Humenné, Slovakia
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Beuermann K.,University of Gottingen | Breitenstein P.,Westfalen Kolleg | Bski B.De.,Jagiellonian University | Diese J.,Max Planck Gymnasium | And 19 more authors.
Astronomy and Astrophysics | Year: 2012

We report new mid-eclipse times of the two close binaries NSVS14256825 and HS0705+6700, harboring an sdB primary and a low-mass main-sequence secondary. Both objects display clear variations in their measured orbital period, which can be explained by the action of a third object orbiting the binary. If this interpretation is correct, the third object in NSVS14256825 is a giant planet with a mass of roughly 12 M Jup. For HS0705+6700, we provide evidence that strengthens the case for the suggested periodic nature of the eclipse time variation and reduces the uncertainties in the parameters of the brown dwarf implied by that model. The derived period is 8.4 yr and the mass is 31 M Jup, if the orbit is coplanar with the binary. This research is part of the PlanetFinders project, an ongoing collaboration between professional astronomers and student groups at high schools. © 2012 ESO.

Pribulla T.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Vanko M.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Ammler-von Eiff M.,Thuringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg | Andreev M.,Ukrainian Academy of Sciences | And 62 more authors.
Astronomische Nachrichten | Year: 2012

We present a new observational campaign, Dwarf, aimed at detection of circumbinary extrasolar planets using the timing of the minima of low-mass eclipsing binaries. The observations will be performed within an extensive network of relatively small to medium-size telescopes with apertures of ∼20-200 cm. The starting sample of the objects to be monitored contains (i) low-mass eclipsing binaries with M and K components, (ii) short-period binaries with a sdB or sdO component, and (iii) post-common-envelope systems containing a WD, which enable to determine minima with high precision. Since the amplitude of the timing signal increases with the orbital period of an invisible third component, the timescale of the project is long, at least 5-10 years. The paper gives simple formulas to estimate the suitability of individual eclipsing binaries for the circumbinary planet detection. Intrinsic variability of the binaries (photospheric spots, flares, pulsation etc.) limiting the accuracy of the minima timing is also discussed. The manuscript also describes the best observing strategy and methods to detect cyclic timing variability in the minima times indicating the presence of circumbinary planets. First test observations of the selected targets are presented. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Nakata C.,Kyoto University | Ohshima T.,Kyoto University | Kato T.,Kyoto University | Nogami D.,Kyoto University | And 25 more authors.
Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan | Year: 2013

We report on photometric observations of two WZ Sge-type dwarf novae, MASTER OT J211258.65+242145.4 and MASTER OT J203749.39+552210.3, which underwent outbursts in 2012. Early superhumps were recorded in both systems. During the superoutburst plateau, ordinary superhumps with a period of 0.060291(4) d (MASTER J211258) and with 0.061368(11) d (MASTER J203749) on average were observed. MASTERJ211258 and MASTERJ203749 exhibited eight post-superoutburst rebrightenings and more than four, respectively. In the final part of the superoutburst, an increase in superhump period was seen in both systems. We made a survey of WZSge-type dwarf novae with multiple rebrightenings, and confirmed that the superhump periods of WZSge-type dwarf novae with multiple rebrightenings were longer than those of WZSge-type dwarf novae without a rebrightening. Although WZSge-type dwarf novae with multiple rebrightenings have been thought to be likely candidates for period bouncers based on their low mass ratio (q), inferred from the period of fully grown (stage B) superhumps, our new method of using the period of growing superhumps (stage A superhumps), however, implies higher q's than those expected from stage B superhumps. These q values appear to be consistent with the duration of the stage A superoutbursts, which likely reflects the growth time of the 3W1 resonance. We present a working hypothesis that the small fractional superhump excesses for stage B superhumps in these systems may be explained by a gas pressure effect that works more efficiently in these systems than in ordinary SU UMa-type dwarf novae. This result forms a new picture that WZSge-type dwarf novae with multiple rebrightenings and SU UMa-type ones without a rebrightening (they are not period bouncers) are located in the same place on the evolutionary track. © 2013. Astronomical Society of Japan.

Isogai K.,Kyoto University | Kato T.,Kyoto University | Ohshima T.,University of Hyogo | Kasai K.,Baselstrasse 133D | And 30 more authors.
Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan | Year: 2016

We report on two superoutbursts of the AMCVn-type object CR Boo in 2014 April-March and 2015 May-June. A precursor outburst accompanied both of these superoutbursts. During the rising branch of the main superoutburst in 2014, we detected growing superhumps (stage A superhumps) whose period was 0.017669(24) d. Assuming that this period reflects the dynamical precession rate at the radius of the 3:1 resonance, we could estimate the mass ratio (q = M2/M1) of 0.101(4) by using the stage A superhump period and the orbital period of 0.0170290(6) d. This mass ratio is consistent with that expected from the theoretical evolutionary model of AMCVn-type objects. The detection of precursor outbursts and stage A superhumps is the second case in AMCVn-type objects. There are two interpretations of the outbursts of AMCVn-type objects. One is a dwarf nova (DN) outbursts analogy, which suggets that the outbursts are caused by thermal and tidal instabilities. Another is the VY Scl-type variation, which suggests that the outbursts are caused by the variation of the mass-transfer rate of the secondary. This detection of the superhump variations strongly supports the former interpretation. © The Author 2016.

Parimucha S.,Safarik University Kosice | Dubovsky P.,Vihorlat Observatory | Janik J.,Masaryk University | Kudzej I.,Vihorlat Observatory | Solovyova I.,Odessa I I Mechnikov National University
New Astronomy | Year: 2012

We present photometric analysis of 8 short-period eclipsing binaries discovered and observed at Astronomical Observatory at Kolonica Saddle between 2007 and 2010 with different instruments. We determined their orbital periods and performed photometric analysis of their light curves. We found that 3 systems are detached binaries, 4 systems are over-contact binaries of W UMa type and one system is semi-detached with the secondary component filling its Roche lobe. Light curves of 2 systems exhibit asymmetries, explained by spot(s) on the surface of the components. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Kimura M.,Kyoto University | Isogai K.,Kyoto University | Kato T.,Kyoto University | Imada A.,Kyoto University | And 20 more authors.
Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan | Year: 2016

We present optical photometry of aWZ Sge-type dwarf nova (DN), ASASSN-15jd. Its light curve showed a small dip in the middle of the superoutburst in 2015 for the first time among WZ Sge-type DNe. The unusual light curve implies a delay in the growth of the 3 : 1 resonance tidal instability. Also, the light curve is similar to those of two other WZ Sge-type stars, SSS J122221.7-311523 and OT J184228.1+483742, which are believed to be the best candidates for period bouncers on the basis of their small values of the mass ratio (q = M2/M1). Additionally, the small mean superhump amplitude (<0.1mag) and the long duration of no ordinary superhumps at the early stage of its superoutburst are common to the best candidates for period bouncers. Its average superhump period was Psh = 0.0649810(78) d and no early superhumps were detected. Although we could not estimate a mass ratio of ASASSN-15jd with high accuracy, this object is expected to be a candidate for a period bouncer-a binary accounting for the missing population of post-period minimum cataclysmic variables-based on the above characteristics. © The Author 2016.

Pilarcik L.,Charles University | Wolf M.,Charles University | Dubovsky P.A.,Vihorlat Observatory | Hornoch K.,Czech Republic Astronomical Institute | Kotkova L.,Czech Republic Astronomical Institute
Astronomy and Astrophysics | Year: 2012

The cataclysmic variable star EX Dra is a relatively faint but frequently investigated eclipsing dwarf nova. In total 35 new eclipses were measured photometrically as part of our long-term monitoring of interesting eclipsing systems. Using published and new mid-eclipse times obtained between 2004 and 2011 we constructed the observed-minus-calculated diagram. The current data present 21 years of period modulation with a semi-amplitude of 2.5 min. The eclipse timings show significant deviations from the best sinusoidal fit, which indicates that this ephemeris is not a complete description of the data. The fractional period change is roughly ΔP/P = 3 × 10 -6. © 2012 ESO.

Kimura M.,Kyoto University | Kato T.,Kyoto University | Imada A.,Kyoto University | Ikuta K.,Kyoto University | And 9 more authors.
Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan | Year: 2014

In 2015 March, the notable WZ Sge-type dwarf nova AL Com exhibited an unusual outburst with a recurrence time of ∼ 1.5 yr, which is the shortest interval of superoutbursts among WZ Sge-type dwarf novae. Early superhumps in the superoutburst light curve were absent, and a precursor was observed at the onset of the superoutburst for the first time in WZ Sge-type dwarf novae. The present superoutburst can be interpreted as a result of the condition that the disk radius barely reached the 3:1 resonance radius, but did not reach the 2:1 resonance one. Ordinary superhumps immediately grew following the precursor. The initial part of the outburst is indistinguishable from those of superoutbursts of ordinary SU UMa-type dwarf novae. This observation supports the interpretation that the 2:1 resonance suppresses a growth of ordinary superhumps. The estimated superhump period and superhump period derivative are Psh = 0.0573185(11) d and Pdot = +1.5(3.1) × 10-5, respectively. These values indicate that the evolution of ordinary superhumps is the same as that in past superoutbursts with much larger extent. Although the light curve during the plateau stage was typical for an SU UMa-type dwarf nova, this superoutburst showed a rebrightening, together with a regrowth of the superhumps. The overall light curve of the rebrightening was the almost the same as those observed in previous rebrightenings. This implies that the rebrightening type is inherent in the system. © 2016 The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Astronomical Society of Japan.

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