published by Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved. Source

Pinto E.,Vila Nova Of Gaia Espinho Hospital Center | Trovao A.,Entre Douro e Vouga Hospital Center | Leitao S.,Entre Douro e Vouga Hospital Center | Pina C.,Entre Douro e Vouga Hospital Center | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology

We describe a conservative laparoscopic approach to treatment of a perforated pyomyoma after uterine artery embolization. A 36-year-old woman came to our emergency department 8 weeks after undergoing uterine artery embolization. She reported painful abdominal cramps. Physical examination revealed fever, tachycardia, hypotension, abdominal pain with rebound tenderness and pain during bimanual examination. Ultrasonography showed a fundal/subserosal leiomyoma and a moderate amount of fluid in the abdominal cavity. Because the patient desired preservation of the uterus, a laparoscopic approach was used for drainage and lavage of a perforated pyomyoma. The patient had an uneventful recovery and remained well at follow-up visits. Second-look diagnostic laparoscopy enabled treatment of the adhesions formed and revealed patent fallopian tubes. Surgery has been the primary approach to pyomyoma. However, hysterectomy leads to irreversible sterility and myomectomy can be difficult to perform. Therefore, there is need for a less invasive intervention in women who seek conservative treatment. Recently, computed tomography-guided drainage was successfully performed in two patients with pyomyoma. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a successful conservative laparoscopic approach to pyomyoma. © 2012 AAGL. Source

Robalo Cordeiro C.,University of Coimbra | Campos P.,Northern Lisbon Hospital Center | Carvalho L.,University of Coimbra | Campainha S.,Vila Nova Of Gaia Espinho Hospital Center | And 9 more authors.
Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a rare interstitial lung disease included in the Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias group. Although several potential risk factors have been described, it is a progressive fibrosing disease of unknown cause affecting mainly adults over 50 years and associated with a poor prognosis, reflected in a median survival of 2-3 years after diagnosis.The concept of a multidisciplinary working group for the diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is based on the need to have experienced pulmonologists, radiologists and pathologists in the evaluation and correct treatment of the disease, and requires the use of all available data about individual patients, standardized (largely through High Resolution Computed Tomography and pathology when needed) as well as non-standardized data (laboratory, serology and biomarkers). This approach helps to increase diagnostic accuracy and is an internationally accepted recommendation.In regard to therapy, the situation has changed radically since the publication of the ATS/ERS/JRS/ALAT 2011 guidelines on the diagnosis and management of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis where it was stressed that no proven therapy exists for this disease.Currently besides non-pharmacological treatment, therapy of complications and comorbidities and palliative care, nintedanib and pirfenidone, two compounds with pleiotropic mechanisms of action, are to date, the two drugs with confirmed efficacy in slowing functional decline and disease progression in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients. © 2016 Sociedade Portuguesa de Pneumologia. Source

Cardoso J.,Vila Nova Of Gaia Espinho Hospital Center | Carvalho I.,Vila Nova Of Gaia Espinho Hospital Center
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP), or extrinsic allergic alveolitis, is an immunologically mediated disease resulting from the inhalation of organic substances that trigger an inflammatory response in the alveolar wall, bronchioles, and interstitium in susceptible individuals. Although HP is predominantly an occupational disease, seen in adulthood, cases in children have been described. The diagnosis of HP requires a high degree of suspicion. The treatment consists in avoiding contact with the antigen, and, in some cases, systemic corticosteroids might be necessary in order to prevent its progression to pulmonary fibrosis. We report the clinical cases of three children with a history of contact with birds and a family history of HP. All three patients presented with cough and dyspnea on exertion. The disease was diagnosed on the basis of the clinical history and ancillary diagnostic test results consistent with the diagnosis, including a predominance of lymphocytes (> 60%, CD8+ T lymphocytes in particular) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and a ground-glass pattern seen on HRCT of the chest. Early diagnosis is crucial in order to prevent HP from progressing to pulmonary fibrosis. Hereditary factors seem to influence the onset of the disease. Source

Brandao D.,Vila Nova Of Gaia Espinho Hospital Center | Canedo A.,Vila Nova Of Gaia Espinho Hospital Center | Maia M.,Vila Nova Of Gaia Espinho Hospital Center | Ferreira J.,Vila Nova Of Gaia Espinho Hospital Center | Vaz G.,Vila Nova Of Gaia Espinho Hospital Center
Journal of Vascular Surgery

Duodenocaval fistula is a rare and potentially lethal condition. We report a case of a 61-year-old female with a duodenocaval fistula resulting from a fish bone perforation of the duodenum who survived with conservative treatment. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a duodenocaval fistula caused by a fish bone. Additionally, besides revising the other possible etiologies for duodenocaval fistulae, we also discuss its diagnosis and treatment. Copyright © 2010 by the Society for Vascular Surgery. Source

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