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Ali Z.,Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical science | Bhaskar S.B.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science
Indian Journal of Anaesthesia | Year: 2016

Statistical methods involved in carrying out a study include planning, designing, collecting data, analysing, drawing meaningful interpretation and reporting of the research findings. The statistical analysis gives meaning to the meaningless numbers, thereby breathing life into a lifeless data. The results and inferences are precise only if proper statistical tests are used. This article will try to acquaint the reader with the basic research tools that are utilised while conducting various studies. The article covers a brief outline of the variables, an understanding of quantitative and qualitative variables and the measures of central tendency. An idea of the sample size estimation, power analysis and the statistical errors is given. Finally, there is a summary of parametric and non-parametric tests used for data analysis. © 2016 Indian Journal of Anaesthesia.


Benjamin L.A.,Walton Center National Health Service Foundation Trust | Lewthwaite P.,University of Liverpool | Vasanthapuram R.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science | Zhao G.,Washington University in St. Louis | And 4 more authors.
Emerging Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011

To investigate whether uncharacterized infectious agents were associated with neurologic disease, we analyzed cerebrospinal fluid specimens from 12 children with acute central nervous system infection. A highthroughput pyrosequencing screen detected human parvovirus 4 DNA in cerebrospinal fluid of 2 children with encephalitis of unknown etiology.


Patil D.,Navodaya Medical College | Chaitanya R.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science
Medico-Legal Update | Year: 2016

The present retrospective study has been conducted for the period of 3 years i.e. 2010, 2011 and 2012 based on autopsy records of the road traffic accident cases. Randomly picked 100 male cases and 100 female cases autopsied at mortuary of the District hospital, Raichur, Karnataka have been considered for the study and analyzed retrospectively. Predominant age group were found to be 21-30 years (30%) followed by age group 41-50 years (20%) and 11-20 years (15%) showing that youngsters were more involved in deaths due to road traffic accidents. Out of 200 cases studied, 168 cases were linear fractures and comminuted fractures were seen in only four cases. In 50% of the cases the road traffic accident case was unknown and two wheelers were involved in 25% of the cases and in only 5% of the cases four wheelers were involved. The cause of death in all these cases was due to head injury associated with skull fractures or Brain injury or Intracranial haemorrhages. © 2016, World Informations Syndicate. All rights reserved.


Gayathri H.,Acs Medical College And Hospital | Rao S.S.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science
Indian Journal of Otology | Year: 2016

Background and Objectives: Intratympanic gentamicin therapy is an effective modality for control of vertigo in Meniere's disease (MD) and when given in low concentration (<30 mg/mL), once weekly minimizes its side effects like chronic vestibular insufficiency or hearing loss. We studied the efficacy of low dose interval intratympanic gentamicin therapy in control of intractable vertigo in MD and the postprocedure hearing loss. As gentamicin is vestibular end-organ selective and not specific for treatment of MD alone we studied its efficacy in non-Meniere's peripheral vertigo (NMPV) in patients with nonserviceable hearing in affected ear. Subjects and Methods: Our study included 13 patients with 'Definite' MD and seven patients with NMPV. In MD group, one treatment series consisted of a maximum of 3 weekly intratympanic gentamicin injections of 0.3 mL (12 mg) of gentamicin. In NMPV group, the schedule was similar but dosage per injection was 0.5 mL (20 mg). Another similar series of injections were repeated for recurrences. Results: Significant reduction was noted in number of vertigo spells in both groups after treatment (P < 0.001). All the patients experienced either complete or substantial control (Class A or B) of their vertigo. The functional level scale had significantly improved posttreatment in both groups (P < 0.01). No significant worsening in hearing was noted in any of the patients in MD group. Interpretation and Conclusion: Low dose interval intratympanic gentamicin is a simple cost-effective office procedure for managing vertigo in patients with MD and in patients with NMPV and nonserviceable hearing. © 2016 Indian Journal of Otology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow.


Yogesh G.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2015

Background: The most important duty of a doctor is to save the life of patient; however, after providing first aid & resuscitative measures, the Casualty Medical Officer has to carry out exhaustive documentation of medico legal cases especially while examining the victims of physical trauma, domestic violence, attempts of suicide, sexual assault, etc. The present study is carried out with a view to understand the pattern and magnitude of Medico legal cases (MLC’s) in this region so as to identify methods to Prevent and reduce incidences, if any. Materials & method: This was a retrospective study; all the records of MLC’s which came to the casualty department of the hospital between Jan 2013 to December 2013 were studied. Results: The males were maximally involved (66.3%). Among the age group 21-30 years (35%) were more. Among the MLC’s cases, RTA constituted 31.77% followed by assault cases (26.71%). © 2015, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved.


Yogesh G.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science
Medico-Legal Update | Year: 2015

Background: Death due to RTA in any population constitutes both social and economic loss to family and society. We aimed to study, pattern of fatal traumatic head injuries occurring in motor cyclists due to RTA. Materials and method: A cross sectional study of total 336 cases of motorcyclist’s who died due to fatal road traffic accidents brought to Victoria hospital mortuary for post mortem examination. Conclusion: The result of this study enables a health care personal to predict fracture and site of injury. © 2015, World Informations Syndicate. All rights reserved.


Yogesh G.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science
Medico-Legal Update | Year: 2015

Background: Road accidents happen to be the foremost cause of spinal injuries. The dissection of the spinal card is not a part of routine autopsy and fracture of cervical spine is easily overlooked at autopsy, as external signs of violence, hemorrhage around dislocation are often absent and studies in this regard are very few. There is a need to set up more specialized spinal trauma units across the country with good accessibility to poorer sections of society for comprehensive management of spinal cord injured patients. Materials & method: A prospective cross sectional study of total 639 cases of fatal road traffic accidents brought to Victoria hospital mortuary, Bengaluru, for post mortem examination during 1st April 2009 to 30th Sept 2010. Conclusion: Young male, motor cyclists, both male and female pedestrians are vulnerable group for spinal injury; cervical injuries were commonest among the spinal fractures. Deaths due to spinal injuries although less, Early liaison of hospitals without specialized spinal units to specialized spinal centers should be encouraged, so that early presentation of acute spinal cord injured patient to a specialized spinal unit leading to early total care and reduction of mortality can be carried out. © 2015, World Informations Syndicate. All rights reserved.


Chaitanya R.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science | Patil D.,Navodaya Medical College
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2016

Unnatural deaths due to violent asphyxia contribute to majority of the cases among all unnatural deaths. Deaths due to hanging, strangulation, suffocation and drowning are common examples of violent asphyxia deaths. This study is conducted to find out the relation between violent asphyxial deaths and victims age, sex, demographic profile, marital status and manner of death. The present retrospective study has been conducted for the period of 3 years i.e. 2009, 2010 and 2011 based on autopsy records of the unnatural death cases resulting from Violent asphyxial deaths. Randomly picked 100 male cases and 100 female cases autopsied at mortuary of the District hospital, Raichur, Karnataka have been considered for the study and analyzed retrospectively. Male violent asphyxial deaths dominated over female in the ratio of 2.1:1.Predominant age group were found to be 21-30 years (34%) followed by age group 11-20 (20.5%) and 31-40 years showing (20.5%) showing that youngsters were more involved in violent asphyxial deaths. Maximum victims were from the married group (36%) followed by unmarried (13%) and marital status of (51%) people were not known. Rural population contributed 74% than urban population (10%). © 2016, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved.


Patil D.,Navodaya Medical College | Chaitanya R.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2016

Medico legal case means a medical case with legal binding on the part of attending doctor. There is an apprehension among doctors in dealing with medico legal cases. This is because of fear of various laws and regulations. There is also apprehension regarding attending the courts, cross examination by the Lawyers and various questions by the police officers. All doctors should be aware of legal aspects of medical practice. Assessment of knowledge and Awareness of common medico legal issues was done by analysing the questionnaire given to 100 doctors working at Medical College Raichur among the participants 50 doctors were from Non Clinical and 50 were from clinical departments. Such study about knowledge and awareness assessment of doctors will benefit the doctors in a constructive way to deal with medico legal issues in their clinical practice. © 2016, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved.


Chaitanya R.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science | Patil D.,Navodaya Medical College
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2016

The study of the pattern of unnatural deaths was undertaken to find out the various causes of unnatural death in relation to the age and sex of the victim. The paper presents the retrospective study of 500 post-mortem cases in District General Hospital, Raichur, during the span of five years. The commonest cause was burns (38 % Cases). Rest of cases was of head injury (30 % cases), poisoning, drowning, hanging, etc in descending order. It was found that majority of victims were males, young adults (21-30 years) were more involved. Majority of male deaths were due to injuries and majority of female deaths were due to burns. © 2016, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved.

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