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Yogesh G.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2015

Background: The most important duty of a doctor is to save the life of patient; however, after providing first aid & resuscitative measures, the Casualty Medical Officer has to carry out exhaustive documentation of medico legal cases especially while examining the victims of physical trauma, domestic violence, attempts of suicide, sexual assault, etc. The present study is carried out with a view to understand the pattern and magnitude of Medico legal cases (MLC’s) in this region so as to identify methods to Prevent and reduce incidences, if any. Materials & method: This was a retrospective study; all the records of MLC’s which came to the casualty department of the hospital between Jan 2013 to December 2013 were studied. Results: The males were maximally involved (66.3%). Among the age group 21-30 years (35%) were more. Among the MLC’s cases, RTA constituted 31.77% followed by assault cases (26.71%). © 2015, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved. Source


Bharath T.,JSS Medical College | Manjula P.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine | Year: 2015

Background: Early identification of the prehypertensive state can greatly improve the disease risk management. Although increased levels of highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and dyslipidemia is reported among patients with hypertension, the correlation of these parameters among prehypertensives in not known. Hence, the present study was designed to compare the levels of serum hsCRP and lipid profile among prehypertensives and normal subjects and correlate it with blood pressure (BP) levels. Materials and Methods: Anthropometric measurements and BP were recorded in 40 prehypertensive and 40 normal subjects. Subjects were assigned to a group based on their BP as per Joint National Committee 7 criteria. Serum hsCRP and lipid profile were measured and correlated with BP levels. Results: Serum hsCRP showed no significant difference between the two groups. There was no significant correlation of BP with hsCRP in both the groups. Total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) were significantly increased in prehypertensives as compared to normal subjects. There was no significant association between BP and lipid parameters in prehypertensives. Conclusions: Significant increase of TC and LDL but not hsCRP was evident among prehypertensives as compared to normal subjects. Source


Yogesh G.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science | Ravikumar R.,Karwar Institute of Medical science
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2015

Poisoning is a major public health problem worldwide, with thousands of deaths occurring every year, mainly in the developing countries. Organo-phosphorus (OP) compounds occupy the greatest burden of poisoning related morbidity and mortality. India, holding 70% of agricultural - land, accounts for one third of pesticide poisoning cases in the third world, the farm workers being the worst affected. Most of the poisonings occur due to deliberate self ingestion of the poison. The present study was aimed to know the profile of OP poisoning. Methodology: A record based retrospective study from January 2013-December 2013 was Conducted in a tertiary care hospital and data regarding age, gender, domicile, type of poison, manner of poisoning, seasonal trends, marital status, motive behind poisoning, socio-economic status and outcome was collected in a pre-structured Performa. All data were documented, analyzed and interpreted as per the laid down protocol. Results; out of total 1575 cases of Organo-phosphorus compound poisoning. 1130 (71.73%) were male, 34.6% were in the age group 21-30 years, (70.95%) were of lower socio-economic, Occupation wise agricultural workers were on top of the list (70.07%), The commonest motive of poisoning was suicidal in both males and females (93.78%), Financial problem was one of the commonest reasons of poisoning (51.22%). (The mortality rate in our study was 13.47%. Conclusion Poisoning is more common in young and adult males, suicide being the most common motive. Low socio-economic class, rural, both literate and illiterate agriculturists commonly choose this method to commit suicide. © 2015, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved. Source


Benjamin L.A.,Walton Center National Health Service Foundation Trust | Lewthwaite P.,University of Liverpool | Vasanthapuram R.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science | Zhao G.,Washington University in St. Louis | And 4 more authors.
Emerging Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011

To investigate whether uncharacterized infectious agents were associated with neurologic disease, we analyzed cerebrospinal fluid specimens from 12 children with acute central nervous system infection. A highthroughput pyrosequencing screen detected human parvovirus 4 DNA in cerebrospinal fluid of 2 children with encephalitis of unknown etiology. Source


Yaji P.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science | Bhat B.,PES Institute of Medical science and Research | Harish E.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly spreading progressive infection of the fascia with necrosis of the subcutaneous tissues. Primary necrotising fasciitis of the breast is extremely rare and hence we report the case of a 55-year-old woman presenting to our hospital with primary necrotising fasciitis of the breast in a state of systemic septic shock. She was admitted in surgical intensive care unit and treated with resuscitation, intravenous antibiotics and aggressive debridement. We discuss the details of the case, our treatment approach, the outcome and also briefly review the literature. Source

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