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Pells K.,University of Oxford | Wilson E.,London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine | Thi Thu Hang N.,Vietnam Academy of Social science
Global Public Health | Year: 2016

Understandings of women's agency in cases of intimate partner violence (IPV) have been dominated by an individualistic focus on help-seeking behaviour. The role of children in influencing, enabling and restricting the decision-making processes of their mothers has been largely ignored. We adopt biographical analytical approaches to qualitative longitudinal data collected as part of the Young Lives study to highlight the interdependency of women's and children's agency in contexts of IPV in Vietnam. We illustrate how women's agency is both enabled and constrained by their relationships with their children, as well as by wider structural processes, and examine how gender and generation intersect. In marginalised settings where few formal services exist or strong social norms preclude women from accessing support, understanding these informal coping strategies and the processes by which these are negotiated is essential for developing more effective policy responses. © 2015 Taylor & Francis. Source

Georgiadis A.,University of Oxford | Benny L.,University of Oxford | Crookston B.T.,Brigham Young University | Duc L.T.,Vietnam Academy of Social science | And 6 more authors.
SSM - Population Health | Year: 2016

Child chronic malnutrition is endemic in low- and middle-income countries and deleterious for child development. Studies investigating the relationship between nutrition at different periods of childhood, as measured by growth in these periods (growth trajectories), and cognitive development have produced mixed evidence. Although an explanation of this has been that different studies use different approaches to model growth trajectories, the differences across approaches are not well understood. Furthermore, little is known about the pathways linking growth trajectories and cognitive achievement. In this paper, we develop and estimate a general path model of the relationship between growth trajectories and cognitive achievement using data on four cohorts from Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam. The model is used to: (a) compare two of the most common approaches to modelling growth trajectories in the literature, namely the lifecourse plot and the conditional body size model, and (b) investigate the potential channels via which the association between growth in each period and cognitive achievement manifests. We show that the two approaches are expected to produce systematically different results that have distinct interpretations. Results suggest that growth from conception through age 1 year, between age 1 and 5 years, and between 5 and 8 years, are each positively and significantly associated with cognitive achievement at age 8 years and that this may be partly explained by the fact that faster-growing children start school earlier. We also find that a significant share of the association between early growth and later cognitive achievement is mediated through growth in interim periods. © 2016 The Authors. Source

Kompas T.,Australian National University | Che T.N.,Australian National University | Nguyen H.T.M.,Australian National University | Nguyen H.T.M.,Vietnam Academy of Social science | Nguyen H.Q.,University of Canberra
Land Economics | Year: 2012

Extensive land and market reform in Vietnam has resulted in dramatic increases in rice output and incomes. This is illustrated with measures of total factor productivity, net incomes, and net returns in rice production from 1985 to 2006. Results show considerable gains in major rice growing areas, but recent evidence of a productivity slowdown. The differences over time and region speak to existing land use practice, calling for further reform. Estimations detail the effects of remaining institutional and policy constraints, including existing restrictions on land use, ambiguous property rights, and inadequate markets for land and access to extension services and credit. © 2012 by the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. Source

Lukyanets A.S.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Nguen T.K.,Vietnam Academy of Social science | Ryazantsev S.V.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Tikunov V.S.,Moscow State University | Pham H.H.,Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology
Geography and Natural Resources | Year: 2015

We examine the influence of climatic changes on migration processes in Vietnam, one of the most densely populated countries of the world. The study revealed provinces and districts that are experiencing the strongest climatic changes and determined the consequences for the country from the perspective of its geographical characteristics. Climate change on a global scale will be of differentiated significance for different countries of the world. The nation states situated in the middle part of the mainland may not experience the ongoing processes. On the contrary, for countries with a large coastal zone, especially for island countries, the consequences would be disastrous. As a result of climate change, Vietnam has faced with new challenges and threats. The distinctive characteristics of the geographical location, topography of the territory and of the demographic potential dictated a need to revise the existing policy of population distribution on the country’s territory. The recent increasingly frequent negative natural phenomena, caused by climate change, will require, on a mid-term horizon, developing a new concept of Vietnam’s migration policy largely focusing on the population relocation from potentially hazardous places of residence, primarily from coastal areas. If the most unfavorable forecasts come true, the country will have to relocate millions of people. In view of the country’s limited territory, thousands of people would look for a new place of residence in other countries. © 2015, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. Source

Duy Luan T.,Vietnam Academy of Social science
WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment | Year: 2014

Under the impacts of the socio-economic transition in Vietnam in the last decades, residential patterns in Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam, have substantially changed from the 'Collective Living Quarter' (KTT) which embodied the old socialist period to the "New Urban Area" (NUA); a new type of large scale urban development promoted since the late 1990s. Hundreds of such NUAs have spread over Hanoi, mostly in the outskirts. Lacking social infrastructure, having a bad connection to the city centre and lacking public services, many NUAs run the risk of becoming merely 'sleeping' townships without the vibrant urban life which is characteristic for the older parts of Hanoi. Housing costs in these areas are also too high for the average Vietnamese. Based on a recent survey, the paper presents an analysis that there is an imbalance between the built environment and social organization in the NUAs in Hanoi at the present time. On the one hand, the residents are not happy with inadequate public services, housing quality, as well as unprofessional management manner; on the other hand, the residents are happy with the improved living environment compared to what they had before in the old KTTs and intend to live permanently in the chosen NUAs. Most interestingly, the traditional community spirit observed in the old KTTs can actually be found in the NUAs. The paper concludes that despite the shortcomings in the built environment and management, there is a high potential for social and community cohesion in the NUAs. The community spirit among the residents is likely to have the power to transform these areas into vibrant urban spaces. © 2014 WIT Press. Source

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