Vienna, Austria

The Vienna University of Technology is one of the major universities in Vienna, the capital of Austria. Founded in 1815 as the "Imperial-Royal Polytechnic Institute", it currently has about 26,200 students , eight faculties and about 4,000 staff members . The university's teaching and research is focused on engineering and natural science. Wikipedia.

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Godinho P.M.J.S.,Vienna University of Technology
WCTE 2016 - World Conference on Timber Engineering | Year: 2016

Given the eminent role of structure-property relations in paper production, it is not surprising that various mathematical models for the mechanical interaction of pulp fibers within the overall material "paper" have been proposed. However, all these approaches did not explicitly account for the scale difference between the loads applied to the overall material and those acting on the level of the individual fiber. We here fill this essential conceptual gap by the development of a new micromechanics model: We first recall the fundamental micromechanical concept of the representative volume element (RVE) and the corresponding stress and strain average rules, before we specify these rules for planar networks such as paper material. Then we introduce elastic material behavior at the fiber level, and derive so-called concentration relations for upscaling this behavior to the planar network level. Combination of these relations with matrix-inclusion problems of the Eshelby-Laws type yields closed-form semianalytical expressions for the paper stiffness tensor, as function of fiber stiffness and porosity. The model, which is confirmed by various experimental data and which highlights the importance of the fiber's anisotropy for the overall elastic behavior, is deemed as a new support tool in the design of paper production processes.

Cieslak J.,AGH University of Science and Technology | Tobola J.,AGH University of Science and Technology | Reissner M.,Vienna University of Technology
Acta Materialia | Year: 2017

Experimental (vibrating sample magnetometry) and theoretical (electronic structure calculations using self-consistent Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker Green's function method, also including the coherent potential approximation) studies were performed on a series of intermetallic σ-phase FeCrX (X = Ni, Co) compounds in systematic way. In σ-FeCrNi (Ni concentration is limited to ∼ 10 at%) a slight enhancement of magnetic properties when replacing Fe with Ni atoms and a slight attenuation of these properties when replacing Fe with Cr was experimentally observed. In the case of σ-FeCrCo, the reason for disappearance of magnetic properties was explained, since the substitution of Fe with Co leads to systematic attenuation of TC and μ¯. Consequently, σ-CoCr was established to be non-magnetic from accurate measurements of magnetisation for series of σ-FexCrCo samples with x tending to zero. The decrease of average magnetic moment in σ-FeCrCo well corroborates with the results of electronic structure calculations assuming different models for chemical disorder. In order to enlighten reasons for magnetism onset in σ-FeCrX, the KKR-CPA spin-polarised density of states and magnetic moments of Fe impurities diluted on all sublattices were computed in σ-CoCr and hypothetical σ-NiCr. In both cases, the largest Fe magnetic moment was calculated on B (∼2μB) and next C (∼1.3μB and D (∼0.5μB) sites, while almost vanishing values were found on A and E sites. © 2016 Acta Materialia Inc.

Aghaie H.,Vienna University of Technology
2016 IEEE Electrical Power and Energy Conference, EPEC 2016 | Year: 2016

This paper analyzes the impact of renewables on the resource adequacy in German electricity market. A system dynamic model is proposed to model the electricity market by considering the uncertainty of renewable generation. The aim is to investigate the impact of the increasing renewables generation and its intermittency on the profitability of new installed capacity and long term investment decisions in an electricity market with a very tight reserve margin. It is assumed that the share of renewables generation will increase up to 60% in 2050. The results show that the investment in new conventional capacity will be profitable if the share of intermittent generation by solar and wind is at least 12% of total renewable generation in each year. The reason is that higher intermittency of renewables leads to more frequent scarcity situation and more profit for new capacity. The results prove that higher share of renewables leads to higher mean and variance of loss of load. Also, increasing share of renewables could result either ascending or descending average prices and it depends on the intermittency percentage of renewables' generation. Increasing share of renewables leads to a higher price variance and higher intermittency results a steeper increase of price variance. © 2016 IEEE.

Abele H.,Vienna University of Technology
Hyperfine Interactions | Year: 2016

We present selected results from the first round of the Priority Programme SPP 1491. This programme gets funding from the German DFG and the Austrian FWF funding agencies. The aim of this programme is to address basic open questions in particle and astrophysics using a specific tool: the neutron, which allows the search for new physics becoming manifest itself as small deviations from expectations. © 2016, The Author(s).

Erol S.,Vienna University of Technology
Computers in Industry | Year: 2017

Industrial enterprises embody a rather large and heterogeneous business process landscape including hundreds to thousands of both manufacturing and supporting processes. To keep records of their business process architecture enterprises use informal and as well formal process descriptions. Formal process descriptions are often referred to as process models and are gaining increasing importance as a basis for process-aware enterprise information systems and automation purposes. Therefore process models are continuously adapted to changing business requirements. Keeping track of model changes is an important requirement to be able to understand past decisions and their impact on the process landscape. Hence, keeping track of changes is not easy if changes are not associated with the original rationale and the order of atomic changes is not preserved anymore. In this paper we present an approach that builds upon the concept of change patterns. For this purpose we systematically examined revision histories from a large process model collection and described them through a pattern language. In addition, we propose an algorithm to detect such change patterns. Our approach has been implemented in a modeling environment and has been evaluated with regard to effectiveness and performance. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Emberger G.,Vienna University of Technology
International Journal of Sustainable Transportation | Year: 2017

The purposes of this article are to depict ongoing trends regarding the transport system in Europe, to introduce readers to the challenges that Europe (and the rest of the world) will face in the future, to show which strategies Europe plans to deploy to mitigate the negative impacts the transport system imposes on the overall system, and finally to discuss the potential of these suggested strategies to contribute to the objectives of the European Union in the long run. © 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Miksa T.,SBA Research | Rauber A.,Vienna University of Technology
Journal of Web Semantics | Year: 2017

Scientific experiments performed in the eScience domain require special tooling, software, and workflows that allow researchers to link, transform, visualise and interpret data. Recent studies report that such experiments often cannot be replicated due to differences in the underlying infrastructure. The provenance collection mechanisms were built into workflow engines to increase research replicability. However, the traces do not contain the execution context that consists of software, hardware and external services used to produce the result which may change between executions.The problem thus remains on how to identify such context and how to store such data. To address this challenge we propose the context model that integrates ontologies which describe workflow and its environment. It includes not only high level description of workflow steps and services but also low level technical details on infrastructure, including hardware, software, and files. In this paper we discuss which ontologies that compose the context model must be instantiated to enable verification of a workflow re-execution. We use a tool that monitors a workflow execution and automatically creates the context model. We also authored the VPlan ontology that enables modelling validation requirements. It contains a controlled vocabulary of metrics that can be used for quantification of requirements. We evaluate the proposed ontologies on five Taverna workflows that differ in the degree on which they depend on additional software and services.The results show that the proposed ontologies are necessary and can be used for verification and validation of scientific workflows re-executions in different environments without the necessity of accessing the original environment at the same time. Thus the scientists can state whether the scientific experiment is replicable. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Komenda T.,Vienna University of Technology
14th International Industrial Simulation Conference, ISC 2016 | Year: 2016

Human-machine collaboration is affected by parameters that may conflict cycle time or productivity. The optimal set of parameters may be specified by simulation models aiming a minimal ratio between target variables. In this paper, operational factors influencing task execution on moved objects are presented as a basis for modelling and optimizing collaborative human-machine scenarios. For that, a test series of 20 different collaborative tasks conducted at 4 different velocities by 3 different subjects were analysed. The results of the video analysis showed, that especially the velocity of moved objects influence the correctness of task execution whereas the position of motion paths is neglectable.

Mueller T.,Vienna University of Technology
2016 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO 2016 | Year: 2016

Optoelectronic devices based on two-dimensional atomic crystals are presented. In particular, graphene-photodetectors, photovoltaic and electroluminescent devices made of two-dimensional semiconductors, and devices based on atomically-thin van der Waals heterostructures are discussed. © 2016 OSA.

Sommersguter-Reichmann M.,University of Graz | Stepan A.,Vienna University of Technology
Health Economics Review | Year: 2017

Institutional corruption in the health care sector has gained considerable attention during recent years, as it acknowledges the fact that service providers who are acting in accordance with the institutional and environmental settings can nevertheless undermine a health care system’s purposes as a result of the (financial) conflicts of interest to which the service providers are exposed. The present analysis aims to contribute to the examination of institutional corruption in the health sector by analyzing whether the current payment mechanism of separately remunerating salaried hospital physicians for treating supplementary insured patients in public hospitals, in combination with the public hospital physician’s possibility of taking up dual practice as a self-employed physician with a private practice and/or as an attending physician in private hospitals, has the potential to undermine the primary purposes of the Austrian public health care system. Based on the analysis of the institutional design of the Austrian public hospital sector, legal provisions and directives have been identified, which have the potential to promote conduct on the part of the public hospital physician that systematically undermines the achievement of the Austrian public health system’s primary purposes. © 2017, The Author(s).

Le Kien F.,Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology | Rauschenbeutel A.,Vienna University of Technology
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2017

We investigate the radiative coupling between two two-level atoms with arbitrarily polarized dipoles in the vicinity of a nanofiber. We present a systematic derivation for the master equation, the single- and cross-atom decay coefficients, and the dipole-dipole interaction coefficients for the atoms interacting with the vacuum of the field in the guided and radiation modes of the nanofiber. We study numerically the case where the atomic dipoles are circularly polarized. In this case, the rate of emission depends on the propagation direction along the fiber axis and, hence, the radiative interaction between the atoms is chiral. We examine the time evolution of the atoms for different initial states. We calculate the fluxes and mean numbers of photons spontaneously emitted into guided modes in the positive and negative directions of the fiber axis. We show that the chiral radiative coupling modifies the collective emission of the atoms. We observe that the modifications strongly depend on the initial state of the atomic system, the radiative transfer direction, the distance between the atoms, and the distance from the atoms to the fiber surface. © 2017 American Physical Society.

Rupp G.M.,Vienna University of Technology | Opitz A.K.,Vienna University of Technology | Nenning A.,Vienna University of Technology | Limbeck A.,Vienna University of Technology | Fleig J.,Vienna University of Technology
Nature Materials | Year: 2017

Improvement of solid oxide fuel cells strongly relies on the development of cathode materials with high catalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction. Excellent activity was found for perovskite-type oxides such as La1−xSrxCoO3−δ (LSC), but performance degradation, probably caused by surface composition changes, hinders exploitation of the full potential of LSC. This study reveals that the potentially very high activity of the LSC surface can be traced back to few very active sites. Already tiny amounts of SrO, for example, 4% of a monolayer, deposited on an LSC surface, lead to severe deactivation. Co, on the other hand, causes (re-)activation, suggesting that active sites are strongly related to Co being present at the surface. These insights could be gained by a novel method to measure changes of the electrochemical performance of thin film electrodes in situ, while modifying their surface: impedance spectroscopy measurements during deposition of well-defined fractions of monolayers of Sr-, Co- and La-oxides by single laser pulses in a pulsed laser deposition chamber. © 2017 Nature Publishing Group

Rotter S.,Vienna University of Technology | Gigan S.,University Pierre and Marie Curie
Reviews of Modern Physics | Year: 2017

The newly emerging field of wave front shaping in complex media has recently seen enormous progress. The driving force behind these advances has been the experimental accessibility of the information stored in the scattering matrix of a disordered medium, which can nowadays routinely be exploited to focus light as well as to image or to transmit information even across highly turbid scattering samples. An overview of these new techniques, their experimental implementations, and the underlying theoretical concepts following from mesoscopic scattering theory is provided. In particular, the intimate connections between quantum transport phenomena and the scattering of light fields in disordered media, which can both be described by the same theoretical concepts, are highlighted. Particular emphasis is put on how these topics relate to application-oriented research fields such as optical imaging, sensing, and communication. © 2017 American Physical Society.

Hatefi E.,Vienna University of Technology
Journal of High Energy Physics | Year: 2017

We explore the entire form of S-Matrix elements of a potential Cn−1 Ramond-Ramond (RR) form field, a tachyon and two transverse scalar fields on both world volume and transverse directions of type IIB and IIA superstring theories. Apart from 〈VC−2Vϕ0Vϕ0VT0〉 the other scattering amplitude, namely 〈VC−1Vϕ−1Vϕ0VT0〉 is also revealed. We then start to compare all singularity structures of symmetric and asymmetric analysis, generating all infinite singularity structures as well as all order α′ contact interactions on the whole directions. This leads to deriving various new contact terms and several new restricted Bianchi identities in both type IIB and IIA. It is also shown that just some of the new couplings of type IIB (IIA) string theory can be re-verified in an Effective Field Theory (EFT) by pull-back of branes. To construct the rest of S-matrix elements one needs to first derive restricted world volume (or bulk) Bianchi identities and then discover new EFT couplings in both type IIB and IIA. Finally the presence of commutator of scalar fields inside the exponential of Wess-Zumino action for non-BPS branes has been confirmed as well. © 2017, The Author(s).

Frauenberger C.,Vienna University of Technology | Makhaeva J.,Vienna University of Technology | Spiel K.,Vienna University of Technology
Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings | Year: 2016

This paper describes the design work being conducted as part of the OutsideTheBox project. Within the time-frame of eight months, we engaged four children with autism in a participatory design process to develop their own smart object. We re-interpreted Future Workshops and Co-operative Inquiry to demonstrate that a) autistic children can lead processes with a deliberately open design brief and b) this leads us to explore design spaces that are un-imaginable for neuro-typical, adult designers. To capture these four design cases, we have developed Design Exposes, a concept that is inspired by annotated portfolios and Actor-Network Theory. We apply this concept to our cases and present four exposes that subsequently allow us to draw out intermediate-level design knowledge about co-creating technology with autistic children. We close by critically reflecting on the design processes as well as our concept of capturing them. © 2016 Copyright held by the owner/author(s). Publication rights licensed to ACM.

Emberger G.,Vienna University of Technology
European Transport Research Review | Year: 2017

Introduction: The objective of the paper is to research the historic development of the Austrian transport policy. It explores when a transport strategy was made for the first time, from whom, and which purpose was pursuit. It shows how the objectives of the transport strategy changed over time and when passenger and freight transport took over to become the main focus of the planning process. Furthermore it is researched when, and if, there was a change from a solely sectorial mono-modal transport strategy (road, rail separated) towards an integrated transport planning process and when, and if, there was a development away from a demand-fulfillment-driven transport planning paradigm towards a transport-demand-management driven transport planning strategy. Methods: The information used stemmed from an analysis of existing transport master plans and other political documents and reports published in Austria within the last decades. In a subsequent step the results of this analysis are assessed against the so called “Ideal Decision Making Process” (IDMP) developed in former research activities, and shows in a clear way how the transport strategy in Austria evolved and improved over time. Results: Comprehensive overview of the development of Austria’s transport strategy over time including all means of transport. Conclusion: The Austrian transport strategy evolved over the last 40 years from a sectorial, demand-fulfillment-driven transport strategy towards an integrated multi-modal, demand-management-driven transport strategy including some environmental issues. Further, an outlook is provided in which direction the national transport planning strategies should be developed to be able to tackle future challenges such economic, social and ecologic sustainability. © 2017, The Author(s).

Demirovic E.,Vienna University of Technology | Musliu N.,Vienna University of Technology
Computers and Operations Research | Year: 2017

High School Timetabling (HSTT) is a well known and wide spread problem. The problem consists of coordinating resources (e.g. teachers, rooms), times, and events (e.g. lectures) with respect to various constraints. Unfortunately, HSTT is hard to solve and just finding a feasible solution for simple variants of HSTT have been proven to be NP-complete. We propose a new algorithm for HSTT which combines local search with a novel maxSAT-based large neighborhood search. A local search algorithm is used to drive an initial solution into a local optimum and then more powerful large neighborhood search (LNS) techniques based on maxSAT are used to further improve the solution. We prove the effectiveness of our approach with experimental results on instances taken from the Third International Timetabling Competition 2011 and the XHSTT-2014 benchmark archive. We were able to model 27 out of 39 instances. The remaining 12 instances were not modeled because the currently used maxSAT formulation for XHSTT does not support resource assignments in general. For the instances which could be modeled, our algorithm shows good performance when compared to other XHSTT state-of-the-art solvers and for several instances new best known upper bounds have been computed. © 2016

Schneider W.,Vienna University of Technology
Heat and Mass Transfer/Waerme- und Stoffuebertragung | Year: 2017

Crystallization in a thin, initially amorphous layer is considered. The layer is in thermal contact with a substrate of very large dimensions. The energy equation of the layer contains source and sink terms. The source term is due to liberation of latent heat in the crystallization process, while the sink term is due to conduction of heat into the substrate. To determine the latter, the heat diffusion equation for the substrate is solved by applying Duhamel’s integral. Thus, the energy equation of the layer becomes a heat diffusion equation with a time integral as an additional term. The latter term indicates that the heat loss due to the substrate depends on the history of the process. To complete the set of equations, the crystallization process is described by a rate equation for the degree of crystallization. The governing equations are then transformed to a moving co-ordinate system in order to analyze crystallization waves that propagate with invariant properties. Dual solutions are found by an asymptotic expansion for large activation energies of molecular diffusion. By introducing suitable variables, the results can be presented in a universal form that comprises the influence of all non-dimensional parameters that govern the process. Of particular interest for applications is the prediction of a critical heat loss parameter for the existence of crystallization waves with invariant properties. © 2017 The Author(s)

Gundinger T.,Vienna University of Technology | Spadiut O.,Vienna University of Technology
Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2017

Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) is used in various biotechnological and medical applications. Since its isolation from plant provides several disadvantages, the bacterium Escherichia coli was tested as recombinant expression host in former studies. However, neither production from refolded inclusion bodies nor active enzyme expression in the periplasm exceeded final titres of 10 mg per litre cultivation broth. Thus, the traditional way of production of HRP from plant still prevails. In this study, we revisited the recombinant production of HRP in E. coli and investigated and compared both strategies, (a) the production of HRP as inclusion bodies (IBs) and subsequent refolding and (b) the production of active HRP in the periplasm. In fact, we were able to produce HRP in E. coli either way. We obtained a refolding yield of 10% from IBs giving a final titre of 100 mg L−1 cultivation broth, and were able to produce 48 mg active HRP per litre cultivation broth in the periplasm. In terms of biochemical properties, soluble HRP showed a highly reduced catalytic activity and stability which probably results from the fusion partner DsbA used in this study. Refolded HRP showed similar substrate affinity, an 11-fold reduced catalytic efficiency and 2-fold reduced thermal stability compared to plant HRP. In conclusion, we developed a toolbox for HRP engineering and production. We propose to engineer HRP by directed evolution or semi-rational protein design, express HRP in the periplasm of E. coli allowing straight forward screening for improved variants, and finally produce these variants as IB in high amounts, which are then refolded. © 2017 The Author(s)

Kompatscher M.,Vienna University of Technology | Van Pham T.,Vienna University of Technology
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics, LIPIcs | Year: 2017

We determine the complexity of all constraint satisfaction problems over partial orders, in particular we show that every such problem is NP-complete or can be solved in polynomial time. This result generalises the complexity dichotomy for temporal constraint satisfaction problems by Bodirsky and Kára. We apply the so called universal-algebraic approach together with tools from model theory and Ramsey theory to prove our result. In the course of this analysis we also establish a structural dichotomy regarding the model theoretic properties of the reducts of the random partial order. © Michael Kompatscher and Trung Van Pham.

In this contribution, a novel multi-machine structure, called “Planetary Motor”, is presented. It combines a multi-rotor electric motor with a planetary gear function. Compact drives are frequently built-up using a high-speed electrical motor, combined with a gear box for reducing angular speed. Motor and gear box are separate functional units, which can be constructed and operated seperately. The novel motor structure splits up the rotor in a multi-rotor arrangement which is mechanically coupled and interacting with a common winding system. After describing the motor structure, a control scheme is presented. The multi-rotor arrangement behaves like a single a.c. motor and can be supplied by a conventional inverter. The properties of the drive are explained and verified by a prototype. Further possibilities of modifying the structure are given. © 2017, The Author(s).

Stachel H.,Vienna University of Technology
FME Transactions | Year: 2017

The process of determining the development (or net) of a polyhedron or of a developable surface is called unfolding and has a unique result, apart from the placement of different components in the plane. The reverse process called folding is much more complex. In the case of polyhedra it leads to a system of algebraic equations. A given development can correspond to several or even to infinitely many incongruent polyhedra. The same holds also for smooth surfaces. In the paper two examples of such foldings are presented. In both cases the spatial realisations bound solids, for which mathematical models are required. In the first example, the cylinders with curved creases are given. In this case the involved curves can be exactly described. In the second example, even the ruling of the involved developable surface is unknown. Here, the obtained model is only an approximation. © Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade. All rights reserved.

Harmening C.,Vienna University of Technology | Neuner H.,Vienna University of Technology
Journal of Applied Geodesy | Year: 2017

Freeform surfaces like B-splines have proven to be a suitable tool to model laser scanner point clouds and to form the basis for an areal data analysis, for example an areal deformation analysis. A variety of parameters determine the B-spline's appearance, the B-spline's complexity being mostly determined by the number of control points. Usually, this parameter type is chosen by intuitive trial-and-error-procedures. In [10] the problem of finding an alternative to these trial-and-error-procedures was addressed for the case of B-spline curves: The task of choosing the optimal number of control points was interpreted as a model selection problem. Two model selection criteria, the Akaike and the Bayesian Information Criterion, were used to identify the B-spline curve with the optimal number of control points from a set of candidate B-spline models. In order to overcome the drawbacks of the information criteria, an alternative approach based on statistical learning theory was developed. The criteria were evaluated by means of simulated data sets. The present paper continues these investigations. If necessary, the methods proposed in [10] are extended to areal approaches so that they can be used to determine the optimal number of B-spline surface control points. Furthermore, the methods are evaluated by means of real laser scanner data sets rather than by simulated ones. The application of those methods to B-spline surfaces reveals the datum problem of those surfaces, meaning that location and number of control points of two B-splines surfaces are only comparable if they are based on the same parameterization. First investigations to solve this problem are presented. © 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston 2017.

Skarke H.,Vienna University of Technology
European Physical Journal C | Year: 2017

We consider light propagation in an inhomogeneous irrotational dust universe with vanishing cosmological constant, with initial conditions as in standard linear perturbation theory. A non-perturbative approach to the dynamics of such a universe is combined with a distance formula based on the Sachs optical equations. Then a numerical study implies a redshift–distance relation that roughly agrees with observations. Interpreted in the standard homogeneous setup, our results would appear to imply the currently accepted values for the Hubble rate and the deceleration parameter; furthermore there is consistency with density perturbations at last scattering. The determination of these three quantities relies only on a single parameter related to a cutoff scale. Discrepancies with the existing literature are related to subtleties of higher order perturbation theory which make both the reliability of the present approach and the magnitude of perturbative effects beyond second order hard to assess. © 2017, The Author(s).

Frauenberger C.,Vienna University of Technology
Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings | Year: 2016

Against the backdrop of the current debate about HCI's relationship with science and its ways to produce and argue for knowledge, this paper seeks to develop a novel philosophical foundation that rests on the central ideas put forward in critical realism. While it affords many of the features of the post-modern theories that shaped modern HCI, critical realism avoids the danger of slipping into extreme relativism, in which knowledge construction becomes arbitrary and isolated in its context. Moreover, critical realism is inherently multi-faceted and provides a basis on which scientific enquiries of very different natures can be treated complementary rather than as competing with each other. This allows us to develop a non-reductionist view on interaction with technology that accommodates and potentially reconciles the variety of approaches, practices and stances that we see in current HCI. © 2016 Authors.

Strandlie A.,Gjøvik University College | Strandlie A.,University of Oslo | Fruhwirth R.,Austrian Academy of Sciences | Fruhwirth R.,Vienna University of Technology
Reviews of Modern Physics | Year: 2010

This paper reviews classical and adaptive methods of track and vertex reconstruction in particle physics experiments. Adaptive methods have been developed to meet the experimental challenges at high-energy colliders, in particular, the CERN Large Hadron Collider. They can be characterized by the obliteration of the traditional boundaries between pattern recognition and statistical estimation, by the competition between different hypotheses about what constitutes a track or a vertex, and by a high level of flexibility and robustness achieved with a minimum of assumptions about the data. The theoretical background of some of the adaptive methods is described, and it is shown that there is a close connection between the two main branches of adaptive methods: neural networks and deformable templates, on the one hand, and robust stochastic filters with annealing, on the other hand. As both classical and adaptive methods of track and vertex reconstruction presuppose precise knowledge of the positions of the sensitive detector elements, the paper includes an overview of detector alignment methods and a survey of the alignment strategies employed by past and current experiments. © 2010 The American Physical Society.

Zehe E.,TU Munich | Blume T.,German Research Center for Geosciences | Bloschl G.,Vienna University of Technology
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences | Year: 2010

Preferential flow in biological soil structures is of key importance for infiltration and soil water flow at a range of scales. In the present study, we treat soil water flow as a dissipative process in an open non-equilibrium thermodynamic system, to better understand this key process. We define the chemical potential and Helmholtz free energy based on soil physical quantities, parametrize a physically based hydrological model based on field data and simulate the evolution of Helmholtz free energy in a cohesive soil with different populations of worm burrows for a range of rainfall scenarios. The simulations suggest that flow in connected worm burrows allows a more efficient redistribution of water within the soil, which implies a more efficient dissipation of free energy/higher production of entropy. There is additional evidence that the spatial pattern of worm burrow density at the hillslope scale is a major control of energy dissipation. The pattern typically found in the study is more efficient in dissipating energy/producing entropy than other patterns. This is because upslope run-off accumulates and infiltrates via the worm burrows into the dry soil in the lower part of the hillslope, which results in an overall more efficient dissipation of free energy. © 2010 The Royal Society.

Marcos D.,Austrian Academy of Sciences | Rabl P.,Vienna University of Technology | Rico E.,University of Ulm | Zoller P.,Austrian Academy of Sciences | Zoller P.,University of Innsbruck
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2013

We describe a superconducting-circuit lattice design for the implementation and simulation of dynamical lattice gauge theories. We illustrate our proposal by analyzing a one-dimensional U(1) quantum-link model, where superconducting qubits play the role of matter fields on the lattice sites and the gauge fields are represented by two coupled microwave resonators on each link between neighboring sites. A detailed analysis of a minimal experimental protocol for probing the physics related to string breaking effects shows that, despite the presence of decoherence in these systems, distinctive phenomena from condensed-matter and high-energy physics can be visualized with state-of-the-art technology in small superconducting-circuit arrays. © 2013 American Physical Society.

Bennett S.D.,Harvard University | Yao N.Y.,Harvard University | Otterbach J.,Harvard University | Zoller P.,Austrian Academy of Sciences | And 3 more authors.
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2013

We propose and analyze a novel mechanism for long-range spin-spin interactions in diamond nanostructures. The interactions between electronic spins, associated with nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond, are mediated by their coupling via strain to the vibrational mode of a diamond mechanical nanoresonator. This coupling results in phonon-mediated effective spin-spin interactions that can be used to generate squeezed states of a spin ensemble. We show that spin dephasing and relaxation can be largely suppressed, allowing for substantial spin squeezing under realistic experimental conditions. Our approach has implications for spin-ensemble magnetometry, as well as phonon-mediated quantum information processing with spin qubits. © 2013 American Physical Society.

Bergshoeff E.A.,University of Groningen | Hartong J.,Copenhagen University | Rosseel J.,Vienna University of Technology
Classical and Quantum Gravity | Year: 2015

We show that by gauging the Schrödinger algebra with critical exponent z and imposing suitable curvature constraints, that make diffeomorphisms equivalent to time and space translations, one obtains a geometric structure known as (twistless) torsional Newton-Cartan geometry (TTNC). This is a version of torsional Newton-Cartan geometry (TNC) in which the timelike vielbein τμ must be hypersurface orthogonal. For z = 2 this version of TTNC geometry is very closely related to the one appearing in holographic duals of z = 2 Lifshitz space-times based on Einstein gravity coupled to massive vector fields in the bulk. For z ≠ 2 there is however an extra degree of freedom b0 that does not appear in the holographic setup. We show that the result of the gauging procedure can be extended to include a Stückelberg scalar χ that shifts under the particle number generator of the Schrödinger algebra, as well as an extra special conformal symmetry that allows one to gauge away b0. The resulting version of TTNC geometry is the one that appears in the holographic setup. This shows that Schrödinger symmetries play a crucial role in holography for Lifshitz space-times and that in fact the entire boundary geometry is dictated by local Schrödinger invariance. Finally we show how to extend the formalism to generic TNC geometries by relaxing the hypersurface orthogonality condition for the timelike vielbein τμ. © 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Bergshoeff E.,University of Groningen | Rosseel J.,Vienna University of Technology | Zojer T.,University of Groningen
Classical and Quantum Gravity | Year: 2015

We define a procedure that, starting from a relativistic theory of supergravity, leads to a consistent, non-relativistic version thereof. As a first application we use this limiting procedure to show how the Newton-Cartan formulation of non-relativistic gravity can be obtained from general relativity. Then we apply it in a supersymmetric case and derive a novel, non-relativistic, off-shell formulation of three-dimensional Newton-Cartan supergravity. © 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Brownnutt M.,University of Innsbruck | Brownnutt M.,University of Hong Kong | Kumph M.,University of Innsbruck | Rabl P.,Vienna University of Technology | And 2 more authors.
Reviews of Modern Physics | Year: 2015

Electric-field noise near surfaces is a common problem in diverse areas of physics and a limiting factor for many precision measurements. There are multiple mechanisms by which such noise is generated, many of which are poorly understood. Laser-cooled, trapped ions provide one of the most sensitive systems to probe electric-field noise at MHz frequencies and over a distance range 30-3000 μm from a surface. Over recent years numerous experiments have reported spectral densities of electric-field noise inferred from ion heating-rate measurements and several different theoretical explanations for the observed noise characteristics have been proposed. This paper provides an extensive summary and critical review of electric-field noise measurements in ion traps and compares these experimental findings with known and conjectured mechanisms for the origin of this noise. This reveals that the presence of multiple noise sources, as well as the different scalings added by geometrical considerations, complicates the interpretation of these results. It is thus the purpose of this review to assess which conclusions can be reasonably drawn from the existing data, and which important questions are still open. In so doing it provides a framework for future investigations of surface-noise processes. © 2015 American Physical Society.

Attems M.,Vienna University of Technology | Rebhan A.,Vienna University of Technology | Strickland M.,Gettysburg College | Strickland M.,Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2013

We study the (3+1)-dimensional evolution of non-Abelian plasma instabilities in the presence of a longitudinally expanding background of hard particles using the discretized hard-loop framework. The free streaming background dynamically generates a momentum-space anisotropic distribution which is unstable to the rapid growth of chromomagnetic and chromoelectric fields. These fields produce longitudinal pressure that works to isotropize the system. Extrapolating our results to energies probed in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions we find, however, that a pressure anisotropy persists for a few fm/c. In addition, on time scales relevant to heavy-ion collisions we observe continued growth of plasma instabilities in the strongly non-Abelian regime. Finally, we find that the longitudinal energy spectrum is well described by a Boltzmann distribution with increasing temperature at intermediate time scales. © 2013 American Physical Society.

Jungel A.,Vienna University of Technology | Lin C.-K.,National Chiao Tung University | Wu K.-C.,National Kaohsiung Normal University
Communications in Mathematical Physics | Year: 2014

A combined incompressible and vanishing capillarity limit in the barotropic compressible Navier-Stokes equations for smooth solutions is proved. The equations are considered on the two-dimensional torus with well prepared initial data. The momentum equation contains a rotational term originating from a Coriolis force, a general Korteweg-type tensor modeling capillary effects, and a density-dependent viscosity. The limiting model is the viscous quasi-geostrophic equation for the "rotated" velocity potential. The proof of the singular limit is based on the modulated energy method with a careful choice of the correction terms. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Gaspers S.,Vienna University of Technology
Journal of Computer and System Sciences | Year: 2012

In this paper we introduce "hybrid" Max 2-CSP formulas consisting of "simple clauses", namely conjunctions and disjunctions of pairs of variables, and general 2-variable clauses, which can be any integer-valued functions of pairs of boolean variables. This allows an algorithm to use both efficient reductions specific to AND and OR clauses, and other powerful reductions that require the general CSP setting. We use new reductions introduced here, and recent reductions such as "clause-learning" and "2-reductions" generalized to our setting's mixture of simple and general clauses. We parametrize a hybrid instance by the fraction p of non-simple clauses. We give an exact, exponential-time but polynomial-space algorithm that is the fastest known for p=0, which includes the well-studied Max 2-Sat problem but also instances with arbitrary mixtures of AND and OR clauses; for an m-clause instance it runs in time O(2m/6.321). The same algorithm is tied for fastest for general Max 2-CSP (p=1), with running time O(2m/5.263). The algorithm is the only one to treat mixtures of AND, OR, and general integer-valued clauses more efficiently than the general case, with intermediate running time bounds depending on the value of p. Since even a pure Max 2-Sat input instance may be transformed to a hybrid instance in the course of solving it, the algorithm's efficiency and generality go hand in hand. Our algorithm analysis and optimization use the familiar measure-and-conquer approach, but in a variation resulting in mathematical programs that are convex rather than quasi-convex, and can be solved efficiently and with a certificate of optimality. We produce a family of running-time upper-bound formulas, each optimized for instances with a particular value of p but valid for all instances. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Bernard J.,University of Innsbruck | Huber R.G.,University of Innsbruck | Liedl K.R.,University of Innsbruck | Grothe H.,Vienna University of Technology | Loerting T.,University of Innsbruck
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2013

Twenty years ago two different polymorphs of carbonic acid, α- and β-H2CO3, were isolated as thin, crystalline films. They were characterized by infrared and, of late, by Raman spectroscopy. Determination of the crystal structure of these two polymorphs, using cryopowder and thin film X-ray diffraction techniques, has failed so far. Recently, we succeeded in sublimating α-H2CO3 and trapping the vapor phase in a noble gas matrix, which was analyzed by infrared spectroscopy. In the same way we have now investigated the β-polymorph. Unlike α-H2CO3, β-H2CO3 was regarded to decompose upon sublimation. Still, we have succeeded in isolation of undecomposed carbonic acid in the matrix and recondensation after removal of the matrix here. This possibility of sublimation and recondensation cycles of β-H2CO3 adds a new aspect to the chemistry of carbonic acid in astrophysical environments, especially because there is a direct way of β-H2CO3 formation in space, but none for α-H2CO3. Assignments of the FTIR spectra of the isolated molecules unambiguously reveal two different carbonic acid monomer conformers (C2v and Cs). In contrast to the earlier study on α-H2CO3, we do not find evidence for centrosymmetric (C2h) carbonic acid dimers here. This suggests that two monomers are entropically favored at the sublimation temperature of 250 K for β-H2CO3, whereas they are not at the sublimation temperature of 210 K for α-H2CO3. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

Carlip S.,University of California at Davis | Grumiller D.,Vienna University of Technology
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2011

We consider an evaporating Schwarzschild black hole in a framework in which the spectral dimension of spacetime varies continuously from four at large distances to a number smaller than three at small distances, as suggested by various approaches to quantum gravity. We demonstrate that the evaporation stops when the horizon radius reaches a scale at which spacetime becomes effectively three-dimensional, and argue that an observer remaining outside the horizon cannot probe the properties of the black hole at smaller scales. This result is universal in the sense that it does not depend on the details of the effective dimension as a function of the diffusion time. Observers falling into the black hole can resolve smaller scales, as can external observers in the presence of a cosmological constant. Even in these cases, though, we obtain an absolute bound D2 on the effective dimension that can be seen in any such attempt to measure the properties of the black hole. © 2011 American Physical Society.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.1.2 | Award Amount: 11.05M | Year: 2008

S-Cube, the Software Services and Systems Network ( will establish a unified, multidisciplinary, vibrant research community which will enable Europe to lead the software-services revolution.\n\nBy integrating diverse research communities, S-Cube intends to achieve world-wide scientific excellence in a field that is critical for European competitiveness. S-Cube will accomplish its aims by meeting the following objectives:\n- Re-aligning, re-shaping and integrating research agendas of key European players from diverse research areas and by synthesizing and integrating diversified knowledge, thereby establishing a long-lasting foundation for steering research and for achieving innovation at the highest level.\n- Inaugurating a Europe-wide common program of education and training for researchers and industry thereby creating a common culture that will have a profound impact on the future of the field.\n- Establishing a pro-active mobility plan to enable cross-fertilisation and thereby fostering the integration of research communities and the establishment of a common software services research culture.\n- Establishing trust relationships with industry via European Technology Platforms (specifically NESSI) to achieve a catalytic effect in shaping European research, strengthening industrial competitiveness and addressing main societal challenges.\n\nS-Cube will produce an integrated research community of international reputation and acclaim that will help define the future shape of the field of software services. S-Cube will provide service engineering methodologies which facilitate the development, deployment and adjustment of sophisticated hybrid service-based systems. S-Cube will further introduce an advanced training program for researchers and practitioners. Finally, S-Cube intends to bring strategic added value to European industry by using industry best-practice models and by implementing research results into pilot business cases

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: ICT-2013.9.9 | Award Amount: 74.61M | Year: 2013

This Flagship aims to take graphene and related layered materials from a state of raw potential to a point where they can revolutionize multiple industries from flexible, wearable and transparent electronics, to new energy applications and novel functional composites.\nOur main scientific and technological objectives in the different tiers of the value chain are to develop material technologies for ICT and beyond, identify new device concepts enabled by graphene and other layered materials, and integrate them to systems that provide new functionalities and open new application areas.\nThese objectives are supported by operative targets to bring together a large core consortium of European academic and industrial partners and to create a highly effective technology transfer highway, allowing industry to rapidly absorb and exploit new discoveries.\nThe Flagship will be aligned with European and national priorities to guarantee its successful long term operation and maximal impact on the national industrial and research communities.\nTogether, the scientific and technological objectives and operative targets will allow us to reach our societal goals: the Flagship will contribute to sustainable development by introducing new energy efficient and environmentally friendly products based on carbon and other abundant, safe and recyclable natural resources, and boost economic growth in Europe by creating new jobs and investment opportunities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.7 | Award Amount: 4.29M | Year: 2008

Embedded systems are specialised computers used in larger systems or machines to control equipments such as automobiles, home appliances, communication, control and office machines. Such pervasivity is particularly evident in immersive realities, i.e., scenarios in which invisible embedded systems need to continuosly interact with human users, in order to provide continuous sensed information and to react to service requests from the users themselves. The SM4ALL project will investigate an innovative middleware platform for inter-working of smart embedded services in immersive and person-centric environments, through the use of composability and semantic techniques for dynamic service reconfiguration. By leveraging on P2P technologies, the platform is inherently scalable and able to resist to devices churn and failures, while preserving the privacy of its human users as well as the security of the whole environment. This is applied to the challenging scenario of private houses and home-care assistance in presence of users with different abilities and needs (e.g., young able bodied, aged and disabled).\nThe specific composition of the Consortium, consisting of top-class universities and research centers (UOR, TUW, RUG, KTH and FOI), of user partners specialized in domotics and home-care assistance (FSL and THFL) and a SME specialized in specific brain-computer interfaces (GTEC), and of leader companies in the embedded sector (TID and ED) guarantees a widespread dissemination and exploitation of the project results, coupled with a privileged position inside ARTEMIS and ARTEMISIA (due to the presence of UOR, TUW and ED in such bodies).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.6.1 | Award Amount: 4.98M | Year: 2012

The 3rd Energy Package clearly boosts the development of an Integrated European balancing mechanism. In this context, ACER has in 2011 started the development of the Framework Guidelines on Electricity Balancing. It is expected from the ACER statements that Demand Response will play significant role in the future integrated balancing market allowing Virtual Power Plants, comprising Demand Response and Distributed Generation resources to compete on equal ground.\n\nBased on the above, the overall objective of the eBADGE project is to propose an optimal pan-European Intelligent Balancing mechanism, piloted on the borders of Austria, Italy and Slovenia, that is also able to integrate Virtual Power Plant Systems that can assist in the management of the electricity Transmission and Distribution grids in an optimized, controlled and secure manner. Even if the trans-national mechanism proposed by eBADGE will be tested with reference to a trilateral case (Austria, Italy, Slovenia), the approach and the modelling methodology is meant to allow a gradual extension to other countries in Europe.\nThe ICT development of the eBADGE project will be in line with the ACER Guidelines delivering the following five results:\n1. Simulation and modelling tool for studying Integrated Balancing/Reserve Market allowing the participation of VPP at the distribution side;\n2. Uniform high performance message bus between Balancing/Reserve entities;\n3. Business models between Energy, ICT and Residential Consumers sectors;\n4. Virtual Power Plant as a Reliable Balancing Asset;\n5. Pilot eBADGE Cloud.\n\nProject objectives are:\n1. To develop the components: simulation and modelling tool; message bus; VPP data analysis, optimisation and control strategies; home energy cloud; and business models between Energy, ICT and Residential Consumers sector;\n2. To integrate the above components into a single system;\n3. To validate these in lab and field trials;\n4. To evaluate its impact.\n\nThe Consortium will first design and implement the single components, which will be then individually tested and validated and finally, integrated. The validation of the individual components will be done using historical data and simulation (Simulation and modelling tool), expert knowledge in the Consortium (Message bus validation) using designed and developed scenarios and field trials (Home Energy Cloud and Pilot eBADGE cloud). The validation of the selected models for an Integrated Balancing/Reserve Market will also bring to a first rough assessment of the environmental and economical benefits.\n\nThe consortium will promote a strong interaction and consultation with relevant stakeholders involved in Advisory Board. Achievements of the project eBADGE, if widely implemented, will also deliver synergies and efficient use of existing resources and infrastructure thus lowering daily costs for electricity users and increasing European welfare.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-01-2014 | Award Amount: 181.25K | Year: 2015

Cyber-physical systems (CPS) are a core enabling technology for securing economic leadership in embedded systems and ICT, having an enormous social and economic importance, and making decisive contributions to societal challenges. The EU and the US face common challenges to push forward the limits of the science for engineering CPS, creating a favorable environment for strategic and pre-competitive collaboration. The Transatlantic CPS Summit is an ambitious 18-month support action with the goal of facilitating and creating an enduring and sustainable collaboration campaign on CPS research and development between Europe and the US. The support action achieves its overall aim by means of: 1. Identifying and evaluating possible R&D cooperations between Europe and the US; 2. Investigating and promoting implementation of opportunities for cooperation; 3. Preparing a roadmap for R&D cooperation on CPS engineering between the EU and US together with recommendations for action; 4. Presenting final results to interested stakeholders (e.g. public bodies, industry, academic researchers) on both sides of the Atlantic. To achieve the above, the project mobilises an outstanding multidisciplinary consortium of 7 EU partners and 5 US partners and brings together recognized CPS researchers across the EU and the US in a series of CPS Summit Workshops.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: NMP-29-2015 | Award Amount: 6.33M | Year: 2016

The HISENTS vision is to address the problem of the dearth of high-quality tools for nano-safety assessment by introducing an innovative multimodular high throughput screening (HTP) platform including a set of individual modules each representing a critical physiological function connected and integrated in a hierarchical vectorial manner by a microfluidic network. The increase of the capacity to perform nano-safety assessment will be realised by innovative instrumentation developments for HTP and high content analysis (HCA) approaches. Toxicogenomics on chip is also one embedded objective. Our interdisciplinary approach focuses on tools to maximise the read-across and to assess applicable endpoints for advanced risk assessment of nanomaterials (NM). The main goal is thus to establish individual chip-based microfluidic tools as devices for (nano)toxicity screening which can be combined as an on-line HTP platform. Seven different chip-based sensor elements will be developed and hierarchically combined via a flow system to characterise toxicity pathways of NM. The HISENTS platform allows the grouping and identifying of NM. Parallel to the screening, the pathway and interaction of NM in biological organisms will be simulated using the physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model. Using the different sensor modules from the molecular to cell to organ level, HISENTS can input quantitative parameters into the PBPK model resulting in an effective pathway analysis for NM and other critical compounds. The developed platform is crucial for realistic nano-safety assessment and will also find extensive application in pharmaceutical screening due to the flexible modifications of the HTP platform. The specific objective is the development of a multimodular HTP platform as new a screening tool for enhancing the efficiency of hazard profiling. Currently, no such flexible, easy-to-use screening platform with flexibly combinable chip-based sensors is available on the market.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.87M | Year: 2015

All visual information is broadcasted by an intra-retinal pathway formed by a group of neurons called bipolar cells. They collect photoreceptor signals in the outer retina and relay the signals to the inner retinal neurons. This transfer of visual information is far from passive: Each of the at least 10 bipolar cell types transforms the photoreceptor signals in a unique and highly specific way. As a result, the bipolar cell output signals form the first elementary operations from which the neural circuits of the inner retina compose a feature-oriented description of the visual world. Reflecting the partitioning of visual information into parallel channels, the retinal layer in which bipolar cell axon terminals meet their synaptic partners, is highly organized: This so-called inner plexiform layer effectively serves as the retinas switch board: The input is provided by the different bipolar cell channels, while the output is carried by an even larger number of channels, represented by ganglion cells that form the optic nerve. Each of the ~20 ganglion cell types composes its feature-extracting circuits from a specific set of bipolar cell input it receives. Owing to its regular structure and ease of experimental access, the retina is amongst the best understood self-standing neuronal networks in neuroscience. Indeed, recent advances hold the exciting promise that an in-depth understanding of the bipolar cells an entire class of neurons and their role in the first critical steps of visual processing is within reach. Our proposal aims to train young researchers in world-leading research labs towards completing this goal. We will accomplish this by exposing the students to a host of cutting-edge techniques and a broad spectrum of research approaches within the training network from imaging at synaptic resolution, transgenetics and retina degeneration models to the application of retinal circuit principles for signal processing in artificial vision chips.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2007.5.3 | Award Amount: 2.23M | Year: 2011

The 3rd European Network for the Advancement of Artificial Cognitive Systems, Interaction and Robotics (EUCogIII) will organise a network of many hundreds of researchers and continue building the cognitive systems community in Europe, which straddles the divides of traditional academic disciplines in its work towards artificial intelligent systems that are autonomous, robust, flexible and self-improving in pursuing their goals. Such a network is the grease for the gears of research; fostering a self-standing community with clear aims that can produce efficient, focused research with deep impact.Further to building the community itself, EUCogIII will focus on reaching out to show what artificial cognitive systems research has to offer and to increase the impact of the research already done; this outreach will centre on a specific selection of themes and communities that lend themselves well to this purpose.Structurally, we will build bridges from the network to related communities, to extant organisations and networks especially with a view towards application of artificial cognitive systems research in robotics, but also in other areas of industry that move towards systems that are more intelligent and inspired by natural systems. This orientation towards application also provides added focus to cognitive artificial systems research itself. To further the community, the EUCogIII network will provide and support education of new researchers (of PhD student level) on the latest developments at the cutting edge of science. Finally our network will provide a one-stop-shop of online resources, as a service to the community.In terms of specific activities in work packages, we provide structures and content in WP 1 Outreach, WP 2 Bridges, WP 3 Education, WP 4 Online Resources and we organise these, in WP 5 academic Coordination and WP 6 Management of finances and events.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 9.17M | Year: 2008

NEWCOM\\ is the acronym of a proposed Network of Excellence in Wireless COMmunications, submitted to Call 1 of the VII Framework Programme under the Objective ICT-2007.1.1: The Network of the Future, mainly in its target direction Ubiquitous network infrastructure and architectures. The current proposal draws inspiration, shape/form, and substantive direction from its successful predecessor, the NoE NEWCOM, which was approved and funded by the EC for 36 months starting March 1st, 2004 and ending February 28, 2007. At the same time, NEWCOM\\ aspires to inject new vision, expanded roles, ever-higher degrees of research integration, and a definitive roadmap to financial security for the long-term life of this undertaking in the European research and higher-learning space. The core concept of NEWCOM\\ is that of an NoE of medium size, greatly reduced from the initial NEWCOM Consortium, formed by keeping the most committed and performing partners, exploiting the successful integration tools that NEWCOM designed and activated, and which is created for the purpose of scientifically addressing medium/long term, complex, interdisciplinary, fundamental research problems in the field of wireless networks, focused towards identifying, posing in the right modelling perspective, and at least partially characterizing the information-communication theoretical limits. Its main objectives are: Identify a selective set of scenarios, Define suitable performance measures that take into account the wireless channel nature, Perform a detailed analysis of the main theoretical results available, Evaluate information-theoretical bounds on the achievable performance, Design and analyze transmitting/receiving algorithms and protocols in order to approach those limits, Analyze implementation aspects of the above algorithms in flexible, energy-aware user terminals, Output the major findings into an integrated simulation library, Enhance the already good cooperation level among research

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2009.1.5 | Award Amount: 1.37M | Year: 2010

CHORUS\ creates the conditions for mutual information exchange and cross fertilization between the FP7 projects in the Search Engine domain and the national and international initiatives running in this area. The CHORUS\ project aims to foster timely discussion and avoid fragmentation. Discussion groups with selected experts and representatives from industry, academia, and research organizations are planned, including the organisation of focused workshops and conferences. The outcomes of these discussions are deliverables that address the interests, needs and challenges of technology producers, content owners and consumers. Specifically CHORUS\ links together on-going FP7 projects such as I-SEARCH, COAST, GLOCAL, LIVINGKNOWLEDGE, SocialSensor, UBRIK, InEvent, HBB-NEXT, TOSCA-MP, SMART, MIReS (Roadmap for Music Information ReSearch), 3D-LIFE, COMET, ENVISION but also with specific initiatives or national projects like NEM (The Network&Electronic Media Technology Platform), FIA, THESEUS, QUAERO. This co-ordination action allows setting concrete strategies and industrial objectives for multimedia search in Europe.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: NMP-21-2014 | Award Amount: 6.97M | Year: 2015

The project NANO-CATHEDRAL aims at developing, with a nano-metric scale approach, new materials, technologies and procedures for the conservation of deteriorated stones in monumental buildings and cathedrals and high value contemporary architecture, with a particular emphasis on the preservation of the originality and specificity of materials. The objective is providing key tools for restoration and conservation: On representative lithotypes On European representative climatic areas With a time-scale/environmental approach With technology validated in relevant environment (industrial plant and monuments) Exploiting results also on modern stone made buildings A general protocol will be defined for the identification of the petrographic and mineralogical features of the stone materials, the identification of the degradation patterns, the evaluation of the causes and mechanisms of alteration and degradation, including the correlations between the relevant state of decay and the actual microclimatic and air pollution conditions. Moreover, innovative nano-materials will be developed suitable for: Surface consolidation: in this case water-based formulations based on nano-inorganic or nano-hybrid dispersions such as nano-silica, nano-titania, nano-hydroxyapatite, nano-calcite and nano-magnesia as well as their synergic combinations with organic and inorganic compounds will be considered. Surface protection: in this case, innovative composites will be developed consisting of polymers and nano-fillers. The use of hydrophobins, nano-assembled hydrofobic proteins extracted from fungi, and photocatalytic nano-particles (for favoring the decomposition of volatile organic molecules carried by polluted atmosphere and to prevent biofilm growth) will be considered. The project will contribute to the development of transnational cultural tourism and to the development of common European shared values and heritage, thus stimulating a greater sense of European identity.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.1 | Award Amount: 4.79M | Year: 2012

Among the physical limitations which challenge progress in nanoelectronics for aggressively scaled More Moore, Beyond CMOS and advanced More-than-Moore applications, process variability and the interactions between and with electrical, thermal and mechanical effects are getting more and more critical. Effects from various sources of process variations, both systematic and stochastic, influence each other and lead to variations of the electrical, thermal and mechanical behavior of devices, interconnects and circuits. Correlations are of key importance because they drastically affect the percentage of products which meet the specifications. Whereas the comprehensive experimental investigation of these effects is largely impossible, modelling and simulation (TCAD) offers the unique possibility to predefine process variations and trace their effects on subsequent process steps and on devices and circuits fab-ricated, just by changing the corresponding input data. This important requirement for and capability of simulation is among others highlighted in the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors ITRS. A project partner has also demonstrated how correlations can be simulated.\nWithin SUPERTHEME, the most important weaknesses which limit the use of current TCAD software to study the influence of both systematic and stochastic process variability and its interaction with electro-thermal-mechanical effects will be removed, and the study of correlations will be enabled. The project will efficiently combine the use of commercially available software and leading-edge background results of the consortium with the implementation of the key missing elements and links. It will bridge the current critical gap between variability simulation on process and device/interconnect level, and include the treatment of correlations. The capabilities of the software system will be demonstrated both on advanced analog circuits and on aggressively scaled transistors.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.1.1-07 | Award Amount: 2.67M | Year: 2013

The S&T objectives of the Advanced_SAR project are: 1) to develop advanced Earth Observation methods by combining 3D data derived from various Remote Sensing systems in an novel way and 2) to show their improved performances in forest biomass estimation and biomass change detection with respect to present GMES services. The methodology is based on object-based, multi-date analysis of Sentinel-1 (C-band), TerraSAR/TanDEM-X (X-band), ALOS-2 PALSAR-2 (L-band) SAR data utilizing radargrammetry and InSAR. Understanding of 3D forest responses will be deepened by comparing results to other modern 3D methods: optical satellite stereo-photogrammetry, simulated space-borne LiDAR, and Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS). It will be shown that high-quality estimation and change detection can be done at different scales (thus improving estimation accuracy at national level). We develop methods to derive the best possible cost-efficiency out of the given SAR data with an aim to significantly advance current GMES services. The methodological quality will be verified by comparing the relationship between SAR canopy height estimates with those of two probing systems: TomoRadar (profiling radar) and ALS. ALS gives more information of canopy gaps whereas TomoRadar will give information of canopy penetration at radar frequencies. A physical model is created between the SAR response and the ground truth. Deep physical understanding of where the radar signals originate in the vertical dimension is created for SAR scenes with using ALS and TomoRadar data as a high-quality reference. Moreover, Mobile and Terrestrial Laser Scanning methods for field inventory are tested in real-life scenario. Two super test sites 1) boreal test site Evo (Finland) and 2) hemi-boreal test site Remningstorp (Sweden) are used to verify and demonstrate SAR-based 3D methods. For demonstration purposes, we create SAR-based biomass and change maps covering a large region of Sweden for Swedish National Forest Inventory.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: LCE-04-2015 | Award Amount: 1.99M | Year: 2016

Europes electricity sector is in the midst of major transformation moving from public monopolies to competitive private companies in liberalized markets. The liberalization is expected to increase competition and thus increase cost-efficiency in energy production, transmission and distribution with the result of decreasing electricity prices. The efforts of Member State governments to create a more competitive and sustainable electricity sector are currently clouded by a major economic downturn in Europes economic activity. Such economic hardship often triggers reluctance to change which is becoming visible in particular in the electricity sector, where measures to protect jobs and national industry start to compete with market liberalization. The affordability of sustainable electricity is questioned. There is a strong need for innovative business models for Renewable Energy Source (RES) electricity generation in the long and mid-term because support schemes will fade out in the long term pushing renewables on the market at no marginal costs which then in particular for strongly correlated generation as wind and PV leads to price deterioration during production hours. Already today many Member States have drastically reduced measures to further support the development of the RES sector, so that new investment is not possible without tapping new revenues with new business. The aim of the BestRES project is to identify best practices business models for renewable electricity generation in Europe and to improve these further taking into account new opportunities and synergies coming along with changing market designs in line with the EU target model. Business models investigated in this project shall make use of the aggregation of various renewable sources, storage and flexible demand. The improved business models will be implemented during the project in real-life environments, depending on the market conditions, to proof the soundness of the developed concept.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.1.3 | Award Amount: 4.14M | Year: 2011

The IoT6 project aims at exploiting the potential of IPv6 and related standards (6LoWPAN, CORE, COAP, etc.) to overcome current shortcomings and fragmentation of the Internet of Things, in line with the CERP-IoT and EC recommendations.\n\nIts main challenges and objectives are to research, design and develop a highly scalable IPv6-based Service-Oriented Architecture to achieve interoperability, mobility, cloud computing integration and intelligence distribution among heterogeneous smart things components, applications and services. Its potential will be researched by exploring innovative forms of interactions such as:\n Information and intelligence distribution.\n Multi-protocol interoperability with and among heterogeneous devices.\n Device mobility and mobile phone networks integration, to provide ubiquitous access and seamless communication.\n Cloud computing integration with Software as a Service (SaaS).\n IPv6 - Smart Things Information Services (STIS) innovative interactions.\n\nThe main outcomes of IoT6 are recommendations on IPv6 features exploitation for the Internet of Things and an open and well-defined IPv6-based Service Oriented Architecture enabling interoperability, mobility, cloud computing and intelligence distribution among heterogeneous smart things components, applications and services,- including with business processes management tools.\n\nTo achieve these ambitious goals, the consortium consists of seven international academic or research partners and two industrial partners that bring in expertise from complementary research areas such as IPv6, multi-protocol interoperability, routing protocols, security, SOAs, sensor networks, building automation, mobile phone networks, cloud computing, business processes and EPCIS/RFID. IoT6 is supported by a large industry support group with renowned members, which will act as general advisors and will support the dissemination, exploitation and standardization activities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.1 | Award Amount: 8.08M | Year: 2008

More than 20% of the value of each car already comes from embedded electronics. Keeping costs and space for additional functionality low requires further integration of electronic components such as low and high voltage devices and memory on a single System-on-Chip (SoC). SoC technologies for segments with lower reliability requirements are already available. However, there are no cost-effective technologies yet combining all of the harshest automotive reliability requirements for full SoC integration of powertrain ICs for engines, starters, alternators, etc. This barrier to powertrain IC SoC integration inhibits cost reduction and introduction of more fuel efficient cars. \nThe purpose of ATHENIS is to provide proof of concept for the industrys first SoC technology platform that can surmount these integration barriers. The ATHENIS SoC technology platform is intended to be the first in meeting the combination of all of the harshest requirements including full reverse polarity capability at the low cost of CMOS, application voltages up to 120V, currents up to 10A, temperatures up to 200C, embedded non-volatile memory, chip-level ESD up to =8kV HBM, and high logic gate densities. \nThis will be achieved by combining HVCMOS technology from austriamicrosystems AG with MEMS-based Nanomech embedded Non-Volatile Memory (eNVM) technology from Cavendish Kinetics. Innovative (patent pending) add-on technology modules such as reverse polarity HVCMOS and =8kV ESD structures for HVCMOS as well as automotive extensions for Nanomech will be developed. An alternator-like demonstrator with and without eNVM is selected for a worst case proof of concept. eNVM will enable flexibility to software-configure alternator systems for multiple car platforms. Valeo Electrical Systems will provide system specifications, system development and system evaluation. The other research partners contribute the required novel characterization, reliability, test, and simulation methodology.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.2.1 | Award Amount: 8.85M | Year: 2008

The challenge laid out in this call is to understand the principles according to which cognitive\nsystems should be built if they are to handle novelty, situations unforeseen by their designers, and\nopen-ended, challenging environments with uncertainty and change. Our aim is to meet this challenge by creating a theory -- evaluated in robots -- of how a cognitive system can model its own knowledge; use this to cope with uncertainty and novelty during task execution; extend its own abilities and knowledge; and extend its own understanding of those abilities. Imagine a cognitive system that models not only the environment, but its own understanding of the environment and how this understanding changes under action. It identifies gaps in its own understanding and then plans how to fill those gaps so as to deal with novelty and uncertainty in task execution, gather information necessary to complete its tasks, and to extend its abilities and knowledge so as to perform future tasks more efficiently.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2011.4.4 | Award Amount: 1.59M | Year: 2012

VISCERAL is a support action that will organize two competitions on information extraction and retrieval involving medical image data and associated text that will benchmark the state of the art and define the next big challenges in large scale data processing in medical image analysis.The increasing amounts of medical imaging data acquired in clinical practice hold a tremendous body of diagnostically relevant information. Only a small portion of these data are accessible during clinical routine or research due to the complexity, richness, high dimensionality and size of the data.There is consensus in the community that leaps in this regard are hampered by the lack of large bodies of data shared across research groups and an associated definition of joint challenges on which development should focus. VISCERAL will provide the means to jump-start this process with two competitions (1) providing access to unprecedented amounts of real world imaging data annotated through experts and (2) using a community effort to generate a large corpus of automatically generated standard annotations. The goal of the project is to formulate relevant and challenging tasks, to provide the necessary data for research and evaluation, and to conduct competitions for identifying successful computational strategies and highlighting directions of future research.To this end, VISCERAL will conduct two competitions. The first competition will focus on automatic identification, localization and segmentation of anatomical structures in medical imaging data, the second competition will comprise retrieval tasks that aim at identifying similar cases relevant for diagnosis. In addition to the direct evaluation, the project will result in two data corpora - one gold corpus of expert manual annotations, and a silver corpus that will be computed from the competition entries. Both data sets will be made available to challenge participants and, afterwards, to the scientific community.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.4 | Award Amount: 3.65M | Year: 2011

Safety-critical systems are important parts of our daily life. Those systems are also called dependable systems, as our lives can depend on them. Examples are controllers in an airplane, breaking controller in a car, or a train control system. Those safety-critical systems need to be certified and the maximum execution time needs to be bounded and known so that response times can be assured when critical actions are needed. Even with high performance processors in our desktop PCs we notice once in a while that the PC is frozen for a few seconds. For a safety-critical system such a pause can result in a catastrophic failure.\nThe mission of T-CREST is to develop tools and build a system that prevents pauses by identifying and addressing the causes for possible pauses. The T-CREST time-predictable system will simplify the safety argument with respect to maximum execution time striving to double performance for 4 cores and to be 4 times faster for 16 cores than a standard processor in the same technology (e.g., FPGA). Thus the T-CREST system will result in lower costs for safety relevant applications reducing system complexity and at the same time faster time-predictable execution.\nStandard computer architecture is driven by the following paradigm: make the common case fast and the uncommon case correct. This design approach leads to architectures where the average-case execution time is optimized at the expense of the worst-case execution time (WCET). Modelling the dynamic features of current processors, memories, and interconnects for WCET analysis often results in computationally infeasible problems. The bounds calculated by the analysis are thus overly conservative.\nWe need a sea change and we shall take the constructive approach by designing computer architectures where predictable timing is a first-order design factor. For real-time systems we propose to design architectures with a new paradigm: make the worst-case fast and the whole system easy to analyse. Despite the advantages of analysable system resources, only a few research projects exist in the field of hardware optimized for the WCET.\nWithin the project we will propose novel solutions for time-predictable multi-core and many-core system architectures. The resulting time-predictable resources (processor, interconnect, memories, etc.) will be a good target for WCET analysis and the WCET performance will be outstanding compared to current processors. Time-predictable caching and time-predictable chip-multiprocessing (CMP) will provide a solution for the need of more processing power in the real-time domain.\nNext to the hardware (processor, interconnect, memories), a compiler infrastructure will be developed in the project. WCET aware optimization methods will be developed along with detailed timing models such that the compiler benefits from the known behaviour of the hardware. The WCET analysis tool aiT will be adapted to support the developed hardware and guide the compilation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2009.4.3 | Award Amount: 4.39M | Year: 2010

Measuring is a key to scientific progress. This is particularly true for research concerning complex systems, whether natural or human-built. Multilingual and multimedia information systems are increasingly complex: they need to satisfy diverse user needs and support challenging tasks. Their development calls for proper evaluation methodologies to ensure that they meet the expected user requirements and provide the desired effectiveness.\nLarge-scale worldwide experimental evaluations provide fundamental contributions to the advancement of state-of-the-art techniques through common evaluation procedures, regular and systematic evaluation cycles, comparison and benchmarking of the adopted approaches, and spreading of knowledge. In the process, vast amounts of experimental data are generated that beg for analysis tools to enable interpretation and thereby facilitate scientific and technological progress.\nPROMISE will provide a virtual laboratory for conducting participative research and experimentation to carry out, advance and bring automation into the evaluation and benchmarking of such complex information systems, by facilitating management and offering access, curation, preservation, re-use, analysis, visualization, and mining of the collected experimental data. PROMISE will: foster the adoption of regular experimental evaluation activities; bring automation into the experimental evaluation process; promote collaboration and re-use over the acquired knowledge-base; stimulate knowledge transfer and uptake.\nEurope is unique: a powerful economic community that politically and culturally strives for equality in its languages and an appreciation of diversity in its citizens. New Internet paradigms are continually extending the media and the task where multiple language based interaction must be supported. PROMISE will direct a world-wide research community to track these changes and deliver solutions so that Europe can achieve one of its most cherished goals.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.3.1 | Award Amount: 9.14M | Year: 2013

Automotive represents 12% of the EU industrial GDP. 20% of the value of a car is already electronics and 10% of this are IC components. Minimizing costs and space for additional functionality requires further integration. The EU project ATHENIS has successfully addressed System-on-Chip (SoC) integration of CMOS, high voltage and embedded memory for harshest automotive conditions. Further cost reduction will require even higher levels of integration. Therefore ATHENIS_3D will provide the industrys first 3D heterogeneous integration technology platform for harshest automotive conditions with Through Silicon Vias (TSV) and Wafer Level Packaging (WLP). A demonstrator car will prove the functionality of the 3D integrated electronics for an electrical machine with start/stop function and the industrys first 3D/TSV/WLP DCDC converter with integrated inductor for the new 48V standard. Cost savings from integration and a 5x reduction of PCB area at improved reliability will be shown. For this purpose substantial technological barriers such as flipchip mounting of a 90nm CMOS FPGA on a 180nm HVCMOS Si interposer with Integrated Passive Devices (IPD), high density MRAM and magnetic sensors all meeting reliability requirements up to 200C application temperatures have to be mastered for the first time. This will be achieved by combining TSV and HV-CMOS technology from ams with CMOS and Cu-TSV technology from CEA-Leti, MRAM technology from Crocus and WLP technology from Besi. Platform scalability will be proven by flipchip packaging of 14nm CMOS samples on the interposer. New modules for TSVs, MRAM and Passives embedded in TSV technology will be developed to enable 200C applications. Valeo will provide system specifications, development and demo car evaluation. The other partners contribute to the TSV, WLP and IPD technology (FhG, CEA-Leti) and develop the required novel design, simulation, characterization and reliability methods (UNIPI,TUW, FhG, UNIFE, Active, MASER).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EINFRA-5-2015 | Award Amount: 4.84M | Year: 2015

E-CAM will create, develop and sustain a European infrastructure for computational science applied to simulation and modelling of materials and of biological processes of industrial and societal importance. Building on the already significant network of 15 CECAM centres across Europe and the PRACE initiative, it will create a distributed, sustainable centre for simulation and modelling at and across the atomic, molecular and continuum scales. The ambitious goals of E-CAM will be achieved through three complementary instruments: 1. development, testing, maintenance, and dissemination of robust software modules targeted at end-user needs; 2. advanced training of current and future academic and industrial researchers able to exploit these capabilities; 3. multidisciplinary, coordinated, top-level applied consultancy to industrial end-users (both large multinationals and SMEs). The creation and development of this infrastructure will also impact academic research by creating a training opportunity for over 300 researchers in computational science as applied to their domain expertise. It will also provide a structure for the optimisation and long-term maintenance of important codes and provide a route for their exploitation. Based on the requests from its industrial end-users, E-CAM will deliver new software in a broad field by creating over 200 new, robust software modules. The modules will be written to run with maximum efficiency on hardware with different architectures, available at four PRACE centres and at the Hartree Centre for HPC in Industry. The modules will form the core of a software library (the E-CAM library) that will continue to grow and provide benefit well beyond the funding period of the project. E-CAM has a 60 month duration, involves 48 staff years of effort, has a total budget of 5,836,897 and is requesting funding from the EC of 4,836,897, commensurate with achieving its ambitious goals.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EINFRA-9-2015 | Award Amount: 8.22M | Year: 2016

The overall objective of READ is to implement a Virtual Research Environment where archivists, humanities scholars, computer scientists and volunteers are collaborating with the ultimate goal of boosting research, innovation, development and usage of cutting edge technology for the automated recognition, transcription, indexing and enrichment of handwritten archival documents. This Virtual Research Environment will not be built from the ground up, but will benefit from research, tools, data and resources generated in multiple national and EU funded research and development projects and provide a basis for sustaining the network and the technology in the future. This ICT based e-infrastructure will address the Societal Challenge mentioned in Europe in a Changing World namely the transmission of European cultural heritage and the uses of the past as one of the core requirements of a reflective society. Based on research and innovation enabled by the READ Virtual Research Environment we will be able to explore and access hundreds of kilometres of archival documents via full-text search and therefore be able to open up one of the last hidden treasures of Europes rich cultural hertitage.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: DRS-01-2015 | Award Amount: 6.66M | Year: 2016

Society as a whole is increasingly exposed and vulnerable to natural disasters because extreme weather events, exacerbated by climate change, are becoming more frequent and longer. To increase the resilience of European citizens and assets to natural disaster we propose I-REACT: Improving Resilience to Emergencies through Advanced Cyber Technologies. The proposed system targets public administration authorities, private companies, as well as citizens in order to provide increased resilience to natural disasters though better analysis and anticipation, effective and fast emergency response, increased awareness and citizen engagement. I-REACT integrates existing services, both local and European, into a platform that supports the entire emergency management cycle. Leveraging on innovative cyber technologies and ICT systems, I-REACT will be able to enable early planning of disaster risk reduction actions, achieve effective preparedness thanks to risk assessment and early warnings, and efficiently manage emergency responses by empowering first-responders with up-to-date situational information and by engaging citizens through crowdsourcing approaches and social media analysis. I-REACT will integrate multiple systems and European assets, including the Copernicus Emergency Management Service, the European Flood Awareness System (EFAS), the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS), and European Global Navigation Satellite Systems (E-GNSS), e.g. Galileo and EGNOS.I-REACT will be structured as a user-driven project, integrating the requirements from all main stakeholders as well as the guidelines that emerged during European workshops and seminars related to emergency management. I-REACT services will also enable new business development opportunities around natural disasters triggered by extreme weather conditions, which will reduce the number of affected people and loss of life, lowering the environmental and economic costs due to damaged assets within society.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2016

Chemistry is fundamental to nanotechnology, as chemistry can prepare specifically tailored molecules to serve, in a bottom-up approach, as the building blocks for the fabrication of functional and structured nano-materials. Nanotechnology is the technology of the 21st century with applications from electronics to biotechnology and medicine. The next decade will thus be characterized by an increasing industrial demand for novel nanostructures with individual physical and chemical properties tuned to specific applications. This, in turn, requires increased flexibility and control over material composition, shape and resolution. To meet this demand the chemistry and the physics behind new and emerging nanoscale fabrication methods must be well understood and this understanding must be systematically deployed to advance these methods into commercially viable fabrication technologies. Simultaneously to ensure that Europe is a significant player in this economically and technologically important industry, the European nanotechnology industry must have access to well trained individuals with both the technical skills and a broad understanding of the physical and chemical parameters governing the performance of next generation processing techniques and, the skills and drive needed for further innovation and entrepreneurship in the nano-technology field. ELENA addresses these scientific and training needs by: i) studying the chemistry underpinning two emerging nano-technology writing techniques; Focused Electron Beam Induced Processing and Extreme Ultra Violet Lithography, ii) exploiting knowledge gained in (i) to develop these techniques such that they may be made commercially competitive, and iii) training a new generation of European scientists with a fundamental understanding of the physics and chemistry behind these processes and the mind set for innovation and entrepreneurship to provide an exemplar for up-skilling European nanotechnology industry.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENERGY.2012.8.8.1 | Award Amount: 4.49M | Year: 2013

Today climate change causes serious problems to the societies worldwide and Europe starts to feel its consequences. At the same time European community is facing economical problems. One of the main producers of greenhouse gases is the non sustainable energy production and use. Therefore there is an urgent need to reduce energy use in most cost effective way. PLEEC will gather cities with innovative planning and ambitious energy saving goals. It will identify technology, citizens behaviors and structure driven efficiency potentials within urban planning and key city aspects. PLEEC will assess the status of energy efficiency and energy flows in the participating European middle size cities. It will improve understanding of basic conditions for energy efficiency in the cities through joint activities between city planners and researchers on technology, citizens behavior and structures. By finding the optimal mix of all energy efficiency measures the model for strategic sustainable planning will be created together with the action plans for implementation and management. The model and the action plans will address key aspects relevant for the whole city. They will be supported by the public authorities on the highest political levels. Analysis of time line, the costs and pay-back periods will be done based on different regulatory and market conditions of the participating cities. The model will guide the cities to find the most cost effective implementation of the EU SET-Plan goals to reduce energy use in EU by 20% till 2020.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-ITN-2008 | Award Amount: 4.71M | Year: 2009

With progress in nanotechnology, biophysics, and polymer synthesis, colloidal science has reached a new level of importance. A large variety of complex colloids of different shapes, with binding specificity, and variable softness has been synthesized, opening quite exciting ways for engineering materials at the nanoscale. The purpose of COMPLOIDS is to obtain a fundamental understanding of the Physics governing the self-organization and the dynamical behavior of complex colloidal particles in the bulk, under confinement and out of equilibrium. For this purpose, the partners will consider a variety of novel, experimentally accessible colloidal systems that share the common properties of anisotropy, associativity and softness of their constituent particles. A well-coordinated combination of experiment, theory and simulation will explore the fundamental Physics, define similarities and differences between the systems considered and search for common underlying mechanisms of self-organization that are distinct to these complex and highly versatile colloidal systems. The technical objective of COMPLOIDS is to apply the gained knowledge with the goal of engineering novel materials in close collaboration with participating high-technology EU-companies. Young researchers will also profit from COMPLOIDS in a variety of ways. They will be exposed in high-level research working, within a highly connected and interdisciplinary team of researchers and developing state-of-the art tools in the Statistical Physics of Soft Matter. Further, they will attend world-rate graduate programs and courses in the participating academic partners and they will obtain hands-on experience of the industry sector through the participation of industrial partners.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.2 | Award Amount: 5.57M | Year: 2011

Highly efficient power electronics is needed for low volume and low weight future power conversion systems. The proposed project aims for the exploitation of novel gallium nitride (GaN) transistors for advanced switched power supplies. High voltage normally-off GaN power devices on Si substrates in vertical device architecture will be developed and its technology transferred to an European industrial environment. The devices are planned to reliably operate at elevated junction temperatures up to 225C. The project covers the full value added chain from substrate technology and epitaxy to complete power electronic system prototypes. It brings together experienced partners in automotive technology, power electronic system and circuit design, power semiconductor technology, high temperature packaging technologies, GaN power device technology including GaN on Si epitaxy as well as sophisticated device characterization and reliability evaluation techniques. Therefore very good prospects for a successful realization of the project targets and for a competitive implementation of the new devices in an industrial environment are seen.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.9.10 | Award Amount: 6.83M | Year: 2013

Society is progressively moving towards a socio-technical ecosystem in which the physical and virtual dimensions of life are more and more intertwined and where people interaction often takes place with or mediated by machines. The scale at which this is happening and the differences in culture, language and interests makes the problem of establishing effective communication and coordinated action increasingly challenging. So far, the attention has been mainly devoted to systems that provide or impose some form of harmonization or lightweight coordination of meaning and actions where machines do most of the computation and humans are at the periphery and only act as consumers. Our goal is to move towards a hybrid system where people and machines tightly work together to build a smarter society. We envision a new generation of Collective Adaptive Systems centred on the two foundational notions of compositionality and diversity where humans and machines compose by synergically complement each other thus bridging the semantic gap between low level machine and high level human interpretation of data and where they interoperate collectively to achieve their possibly conflicting goals both at individual and societal levels. Operationally, peers in the system will implement a continuous unlimited cycle in which data is sensed, interpreted, shared, elaborated and acted upon. Actions are taken on the basis of system suggestions and the way humans react to them, while generating new data thus alimenting the cycle ad infinitum.To meet this very ambitious goal the SmartSociety project will develop foundational principles for the operations and design of hybrid and diversity-aware collective adaptive systems, paving the way to the arising of a smarter form of society.

The European electricity system is facing major challenges to implement a strategy for a reliable, competitive and sustainable electricity supply. The development and the renewal of the transmission infrastructure are central and recognised issues in this strategy. Indeed the transmission system is a complex and strongly interconnected infrastructure that offers a wide range of benefits like reliability improvement, promotion of competitive electricity markets and of economic growth, support for development of new generation and for exploitation of renewable resources. Within this context, the objective of REALISEGRID is to develop a set of criteria, metrics, methods and tools (hereinafter called framework) to assess how the transmission infrastructure should be optimally developed to support the achievement of a reliable, competitive and sustainable electricity supply in the European Union (EU). The project encompasses three main activity-packages: 1) identification of performances and costs of novel technologies aimed at increasing capacity, reliability and flexibility of the transmission infrastructure; 2) definition of long term scenarios for the EU power sector, characterized by different evolutions of demand and supply; 3) implementation of a framework to facilitate harmonisation of pan-European approaches to electricity infrastructure evolution and to evaluate the overall benefits of transmission expansion investments. The expected output of the project is fourfold: - Implementation of the framework to assess the benefits provided by transmission infrastructure development to the pan-European power system. - Preparation of a roadmap for the incorporation of new transmission technologies in the electricity networks. - Analysis of impacts of different scenarios on future electricity exchanges among European countries. - Testing and application of the framework for the cost-benefit analysis of specific transmission projects.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.5 | Award Amount: 12.05M | Year: 2008

Photonics on CMOS is a candidate technology for applications where functional integration is needed for improving system performance while reducing size and cost.Functional demonstration of basic building blocks such as a laser, a detector, coupling, and link has been realized in previous research projects. As a next step the HELIOS project proposes to integrate photonics components with integrated circuits as a joint effort of major players of the European CMOS Photonics community, in order to enable an integrated design and fabrication chain that can be transferred to EU manufacturers.The objective of the project HELIOS is to combine a photonic layer with a CMOS circuit by different innovative means, using microelectronics fabrication processes.Different types of activities are foreseen:\tDevelopment of specific, high performance building blocks: WDM sources by III-V/Si heterogeneous integration, fast modulators and detectors, passive circuits and packaging. It also includes the development of dedicated TIA and modulators drivers.\tBuilding and optimization of the whole food chain to fabricate complex functional devices. Several components addressing different industrial needs will be built, including a 40Gb/s modulator, a 10x10 Gb/s transceiver, a Photonic QAM-10Gb/s wireless transmission system and a mixed analog and digital transceiver module for multifunction antennas.\tInvestigation of more promising but challenging alternative approaches. These concepts offer clear advantages in terms of integration on CMOS for the next generation of CMOS Photonics devices\tRoadmapping, dissemination and training, to strengthen the European research and industry in this field and to raise awareness of new users about the interest of CMOS Photonics.HELIOS will gather the major European CMOS Photonics and Electronics players and potential users. It will drive the European RTD in CMOS Photonics and pave the way for industrial development

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.8.2 | Award Amount: 9.14M | Year: 2010

The overall objectives of the AQUTE project are\nA) To develop quantum technologies based on atomic, molecular and optical (AMO) systems for\n* scalable quantum computation;\n* entanglement-enabled technologies like metrology and sensing.\nB) To establish and exploit new interdisciplinary connections, coming from AMO physics, but also including concepts and experimental settings of solid state systems, in order to\n* reinforce interdisciplinary links at the frontiers of quantum information science, and other fields of physics or science in general;\n* conceive and realize novel hybrid systems that couple in a coherent way physically different quantum degrees of freedom.\nObj. A will be pursued along two complementary directions:\n* a bottom-up approach, where individually trapped atomic particles are combined into elementary general-purpose quantum processors including qubit interconnects;\n* a top-down approach, where many-particle atomic systems are employed to realize special-purpose quantum processors, for instance quantum simulators.\nGroundbreaking work in qualitatively new directions is also needed to lay the foundations for the future attainment of scalable fault-tolerant architectures. AQUTE will thus also\n* investigate new experimental systems that have become available in the laboratory and are of direct relevance for QIFT;\n* optimize existing and develop novel theoretical concepts for quantum processing.\nObj. B connects atomic quantum technologies for QIFT to a wider context, by\n* exploring hybrid approaches to QIFT beyond AMO physics;\n* improving connections between QIFT and science in general, following the emergence of a new quantum paradigm at the frontier of nanosciences and information sciences.\nThese research lines determine the structuring of the AQUTE workplan into four deeply interrelated Sub-Projects: Entangling gates and quantum processors, Hybrid quantum systems and interconnects, Quantum Simulators and Quantum Technologies.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-21-2015 | Award Amount: 4.00M | Year: 2016

SET-Nav will support strategic decision making in Europes energy sector, enhancing innovation towards a clean, secure and efficient energy system. Our research will enable the EC, national governments and regulators to facilitate the development of optimal technology portfolios by market actors. We will comprehensively address critical uncertainties and derive appropriate policy and market responses. Our findings will support the further development of the SET-Plan and its implementation by continuous stakeholder involvement. These contributions of the SET-Nav project rest on three pillars: The wide range of objectives and analytical challenges set out by the call for proposals can only be met by developing a broad and technically-advanced modelling portfolio. Advancing this portfolio and enabling knowledge exchange via a modelling forum is our first pillar. The EUs energy, innovation and climate challenges define the direction of a future EU energy system, but the specific technology pathways are policy sensitive and need careful comparative evaluation. This is our second pillar. Using our strengthened modelling capabilities in an integrated modelling hierarchy, we will analyse multiple dimensions of impact of future pathways: sustainability, reliability and supply security, global competitiveness and efficiency. This analysis will combine bottom-up case studies linked to the full range of SET-Plan themes with holistic transformation pathways. Stakeholder dialogue and dissemination is the third pillar of SET-Nav. We have prepared for a lively stakeholder dialogue through a series of events on critical SET-Plan themes. The active involvement of stakeholders in a two-way feedback process will provide a reality check on our modelling assumptions and approaches, and ensure high policy relevance. Our aim is to ensure policy and market actors alike can navigate effectively through the diverse options available on energy innovation and system transformation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.6.4 | Award Amount: 4.59M | Year: 2013

The global demand for energy will challenge energy supply directly impacting the productivity for future growth and prosperity of cities. Stability and efficiency across multi domain energy grids are crucial. Coupling technologies like Combined Heat and Power (CHP) allow theses multi-utility grids to be considered and operated as Hybrid Energy Network increasing even more efficiency levels and reducing overall CO2 footprint. Although multi-dimensional synergies are increasingly apparent, they neither have been comprehensively investigated so far.\n\nIn this project, a Hybrid Energy network control system for Smart Cities will be elaborated implementing novel Cooperative Control Strategies for the optimal interactions between multiple in Coexistence operated energy grids. This will improve the existing hybrid network. Exploiting higher levels of ICT in all energy systems, methods for enabling simultaneous optimization for individual response requirements, energy efficiencies and energy savings as well as coupled operational, economic and social impacts will be developed by\n Enhanced realization of todays market by enhancing grid systems with physical coupling options and enhanced control strategies exploited by increasing level of smart infrastructure (metering, sensors, ICT infrastructure) for operation control including grid coupling devices, and adaptation of the monitoring systems advances available in the ICT Machine-to-Machine field, and incorporation sophisticated meteorological data for different time resolutions needs;\n Concept realizations in future markets through definition of cooperative algorithms for cross-grid control decisions capable of load balancing by optimizing multiple utilities demand, supply and storage preferences to integrate prosumers and utilizing respective control strategies in decision support system design for an energy control platform based on different new business models.\nThe demonstration targets will be two cities, Ulm in Germany and Skellefte in Sweden. The outcomes of the project, namely the Cooperative control Strategies for the Cooperative Coexistence of Hybrid Energy Networks will be integrated in the existing ICT infrastructure of the demo sites at the city of Ulm and the city of Skellefte.\nThe results of the evaluation will be concluded and highlight the lessons learnt throughout the different processes. All activities planned for the dissemination will facilitate the take-up of the results, in particular targeting ICT Providers, municipal authorities, representatives from distributor and energy system operators and stakeholders of the smart cities and communities to ensure the replication of the Cooperative Control strategy for the Cooperative Coexistence of Hybrid Energy Networks.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2015 | Award Amount: 648.00K | Year: 2016

The concept of parity-time (PT)-symmetry is extensively studied now owing to the ubiquitous applications within the fields of optics, photonics, and plasmonics. Among the many recent developments in PT-systems, the application of pseudo-Hermitian ideas not only promises a new generation of photonic and plasmonic components such as lasers, spasers, modulators, waveguides, and detectors, but also opens new avenues for innovative electronics architectures for signal manipulation from integrated circuits to antenna arrays, and allows for direct contact with cutting edge technological problems appearing in (nano)-antenna theory, split-ring resonator arrays, and metamaterials. More recently, potential applications have also been proposed in connection with magnetic and acoustic structures. The research activity we propose to carry out is focused on the theoretical and experimental study of the relation between the phase transitions in condensed matter physics and in photonics. The analogies between these two different fields will be crucial for the generation of novel optical devices that operate around exceptional points (EP). To address these problems, our project NHQWAVE (Non-Hermitian Quantum WAVe Engineering) will build up a team of researchers with a broad set of skills and abilities specializing in the theoretical and experimental investigation of pseudo-Hermitian systems enabling them to explore and develop new concepts and technologies. The project will be carried out by several groups in four countries with a broad range of expertise in quantum physics and optics. The proposed research activities focus on the following five topics of current interest: Symmetry breaking and exceptional points in complex lasers, superconducting quantum metamaterials, asymmetric wave and topological phenomena in non-hermitian lattices, computational methods for non-hermitian optics, as well as nonlinearity and non-hermiticity in complex photonic media.

Sichani M.T.,University of Aalborg | Nielsen S.R.K.,University of Aalborg | Bucher C.,Vienna University of Technology
Structural Safety | Year: 2011

The paper represents application of the asymptotic sampling on various structural models subjected to random excitations. A detailed study on the effect of different distributions of the so-called support points is performed. This study shows that the distribution of the support points has considerable effect on the final estimations of the method, in particular on the coefficient of variation of the estimated failure probability. Based on these observations, a simple optimization algorithm is proposed which distributes the support points so that the coefficient of variation of the method is minimized. Next, the method is applied on different cases of linear and nonlinear systems with a large number of random variables representing the dynamic excitation. The results show that asymptotic sampling is capable of providing good approximations of low failure probability events for very high dimensional reliability problems in structural dynamics. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2010-2 | Award Amount: 3.61M | Year: 2010

Lithography based additive manufacturing technologies (AMT) are capable of fabricating parts with excellent surface quality, good feature resolution and precision. With recent developments in the field of ultra-short-pulse lasers and light engines based on light emitting diodes, robust and economical light sources have become available. This project aims at developing integrated lithography-based additive manufacturing systems which will, for the first time, facilitate the processing of photopolymer-based materials for the factory of the future. The focus of the project is to unite industrial know-how in the field of supply chain management, software development, photopolymers and ceramics, high-performance light-sources, system integration and end-users in order to provide a fully integrated process chain at the end of the project. The consortium will rely on two core-technologies: (1) Digital light processing (DLP) based processes will be used to process ceramic-filled photopolymers, leading to fully dense ceramic parts at the end of the process chain. (2) Two photon polymerization (2PP) will be used to fabricate high-resolution structures with features in the range of 100-200nm. Both processes will be tuned to reduce system cost, and significantly increase throughput and reliability at the same time. Goal is to deliver first-time-right strategies for the involved end-users. This necessitates the development of supply chains with integrated quality sensors. Targeted applications include thread guides for textile machinery, ceramic moulds for the fabrication of high-performance turbine blades and microstructures for computer tomography equipment.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: Fission-2009-2.3.2 | Award Amount: 5.96M | Year: 2010

According to the recent publications of the European Technological Platform for a Sustainable Nuclear Energy (SNETP) (Vision report and Strategic Research Agenda) the sustainability require the combination of the present LWR, future Advanced Fast reactors and the waste minimization in closed cycles with Partitioning and Transmutation. To implement these new nuclear systems and their fuel cycles it is necessary to improve the accuracy, uncertainties and validation of related nuclear data and models, required for those systems but also for the experimental and demonstration facilities involved in the their validation. The project will include new nuclear data measurements, dedicated benchmarks, based on integral experiments, and improved evaluation and modeling specifically oriented to obtain high precision nuclear data for the major actinides present in advanced reactor fuels, to reduce uncertainties in new isotopes in closed cycles with waste minimisation and to better assess the uncertainties and correlations in their evaluation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2008.3.1.1. | Award Amount: 2.86M | Year: 2009

Pubtrans4all will develop a prototype vehicle-based boarding assistance system that can be built into new rail vehicles or retrofitted into existing rail vehicles to improve accessibility for all persons. Accessibility for rail vehicles is particularly problematic since rail vehicles have a long service life and so many currently inaccessible vehicles will remain in service well into the future. PubTrans4all will help make existing public transport systems more accessible, improving service for everyone. The PubTrans4all projects objective is to develop a standard boarding assistance system that can be used on many different types of rolling stock and infrastructures. The boarding assistance system will not simply be a device, but rather include contributing elements that make it possible to effectively use the device to access rail vehicles. The prototype will be developed by a multi-disciplinary consortium including users, public transport operators, academic researchers and manufacturers. As part of the process of developing the prototype boarding assistance system, the project will survey state of the art accessibility devices and make recommendations for best practices in the use and operation of these existing devices. The project will include an extensive dissemination program designed to communicate study results widely, but also to help inform the general public and decision-makers about the importance and challenges in providing accessibility for all. The PubTrans4all project will be completed by a well balanced and geographically diverse consortium. Especially beneficial is the participation of several Eastern European partners since accessibility is not sufficiently recognized as a problem in many of these countries. Accessibility for all is critical to creating an equitable, effective and efficient transport system. The project PubTrans4all will help build a fully accessible rail network.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2012.2.5-01 | Award Amount: 11.91M | Year: 2013

The AQUAVALENS consortium has brought together SMEs, Industries, Universities and Research Institutes with the mission of protecting the health of European Citizens from contaminated drinking water and water used in food processing. We will achieve this by developing sustainable technologies to enable water system managers whether in large or small water systems or within food growers or manufacturers to better control the safety of their water supplies. The work of the project is divided into four main clusters of work packages that sequentially lead to the development of appropriate technologies. These four clusters are: 1. Platform targets, 2. Platform development, 3. Field studies in European drinking water systems, and 4. Improving Public Health through safer water. In cluster 1 we shall generate new knowledge on the molecular genetics of viral, bacterial and parasitic waterborne pathogens. This will enable us to identify gene targets for the identification, and characterisation of these pathogens, that will also enable the determination of their virulence for humans. In cluster 2 we shall use the knowledge gained to develop new technologies that integrate sample preparation and detection into a single platform. These platforms will then be subject to a rigorous process of validation and standardisation. In cluster 3 we will use the validated platforms to undertake a series of field studies in large and small drinking water systems, and in food production. These field studies will generate new knowledge about the risk to public health from waterborne pathogens in Europe and also test the value of the technologies in the field. Finally in cluster 4 we test how these technologies can be used to protect human health, though improving the effectiveness of Water Safety Plans, adaptation to climate change, and control of outbreaks of infectious disease. We will also determine the sustainability and potential economic impacts of these technologies.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2011.1.1 | Award Amount: 5.55M | Year: 2012

NEWCOM# is a Network of Excellence (NoE) proposal submitted in response to challenge FP7-ICT-2011-8 1.1, Future Networks. A group of 14 partners in 14 different countries (12 of which come from the former FP7 NoE NEWCOM\\) decided to capitalize on the high degree of integration in research they already at-tained to build an NoE with the following objectives: i) to produce medium to long term results in the area of design and performance evaluation of wireless networks; ii) to strengthen the integration of partners re-search activities and agendas, both at the theoretical and experimental levels; iii) to foster Industry-academia cooperation, dissemination, and liaison by making academic research closer to industrial needs and interests; iv) to provide a unique training environment for a new generation of researchers in both theo-retical and experimental research; v) to contribute to the long-term sustainability of the NoE by creating a permanent environment for cooperative research.\nIn a Theoretical Research track, the NEWCOM# researchers will pursue long-term, interdisciplinary re-search on the most advanced aspects of wireless communications like Finding the Ultimate Limits of Com-munication Networks, Opportunistic and Cooperative Communications, Energy- and Bandwidth-Efficient Communications and Networking. A second track will be devoted to the EUropean lab of Wireless commu-nications for the future INternet, a federation of three sites in three European Countries that will host re-searchers working on a few general themes like Radio Interfaces, Internet of Things, and Flexible Communi-cation Terminals. The third track will have a number of initiatives to foster excellence like the creation of seasonal schools, a series of publication on journals and books, and an action directed towards strengthen-ing relations with European companies, which will participate to the NoE as Affiliate Partners, through a number of in-company dissemination events.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SEAC-1-2014 | Award Amount: 1.63M | Year: 2015

Many children lose their natural curiosity for how things function and interrelate to each other along the way into their lives as young adults. The Educational Robotics for STEM (ER4STEM) project aims to turn curious young children into young adults passionate about science and technology with a hands-on use case: robotics. The domain of robotics represents a multidisciplinary and highly innovative field encompassing physics, maths, informatics and even industrial design as well as social sciences. Moreover, due to various application domains, teamwork, creativity and entrepreneurial skills are required for the design, programming and innovative exploitation of robots and robotic services. Children are fascinated by such autonomous machines. This fascination and the variety of fields and topics covered make robotics a powerful idea to engage with. Young girls as well as boys can easily connect robots to their personal interests and share their ideas through these tangible artefacts. ER4STEM will refine, unify and enhance current European approaches to STEM education through robotics in one open operational and conceptual framework. The concept is founded on three important pillars of constructionism: 1. engaging with powerful ideas, 2. building on personal interests, and 3. learning through making (or presenting ideas with tangible artefacts). The ER4STEM framework will coherently offer students aged 7 to 18 as well as their educators different perspectives and approaches to find their interests and strengths in robotics to pursue STEM careers through robotics and semi-autonomous smart devices. At the same time students will learn about technology (e.g. circuits), about a domain (e.g. math) and acquire skills (e.g. collaborating, coding). Innovative approaches will be developed to achieve an integrated and consistent concept that picks children up at different ages, beginning in primary school and accompany them until graduation from secondary school.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY-2007-7.3-05 | Award Amount: 4.57M | Year: 2008

The overall impact from SUSPLAN is contribution to a substantially increased share of renewable energy sources (RES) in Europe at an acceptable level of cost, thereby increasing security of supply and competitiveness of RES industry. The results will ease PAN-European harmonisation and lead to a more integrated European energy market. The main objective is to develop guidelines for more efficient integration of RES into future infrastructures as a support for decision makers at regional as well as Pan-European level. The guidelines shall consist of strategies, recommendations, criteria and benchmarks for political, infrastructure and network decision makers and power distributors with a time perspective 2030-2050. The guidelines will be established by: (i) Performing comparative scenario analysis in selected representative regions and at a trans-national level based on real data, comprehensive multi-disciplinary knowledge and by using advanced quantitative models. The scenario studies will cover technical, market, socio-economic, legal, policy as well as environmental aspects. (ii) Application of a bottom-up approach by comparing regional and trans-national possibilities, challenges and barriers. (iii) Systematic evaluation and comparison of the future possibilities for development. (iv) Generalisation of the results. Through this process SUSPLAN will contribute to: - Improve and harmonise knowledge and consciousness in the different regions of EU regarding how to achieve more efficient integration of RES into future infrastructures - Make information easily available for all interested actors regarding scenarios for a sustainable development of the European energy system. The results will be disseminated by active participation of relevant actors from the representative regions in the project, by workshops, a web-page with open reports with results and a database with all data, which is possible to make open.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.4 | Award Amount: 3.67M | Year: 2011

Growing complexity of applications makes the integration of security and dependability an issue in many domains (e.g. energy supply, transportation, industrial control, aerospace, etc). The engineering of embedded systems needs to take these aspects into account. However, guaranteeing security and dependability in a situation of increasing system complexity is leading to unacceptable development cost and time to market, especially for SMEs, due to the price of tools. The main challenge of this project is supporting mixed criticality embedded systems on multicore open source virtualized platforms in such a way that the development, validation and certification efforts can be lower than the corresponding effort required on independent hardware platforms when using an appropriate methodology.\nAn approach to increasing maintainability and to avoid the growing validation and certification effort is to incorporate mechanisms that establish multiple partitions on the same hardware platform with strict temporal and spatial separation between the individual partitions. In this approach, applications with different levels of dependability can be placed in different partitions and can be validated (and certified if required) in isolation, the MultiPARTES approach. This allows the user to manage complexity while keeping down an escalation of the development effort, but this concept needs to be adapted and applied to multicore and heterogeneous multicore systems.\nThis project aims at developing tools and solutions based on mixed criticality virtualization systems for multicore platforms. The starting point for the virtualization support is XtratuM, a cost-effective open source hypervisor developed specifically for real-time embedded systems by one of the project participants (UPVLC) a hypervisor that is being increasingly used by the aerospace industry. Based on this approach, MultiPARTES will offer a rapid and cost-effective development support of dependable real-time embedded systems enabling critical and non critical applications to run on the same hardware platform.\nTo achieve this goal we will develop an innovative multicore-platform virtualization layer based on XtratuM. We will devise a methodology permitting the partitioning of multicore systems, thereby speeding up development and production of mixed-criticality applications based on the partitioning.\nWe will demonstrate these open virtualization solutions on COTS hardware platforms and on enhanced heterogeneous multicore hardware platforms to show the increase of time and space isolation, overcoming some of the COTS hardware limitations.\nThe results will be evaluated in case studies in three application sectors: wind power, video surveillance and aerospace.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 4.75M | Year: 2008

The BONE-proposal builds on the foundations laid out by the ePhoton/ONe projects in the previous Framework Programme. This Network of Excellence has brought together over several years the research activities within Europe in the field of Optical Networks and the BONE-project intends to validate this effort by stimulating a more intensified collaboration, exchange of researchers and building on Virtual Centres of Excellence that can serve to European industry with education and training, research tools and testlabs and pave the way to new technologies and architectures.\nThe Network of the Future, which is the central theme of this Call, will have to cope with a wide variety of applications running on a wide variety of terminals and with an increasing number of connected devices and increasing speed and data-loads. The BONE-proposal does not look into issues as convergence between mobile and fixed networks, nor does it consider issues regarding the optimised broadband access in the last mile using a wide variety of technologies such as DSL, cable, WiMAX, WiFi, PLC,... The BONE-proposal looks further into the future and takes as the final Network of the Future:\n- a high capacity, flexible, reconfigurable and self-healing optical Core and Metro network which supports the transport of massive amounts of data\n- a FTTx solution in which the x is as close as possible to the home, at the home, or even in the home. From this point the user is connected using terminal-specific technologies (wireless to handheld devices, fiber to home cinema, wireless to laptop, fixed connection to desktop,...)\nBONE clearly identifies the existence of the current technologies and also recognizes the fact that users also require the mobility of wireless access, but this mobile connection ends at a gateway or access points and from there a fixed connection is required and this fixed connection will finally be an optical link.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENERGY-2007-9.1-01 | Award Amount: 3.77M | Year: 2008

The SECURE project will build a comprehensive framework that considers all the issues related to the topic of security of supply, including geopolitics, price formation and the economic and technical design of energy markets inside and outside the EU. Tools, methods and models will be developed to measure and assess EU security of energy supply both outside the EU and inside the EU. The objective is to evaluate the vulnerability of the EU to the different risks which affect energy supplies in order to help optimizing the Unions energy insecurity mitigation strategies, including infrastructure investment, demand side management and dialogue with producing countries. This project will develop energy security indicators for all the major energy sources in order to identify the risk factors and quantify the EU exposure to volume and price risks in the short and long terms, including impacts of severe accidents and terrorist threats. Costs and benefits (both measurable and perceived) of energy security will be evaluated for different energy supply/demand scenarios to help policy makers providing the most appropriate institutional, political and industrial solutions. All major energy sources and technologies (oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear, renewables and electricity) will be addressed from upstream to downstream with both a global and sectoral analysis studying in depth issues such as technical, economic/regulatory and geopolitical risks. The analysis will also integrate demand as a key issue related to energy security. The SECURE project has both a strong quantitative and qualitative component and will at the end not only provide a comprehensive methodological and quantitative framework to measure energy security of supply, but it will also propose policy recommendations on how to improve energy security taking into account costs, benefits and risks of various policy choices.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.3.3 | Award Amount: 5.77M | Year: 2008

The ArtistDesign NoE is the visible result of the ongoing integration of a community, that emerged through the Artist FP5 Accompanying Measure and that was organised through the Artist2 FP6 NoE.\nThe central objective for ArtistDesign is to build on existing structures and links forged in Artist2, to become a virtual Center of Excellence in Embedded Systems Design. This will be mainly achieved through tight integration between the central players of the European research community. Also, the consortium is smaller, and integrates several new partners. These teams have already established a long-term vision for embedded systems in Europe, which advances the emergence of Embedded Systems as a mature discipline.\nArtistDesign will become the main focal point for dissemination in Embedded Systems Design, leveraging on well-established infrastructure and links, such as a web portal and newsletter. It will extend its dissemination activities, including Education and Training, Industrial Applications, as well as International Collaboration. ArtistDesign will establish durable relationships with industry and SMEs in the area, especially through ARTEMISIA/ARTEMIS.\nArtistDesign will build on existing international visibility and recognition, to play a leading role in structuring the area.\nThe research effort aims to integrate topics, teams, and competencies, grouped into 4 Thematic Clusters: Modelling and Validation, Software Synthesis, Code Generation, and Timing Analysis, Operating Systems and Networks, Platforms and MPSoC. Transversal Integration covering both industrial applications and design issues aims for integration between clusters.\nArtistDesign has defined a four-year workprogramme, with a strong commitment to integration and sustainability. To achieve the aims, the estimated support from the EC is approximately 4.5 MEuros. This support is a very small proportion of the overall investment by the core partners.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: KBBE-2007-3-2-03 | Award Amount: 7.44M | Year: 2008

Enzymes are extremely powerful natural catalysts able to perform almost any type of chemical reaction while being mild by nature and highly specific. In fact, the delicate functioning of enzymes forms the basis of every living creature. The catalytic potential of enzymes is more and more appreciated by the industry as many industrial processes rely on these sophisticated catalysts. However, the number of reactions catalyzed by enzymes is restricted as enzymes only have evolved to catalyze reactions that are physiologically relevant. Furthermore, enzymes have adapted to the direct (cellular) environment in which they have to function (e.g. operative at ambient temperature, resilient towards proteolysis, catalytic turnover rate should fit with metabolic enzyme partners). This excludes the existence of enzymes that do not fit within boundaries set by nature. It is a great challenge to go beyond these natural boundaries and develop methodologies to design unnatural tailor-made enzymes. Ideally it should become possible to (re)design enzymes to convert pre-defined substrates. Such designer enzymes could theoretically exhibit unsurpassed catalytic properties and, obviously, will be of significant interest for industrial biotechnology. The OXYGREEN project aims at the design and construction of novel oxygenating enzymes (designer oxygenases) for the production of compounds that can be used in medicine, food and agriculture and the development of novel powerful and generic enzyme redesign tools for this purpose. The enzymes and whole-cell biocatalysts that will be developed should catalyze the specific incorporation of oxygen to afford synthesis of bioactive compounds in a selective and clean way, with minimal side products and with no use of toxic materials. For this, generic platform technologies (novel high-throughput methodology and methods for engineering dedicated host cells) will be developed that allow effective structure-inspired directed evolution of enzyme.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: MG-4.1-2014 | Award Amount: 25.11M | Year: 2015

The project HERCULES-2 is targeting at a fuel-flexible large marine engine, optimally adaptive to its operating environment. The objectives of the HERCULES-2 project are associated to 4 areas of engine integrated R&D: Improving fuel flexibility for seamless switching between different fuel types, including non-conventional fuels. Formulating new materials to support high temperature component applications. Developing adaptive control methodologies to retain performance over the powerplant lifetime. Achieving near-zero emissions, via combined integrated aftertreatment of exhaust gases. The HERCULES-2 is the next phase of the R&D programme HERCULES on large engine technologies, which was initiated in 2004 as a joint vision by the two major European engine manufacturer groups MAN and WARTSILA. Three consecutive projects namely HERCULES - A, -B, -C spanned the years 2004-2014. These three projects produced exceptional results and received worldwide acclaim. The targets of HERCULES-2 build upon and surpass the targets of the previous HERCULES projects, going beyond the limits set by the regulatory authorities. By combining cutting-edge technologies, the Project overall aims at significant fuel consumption and emission reduction targets using integrated solutions, which can quickly mature into commercially available products. Focusing on the applications, the project includes several full-scale prototypes and shipboard demonstrators. The project HERCULES-2 comprises 4 R&D Work Package Groups (WPG): - WPG I: Fuel flexible engine - WPG II: New Materials (Applications in engines) - WPG III: Adaptive Powerplant for Lifetime Performance - WPG IV: Near-Zero Emissions Engine The consortium comprises 32 partners of which 30% are Industrial and 70% are Universities / Research Institutes. The Budget share is 63% Industry and 37% Universities. The HERCULES-2 proposal covers with authority and in full the Work Programme scope B1 of MG.4.1-2014.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: EO-1-2015 | Award Amount: 2.14M | Year: 2016

The overall objective of APOLLO is to develop a commercial platform that will provide a suite of farm management advisory services specifically designed to address the needs of small farmers. APOLLO will use state-of-the-art methodologies for the calculation of agricultural parameters based on EO data, taking advantage of the improved spatial and temporal coverage of the new Sentinels. APOLLO will produce data on agricultural parameters through available EO, meteorological, and auxiliary data. Especially for the calculation of soil moisture, SAR images will be used for the first time with Sentinel-1, making it possible to obtain maps with a spatial and temporal resolution not achievable before. Based on the agricultural parameters calculated, a suite of farm management services (tillage scheduling, irrigation scheduling, crop growth monitoring, and crop yield estimation) will be developed, and will be delivered through a web and mobile interface. The service requirements will be elaborated in close collaboration with end users. APOLLO services will be cost-effective and affordable, thanks to access to free and open Copernicus data, an automated processing chain for the delivery of agricultural variables, independence from the need for ground-based sensors, and the pioneering use of Sentinel-1 data for estimating soil moisture information. The APOLLO platform and business case will be validated through pilot testing in Spain, Greece, and Serbia, with the participation of small farmers, agricultural consultants, farmers associations, and SMEs providing farm management services. A business strategy for the take-up of APOLLO will be developed, assessing the operational sustainability of the platform based on market revenues. According to the preliminary business plan developed, APOLLO has the potential for a Return On Investment (ROI) of 18% - 51% in 3 years (for the low and high uptake scenario, respectively).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-24-2015 | Award Amount: 2.50M | Year: 2016

The FP7 coordination action RockEU has been extremely successful in building a strong European robotics community, leading to the creation of euRobotics aisbl - the private partner of the SPARC PPP and development of the Strategic Research Agenda and the Multi-Annual Roadmap, which are the main guidelines for shaping European robotics R&D&I. RockEU2 builds on and extends this successful community integration by providing analysis of innovation and skills and by developing major outreach activities. This extension is achieved by intensifying and strengthening collaboration within the community and by taking a leading role in the development of strategy. This includes activities in market observation, technology watch, innovation support, analysis of funded proposals, regulations assessment, and standardisation support. RockEU2 aims to Intensifying cooperation with international funding agencies (e.g. for joint calls), policy makers, and end-users as key enablers in the R&D&I process that contribute to the outreach and innovation themes. Outreach to the cognitive science community is another key part of this proposal. Improving the uptake of cognitive sciences results by the robotics community is an important target, leading to more innovative robotics products and applications, boosting innovation. Integration of activities started by the FP7-funded CAs euRathlon and RoCKIn on using robot competitions to foster research and innovation has great potential for improved public awareness of European robotics. Participation in robot competitions is attractive for young researchers and develops excellent engineering skills. The impact of robot competitions both for public awareness as well as for industry will be analysed and its results will influence the roadmap for future European robot competitions and outreach campaigns. The consortium consists of partners playing key roles in their respective communities and contributing unique competences to the consortium

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-1 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2009

The CAP reform for the tobacco sector (EG Nr. 864/2004 from April 29, 2004, effective on January 1, 2006) has the aim to phase out the subsidy payment for tobacco cultivation. This will have a great impact on the tobacco growers in terms of income and employment. The project addresses a specific scientific and technological problem, as well as societal. It is exploring the possibilities to replace partially the tobacco production by the production of Stevia rebaudiana. Therefore the DIVAS proposal has the strategic objective to solve a problem of livelihood for EU tobacco farmers integrated in the DIVAS project (SME Partner). The SME partners of the DIVAS proposal represent a total of 9,7% of the Tobacco farms in Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain which cultivate together about 5% of the Tobacco cultivation area of the above mentioned countries. This shall be done by setting up a consortium of seven SMEs of the agricultural Tobacco sector and eight subcontracted RTD performers with complementary expertise responsible for the execution of the following work packages: WP2 Field trials: Evaluation of five Stevia rebaudiana varieties yield potential in selected Tobacco growing region in EU WP3 Specification: Chemical characterisation of Stevia leaves to develop an European Standard for the Stevia leaves for a Novel Food approach WP3 Consumer Acceptance: Sensory evaluation, antioxidative potential examination and consumer expectations. WP5 Market Research: An up-to-date market potential assessment for Stevia rebaudiana and related products shall be compiled WP6 Dissemination: To develop a trans-European co-operation of EU tobacco farmers within the Stevia business WP7 Training: Set-up a network for vocational training on the needs of the Tobacco farmers to match the impact of the Tobacco reform on the educational level The results will transfer producers growing unhealthy plants to a new stage the protection of human health.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2008-2.6-2 | Award Amount: 1.24M | Year: 2009

The proposed consortium focuses on a collaborative effort of developing novel techniques and paradigms concerning theoretical modelling of nano-scale advanced materials. The objectives are to identify novel methodologies and to identify appropriate approximations to successfully undertake simulations of the materials which are to be used in our future society. An important aspects here is to be able to carry out this development all the way from ide and concept to working computer soft-wares. In addition to this technical development we will focus on establishing knowledge concerning an emerging class of materials; nano-scaled materials with potential for tailored properties and potential for novel functionality. Training of younger scientists forms a natural aspect of this ambition, and is a strategically relevant outcome of our planned efforts. Finally, it is envisaged that the collaboration will enable an intensified collaboration between European and Indian research laboratories and universities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EE-05-2016 | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2016

HotMaps will develop, demonstrate and disseminate a toolbox to support public authorities, energy agencies and planners in strategic heating and cooling planning on local, regional and national levels, and in-line with EU policies. The toolbox will facilitate the following tasks on a spatially disaggregated level: (1) Mapping heating and cooling energy situation including renewable and waste heat potentials in GIS layers; (2) Model the energy system, considering hourly matching of supply and demand, demand response etc.; (3) Supporting the comprehensive assessment of efficient heating and cooling according to the Energy Efficiency Directive; (4) Comparative assessment of supply and demand options and of given scenarios until 2050 regarding e. g. CO2-emissions, costs, share of renewables. An open data set for EU-28 will be created to perform those tasks in virtually any EU region up to a 250x250m level, which will reduce barriers for authorities to heating and cooling planning. HotMaps will allow for updating locally available data and links to existing models. The software will be developed in close cooperation with the target group, within the consortium and beyond. Moreover, the toolbox will be validated and demonstrated in 7 pilot areas to provide a tested and user friendly software entirely based on user needs. In the proposal we present a strategy how to ensure the wide usability, adjustability and application of the toolbox within and beyond the project duration: (1) The consortium is fully committed to the open source idea: All EU-28 data and the source code will be open and we will link with open source energy modelling communities; (2) Training activities will be carried out, including a strategy how to continue after the project; (3) Academic partners will train students on HotMaps in their teaching activities. Our consortium includes leading experts on energy planning in Europe, modelling and tool development, dissemination and various public authorities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2010-1.1.32 | Award Amount: 11.03M | Year: 2010

ENSAR is the Integrating Activity of Nuclear Scientists from almost all European countries performing research in three of the major subfields of Nuclear Physics: Nuclear Structure, Nuclear Astrophysics and Applications of Nuclear Science. It proposes an optimised ensemble of Networking (NAs), Transnational Access and Joint Research Activities (JRAs), which will ensure qualitative and quantitative improvement of the access provided by the current seven infrastructures, which are at the core of this proposal. The novel and innovative developments that will be achieved by the RTD activities will also assure state-of-the-art technology needed for the new large-scale projects. Our community of nuclear scientists profits from the diverse range of world-class research infrastructures in Europe that can supply different ion beams and energies. We have made great efforts to make the most efficient use of these facilities by developing the most advanced and novel equipment needed to pursue their excellent scientific programmes and applying state-of-the-art developments in nuclear instrumentation to other research fields and to benefit humanity (e.g. archaeology, medical imaging). Together with multidisciplinary and application-oriented research at the facilities these activities ensure a high-level socioeconomic impact. To enhance the access to these facilities, the community has defined a number of JRAs, using as main criterion scientific and technical promise. These activities deal with novel and innovative technologies to improve the operation of the facilities. In addition, a key JRA aims at integrating the laboratories in Central and South-Eastern European countries with those elsewhere in Europe. The NAs of ENSAR have been set-up with specific actions to strengthen the communities coherence around certain research topics and to ensure a broad dissemination of results and stimulate multidisciplinary and application-oriented research at the Research Infrastructures.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.40M | Year: 2014

The purpose of the SIMDALEE2 (Sources, Interaction with Matter, Detection and Analysis of Low Energy Electrons) network is to establish a world-class research training platform for the science and technology of nanoscale manipulation and analysis using low energy electrons. Apart from an effective and well-structured training programme, the network will pursue the following scientific goals: (1) optimizing beam size by correlating contemporary field emission (FE) theory with high resolution holographic measurements of magnetic and electric fields of FE tips with different shapes, both with and without primary electron optics; (2) putting the understanding of the contrast mechanism of electron beam techniques on a sound footing by comparing physical models with novel benchmark spectra acquired using a coincidence technique; (3) improving detection as well as understanding of emitted energy-, angular-, and spin-dependent spectra. This issue will be addressed for the common case of detectors in the a field-free environment, and for the special case when the emitted electrons encounter an electric field prior to detection; (4) Electron beam modification of nanostructured surfaces; (5) Progress in the aforementioned fields will lead to the development of an innovative prototypical methodology for nanoscale characterization with electron beams in the form of a compact desktop-type Near-Field-Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (NFESEM). Finally, (6) the economic impact and feasibility of low energy electron beam methodology will be investigated within the project. Accordingly, the ESRs and ERs will develop and acquire experience on a comprehensive methodology beneficial for any industrial or academic laboratory employing or developing electron beam techniques for natural science studies, as well as for biology and engineering. Their participation in this interdisciplinary and intersectoral network will greatly further their career opprtunities in S&T in Europe.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: HEALTH-2007-2.1.1-6 | Award Amount: 16.02M | Year: 2008

Lipids are central to the regulation and control of cellular processes by acting as basic building units for biomembranes, the platforms for the vast majority of cellular functions. Recent developments in lipid mass spectrometry have set the scene for a completely new way to understand the composition of membranes, cells and tissues in space and time by allowing the precise identification and quantification of alterations of the total lipid profile after specific perturbations. In combination with advanced proteome and transcriptome analysis tools and novel imaging techniques using RNA interference, it is now possible to unravel the complex network between lipids, genes and proteins in an integrated lipidomics approach. This project application of the European Lipidomics Initiative (ELife; will address lipid droplets (LD) as dynamic organelles with regard to composition, metabolism and regulation. LD are the hallmark of energy overload diseases with a major health care impact in Europe. The project will exploit recent advances in lipidomics to establish high-throughput methods to define drugable targets and novel biomarkers related to LD lipid and protein species, their interaction and regulation during assembly, disassembly and storage. Translational research from mouse to man applied to LD pathology is a cornerstone of this project at the interface between research and development. To maximize the value of the assembled data generated throughout the project, LipidomicNet as a detailed special purpose Wiki formate data base will be developed and integrated into the existing Lipidomics Expertise Platform (LEP) established through the SSA ELife project ( ELife collaborates with the NIH initiative LIPID MAPS ( and the Japanese pendant Lipidbank ( and is connected to the Danubian Biobank consortium (SSA DanuBiobank, for clinical lipidomics.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FoF-02-2014 | Award Amount: 5.73M | Year: 2015

The overall objective of the REProMag project is to develop and validate an innovative, resource-efficient manufacturing route (SDS process) for Rare Earth magnets that allows for the economically efficient production of net-shape magnetic parts with complex structures and geometries, while being 100% waste-free along the whole manufacturing chain. The new Shaping, Debinding and Sintering (SDS) process for Rare Earth magnets is an innovative automated manufacturing route to realise complex 3D- and multilayered parts; resulting in a significant increase in the material efficiency of at least 30% during manufacturing; while at the same time allowing additional geometrical features such as threads, cooling channels, small laminations/segments (e.g. to increase the efficiency of electrical motors) and structural optimisations such as lightweight-structures or the joint-free realisation. As part of the project, the possibility to produce hybrid parts such as an improved moving-coil transducer for headphones, loudspeakers and microphones will be evaluated. The SDS process allows a new level of sustainability in production, as the energy efficiency along the whole manufacturing chain can be increased by more than 30% when compared to conventional production routes. Moreover, the used raw material is 100% recycled and can be again recycled in the same way at the end of the lifetime of the products. In short, the innovative REProMag SDS process has the potential to manufacture complex structures of high quality and productivity with minimum use of material and energy, resulting in significant economic advantages compared to conventional manufacturing. The REProMag project is a highly innovative combination of applied research, technology development and integration, resulting in small-scale prototypes and a closely connected demonstration activity clearly showing the technical feasibility of the REProMag SDS processing route in a near to operational environment.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-1 | Award Amount: 1.45M | Year: 2011

The proposed project is focused on supporting more than 60 000 SMEs that produce wood products in the EU, by reducing their energy consumption. EU industrial wood product manufacturers are coming under increased competition from imports and are looking to reduce their costs. About 11% of industrial wood products in the EU are coated with UV curable coatings, which contain zero VOCs and are fast curing. UV LED lamps, which emit near-UV radiation, are 60-80% more energy efficient than conventional UV lamps and have environmental, health and safety benefits, but UV LED cured coatings cure much slower than coatings cured with traditional UV lamps, even under an inert atmosphere. The technological objective of the UVLED project is to enable UV coatings to cure using UV LED lamps at the same rate as conventional UV curing, without the need for an inert atmosphere. Our approach is to prepare new, high efficiency near-UV photoinitiator packages, by developing novel silicon- and germanium-based photoinitiators and new chemical methods of overcoming oxygen inhibition. As a result of the UVLED project, we expect to improve our collective competitiveness and generate increased sales of coating and equipment products into the EU industrial wood products market of at least 106M over a 5 year period. In addition, we estimate that an end-user with just one UV curing unit would save about 13K in energy costs per year, compared to the use of conventional UV curing lamp systems. We therefore expect to improve the competitiveness of the European coated wood products industry. Our consortium includes 4 SMEs that represent different aspects of the supply chain from photoinitiator manufacturer to the wood applicator. Although this project focuses on UV LED industrial wood coatings, the materials developed have extensive application to inks, vinyl flooring and conformal coatings too. Therefore this technology has considerable potential value outside the defined scope of this project

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FoF-02-2014 | Award Amount: 3.16M | Year: 2015

Lithography based additive manufacturing technologies (L-AMT) are capable of fabricating parts with excellent surface quality, good feature resolution and precision. ToMax aims at developing integrated lithography-based additive manufacturing systems for the fabrication of ceramic parts with high shape complexity. The focus of the project is to unite industrial know-how in the field of software development, photopolymers and ceramics, high-performance light-sources, system integration, life cycle analysis, industrial exploitation and rewarding end-user cases. The consortium will provide 3D-printers with high throughput and outstanding materials and energy efficiency. The project is clearly industrially driven, with 8 out of 10 partner being SMEs or industry. Targeted end-use applications include ceramics for aerospace engineering, medical devices and energy efficient lighting applications. The consortium is aiming to exploit disruptive applications of L-AMT by developing process chains beyond the current state of the art, with the dedicated goal to provide manufacturing technologies for European Factories of the Future. By relying on L-AMT, ToMax the following objectives are targeted: (1) ToMax will provide methods which are 75% more material efficient with respect to traditional manufacturing (2) Are 25% more material efficient with respect to current AMT approaches by using computational modelling to optimize geometries and by providing recyclable wash-away supports. (3) ToMax will provide methods which are 35% more energy efficient that current AMT approaches by developing 50% faster thermal processing procedures. (4) Incorporate recycling for the first time in L-AMT of engineering ceramics Overall, the consortium will provide innovative, resource efficient manufacturing processes. ToMax will develop energy-efficient machinery and processes, with a focus on manufacturing of alumina, silicon nitride and cermet parts with high shape complexity.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-1 | Award Amount: 1.20M | Year: 2009

The use of computer tomography (CT) imaging is steadily increasing in the ever growing bone implant/surgery and tissue engineering market, although commercial exploitation of CT data for structural design purposes is still based on trial-and-error approaches. This is because X-ray attenuation information is reduced to geometric grey level evaluation. However, on the academic stage, a transnational team of highly esteemed applied physicists, material scientists, engineering mechanicians, and mathematicians has recently pioneered concepts for extraction of chemical information from CT, and of its conversion, via micromechanics laws, into object specific, inhomogeneous and anisotropic material properties. We here propose R\D activities to substantiate this cutting-edge knowledge into unparalleled, highly reliable simulation tools for structural design purposes. Most of the work load related to these R\D activities will be carried by the RTD partners, which will (upon reimbursement) transfer the simulation tools to four highly innovative SME partners covering all aspects of the bone biomaterial/surgery preplanning market, being leaders in the fields of biomaterial production, of micro and nano-CT scanner development, of image-to-geometry/mesh conversion, and of Finite Element simulation technologies. As a result of the R\D activities being carried out in close cooperation with SMEs, the latter will be, upon completion of the project, the owners of ready-to-use software packages tailored to SME-specific needs, with rapid time-to-market characteristics. The uniqueness of these products will tremendously improve the strategic market positions of the SMEs, which are expected to generate annual revenues being already multiples of the singular EC contribution when just considering the submarkets of preplanning dental/orthopaedic surgery and bone tissue engineering research. This will trigger SME growth rates exceeding 30%, both in turnover and employment.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SEC-2011.4.2-2 | Award Amount: 17.31M | Year: 2012

Recent dramatic events such as the earthquakes in Haiti and LAquila or the flooding in Pakistan have shown that local civil authorities and emergency services have difficulties with adequately managing crises. The result is that these crises lead to major disruption of the whole local society. The goal of ICARUS is to decrease the total cost (both in human lives and in ) of a major crisis. In order to realise this goal, the ICARUS project proposes to equip first responders with a comprehensive and integrated set of unmanned search and rescue tools, to increase the situational awareness of human crisis managers and to assist search and rescue teams for dealing with the difficult and dangerous, but life-saving task of finding human survivors. As every crisis is different, it is impossible to provide one solution which fits all needs. Therefore, the ICARUS project will concentrate on developing components or building blocks that can be directly used by the crisis managers when arriving on the field. The ICARUS tools consist of assistive unmanned air, ground and sea vehicles, equipped with human detection sensors. The ICARUS unmanned vehicles are intended as the first explorers of the area, as well as in-situ supporters to act as safeguards to human personnel. The unmanned vehicles collaborate as a coordinated team, communicating via ad hoc cognitive radio networking. To ensure optimal human-robot collaboration, these ICARUS tools are seamlessly integrated into the C4I equipment of the human crisis managers and a set of training and support tools is provided to the human crisis to learn to use the ICARUS system. Furthermore, the project aims to provide an integrated proof-of-concept solution, to be evaluated by a board of expert end-users that can verify that operational needs are addressed.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SEC-2013-1.6-4 | Award Amount: 16.64M | Year: 2014

The purpose of Project VALCRI is to create a Visual Analytics-based sense-making capability for criminal intelligence analysis by developing and integrating a number of technologies into a coherent working environment for the analyst we call the Reasoning Workspace. Conceptually, the Reasoning Workspace comprises three areas: (i) a Data Space which will enable an analyst to see what data and themes exist, (ii) an Analysis Space to which data can be brought into to carry out various computational analyses including statistical and text analysis, and (iii) a Hypothesis Space that will enable the analysts to assemble their evidence into coherent arguments that lead to meaningful and valid conclusions. The user interface will be rooted in the concepts of Visual Analytics the emerging science of analytical reasoning facilitated by visual interactive interfaces (Thomas and Cook, 2004), and specially designed to support the interactive dynamics (Heer and Shneiderman, 2012) required to enable real-time analytic interaction with data. The design of the user interface will move away from the traditional windows and list of lists views for presenting data, and instead to create information objects that may be directly manipulated and freely organised visuo-spatially by the analysts so that location and spatial groupings have meaning and can be manipulated directly by selection and dragging; or we can initiate Boolean operations on the content of the two or more clusters by dragging one cluster onto another. In addition, the presentation of multiple views of the information objects, in the form of network graphs, timelines, geo-spatial etc. can lead to further insight, especially when interactivity is enabled. This tight coupling between visualisation and computation is crucial for developing and maintaining cognitive momentum, the train of thought that enables creativity and sense-making.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME-AG | Phase: SME-2011-2 | Award Amount: 2.86M | Year: 2011

The objective of this project is to offer to the SMEs Associations the first integrated management solution for supporting vine growers throughout vineyard life cycle, from planting to harvesting, aiming at addressing quality and production variability issues by means of an advanced Decision Support System (DSS). This DSS will be based on the output of well established and consolidated models applied to viticulture, and will assist the users in day to day management procedures, thanks to a user friendly web interface, assessing for instance the unique watering needs of each single parcel, controlling the growth phase of the grape, along with its vigour and maturity, optimizing at the same time the usage of fertilizers and parasiticides and limiting operators intervention on the soil and on the plant. With the application of information technologies it will be possible to fine tune wine production within the vineyard, maximising the oenological potential of the vineyards, and providing the vine-growers with the following, continuously up to date information: 1)Indication on the type of grape to be grown in the vineyard, being able to differentiate the production in case several zones of the vineyard present different agronomical features; 2)Indication of the ripeness of the grapes; 3) Real time indication, through micro-meteorological stations, of the soil properties, weather forecasts, and other parameters (fertilizing, irrigation, etc.)that can influence both yield but most importantly quality of the harvesting. 4) Indication of soil variability, which is one of the key factors that can affect vine growth fruit development, quality and yield; 5) indications of the zone at risk of fungi or parasites attack; 6) understanding and managing the dynamics of soil, water and phenological stages.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2009.5.1.1 | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2010

The main difficulty with carbon capture is high energy penalty and costs for gas separation processes, common for pre-combustion capture, post-combustion capture and oxyfuel combustion. The fundamental novelty of chemical looping combustion (CLC) is that no gas separation step is needed at all. Metal oxides are used to transport oxygen from an air reactor to a fuel reactor. The principle ideally allows elimination of the capture penalty. Circulating fluidized bed (CFB) technology is used, for which there is long commercial experience in power industry with conventional combustion. Moreover, in contrast to pre- and post-combustion capture, CLC reaches capture rates of 100%. In previous EU-projects, CLC for gaseous fuels has developed from paper concept to 120 kW fuel power. Satisfactory fuel conversion performance has been achieved with several nickel-based oxygen carrier materials. However, nickel-based materials are expensive and require special environmental/safety precautions. A focused search for alternative materials with comparable performance is without doubt the most important task to improve this technology. The key challenge is to make CLC less dependent on expensive nickel-based oxygen carrier materials. This project addresses this by investigating two groups of particles: (i) nickel-free materials with and without taking advantage of molecular oxygen uncoupling (CLOU); (ii) the mixed oxides concept, using mainly non-nickel materials with high reactivity towards CO/H2, together with a minor fraction of particles of reduced nickel content acting as reforming catalyst (i.e. transferring CH4 to CO/H2). Oxygen carrier particles will be prepared and investigated using available laboratory reactor equipment. Subsequently, production of large batches will be investigated for the most promising candidates. Existing CLC units at a scale of 10-200 kW will be used to investigate real life performance and operation stability.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2007-2.1-2 | Award Amount: 4.74M | Year: 2008

The project aims at the development of a new type of coatings based on Complex Metallic Alloys (CMA). This is a family of ternary and quaternary alloys which exhibit unexpected properties. The CMAs Al61.5Cu25.3Fe12.2 B1 and Al59.5Cu25.3Fe12.2 B3 consist only of metals, which show not metallic- but ceramic-like behaviour. Moreover, the bulk versions of these quasicrystals have proven outstanding properties as extremely low surface energy (wetting) and highest fretting wear resistance. The CMA AlMgB14 is known to be the hardest material after diamond. However, until now these outstanding properties could not be realised as coatings. First trials to develop coating processes were not successful, but showed reasonable concepts to solve the problems. The appliCMA project will focus on the development of PVD deposited coatings based on these three well-specified compositions. Following the mentioned outstanding properties of the three CMAs, the project is driven by applications for which they offer a remarkable step forward: tools for cutting, forming, extrusion dies, moulds for injection moulding, coated cookers oven for less sticking, fretting resistant coatings for aeroplanes, but also coatings of stamps for Nano-Imprint-Technology (NIL). The project includes 9 researchers and 8 industries (including SME) in 8 member and associated state of the EU. They will deal with the fine tailoring of coatings and the processing of surface layers by PVD processes. Measurements of the micro/nano topography, electronic structure, phase transformations, microstructure and adhesion of the CMA coatings will be realized. The project will start with lab samples tested in lab facilities and will end with demonstrators tested in application related tests by end users. The project studies also fundamental mechanisms of the phase transitions in the manufacturing process of the targeted coatings, friction on these materials and simulation of friction in the forming applications.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: EeB.NMP.2013-6 | Award Amount: 13.85M | Year: 2013

CommONEnergy focuses on existing shopping malls to be refurbished and buildings with a different original function, redesigned to become shopping malls. Wholesales&Retail buildings represent 28% of the total non-residential building stock (BPIE, 2010), accounting for approximately 157 Mtoe in 2005 (EU EEAP). Considering typical shopping malls high impact on modern society (ICSC, 2008), the project addresses their transformation as lighthouses of energy efficient architectures and systems as well as assessment transparency. CommONEnergy has the objective to re-conceptualize shopping malls through deep retrofitting, develop a systemic approach made of technologies and solution sets as well as methods and tools to support their implementation and to assess their impact in a life cycle approach. The main concept to advance the state-of-the-art is the shift from single-action refurbishment to deep retrofitting, with a systemic performance-driven approach including: integrated design process guidelines, integrative modelling environment, energy-economic evaluation tools, lean construction and management procedures, continuous commissioning approach, environmental and socio-cultural impact assessment. The Systemic Retrofitting Approach (SRA) allows to achieve the foreseen targets: up to factor 4 reduction of energy demand, power peaks shaving and 50% increased share of renewable energy source favoured by the intelligent energy management and effective storage. 10 to 20 systemic solution-sets will be developed, demonstrating the widest replication of the cases investigated during the project. These outstanding energy performances will be achieved with short pay-back times (below 7 years) and high indoor environmental quality, with industrial conceptualization of the solutions and implementation tools. Organisation of technical workshops for relevant stakeholders contributes to create a generation of skilled practitioners and promote a domino effect to exploit benefits.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2012.4.1-3 | Award Amount: 5.48M | Year: 2012

Permanent magnets are vital components in an enormous number of domestic and industrial devices, and they are particularly crucial within the rapidly-developing renewable energy sector, where the motors for electric vehicles and the generators in wind turbines require strong magnets with the ability to operate at temperatures well over 100C. Currently, these magnets are based on the rare earth elements neodymium and dysprosium, which are predominantly mined in China (>95%). Exports are being restricting as a result of an expanding domestic market and a policy of relocating magnet manufacturing to China, thereby multiplying the costs of raw materials for magnet manufacturers in Europe. The rare-earth crisis is particularly critical for heavy rare earths such as dysprosium that are currently required to assure the high temperature performance of the magnets. In accordance with EU objectives to remove, or greatly reduce, the need for heavy rare earths in permanent magnets, ROMEO will first research and develop several novel microstructural-engineering strategies that will dramatically improve the properties of magnets based purely on light rare earths elements, especially the coercivity, which will enable them to be used for applications above 100C. ROMEOs second ambitious goal is to develop a totally rare-earth-free magnet; aiming to drastically reduce Europes dependence on Chinese imports while shifting emphasis in magnet manufacturing from a raw-materials-dependent business to one that is essentially knowledge-based, and flourishing in Europe. The ROMEO consortium assembles the best European academic expertise in permanent magnetism together with world-leading magnet manufacturers and European companies who are eager to exploit these newly developed materials, especially within the green energy sector, while external advisory board members in the USA and Japan bring special expertise and global reach to the ROMEO consortium.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2007-2.5-1 | Award Amount: 13.86M | Year: 2008

The MORGaN project addresses the need for a new materials for electronic devices and sensors that operate in extreme conditions, especially high temperature, high electric field and highly corrosive environment. It will take advantage of the excellent physical properties of diamond and gallium nitride heterostructures. The association of the two materials will give rise to the best materials and devices for ultimate performance in extreme environments. Both materials possess durability and robustness to high temperature, radiation and electric field. Diamond material exhibits the best mechanical robustness and thermal conductivity, while GaN presents also high electron mobility, giving high power handling and efficiency. III-N systems have other desirable properties for sensor applications in extreme environments. It is the only highly polar semiconductor matrix that has ceramic-like stability and can form heterostructures. It has the highest spontaneous polarisation with a Curie temperature above 1000C for AlN: a lattice matched III-N heterostructure with a built-in polarisation discontinuity is expected to enable transistor action above 1000C. The packaging and metallisation of an electronic device or sensor are important elements in extreme conditions. Metal contacts must be stable and the package must be thermally compatible with the device requirements and chemically stable. MORGaN proposes a novel technological solution to electron device and sensor modules. Advanced 3D ceramic packaging and new metallisation techniques based on the emerging technology of MN\1AXN alloys will also be explored. As such, the vision of MORGaN for materials for extreme conditions is holistic, involving 2 large industrial partners, 2 industrial labs, 6 SMEs and 13 public research partners. The project includes research, demonstration, management, training and dissemination activities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2011-1 | Award Amount: 18.93M | Year: 2012

New safety standards, such as ISO 26262, present a challenge for companies producing safety-relevant embedded systems. Safety verification today is often ad-hoc and manual; it is done differently for digital and analogue, hardware and software. The VeTeSS project will develop standardized tools and methods for verification of the robustness of safety-relevant systems, particularly against transient common-cause faults. Bringing together partners from every part of the supply chain, VeTeSS will develop automated, quantitative processes usable at all stages of development. These will provide standardized data from verification for safety standards qualification. Development costs and time to market will be reduced, even with the increasing complexity of embedded systems and software. European industry will benefit from vendors being able to supply standard components for multiple applications, rather than products designed to a specific customers requirements. To test these as safety elements out of context, assumptions must be made about the environment in which they will be used. A standardized, evidence-based verification process will enable this reuse of components in different applications. The focus of VeTeSS is the strategically important automotive market. There are other industries with similar requirements and we will actively engage with those to share knowledge and disseminate results. The proposed developments are relevant to conventional vehicles as well as to new electric/hybrid vehicles. The safety of the latter needs to be proven to allow wider adoption, which will in turn be an important contribution to carbon emissions reduction. The results of the project will improve the competitiveness of the European embedded hardware and software industry. It will improve the safety, quality and reliability of products and enabling innovative technologies to increase road user safety. It will also benefit society by reducing accidents and related costs. 1. Approved by ARTEMIS-JU on 22/02/2012. 2. Updates approved for JUGA amendment No.1 by ARTEMIS-JU on 29/04/2013 3. Updates approved for JUGA amendment No.2 by ARTEMIS-JU on 8 May 2014, finally approved by ECSEL-JU on 21/11/2014

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.2.1 | Award Amount: 8.48M | Year: 2014

Clutter in an open world is a challenge for many aspects of robotic systems, especially for autonomous robots deployed in unstructured domestic settings, affecting navigation, manipulation, vision, human robot interaction and planning.SQUIRREL addresses these issues by actively controlling clutter and incrementally learning to extend the robots capabilities while doing so. We term this the B3 (bit by bit) approach, as the robot tackles clutter one bit at a time and also extends its knowledge continuously as new bits of information become available.SQUIRREL is inspired by a user driven scenario, that exhibits all the rich complexity required to convincingly drive research, but allows tractable solutions with high potential for exploitation. We propose a toy cleaning scenario, where a robot learns to collect toys scattered in loose clumps or tangled heaps on the floor in a childs room, and to stow them in designated target locations.We will advance science w.r.t. manipulation, where we will incrementally learn grasp affordances with a dexterous hand; segmenting and learning objects and object category models from a cluttered scene; localisation and navigation in a crowded and changing scene based on incrementally built 3D environment models; iterative task planning in an open world; and engaging with multiple users in a dynamic collaborative task.Progress will be measured in scenarios of increasing complexity, starting with known object classes, via incremental learning of objects and grasp affordances to the full system with failure recovery and active control of clutter, instantiated on two different robot platforms.Systems will be evaluated at an end user site where children in nurseries teach the robot how to clean up, and will be exploited by an industrial partner with a strong market presence in advanced robotic toys, who will take up project outcomes to be integrated in their current line of developments.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: EEB-ICT-2011.6.4 | Award Amount: 3.76M | Year: 2011

CAMPUS 21 focuses on the energy-efficient operation of public buildings and spaces. It brings together the expertise of national research centres from Germany (Telecommunications), Ireland (IT in AEC, Artificial Intelligence), Austria (Building Physics), and Spain (Information Technology); the management experience of Public Authorities and bundles this with the process expertise from multiple industry sectors, such as Construction & Facilities Management, Building Services Systems Manufacturers and Energy Providers.\n\nCAMPUS 21 develops, deploys, and tests a Hardware-Software-Platform for the integration of existing ICT-subsystems supporting energy, building, and security systems management. The key technological innovations of CAMPUS 21 are (i) integration concepts for energy management systems (WP3) including the related middleware components (WP4), (ii) methodologies for intelligent, optimised control of building services systems (WP5), and finally (iii) algorithms and tools to support load-balancing between renewable micro-generation, storage systems, and energy consuming devices in buildings and public spaces (WP6).\n\nThis is complemented by the development of key business elements, including: (iv) new business models for integrated energy management and the underpinning novel procurements schemes (WP1) and (v) the development of Performance Metrics and a holistic Evaluation Concept for Systems Integration (WP2).\n\nCAMPUS 21 uses existing demonstrators and living laboratories as a nucleus for up-scaling and expanding the project scope from single building to campus scale. Three sites are used for research and validation of energy and cost savings, a university campus, a multi-purpose sports arena and an indoor sports complex.\nDue to its cross-sectoral membership, CAMPUS 21 goes across the whole innovation chain. It contributes with ground-breaking innovation to the establishment of world-class infrastructures and the economic recovery plan of the European Union.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.9.9 | Award Amount: 11.78M | Year: 2013

The overarching goal of our project is to develop systems based on direct and deterministic interactions between individual quantum entities, which by involving large-scale entanglement can outperform classical systems in a series of relevant applications.\nWe plan to achieve that by improving technologies from atomic, molecular and optical physics as well as from solid-state physics, and by developing new ones, including combinations across those different domains. We will explore a wide range of experimental platforms as enabling technologies: from cold collisions or Rydberg blockade in neutral atoms to electrostatic or spin interactions in charged systems like trapped ions and quantum dots; from photon-phonon interactions in nano-mechanics to photon-photon interactions in cavity quantum electrodynamics and to spin-photon interactions in diamond color centers.\nWe will work on two deeply interconnected lines to build experimentally working implementations of quantum simulators and of quantum interfaces. This will enable us to conceive and realize applications exploiting those devices for simulating important problems in other fields of physics, as well as for carrying out protocols outperforming classical communication and measurement systems.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2008-1.1.1 | Award Amount: 12.34M | Year: 2009

The Integrated Infrastructure Initiative for Neutron Scattering and Muon Spectroscopy (NMI3) aims at the pan-European coordination of neutron scattering and muon spectroscopy, maintaining these research infrastructures as an integral part of the European Research Area. NMI3 comprehensively includes all major facilities in the field, opening the way for a more concerted, and thus more efficient, use of the existing infrastructure. Co-ordination and networking within NMI3 will lead to a more strategic approach to future developments and thus reinforce European competitiveness in this area. NMI3 is a consortium of 22 partners from 13 countries, including 10 research infrastructures. The objective of integration will be achieved by using several tools: * Transnational ACCESS will be provided by 10 partners offering more than 4000 days of beam time. This will give European users access to all of the relevant European research infrastructures and hence the possibility to use the best adapted infrastructure for their research. * Joint Research Activities focusing on six specific R&D areas will develop techniques and methods for next generation instrumentation. They involve basically all those European facilities and academic institutions with major parts of the relevant know-how. * Dissemination and training actions will help to enhance and to structure future generations of users. * Networking and common management will help strategic decision-making from a truly European perspective.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2011.4.1-3. | Award Amount: 4.88M | Year: 2011

D-RAIL will focus on freight traffic, identifying root causes of derailment of particular significance to freight vehicles, which have a wider range of operating parameters (as a result of the huge range in loads, speeds and maintenance quality) than passenger vehicles. One key question that will be studied is how independent minor faults (e.g., a slight track twist and a failing bearing) could combine to cause a derailment. D-RAIL will extend this study to include the expected demands on the rail freight system forecast for 2050, such as heavier axle loads, faster freight vehicle speeds for time-sensitive low volume high value high speed services (LVHVHS) goods, radically new vehicle designs, or longer train consists. A set of alarm limits will be specified which can be selected as appropriate by infrastructure managers, depending on local conditions. In tandem with the above analysis, current monitoring systems (both wayside and vehicle-mounted) and developing technologies will be assessed with respect to their ability to identify developing faults and potential dangers. Where current systems are shown to be deficient, the requirements for future monitoring systems will be specified. D-RAIL will also examine vehicle identification technologies, such as the standards- and interoperability-focussed RFID system being implemented by GS1 and Trafikverket. Integration of alarm limits, monitoring systems and vehicles across national borders and network boundaries will be examined and a deployment plan set out based on RAMS and LCC analyses. Procedures for applying speed limits to faulty vehicles, or taking them out of service, will be set out; this will include communication with the parties responsible for the transport of the freight and for maintenance of the vehicle. This will input to standards, regulations and international contracts. For field testing and validation, D-RAIL will have access to VUZs test track in the Czech Republic.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.3 | Award Amount: 2.09M | Year: 2007

A large class of embedded systems has safety, availability, reliability, timing and performance requirements. Timing analysis is needed in many steps of the development process; it is a key to rapid designing and prototyping of embedded systems, to reduce system overall cost through efficient resource management (especially: tradeoffs when co-developing hardware and software), to find bottlenecks in the software, and to validate that the system meets its timing requirements. There is a growing awareness of the importance of correct timing for these systems, however, there is still a lack of efficient methods and tools for timing assessment and validation that can be used in European industry. The existing timing analysis technology by far does not exploit the potential inherent in European research results and timing tools. The ALL-TIMES project aims at combining and developing research results and timing tools currently available and thus to strengthen the European lead in the timing analysis area. The ALL-TIMES project will enable interoperability of tools from SMEs and universities, and develop integrated tool chains using open tool frameworks and interfaces. By combining research results and commercial tools, ALL-TIMES will ensure the flow of ideas from basic research to practice. ALL-TIMES will strengthen the competitiveness of several key industries in Europe, not only the automotive and aerospace areas (where partial awareness already exists) but also automation, manufacturing, robotics, medical, communication, and multimedia, and other market areas where timing is of importance.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA | Phase: Fission-2013-4.1.2 | Award Amount: 9.33M | Year: 2013

The CHANDA project main objective is to address the challenges in the field of nuclear data for nuclear applications and its acronym stands for solving CHAllenges in Nuclear DAta The project will prepare a proposal for an organization that will coordinate the nuclear data research program, and the infrastructures and capabilities of the EU Member States in a stable structure, well integrated with R&D coordination tools (EERA, HORIZON 2020) , and with priorities aligned with the SET Plan and the SRAs of the EURATOM Technological Platforms, including the following general objectives: - to provide the nuclear data required for the safe and sustainable operation, and development, of existing and new reactors and nuclear fuel cycle facilities, - to prepare solutions for the challenges risen by the nuclear data measurements needed by nuclear systems, like the data for highly radioactive, short lived or rare materials, - to prepare tools that solve the challenges of quantifying and certifying the accuracy of the results of simulations based on available nuclear data and models (uncertainties), - to identify and promote synergies with other nuclear data applications. Using these tools will allow EU to upgrade the nuclear data up to the level needed by simulation codes to fulfill present requirements. In particular, the simulations should be able to: reduce the number of expensive experimental validations, to support the new tendencies in safety assessments to use best estimate codes to understand the limits of the plat safety towards extreme operational conditions, to optimize safety and performance of present and future reactors and other radioactive facilities. Other applications will benefit from this accuracy in nuclear data, notably in medical applications to optimize performance and minimize dose of radiation for diagnose and treatment.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.4.3 | Award Amount: 10.56M | Year: 2010

In KHRESMOI, we will build a multi-lingual multi-modal search and access system for biomedical information and documents. This will be achieved by:- Effective automated information extraction from biomedical documents, including improvement using crowd sourcing and active learning, and automated estimation of the level of trust and target user expertise- Automated analysis and indexing for medical images in 2D (X-Rays), 3D (MRI, CT), and 4D (fMRI)- Linking information extracted from unstructured or semi-structured biomedical texts and images to structured information in knowledge bases- Support of cross-language search, including multi-lingual queries, and returning machine-translated pertinent excerpts- Adaptive user interfaces to assist in formulating queries and display search results via ergonomic and interactive visualizationsThe research will flow into several open source components, which will be integrated into an innovative open architecture for robust and scalable biomedical information search.The system will be evaluated in use cases by three well-defined user groups:1. Members of the general public want access to reliable and understandable medical information in their own language2. Clinicians and general practitioners need accurate answers rapidly a search on PubMed requires on average 30 minutes, while clinicians typically have 5 minutes available. Furthermore, over 40% of searches fail to provide relevant information3. Radiologists are drowning in images at larger hospitals over 100GB (over 100000 images) are produced per dayRepresentative groups of end users are available for sizable evaluations, accessed through a medical search engine with 11000 queries per day, a professional association of 2700 medical doctors, and two radiology departments with 175 radiologists.KHRESMOI is directed at Objective ICT-2009.4.3: Intelligent Information Management. It will focus on target outcome (a) capturing tractable information.

Chemical-looping combustion (CLC) has unique potential for reducing energy and cost penalty for CO2 capture, as it avoids the costly gas separation of other CO2 capture technologies. Early deployment is seen in natural gas steam generation, where gas-to-steam efficiency penalty with CLC is below 1%-point compared to 15%-points with amine scrubbing and 8%-points with oxyfuel combustion, all for 95% capture rate. Reduction of the CO2 avoidance cost of 60% compared to amine scrubbing post combustion capture results from higher efficiency. An absolute necessity for the scale-up of reactors for this technology is the availability of adequate oxygen carrier material. SUCCESS will assure scale-up of oxygen-carrier production to the 100 tonne scale, as well as scale up of technology to 1 MW. Industrially available raw materials will be used to produce environmentally sound oxygen carriers based on two highly successful materials developed of the previous INNOCUOUS project. The work includes, i) applying the oxygen carrier production methods at industrially required scale and assuring the adequate performance, ii) development of standard for mechanical stability, iii) validation operation in four available smaller pilots <150 kW, of significantly different design iv) operation with gaseous fuels in a 1 MW pilot plant, representing a scale up of the state of art by one order of magnitude. v) detailed studies of reaction mechanisms and fluid-dynamics vi) use of results in optimization of a previous design for a 10 MW demonstration plant and techno-economic study of full-scale plant vii) assessment of health, safety and environmental issues associated with oxygen carrier handling including reuse or recycling strategies. viii) quotations for production of >100 tonnes of material Combined efforts of key European developers of CLC technology will assure the continued European leadership in this development and bring the technology a major step towards commercialization.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2007.8.0 | Award Amount: 797.38K | Year: 2008

One of the most important challenges of the emerging Information Age is to effectively utilise the immense wealth of information and data acquired, computed and stored by modern information systems. On the one hand, the appropriate use of available information volumes offers large potential to realize technological progress and business success. On the other hand, there exists the severe danger that users and analysts easily get lost in irrelevant, or inappropriately processed or presented information, a problem which is generally called the information overload problem. Visual Analytics is an emerging research discipline developing technology to make the best possible use of huge information loads in a wide variety of applications. The basic idea is to appropriately combine the strengths of intelligent automatic data analysis with the visual perception and analysis capabilities of the human user. We propose a Coordination Action to join European academic and industrial RandD excellence from several individual disciplines, forming a strong Visual Analytics research community. An array of thematic working groups set up by this consortium will focus on advancing the state of the art in Visual Analytics. Specifically, the working groups will join excellence in the fields of data management, data analysis, spatial-temporal data, and human visual perception research with the wider visualisation research community. This Coordination Action will (1.) form and shape a strong European Visual Analytics community, (2.) define the European Visual Analytics Research Roadmap, (3.) expose public and private stakeholders to Visual Analytics technology and (4.) set the stage for larger follow-up Visual Analytics research initiatives in Europe.

News Article | March 4, 2016

Concrete is the world’s most widely used construction material, so abundant that its production is one of the leading sources of greenhouse gas emissions. Yet answers to some fundamental questions about the microscopic structure and behavior of this ubiquitous material have remained elusive. Concrete forms through the solidification of a mixture of water, gravel, sand, and cement powder. Is the resulting glue material — known as cement hydrate, or calcium silicate hydrate (CSH) — a continuous solid, like metal or stone, or is it an aggregate of small particles? As basic as that question is, it had never been definitively answered. In a paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a team of researchers at MIT, Georgetown University, and France’s CNRS (together with other universities in the U.S., France, and U.K.) say they have solved that riddle and identified key factors in the structure of CSH that could help researchers work out better formulations for producing more durable concrete. Roland Pellenq, a senior research scientist in MIT’s department of civil and environmental engineering, director of the MIT-CNRS lab 2 hosted by the MIT Energy Initiative, and a co-author of the new paper, says the work builds on previous research he conducted with others at the Concrete Sustainability Hub (CSHub) through a collaboration between MIT and the CNRS. “We did the first atomic-scale model” of the structure of concrete, he says, but questions still remained about the larger, mesoscale structure, on scales of a few hundred nanometers. The new work addresses some of those remaining uncertainties, he says. One key question was whether the solidified CSH material, which is composed of particles of many different sizes, should be considered a continuous matrix or an assembly of discrete particles. The answer turned out to be that it is a bit of both — the particle distribution is such that almost every space between grains is filled by yet smaller grains, to the point that it does approximate a continuous solid. “Those grains are in a very strong interaction at the mesoscale,” he says. “You can always find a smaller grain to fit in between” the larger grains, Pellenq says, and thus “you can see it as a continuous material.” But the grains within the CSH “are not able to get to equilibrium,” or a state of minimum energy, over length scales involving many grains, and this makes the material vulnerable to changes over time, he says. That can lead to “creep” of the solid concrete, and eventually cracking and degradation. “So both views are correct, in some sense,” he explains. The analysis of the structure of hardened concrete found that pores of different sizes play important roles in determining the material’s characteristics. While smaller, nanoscale pores had been previously studied, mesoscale pores, ranging from 15 to 20 nanometers on up, had been more difficult to study and not well-characterized, Pellenq says. These pore spaces can play a major role in determining how susceptible the material is to water that can enter the material and cause cracking, eventually leading to structural failure. (This cracking, perhaps surprisingly, has nothing to do with the expansion of the water when it freezes, however). The new mesoscale simulations are the first that can adequately match the sometimes conflicting and confusing results seen in experiments measuring the CSH texture, Pellenq says. The new simulations make it possible to match the values of key characteristics such as stiffness, elasticity, and hardness, which are seen in real concrete samples. That shows that the modeling is useful, he says, and might help guide research on developing improved formulas, for example ones that reduce the required amount of water in the initial mix with cement powder. It is the manufacturing of the cement powder, a process that requires cooking limestone (with clays) at very high temperatures, that makes concrete production one of the leading sources of human-caused greenhouse gas emissions. Fine-tuning the amount of water needed for a given application could also improve the material’s durability, the researchers found. The amount of water used in the original mixture can make a big difference in concrete’s longevity, even though most of that evaporates away during the setting process. While water is needed in order to make the slurry flow so that it can be poured in place, too much water leads to much bigger pore spaces and more loose, “fluffy” regions in the set concrete, the team found. Such regions might leave the material more vulnerable to later degradation, or could even be designed to improve its durability. “This is a quintessential step towards the provision of a seamless atom-to-structure understanding of concrete, with huge mid-term practical impact in terms of material design and optimization,” says Christian Hellmich, director of the Institute for Mechanics of Materials and Structures at the Vienna University of Technology, who was not involved in this research. He adds, “this research helps to promote concrete research as a cutting-edge scientific discipline, where the cooperation of engineers and physicists emerges as a driving force for the reunification of natural sciences across the often too-tightly set boundaries of sub-disciplines.” The first contributor of this work is MIT postdoc Katerina Ioannidou. The team also included other researchers at MIT; the University of California at Los Angeles; Newcastle University in the U.K.; and Sorbonne University, Aix-Marseille University, and CNRS, in France. The work was supported by Schlumberger, the French National Science Foundation (ANR) through the Labex ICoME2, and the CSHub at MIT.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA-2007-1.1-01 | Award Amount: 32.56M | Year: 2008

geoland2 intends to constitute a major step forward in the implementation of the GMES Land Monitoring Core Service (LMCS). The three components (Local, Continental and Global) of the LMCS are addressed. The goal of geoland2 is (i) to prepare, validate and demonstrate pre-operational service chains and products that will underpin the LMCS, and (ii) to propose and demonstrate a concrete functional organisation of the LMCS. The geoland2 deliverables are : (i) the organisation of a production network, (ii) the building of operational processing lines, (iii), the demonstration of services and products, (iv), the set up of a land user platform. geoland2 efforts will rely on the assets of previous or ongoing projects funded under FP6 (geoland, Boss4GMES), by ESA (GSE projects Land, Forest Monitoring, GMFS, SAGE, Urban Services) and EEAs CLC/FTS 2006 project. The architecture of geoland2 is made of two different layers, the Core Mapping Services (CMS) and the Core Information Services (CIS). The CMS produce basic land cover, land cover change, and land state products which are of broad generic use and can be directly used for deriving more elaborated products. The CMS products cover a wide variety of thematic content, spatial scales from local to global, and update frequency, from 1 day to several years. The CIS are a set of thematic elements that start from CMS products and other data sources to produce elaborated information products addressing specific European policies. They are in direct contact with institutional end-users in charge of European policies and Member State policies which have a generic pan-European character. geoland2 gathers 51 partners from 21 European countries. The requested EC grant is 25 M, which corresponds to a total budget of approximately 37 M. The largest part of the budget allocation goes to the construction of the CMS.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SSH.2011.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 10.37M | Year: 2012

The objective of this 4-year project is to provide the analytical basis for a socio-ecological transition in Europe: the change to a new growth path with smart, sustainable and inclusive growth as is envisaged in the EU 2020 strategy. In order to support the transition, we analyse the need, the feasibility and best practice for change, specifying the institutional changes needed at all policy levels to implement these options. The old and new challenges Europe is facing define the starting point: globalisation, new technologies and postindustrialisation, demographic change and ecology in the context of welfare systems that have come under stress due to high public deficits. The vision is that Europe will become a role model for a high road growth path which actively incorporates social and ecological goals, employment, gender and cultural aspects in an ambitious, forward looking way while continuing to be competitive in a globalised world. To achieve these objectives, the consortium will carry out and synthesise robust research in research areas covering the challenges to the welfare system, the biophysical dimension of socio-economic development, the identification of drivers towards socio-ecological transition, the role of governance and institutions on the European as well as the regional level. The consortium will benefit from ongoing dialogue with international experts in the form of expert panels and sounding boards, taking into account their views on the direction and feasibility for this new growth path. The project will be carried out by a consortium of 34 partners from universities and research institutes with international and interdisciplinary expertise. It represents 12 member states. High level Scientific and Policy Boards will monitor the analysis and the policy conclusions to guarantee the impact and dissemination of the results.

Research published this month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) introduced a new quantum phenomenon which the authors called the "quantum pigeonhole principle." Prior to this breakthrough, the pigeonhole principle was a basic tenet of conventional wisdom. It states that if you put three pigeons in two pigeonholes then at least two of the pigeons must end up in the same hole. It is an obvious yet fundamental principle of nature as it captures the very essence of counting. The research, conducted by members of Chapman University's Institute for Quantum Studies (IQS), violates this principle. The study demonstrates how to put an arbitrarily large number of particles in two boxes without any two particles ending up in the same box. "This discovery points to a very interesting structure of quantum mechanics that was hitherto unnoticed," said Yakir Aharonov, Ph.D., and co-director of Chapman's IQS. "This now requires us to revisit some of the most basic notions of nature." The paper, called Quantum violation of the pigeonhole principle and the nature of quantum correlations, discusses several possible experiments which explore implications for the nature of interactions between particles. The paper also introduces a host of additional new findings that the researchers discovered concerning related quantum effects. The paper also calls into question some of the most fundamental notions including that of separability and correlations. "It is still very early to say what the full implications of this research are," said Jeff Tollasken, Ph.D., co-author of the PNAS paper and co-director of IQS. "But we feel one should expect them to be major because we are dealing with such fundamental concepts." For example: the laws governing the quantum world suggest that things can be in many different places at the same time. So a single particle can be in both boxes at the same time—but only when you're not "looking." Once you look, and observe the particle, it will be forced to be in either one box or the other. "But if your only tool is a hammer, then you tend to treat everything as if it were a nail," says Tollaksen. "The problem was that the 'hammer-type' measurements usually are not the most useful in figuring out how the quantum world links the future with the present in subtle and significant ways." Aharonov and his team have worked for two decades on new types of gentle "weak measurements," which can see these linkages—"akin to tapping something softly with your finger rather than smashing it with that hammer, which forces each pigeon to be in a single box," Tollaksen says. All this weirdness has revolutionary implications for our understanding of the most exotic aspect of nature: non-locality—the theory that particles separated by huge distances, even at opposite ends of the universe, are connected and can affect each other's behavior."Non-locality is regarded as the most profound discovery of science and is the resource for the future of technology." says Tollaksen.Experiments have already been performed confirming some of the predictions made in the PNAS paper. The experimental results were published in December in the journal Physical Review A by Dr. Tollaksen and collaborator Prof. Yuji Hasegawa at the Vienna University of Technology. Explore further: Link between quantum physics and game theory found More information: Yakir Aharonov et al. Quantum violation of the pigeonhole principle and the nature of quantum correlations, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2016). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1522411112

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: SGA-RIA | Phase: FETFLAGSHIP | Award Amount: 89.00M | Year: 2016

This project is the second in the series of EC-financed parts of the Graphene Flagship. The Graphene Flagship is a 10 year research and innovation endeavour with a total project cost of 1,000,000,000 euros, funded jointly by the European Commission and member states and associated countries. The first part of the Flagship was a 30-month Collaborative Project, Coordination and Support Action (CP-CSA) under the 7th framework program (2013-2016), while this and the following parts are implemented as Core Projects under the Horizon 2020 framework. The mission of the Graphene Flagship is to take graphene and related layered materials from a state of raw potential to a point where they can revolutionise multiple industries. This will bring a new dimension to future technology a faster, thinner, stronger, flexible, and broadband revolution. Our program will put Europe firmly at the heart of the process, with a manifold return on the EU investment, both in terms of technological innovation and economic growth. To realise this vision, we have brought together a larger European consortium with about 150 partners in 23 countries. The partners represent academia, research institutes and industries, which work closely together in 15 technical work packages and five supporting work packages covering the entire value chain from materials to components and systems. As time progresses, the centre of gravity of the Flagship moves towards applications, which is reflected in the increasing importance of the higher - system - levels of the value chain. In this first core project the main focus is on components and initial system level tasks. The first core project is divided into 4 divisions, which in turn comprise 3 to 5 work packages on related topics. A fifth, external division acts as a link to the parts of the Flagship that are funded by the member states and associated countries, or by other funding sources. This creates a collaborative framework for the entire Flagship.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: EeB.NMP.2013-3 | Award Amount: 13.68M | Year: 2013

RESEEPE will bring together design and decision making tools, innovative building fabric manufacturers and a strong demonstration programme to demonstrate the improved building performance through retrofitting. The core idea of the RESSEEPE project is to technically advance, adapt, demonstrate and assess a number of innovative retrofit technologies. Reductions in the area of 50% will be achieved in terms of energy consumption .A systemic process will be also implemented that will allow the selection of the best possible retrofiting mix, customised to the needs of the particular building.. Several remarkable innovative technologies and materials will be integrated in the retrofitting process: - Envelope Retrofitting: Ventilated Facades, Aerogel-based Superinsulating mortar, Wooden Insulating Wall Panel and VIP Panel - Integration of RES: PV Energy, Thermal Collectors - Energy Storage Systems: Thermal storage and PCMs - Nanotechnologies and smart materials: EC/PV Windows - ICT: Strategies at building and district level - Intelligent Building Controls: HVAC systems The RESSEEPE framework will be validated and refined by a strong demonstration programme, envisaging the renovation of 102.000 square meters of public buildings, arriving to a total renovation of 205.000 square meters that will be deployed in the following years. The estimated average of energy consumption in the renovated demo sites, on final energy, will be 66 kWh/m2year, representing a 63% of reduction in energy consumption compared to the current situation. CO2 emissions will be 48,15 kg/m2year, corresponding to more than 60 % of reduction. The total emissions avoided by the demo sites will be 2257 tCO2/year. Associated investment costs to building renovation are expected to represent a maximum of 19% on average of the total costs of building an equivalent new building in the same location. On average, the return on investment will be around 7,6 years.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.1.2 | Award Amount: 3.47M | Year: 2012

With the rapidly growing number of applications running over Cloud infrastructures and the amount of storage, compute and networking resources they require, an over-provisioning or manual, coarse-grained resource allocation approach is a highly unsatisfying solution with respect to application performance and incurred costs. The vision of the CELAR project is to provide automatic, multi-grained resource allocation for cloud applications. This enables the commitment of just the right amount of resources based on application demand, performance and requirements, results in optimal use of infrastructure resources and significant reductions in administrative costs.\nThe goal of the project is to develop methods and tools for applying and controlling multi-grained, elastic resource provisioning for Cloud applications in an automated manner. This resource allocation will be performed through intelligent decision-making based on:\n(a) Cloud and application performance metrics collected and cost-evaluated through a scalable monitoring system and exposed to the user.\n(b) Qualitative and quantitative characterization of the applications performance through modelling of its elastic properties.\n\nCELAR covers the three layers required by an application to operate over the Cloud: The infrastructure layer (deployment over two different IaaS platforms), the monitoring/optimization middleware (automatic elasticity provisioning over cloud platforms and multi-layer monitoring) and the programming development environment (through a distributed tool to enable developers, administrators and users to define the characteristics of their applications, submit jobs and monitor performance). The outcome is a modular, completely open-source system that offers elastic programmability for the user and automatic elasticity at the platform level. This outcome can be bundled in a single software package for one-click installation of any application alongside its automated resource provisioning over a Cloud IaaS.\n\nTwo exemplary applications that showcase and validate the aforementioned technology will be developed: The first will showcase the use of CELAR technology for massive data management and large-scale collaboration required in the on-line gaming realm, while the second will focus on the area of scientific computing, requiring compute- and storage-intensive genome computations.\n\nThe CELAR consortium under the lead of ATHENA Research and Innovation Center is well-positioned to achieve its objectives by bringing together a team of leading researchers in the large-scale technologies such as Cloud/Grid Computing, service-oriented architectures, virtualization, analytics, Web 2.0 and the world of the Semantic Web. These are combined with active industrial and leading user organizations that offer expertise in the cloud application domain and production-level service provisioning.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.3 | Award Amount: 16.12M | Year: 2008

By 2020 enterprise collaboration and interoperability services will become an invisible, pervasive and self-adaptive knowledge and business utility at disposal of the European networked enterprises from any industrial sector and domain in order to rapidly set-up, efficiently manage and effectively operate different forms of business collaborations, from the most traditional supply chains to the most advanced and dynamic business ecosystems.\nThe mission of the COIN IP is to study, design, develop and prototype an open, self-adaptive, generic ICT integrated solution to support the above 2020 vision, starting from notable existing research results in the field of Enterprise Interoperability (made available by the Enterprise Interoperability DG INFSO D4 Cluster and specifically by the projects ATHENA, INTEROP, ABILITIES, SATINE, TRUSTCOM) and Enterprise Collaboration (made available by projects ECOLEAD, DBE, E4 and ECOSPACE).\nIn particular, a COIN business-pervasive open-source service platform will be able to expose, integrate, compose and mash-up in a secure and adaptive way existing and innovative to-be-developed Enterprise Interoperability and Enterprise Collaboration services, by applying intelligent maturity models, business rules and self-adaptive decision-support guidelines to guarantee the best combination of the needed services in dependence of the business context, as industrial sector and domain, size of the companies involved, openness and dynamics of collaboration.\nThis way, the Information Technology vision of Software as a Service (SaaS) will find its implementation in the field of interoperability among collaborative enterprises, supporting collaborative business forms, from supply chains to business ecosystems, like a utility, the Interoperability Service Utility (ISU).\nThe COIN project will finally develop an original business model based on the SaaS-U (Software as a Service-Utility) paradigm on the base of the open-source COIN service platform.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2013-AIPP5 | Award Amount: 93.92M | Year: 2014

Embedded systems are the key innovation driver to improve almost all mechatronic products with cheaper and even new functionalities. Furthermore, they strongly support todays information society as inter-system communication enabler. Consequently boundaries of application domains are alleviated and ad-hoc connections and interoperability play an increasing role. At the same time, multi-core and many-core computing platforms are becoming available on the market and provide a breakthrough for system (and application) integration. A major industrial challenge arises facing (cost) efficient integration of different applications with different levels of safety and security on a single computing platform in an open context. The objective of the EMC project (Embedded multi-core systems for mixed criticality applications in dynamic and changeable real-time environments) is to foster these changes through an innovative and sustainable service-oriented architecture approach for mixed criticality applications in dynamic and changeable real-time environments. The EMC2 project focuses on the industrialization of European research outcomes and builds on the results of previous ARTEMIS, European and National projects. It provides the paradigm shift to a new and sustainable system architecture which is suitable to handle open dynamic systems. EMC is part of the European Embedded Systems industry strategy to maintain its leading edge position by providing solutions for: . Dynamic Adaptability in Open Systems . Utilization of expensive system features only as Service-on-Demand in order to reduce the overall system cost. . Handling of mixed criticality applications under real-time conditions . Scalability and utmost flexibility . Full scale deployment and management of integrated tool chains, through the entire lifecycle Approved by ARTEMIS-JU on 12/12/2013 for EoN. Minor mistakes and typos corrected by the Coordinator, finally approved by ARTEMIS-JU on 24/01/2014. Amendment 1 changes approved by ECSEL-JU on 31/03/2015.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC5-13-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 6.99M | Year: 2016

The PLATIRUS project aims at reducing the European deficit of Platinum Group Metals (PGMs), by upscaling to industrial relevant levels a novel cost-efficient and miniaturised PGMs recovery and raw material production process. The targeted secondary raw materials will be autocatalysts, electronic waste (WEEE) and tailings and slags from nickel and copper smelters, opening-up an important range of alternative sources of these critical raw materials, with the potential to substitute a large amount of primary raw materials which are becoming more and more scarce in Europe. For the first time five of the major research centres in Europe will collaborate in developing and fine tuning the most advanced recovery processes for PGMs. This joint effort will lead to a unique exchange of know-how and best practices between researchers all over Europe, aiming at the selection of the recycling process and the preparation of the Blueprint Process Design that will set the basis for a new PGM supply chain in the EU. Two primary and secondary material producers with a consolidated business model will carry out validation of the innovative recovery processes in an industrially relevant environment by installing and testing them in an industrially relevant environment and benchmarking with the currently adopted recovery processes. A recycling company will provide a link to market introduction by manufacturing autocatalysts with second-life PGMs obtained via the PLATIRUS technology. Two large automotive companies will validate the material produced through the new recovery process, and ensure end-user industry driven value chains for recovered PGM materials. LCA, economic and environment assessment of the whole process will be led by a specialized consultancy company. Finally, the PLATIRUS project will be linked to European and extra-European relevant stakeholders, research activities and industries, with a solid dissemination, communication and exploitation plan.

SANTA CLARA, Calif., Dec. 06, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Silvaco, Inc. today announced it has agreed to merge with Global TCAD Solutions, GTS. GTS is a TCAD specialist, based in Vienna, Austria, providing powerful and sophisticated yet efficient-to-use software for device and circuit simulation. The capabilities for advanced CMOS logic and memory, and FinFET and nanowire technologies of GTS complement Silvaco’s portfolio of 2D and 3D TCAD simulation tools and its TCAD to Spice capabilities.  The transaction is expected to be completed in January 2017. Performance and economical concerns next to reliability and yield are the key challenges for advancing semiconductors beyond 7nm.  Addressing these concerns will involve the extension of current approaches as well as the introduction of new technologies and materials. At the forefront of R&D, Path-Finding TCAD simulation allows to understand the effects and advantages of new materials and structures well before they can be physically tested on Silicon, with drastically reducing the number of costly experiments.  GTS’s Nano-Device Simulator (NDS) is a complete and fully integrated solution for true physical simulation of nano-devices at the 10/14nm and 7/5nm nodes, including profound predictive simulation for new materials and architectures to help the industry reduce time to market and development cost at the leading edge of advanced CMOS development. “GTS’s technologies are a welcome addition to Silvaco’s TCAD portfolio of tools and increases our leadership in the TCAD arena.” said Dave Dutton, CEO of Silvaco. “The acquisition also further expands our European operations in Vienna, and deepens our partnership with TU Wien, Technology University Vienna, a TCAD pioneering center.   The GTS staff deepens Silvaco’s Advanced CMOS competence which is key to our growth vision and to provide the EDA tools and solutions to help our customers innovate the highest quality and most advanced products to market. As former scientific staff of TU Wien, GTS founders and staff are actively engaged in research as well as maintaining a close relationship to the university. GTS has special expertise in quantum transport and nano-devices including models for all physical phenomena relevant for operation, performance, and reliability of nano devices, such as ballistic effects, scattering, direct tunneling, band-to-band tunneling, etc. GTS products provide valid and sound predictions of device characteristics when using novel materials and new device designs and architectures. “The combination of GTS’s expertise in physical device simulation and Silvaco’s TCAD position creates a very powerful partnership to help our customers meet the demanding development costs for advanced CMOS technologies such as FinFET, FDSOI and nanowire FET’s,” said Markus Karner,  Co-founder and CEO of GTS. “These synergies plus the ability to leverage Silvaco’s global infrastructure will help us scale out these important technologies to customers worldwide.” Silvaco, Inc. is a leading EDA provider of software tools used for process and device development and for analog/mixed-signal, power IC and memory design. Silvaco delivers a full TCAD-to-signoff flow for vertical markets including: displays, power electronics, optical devices, radiation and soft error reliability and advanced CMOS process and IP development. For over 30 years, Silvaco has enabled its customers to bring superior products to market at reduced cost and in the shortest time. The company is headquartered in Santa Clara, California and has a global presence with offices located in North America, Europe, Japan and Asia. Global TCAD Solutions is a leading TCAD provider of products and services for process and device development.  GTS offers classical TCAD as well as advanced models dedicated to study and optimize performance, variability, and reliability of n14, n7, and sub-n7 technologies. The company was founded in 2008 as a spin-off company of TU Wien (Vienna University of Technology). GTS’s mission is to bridge the gap between cutting-edge scientific developments and industrial needs in semiconductor device engineering. The company is headquartered in Vienna, Austria.

Pitschmann M.,Vienna University of Technology | Seng C.-Y.,University of Massachusetts Amherst | Roberts C.D.,Argonne National Laboratory | Schmidt S.M.,Jülich Research Center
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2015

A symmetry-preserving Dyson-Schwinger equation treatment of a vector-vector contact interaction is used to compute dressed-quark-core contributions to the nucleon σ-term and tensor charges. The latter enable one to directly determine the effect of dressed-quark electric dipole moments (EDMs) on neutron and proton EDMs. The presence of strong scalar and axial-vector diquark correlations within ground-state baryons is a prediction of this approach. These correlations are active participants in all scattering events and thereby modify the contribution of the singly represented valence quark relative to that of the doubly represented quark. Regarding the proton σ-term and that part of the proton mass which owes to explicit chiral symmetry breaking, with a realistic d- u mass splitting, the singly represented d quark contributes 37% more than the doubly represented u quark; and in connection with the proton's tensor charges, δTu, δTd, the ratio δTd/δTu is 18% larger than anticipated from simple quark models. Of particular note, the size of δTu is a sensitive measure of the strength of dynamical chiral symmetry breaking; and δTd measures the amount of axial-vector diquark correlation within the proton, vanishing if such correlations are absent. © 2015 American Physical Society.

Blum C.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | Puchinger J.,AIT Austrian Institute of Technology | Raidl G.R.,Vienna University of Technology | Roli A.,University of Bologna
Applied Soft Computing Journal | Year: 2011

Research in metaheuristics for combinatorial optimization problems has lately experienced a noteworthy shift towards the hybridization of metaheuristics with other techniques for optimization. At the same time, the focus of research has changed from being rather algorithm-oriented to being more problem-oriented. Nowadays the focus is on solving the problem at hand in the best way possible, rather than promoting a certain metaheuristic. This has led to an enormously fruitful cross-fertilization of different areas of optimization. This cross-fertilization is documented by a multitude of powerful hybrid algorithms that were obtained by combining components from several different optimization techniques. Hereby, hybridization is not restricted to the combination of different metaheuristics but includes, for example, the combination of exact algorithms and metaheuristics. In this work we provide a survey of some of the most important lines of hybridization. The literature review is accompanied by the presentation of illustrative examples. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Einhorn M.,AIT Austrian Institute of Technology | Roessler W.,Infineon Technologies | Fleig J.,Vienna University of Technology
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology | Year: 2011

This paper presents an active cell balancing method for lithium-ion battery stacks using a flyback dc/dc converter topology. The method is described in detail, and a simulation is performed to estimate the energy gain for ten serially connected cells during one discharging cycle. The simulation is validated with measurements on a balancing prototype with ten cells. It is then shown how the active balancing method with respect to the cell voltages can be improved using the capacity and the state of charge rather than the voltage as the balancing criterion. For both charging and discharging, an improvement in performance is gained when having the state of charge and the capacity of the cells as information. A battery stack with three single cells is modeled, and a realistic driving cycle is applied to compare the difference between both methods in terms of usable energy. Simulations are also validated with measurements. © 2011 IEEE.

Palensky P.,AIT Austrian Institute of Technology | Dietrich D.,Vienna University of Technology
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics | Year: 2011

Energy management means to optimize one of the most complex and important technical creations that we know: the energy system. While there is plenty of experience in optimizing energy generation and distribution, it is the demand side that receives increasing attention by research and industry. Demand Side Management (DSM) is a portfolio of measures to improve the energy system at the side of consumption. It ranges from improving energy efficiency by using better materials, over smart energy tariffs with incentives for certain consumption patterns, up to sophisticated real-time control of distributed energy resources. This paper gives an overview and a taxonomy for DSM, analyzes the various types of DSM, and gives an outlook on the latest demonstration projects in this domain. © 2011 IEEE.

Einhorn M.,AIT Austrian Institute of Technology | Conte F.V.,AIT Austrian Institute of Technology | Kral C.,AIT Austrian Institute of Technology | Fleig J.,Vienna University of Technology
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics | Year: 2013

This paper describes the comparison and parameterization process of dynamic battery models for cell and system simulation. Three commonly used equivalent circuit battery models are parameterized using a numeric optimization method and basic electrical tests with a lithium-ion polymer battery cell. The maximum model performance is investigated, and the parameterized models are compared regarding the parameterization effort and the model accuracy. For the model with the best tradeoff between the parametrization effort and the model accuracy, a reasonable simplification of the parameterization process is presented. This model is parameterized with the simplified parameterization process and, finally, validated by using a current profile obtained from an electric vehicle simulation performing a real-life driving cycle. © 2012 IEEE.

Sauter T.,Austrian Academy of Sciences | Sauter T.,Vienna University of Technology | Lobashov M.,Kaiserstrasse 40
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics | Year: 2011

Smart grids heavily depend on communication in order to coordinate the generation, distribution, and consumption of energyeven more so if distributed power plants based on renewable energies are taken into account. Given the variety of communication partners, a heterogeneous network infrastructure consisting of IP-based and suitable field-level networks is the most appropriate solution. This paper investigates such a two-tier infrastructure and possible field-level networks with particular attention to metering and supervisory control and data acquisition applications. For the problem of network integration, a combination of gateway and tunneling solutions is proposed which allows a semitransparent end-to-end connection between application servers and field nodes. The feasibility of the approach and implementation details are discussed at the example of powerline communication and IP-based networks investigated in the European research project on real-time energy management via powerlines and internet. Nevertheless, it is shown that the communication architecture is versatile enough to serve as a generic solution for smart grids. © 2011 IEEE.

Tisch D.,Vienna University of Technology | Schmoll M.,AIT Austrian Institute of Technology
BMC Genomics | Year: 2013

Background: The tropical ascomycete Trichoderma reesei (Hypocrea jecorina) represents one of the most efficient plant cell wall degraders. Regulation of the enzymes required for this process is affected by nutritional signals as well as other environmental signals including light.Results: Our transcriptome analysis of strains lacking the photoreceptors BLR1 and BLR2 as well as ENV1 revealed a considerable increase in the number of genes showing significantly different transcript levels in light and darkness compared to wild-type. We show that members of all glycoside hydrolase families can be subject to light dependent regulation, hence confirming nutrient utilization including plant cell wall degradation as a major output pathway of light signalling. In contrast to N. crassa, photoreceptor mediated regulation of carbon metabolism in T. reesei occurs primarily by BLR1 and BLR2 via their positive effect on induction of env1 transcription, rather than by a presumed negative effect of ENV1 on the function of the BLR complex. Nevertheless, genes consistently regulated by photoreceptors in N. crassa and T. reesei are significantly enriched in carbon metabolic functions. Hence, different regulatory mechanisms are operative in these two fungi, while the light dependent regulation of plant cell wall degradation appears to be conserved. Analysis of growth on different carbon sources revealed that the oxidoreductive D-galactose and pentose catabolism is influenced by light and ENV1. Transcriptional regulation of the target enzymes in these pathways is enhanced by light and influenced by ENV1, BLR1 and/or BLR2. Additionally we detected an ENV1-regulated genomic cluster of 9 genes including the D-mannitol dehydrogenase gene lxr1, with two genes of this cluster showing consistent regulation in N. crassa.Conclusions: We show that one major output pathway of light signalling in Trichoderma reesei is regulation of glycoside hydrolase genes and the degradation of hemicellulose building blocks. Targets of ENV1 and BLR1/BLR2 are for the most part distinct and indicate individual functions for ENV1 and the BLR complex besides their postulated regulatory interrelationship. © 2013 Tisch and Schmoll; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Serrat C.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | Roca D.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | Seres J.,Vienna University of Technology
Optics Express | Year: 2015

We present a theoretical study on coherent extreme ultraviolet (XUV) attosecond pulse amplification mediated by nonlinear parametric enhanced forward scattering occurring in the interaction of a strong femtosecond infrared (IR) laser pulse combined with a weak attosecond XUV pulse train with an atom. We predict large amplification of XUV radiation when the IR strong pulse and the XUV weak pulse are optimally phased. We study high-order harmonic processes (HHG) in He, He+ and Ne++, and show how although the HHG yield is largely affected by the particular atom used as target, nonlinear parametric XUV amplification is only weakly affected. We conclude that XUV nonlinear parametric attosecond pulse amplification can be most efficiently observed by using atoms with a high ionization potential and that the nonlinear amplification is robust at high photon energies where HHG is not efficient, such as in the water-window spectral region. © 2015 Optical Society of America.

Laaha G.,University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna | Skoien J.O.,European Commission - Joint Research Center Ispra | Bloschl G.,Vienna University of Technology
Hydrological Processes | Year: 2014

Top-kriging is a method for estimating stream flow-related variables on a river network. Top-kriging treats these variables as emerging from a two-dimensional spatially continuous process in the landscape. The top-kriging weights are estimated by regularising the point variogram over the catchment area (kriging support), which accounts for the nested nature of the catchments. We test the top-kriging method for a comprehensive Austrian data set of low stream flows. We compare it with the regional regression approach where linear regression models between low stream flow and catchment characteristics are fitted independently for sub-regions of the study area that are deemed to be homogeneous in terms of flow processes. Leave-one-out cross-validation results indicate that top-kriging outperforms the regional regression on average over the entire study domain. The coefficients of determination (cross-validation) of specific low stream flows are 0.75 and 0.68 for the top-kriging and regional regression methods, respectively. For locations without upstream data points, the performances of the two methods are similar. For locations with upstream data points, top-kriging performs much better than regional regression as it exploits the low flow information of the neighbouring locations. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Piatkowska E.,AIT Austrian Institute of Technology | Belbachir A.N.,AIT Austrian Institute of Technology | Gelautz M.,Vienna University of Technology
Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision | Year: 2013

This paper presents an adaptive cooperative approach towards the 3D reconstruction tailored for a bio-inspired depth camera: the stereo dynamic vision sensor (DVS). DVS consists of self-spiking pixels that asynchronously generate events upon relative light intensity changes. These sensors have the advantage to allow simultaneously high temporal resolution (better than 10μs) and wide dynamic range (>120dB) at sparse data representation, which is not possible with frame-based cameras. In order to exploit the potential of DVS and benefit from its features, depth calculation should take into account the spatiotemporal and asynchronous aspect of data provided by the sensor. This work deals with developing an appropriate approach for the asynchronous, event-driven stereo algorithm. We propose a modification of the cooperative network in which the history of the recent activity in the scene is stored to serve as spatiotemporal context used in disparity calculation for each incoming event. The network constantly evolves in time - as events are generated. In our work, not only the spatiotemporal aspect of the data is preserved but also the matching is performed asynchronously. The results of the experiments prove that the proposed approach is well suited for DVS data and can be successfully used for our efficient passive depth camera. © 2013 IEEE.

Coslovich D.,CNRS Charles Coulomb Laboratory | Coslovich D.,Vienna University of Technology
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics | Year: 2011

The influence of static correlations beyond the pair level on the dynamics of selected model glass formers is investigated. The pair structure, angular distribution functions, and statistics of Voronoi polyhedra of two well-known Lennard-Jones mixtures as well as of the corresponding Weeks-Chandler-Andersen variants, in which the attractive part of the potential is truncated, are compared. By means of the Voronoi construction, the atomic arrangements corresponding to the locally preferred structures of the models are identified. It is found that the growth of domains formed by interconnected locally preferred structures signals the onset of the slow-dynamics regime and allows the rationalization of the different dynamic behaviors of the models. At low temperature, the spatial extension of the structurally correlated domains, evaluated at fixed relaxation time, increases with the fragility of the models and is systematically reduced by truncating the attractions. In view of these results, proper inclusion of many-body static correlations in theories of the glass transition appears crucial for the description of the dynamics of fragile glass formers. © 2011 American Physical Society.

Ipp A.,Vienna University of Technology | Rebhan A.,Vienna University of Technology | Strickland M.,Gettysburg College
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2011

We present the first 3+1 dimensional simulations of non-Abelian plasma instabilities in gauge-covariant Boltzmann-Vlasov equations for the QCD gauge group SU(3) as well as for SU(4) and SU(5). The real-time evolution of instabilities for a plasma with stationary momentum-space anisotropy is studied using a hard-loop effective theory that is discretized in the velocities of hard particles. We find that the numerically less expensive calculations using the group SU(2) essentially reproduce the nonperturbative dynamics of non-Abelian plasma instabilities with higher rank gauge groups provided the mass parameters of the corresponding hard-loop effective theories are the same. In particular, we find very similar spectra for the turbulent cascade that forms in the strong-field regime, which is associated with an approximately linear growth of energy in collective fields. The magnitude of the linear growth however turns out to increase with the number of colors. © 2011 American Physical Society.

Wiklund M.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology | Radel S.,Vienna University of Technology | Hawkes J.J.,University of Manchester
Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology | Year: 2013

In part 21 of the tutorial series "Acoustofluidics - exploiting ultrasonic standing wave forces and acoustic streaming in microfluidic systems for cell and particle manipulation", we review applications of ultrasonic standing waves used for enhancing immunoassays and particle sensors. The paper covers ultrasonic enhancement of bead-based immuno-agglutination assays, bead-based immuno-fluorescence assays, vibrational spectroscopy sensors and cell deposition on a sensor surface. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Sivapalan M.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign | Bloschl G.,Vienna University of Technology
Water Resources Research | Year: 2015

We present a coevolutionary view of hydrologic systems, revolving around feedbacks between environmental and social processes operating across different time scales. This brings to the fore an emphasis on emergent phenomena in changing water systems, such as the levee effect, adaptation to change, system lock-in, and system collapse due to resource depletion. Changing human values play a key role in the emergence of these phenomena and should therefore be considered as internal to the system. Guidance is provided for the framing and modeling of these phenomena to test alternative hypotheses about how they arose. A plurality of coevolutionary models, from stylized to comprehensive system-of-system models, may assist strategic water management for long time scales through facilitating stakeholder participation, exploring the possibility space of alternative futures, and helping to synthesize the observed dynamics in a wide range of case studies. Future research opportunities lie in exploring emergent phenomena arising from time scale interactions through historical, comparative, and process studies of human-water feedbacks. © 2015. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: WATER-1a-2014 | Award Amount: 5.17M | Year: 2015

The municipal wastewater in Europe contains a potential chemical energy of 87,500 GWh per year in its organic fraction, which is equivalent to the output of 12 large power stations. Due to the currently applied technologies and related energy loss at each process step, wastewater treatment in Europe today consumes instead the equivalent of more than 2 power stations. Many operators are thus targeting incremental energy efficiency towards energy neutrality, but recent studies have shown that with novel process schemes using existing technologies, sewage treatment plants could actually become a new source of renewable energy, without compromising the treatment performance. The project POWERSTEP aims at demonstrating such innovative concepts in first full scale references for each essential process step in order to design energy positive wastewater treatment plants with currently available technologies. The following processes will be demonstrated in 6 full-scale case studies located in 4 European countries: enhanced carbon extraction (pre-filtration), innovative nitrogen removal processes (advanced control, main-stream deammonification, duckweed reactor), power-to-gas (biogas upgrade) with smart grid approach, heat-to-power concepts (thermoelectric recovery in CHP unit, steam rankine cycle, heat storage concepts), and innovative process water treatment (nitritation, membrane ammonia stripping). These individual technology assessments will merge into integrative activities such as treatment scheme modelling and design, global energy and heat management, carbon footprinting, integrated design options, as well as extensive dissemination activities. POWERSTEP will demonstrate the novel concepts and design treatment schemes of wastewater treatment plants that will be net energy producers, paving the way towards large implementation of such approaches and quick market penetration and supporting the business plans of participating technology providers.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENERGY-2007-2.2-01 | Award Amount: 3.72M | Year: 2008

This proposal aims at a compact version of a gasifier by integrating the fluidized bed steam gasification of biomass and the hot gas cleaning and conditioning system into one reactor vessel. Such arrangement will guarantee the conversion of tar, elimination of trace elements and an efficient abatement of the particulate, delivering high purity syngas, suitable to assure a substantial share of power generation even in small- to medium-scale (few MWth) CHP and power plants, and to increase the overall economic revenue, in line with the FP7 energy directives. It is expected that this innovation will provide a concrete contribution to the target fixed in the work programme of reducing the cost of electricity obtained by means of advanced gasification systems below 0.04 /kWh in 2020. The strategy of the work plan is designed to: (i) carry out systematic investigations into the development of catalytic and sorbent materials and verify their effectiveness to improve gas quality at real gasification conditions with tests at bench- to pilot-scale (up to 100kWth); (ii) evaluate the purity of syngas against existing cleaning and conditioning systems, by means of a proof of concept in the Gssing gasification plant, and the compatibility towards advanced power generation systems, by means of electricity production tests with a SOFC unit; (iii) assess technical feasibility of process simplification and intensification actions by means of design and operation of an integrated gasification and hot gas cleaning and conditioning fluidized bed prototype reactor (1 MWth), at a significant scale to provide sufficient and reliable information for industrial applications. This ambitious project relates well to the complementary expertises of applicants. Consortium also includes the stakeholders relevant to assure the necessary impact for dissemination and exploitation of the results, and to promote in the medium term industrial applications for the commercialisation of the innovation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ERC-COG | Phase: ERC-CoG-2014 | Award Amount: 1.38M | Year: 2015

Spontaneous symmetry breaking leading to states of matter with long-range order is one of the central topics in condensed matter physics. Common types of order, such as ferro- and anti-ferromagnetic, are characterized by spin or charge densities modulated on inter-atomic scale, therefore well studied thanks to various scattering experiments. Order parameters that are not of this type are much more difficult to detect, giving rise to names such as hidden order or electronic nematicity. Their impact on transport or thermodynamic properties may, nevertheless, be substantial. In the EXMAG project we will investigate excitonic condensation in systems with strongly correlated electrons as a new mechanism leading to unconventional ordered states. The objective of the project is to characterize the physical properties of various excitonic phases and to find their realization in real materials. We will focus on intermediate coupling strength and doped systems where the interaction between the excitonic order and the charge carriers is expected to lead to new physics. In particular, we want to explore the potential of the excitonic order to induce instabilities, e.g. magnetic or superconducting, that are not present in the normal phase. We will also address the possibility of topologically non-trivial quasi-particle band-structures in the excitonic phase. Our main tool will be numerical simulations based on the dynamical mean-field theory and ab initio band-structure methods. We will pursue two main lines of research: investigation of simple models allowing access to many physical observables and studies of real materials capturing the chemical complexities at the cost of more severe approximations. Ultimately, we want to understand in detail the properties of the excitonic magnets and their potential functionalities,and to identify the main control parameters and promising materials.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-ITN | Award Amount: 3.50M | Year: 2011

In the understanding of the initiation and development of several diseases revolutionary changes are currently taking place. Cancer and brain diseases are examples of medical fields where new technologies are finding their way into research and applications, radically altering the way the diseases are being diagnosed and treated. Especially methods that yield information on molecular and cellular mechanisms open up the way for novel effective therapies for disease prevention and disease curing. The aim of this ITN is to conduct training and research in the field of novel bio-analytical methods and tools for cell based diseases, in specific for severe cancers and brain diseases. These methods and tools should allow faster and more reliable diagnosis, but are also of great importance for therapy research leading to novel treatment methods. This ITN combines disciplines such as engineering, biotechnology, medicine, and chip-technology and the consortium covers universities, hospitals and industry. The functionality of the devices is determined by the type of measurements that need to be performed, therefore we will focus on a few specific diseases: our cancer research will be aimed at skin cancer (melanoma) and blood cancer (leukaemia), and the part on brain diseases will focus on schizophrenia. Although we will direct our activities towards these three diseases in particular, we expect that the research (methods, devices, and technology) will also have impact on the understanding of other cancer types and other brain diseases.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.5.2 | Award Amount: 7.73M | Year: 2008

According to recent studies, Risks Against Patient Safety (RAPS) represent one of the most important factors of dead in hospitals: during therapy, more then 8% of patients recovered in hospitals suffer for additional disease that in almost 50% of the cases produce either dead or significant additional health problems. RAPS occur in any stage of the patient care process. REMINE project idea originates from the common difficulty in conducting a analysis, early identification and effective prevention on RAP when there are significant mass of inhomogeneous data sources, stored in multimedia databases, and a distributed environments with different care professionals contemporary involved. To contrast the RAPS trends and the malpractices diffusion, REMINE prosecutes a number of main objectives. a new technological platform, new care process organizational requirements. Main elements are: mining of multimedia data; modelling, prediction, detection of RAPS, RAPS management support system and info broker patient safety framework. Main outcomes of REMINE will be: time reduction in collecting data, time reduction in RAPS analysis, standardization of common language, evolution in the interaction model, reference framework, patient safety improvement, health care cost saving (within an estimated RAPS reduction between 6% to 9% of RAPS.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN | Award Amount: 3.01M | Year: 2011

Today, more than ever, the public demands credible and understandable information about the quality of the environment in which they live or work. However, the environmental parameters monitored by commercial sensors do not give information about pollutants presence but about general state of our surroundings. Accordingly, innovative and multidisciplinary methods are needed to carry out efficient information exchange across the various sectors involved in environmental monitoring. The SENSEIVER (SENSor/transcEIVER) proposal presents a joint effort to reinforce the relevant technical bases by providing excellent training opportunities to young researchers in the following fields: (1) innovative and cost-effective sensors and their fabrication in LTCC (Low-Temperature Co-fired Ceramics) technology, (2) new sensitive materials as coating layers for unique LTCC microsensors platforms, (3) highly energy-efficient UWB (ultra wideband) transceivers compatible with designed LTCC sensors, and (4) intelligent systems for acquisition, processing and displaying data relevant to soil, air and water quality. ITN is composed of five outstanding academic/research participants, three leading industrial partners (SMEs) and three associated partners, from six countries. This training network has significant potential to improve career perspectives of 19 early-stage and 6 experienced researchers from partnering institutions and to spread expertise, knowledge and skills to wider scientific, engineering and environmental communities. Moreover, this ITN will expose all participants to complementary schools of thought that will initiate research in new areas and new topics within curriculum, giving it fresh perspective to the market oriented applications of designed materials, sensors and transceivers.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2009-IRSES | Award Amount: 99.00K | Year: 2010

NanoCom-Network is composed by 2 Universities in Europe (Universitt des Saarlandes, Germany; and Technische Universitt Wien, Austria), 1 Research Center (Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin, Germany) and 4 Institutions in Latinamerica (Centro Atmico Bariloche and Universidad Nacional de Ro Cuarto, Argentina, Universidade de Sao Pualo, Universidad de Concepcin, Chile) who will cooperate in the Advanced Processing and Characterisation of Micro and Nano Composites. The purpose of the network is to combine the different thematic specialties of different experts in the multidisciplinary field of materials science in order to design new composite materials with superior properties and performance. To achieve this goal it is necessary to develop in parallel new characterization techniques, especially for the 3D imaging and analysis of the material architecture. Techniques like Focused Ion Beam Tomography, x-Ray (including synchrotron) tomography and Atome Probe Tomography will be applied and further developed for the study of composite materials. In particular, Nickel reinforced with Carbon Nanotubes for electrical applications, Al-based Metal Matrix Composites for structural applications and Nanocomposites with nanostructured coatings for application in manufacturing technologies will be studied. 39 exchanges with the participation of 28 scientists with different level of experience (from PhD students till professors) will be carried out within the project. There is a particular good balance of experience levels among the participant universities as well as a balanced distribution of exchanges among the partners. The total amount of the project is 99.000 . Two workshops will be organized in order to exchange experience among the partners, to enhance the transfer of knowledge as well as to discuss further common activities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.4.1 | Award Amount: 12.09M | Year: 2011

The SCAPE project will enhance the state of the art of digital preservation in three ways: by developing infrastructure and tools for scalable preservation actions; by providing a framework for automated, quality-assured preservation workflows and by integrating these components with a policy-based preservation planning and watch system. These concrete project results will be validated within three large-scale Testbeds from diverse application areas: Digital Repositories from the library community, Web Content from the web archiving community, and Research Data Sets from the scientific community. Each Testbed has been selected because it highlights unique challenges.SCAPE will develop scalable services for planning and execution of institutional preservation strategies on an open source platform that orchestrates semi-automated workflows for large-scale, heterogeneous collections of complex digital objects. These services will be able to:* Identify requirements for preserving all or parts of a repository through characterisation and trend analysis;* Define responses to those needs using formal descriptions of preservation policies and preservation plans;* Allow a high degree of automation, virtualization of tools, and scalable processing;* Monitor the quality of preservation processes.The SCAPE consortium brings together experts from memory institutions, data centres, research labs, universities, and industrial firms in order to research and develop scalable preservation systems that can be practically deployed within the project lifetime.Through a project extension in the final year, SCAPE will broaden its scope with respect to the utilized deployment models and infrastructures available to the project. New activities include the development of new scientific use-cases, advanced preservation services, and installations of the SCAPE environment in high performance computing (HPC) data centers. These use cases will further demonstrate the generic nature of the SCAPE approach and its applicability in the new Data Center Testbed.SCAPE is dedicated toward producing open source software solutions available to the entire digital preservation community. The project results will be curated and further exploited by the newly founded Open Planets Foundation. Project results will also be exploited by an SME and research institutions within the consortium catering to the preservation community and by two industrial IT partners.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.87M | Year: 2016

Smart Home (SH) provides a promising approach to assisted living for the ageing population. Yet it still remains a challenge to develop and deploy such solutions in a large scale due to the lack of an easy-to-use technology infrastructure and application exemplars. This problem arises from the nature of the SH field: multidisciplinary, diverse in its applications, and with multiple stakeholders. Whilst a one-size-fits-all technology infrastructure seems unlikely, alternatives are still missing. In addition, an effective approach to cross-discipline, cross-sector understanding for best practices has so far not been seen. ACROSSING addresses this problem by implementing a multidisciplinary cross-sector pan-European training network to knock down barriers between disciplines and sectors and providing the ESRs with a broad training experience. ACROSSING develops 15 topically complementary research projects covering four core research themes, and four main application categories. By multidisciplinary collaborations and cross-sector interactions, the ESRs will develop flexible, interoperable underlying technologies which are then applied to and evaluated in multiple real application scenarios, leading to four specialised technology infrastructures and four best-practice application demonstrators. ACROSSING also deliver comprehensive blended training by combining campus-based and industrial practice training, and perspectives on personal development and social issues by well-established researchers and practitioners from academic, industry and user organisations. Whilst the scientific focus is to challenge the traditional way of SH research to develop advanced technologies and platforms, the training will train ESRs to establish links between research, real-world problems, innovation and personal career. ACROSSING will share software and datasets using open source technologies, and promote findings and impact through a number of measures, e.g. online, outreach events.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EE-12-2014 | Award Amount: 1.03M | Year: 2015

Investments in energy efficiency in the residential sector (27% of EU final energy demand) may also provide economic benefits at different levels of the economy. These benefits may not be realized because of barriers, which are typically reflected in implied discount rates. BRISKEE (Behavioural Response to Investment Risks in Energy Efficiency) provides evidence-based input to energy efficiency policy design and evaluation, thereby supporting the market uptake of energy efficiency technologies in the EU residential sector. It contributes to the work programme by addressing the interrelations between microeconomic factors, sectoral energy demand and macroeconomic effects, relying on a consistent methodological framework implemented in 5 work packages: Provide empirical evidence for the magnitudes of discount rates accounting for differences across households, technologies and countries, and assess their effects on the diffusion of efficiency technologies in the EU (micro-level). A multi-country survey (1000 interviews per country) will be carried out and analyzed econometrically. Explore the impact of time discounting and risk preferences (and of policies affecting those factors) on the diffusion of energy efficient technology and energy demand in the EU residential sector until 2030 (meso-level). Established bottom-up vintage stock models will be employed for appliances (FORECAST-Residential) and for buildings (Invert/EE-Lab). Explore the macro-level impacts of changes in microeconomic decision-making and of energy efficiency policy on employment, GDP and exports in the EU until 2030. This involves simulations with an established macro-economic model for the EU (ASTRA). Provide evidence-based recommendations for key energy efficiency policies and input for impact assessments and policy analysis at the three levels of analysis. Communicate and disseminate empirical findings to policy makers, national experts, the research community and the general public.

Vienna University of Technology, Rubert Fertinger GMBH and Basf | Date: 2011-03-31

The invention pertains to a method for producing molded articles based on aluminum alloys by metal injection molding, comprising the following steps: a) producing a feed-stock by mixing the metals contained in the desired alloy in the form of metal powders and/or one or more metal alloy powders with a binder; b) producing a green body by injection molding said feedstock; c) producing a brown body by at least partially removing the binder from the green body by catalytic and/or solvent and/or thermal debinding; d) sintering the at least partially debound brown body to obtain the desired molded article; characterized in that, in step c), the binder is completely removed, wherein thermal debinding is carried out to remove the (residual) binder, optionally after having carried out one or more previous debinding steps, said thermal debinding being carried out in an atmosphere containing at least 0.5% by volume of oxygen, whereafter the thus obtained, completely debound brown body is sintered.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2011-1 | Award Amount: 1.89M | Year: 2011

Due to climate related changes, longer dry periods for European farmers and without irrigation the risk of a volatile harvests will rise, that is the reason for a tendency across Europe to irrigate fields. The need for innovative irrigated systems is to minimize water consumption and costs. Also in times of limited water the project will be lucrative. There are more and more increasing cost pressures like costs of water, energy and fertilizer, environmental legislation and requirements, cuts of subsidies, high personal costs etc. The project will help to save a huge amount of money by reducing the mentioned investments. The tendency to automatic systems in the agriculture is rising and in future farmers will do most of their regulating by a computer. The system will support the farmers to realize their work by modern technology. Furthermore the project minimizes the pollution of groundwater by reducing fertilizer to a limit and concerns of eutrophication will be decreased. The aim of the project is to develop a fully automatic irrigation and fertilisation system (with needs based fertilizer spreading) in order to help farmers to monitor and control their water and fertilizer consumption. That basically means we want to combine the irrigation and fertilization in one step. Furthermore, the system will diagnose the need of the plants with the help of sensors and the interpretation of terrestrial meteorological data. The system consists of a combined sensor-detector-dosage system, which includes a monitoring, control and distribution unit which enables the dosing and distribution of the water and the fertilizer.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-FCH | Phase: SP1-JTI-FCH.2010.2.4 | Award Amount: 3.06M | Year: 2012

The aim of HyTime is to deliver a bioprocess for decentral H2 production from 2nd generation biomass with a productivity of 1-10 kg H2/d. The novel strategy in HyTime is to employ thermophilic bacteria which have shown superior yields in H2 production from biomass in the previous FP6 IP HYVOLUTION. Biomass in HyTime is grass, straw, molasses or unsold organic goods from supermarkets. The biomass is fractionated and converted to H2 at high efficiency unique for thermophilic fermentation. Dedicated bioreactors and gas upgrading devices for biosystems will be constructed to increase productivity. The H2 production unit will be independent of external energy supply by applying anaerobic digestion to valorize residues. HyTime adds to the security of supply H2 from local sources and eradicates geopolitical dependence. HyTime builds on HYVOLUTION with 5 partners expanding their research efforts. Three new industrial partners, 2 of which are NEW-IG members, have joined this team with specialist expertise in 2nd generation biomass fractionation and gastechnology. This way a pan-european critical mass in agro- and biotechnological research, the energy and hydrogen sector is assembled to enforce a breakthrough in bioH2 production. The participation of prominent specialists with interdisciplinary competences from academia (1 research institute and 2 universities) and industries (3 SMEs and 2 industries) warrants high scientific quality and rapid commercialization by exploitation of project results and reinforces the European Research Area in sustainable issues. The partners in HyTime have a complementary value in being developers or stake-holders for new market outlets or starting specialist enterprises stimulating new agro-industrial activities to boost the realization of H2 from renewable resources. The concept of HyTime will facilitate the transition to a hydrogen economy by increasing public awareness of the benefits of a clean and renewable energy carrier.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETPROACT-01-2016 | Award Amount: 7.98M | Year: 2017

A novel concept for a photo-electro-catalytic (PEC) cell able to directly convert water and CO2 into fuels and chemicals (CO2 reduction) and oxygen (water oxidation) using exclusively solar energy will be designed, built, validated, and optimized. The cell will be constructed from cheap multifunction photo-electrodes able to transform sun irradiation into an electrochemical potential difference (expected efficiency > 12%); ultra-thin layers and nanoparticles of metal or metal oxide catalysts for both half-cell reactions (expected efficiency > 90%); and stateof- the-art membrane technology for gas/liquid/products separation to match a theoretical target solar to fuels efficiency above 10%. All parts will be assembled to maximize performance in pH > 7 solution and moderate temperatures (50-80 C) as to take advantage of the high stability and favorable kinetics of constituent materials in these conditions. Achieving this goal we will improve the state-of-the-art of all components for the sake of cell integration: 1) Surface sciences: metal and metal oxide catalysts (crystals or nanostructures grown on metals or silicon) will be characterized for water oxidation and CO2 reduction through atomically resolved experiments (scanning probe microscopy) and spatially-averaged surface techniques including surface analysis before, after and in operando electrochemical reactions. Activity and performance will be correlated to composition, thickness, structure and support as to determine the optimum parameters for device integration. 2) Photoelectrodes: This unique surface knowledge will be transferred to the processing of catalytic nanostructures deposited on semiconductors through different methods to match the surface chemistry results through viable up-scaling processes. Multiple thermodynamic and kinetic techniques will be used to characterize and optimize the performance of the interfaces with spectroscopy and photo-electrochemistry tools to identify best matching between light absorbers and chemical catalysts along optimum working conditions (pH, temperature, pressure). 3) Modeling: Materials, catalysts and processes will be modeled with computational methods as a pivotal tool to understand and to bring photo-catalytic-electrodes to their theoretical limits in terms of performance. The selected optimum materials and environmental conditions as defined from these parallel studies will be integrated into a PEC cell prototype. This design will include ion exchange membranes and gas diffusion electrodes for product separation. Performance will be validated in real working conditions under sun irradiation to assess the technological and industrial relevance of our A-LEAF cell.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: SC5-16-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 1.16M | Year: 2016

Global demand for minerals is growing rapidly, driven by rapid population growth, urbanisation and an increasingly diverse range of technical applications. Global material supply chains linking the extraction, transport and processing stages of raw materials have become increasingly complex and today involve multiple players and product components. An interactive platform that provides transparency about existing approaches and information gaps concerning global material flows is needed to understand these global supply chains; developing this capability is critical for maintaining competitiveness in the European economy. Against this backdrop, the proposed MinFuture project aims to identify, integrate, and develop expertise for global material flow analysis and scenario modelling. Specific activities include: the analysis of barriers and gateways for delivering more transparent and interoperable materials information; the assessment of existing model approaches for global material flow analysis, including the demand- supply forecasting methods; the delivery of a common methodology which integrates mineral data, information and knowledge across national boundaries and between governmental and non-governmental organisations; the development of recommendations for a roadmap to implement the common methodology at international level; the creation of a web-portal to provide a central access point for material flow information, including links to existing data sources, models, tools and analysis. MinFuture brings together 16 international partners from across universities, public organisations and companies, to deliver new insight, strategic intelligence and a clear roadmap for enabling effective access to global material information.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2011-1 | Award Amount: 1.48M | Year: 2011

Sintered parts obtained by the powder metallurgy process are employed in several industry sectors, especially automotive. They are typically intricate, complex shaped parts produced in near net shape by compaction of powders into a geometry followed by sintering of the compacts for consolidation, where particles are bonded upon heating. The powder metallurgy process, by nature, is suited to high volume production and therefore any flaws/defects in the parts can have a significant impact on the production output for example loss of material and efficiency, as well as potential failures in use later. Therefore there is a need for automated inspection by non-destructive means, for determining and separating the good and bad batches during production, preferably as early as possible, without having to seek destructive examination carried out manually, which can have a negative impact on the production flow and output. More critically, any faulty part that is overlooked may cause more problems later on such as unexpected premature failures in application. Depending on the component and the criticality of the application this can have drastic consequences such as accidents. In this project, we will develop a digital radiographic system for online inspection of powder metallurgy parts. This technique allows fast inspection and application of image processing for the detection of small cracks, flaws and density variations in-situ.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-11-2015 | Award Amount: 5.99M | Year: 2016

WASTE2FUELS aims to develop next generation biofuel technologies capable of converting agrofood waste (AFW) streams into high quality biobutanol. Butanol is one of the most promising biofuels due to its superior fuel properties compared to current main biofuels, bioethanol and biodiesel. In addition to its ability to reduce carbon emissions, its higher energy content (almost 30% more than ethanol), its ability to blend with both gasoline and diesel, its lower risk of separation and corrosion, its resistance to water absorption, allowing it to be transported in pipes and carriers used by gasoline, it offers a very exciting advantage for adoption as engines require almost no modifications to use it. The main WASTE2FUELS innovations include: Development of novel pretreatment methods for converting AFW to an appropriate feedstock for biobutanol production thus dramatically enlarging current available biomass for biofuels production Genetically modified microorganisms for enhancing conversion efficiencies of the biobutanol fermentation process Coupled recovery and biofilm reactor systems for enhancing conversion efficiencies of Acetone-Butanol-Ethanol fermentation Development of new routes for biobutanol production via ethanol catalytic conversion Biobutanol engine tests and ecotoxicological assessment of the produced biobutanol Valorisation of the process by-products Development of an integrated model to optimise the waste-to-biofuel conversion and facilitate the industrial scale-up Process fingerprint analysis by environmental and techno-economic assessment Biomass supply chain study and design of a waste management strategy for rural development By valorising 50% of the unavoidable and undervalorised AFW as feedstock for biobutanol production, WASTE2FUELS could divert up to 45 M tonnes of food waste from EU landfills, preventing 18 M tonnes of GHG and saving almost 0.5 billion litres of fossil fuels.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IRSES | Award Amount: 222.00K | Year: 2013

The Fregean-inspired Principle of Compositionality of Meaning (PoC), for formal languages, may be construed as asserting that the meaning of a compound expression is deterministically (and often recursively) analysable in terms of the meaning of its constituents, taking into account the mode in which these constituents are combined so as to form the compound expression. From a logical point of view, this amounts to prescribing a constraint --that may or may not be respected-- on the internal mechanisms that build and give meaning to a given formal system. Within the domain of formal semantics and of the structure of logical derivations, PoC is often directly reflected by metaproperties such as truth-functionality and analyticity, characteristic of computationally well-behaved logical systems. The project GeTFun aims at being a coordinated exchange programme for the investigation of compositional meaning in logic and applications. The consortium will study various well-motivated ways in which the attractive properties and metaproperties of truth-functional logics may be stretched so as to cover more extensive logical grounds. The ubiquity of non-classical logics in the formalization of practical reasoning demands the formulation of more flexible theories of meaning and compositionality that allow for the establishment of coherent and inclusive bases for their understanding. Such investigations presuppose not only the development of adequate frameworks from the perspectives of Model Theory, Proof Theory and Universal Logic, but also the construction of solid bridges between the related approaches based on various generalizations of truth-functionality. Applications of broadly truth-functional logics, in their various guises, are envisaged in several areas of computer science, mathematics, philosophy and linguistics, where the ever increasing complexity of systems continuously raise new and difficult challenges to compositionality.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-11-2015 | Award Amount: 6.00M | Year: 2016

Companion diagnostics are crucial for drug development and disease management with regard to patient selection, therapy planning and monitoring. Nanomedicines such as antibodies have been proven to be optimal disease-targeting agents because they generally exhibit superior target uptake and retention. However, to date, nuclear imaging of nanomedicines has been limited to the use of long-lived isotopes to be compatible with the slow pharmacokinetics of these large molecules. Major drawbacks are high radiation doses, precluding routine and repeated companion imaging procedures. The Click-It consortium aims to circumvent this issue by using pretargeting approach, which centers on the administration and target binding of a tagged nanomedicine followed by administration and binding of a small, fast-clearing, short-lived radiolabeled probe to the tag of the nanomedicine. This results in lower absorbed radiation doses and in a boost in target-blood ratios, which in turn leads to a superior imaging contrast. PET scan snapshots at multiple time-points provide long-term imaging information by applying short-lived nuclides. So far, only the fastest click reaction, the tetrazine ligation, has demonstrated potential in clinically relevant conditions. Recently, we have shown in a SPECT imaging study that this click reaction can be applied for non-internalizing nanomedicines in vivo. This project aims at expanding the scope of click-pretargeted imaging to intracellular targets, because a majority of nanomedicines internalize and is thus not accessible with the current approach. Furthermore, we will expand our approach to short-lived, non-metal based, small molecule 18F-PET tracers, since PET offers a higher spatial and temporal resolution enabling quantitative decision making in disease diagnosis and management. Finally, the project aims to translate the developed click-pretargeting technology into a clinically applicable nanomedicine-based imaging approach in canine patients.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2007-6.2-01 | Award Amount: 1.41M | Year: 2008

The goal to turn the EU into the most competitive and dynamic economy by 2010 demands a full benchmarking system to monitor policy performance and their impact on progress. For this reason, the European Commission has engaged in selecting, collecting and analysing a set of indicators that are published each year. The Stockholm European Council has further emphasised the need for effective, timely and reliable statistics and indicators. A main challenge is to develop indicators for the main characteristics and key drivers. An utmost important and challenging area to be measured is social cohesion. Based on a clear definition of social cohesion, a universally-accepted high-quality and robust statistics to adequately measure social cohesion is required. Further, tools for measuring temporal developments and regional breakdowns to sub-populations of relevance will be of great importance. In order to measure social cohesion with Laeken indicators adequately while regarding national characteristics and practical peculiarities from the newly created EU-SILC, an improved methodology will be elaborated within AMELI. This will ensure that future political decision in the area of quality of life can be based on more adequate and high-quality data and a proper understanding of the Laeken indicators by the users. The study will include research on data quality including its measurement, treatment of outliers and nonresponse, small area estimation and the measurement of development over time. A large simulation study based on EU-SILC data will allow a simultaneous elaboration of the methodology focusing on practical issues aiming at support for policy. Due to the fact that the Laeken indicators are based on a highly sophisticated methodology the projects outcome may also serve as a methodological complement for other FP7 projects in the area of indicators.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2013-1 | Award Amount: 1.51M | Year: 2013

The residue generated by the olive oil process is known as wet olive pomace (WOP), which have high water content (up to 65%), and may contain between 2-8 g. polyphenols/Kg pomace, so more than 80% of the total polyphenol content in olives is lost in the waste material. This olive pomace is normally used for further extraction of pomace oil. For that application, it is dried prior to using organic chemical solvents (e.g. hexane). The solid waste generated in the pomace oil extraction process has a low humidity (10-15%) and is usually sold as biomass. However, WOP is a potential source for the extraction of hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol and oleuropein which are known for their antioxidant activity and thus have a high added value. There is a wide potential market for natural extracts, including cosmetics, functional foods, supplements, preservatives in industrial production or animal health. PhenOLIVE intends to revalorize this waste of the pomace oil producers by: (i) extraction of polyphenolic compounds as a high added value product using Pulsed Electric Field as an alternative to conventional chemical extraction techniques based on the use of organic solvents; and (ii) lead an steam gasification of the resulting solid waste to recover electricity and heat for the whole process, creating profit from the surplus.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.3.1 | Award Amount: 4.16M | Year: 2014

While feature sizes are continuously scaled towards atomic dimensions, industry is increasingly confronted with unexpected physical artefacts to be considered at each new technology node. Among these, process variation and parameter degradation lead to reliability concerns impacting integrated circuit design at all abstraction levels. As variation and degradation may become a limiting factor for future scaled technologies, there has been a tremendous research effort in understanding these artefacts. Versatile tools, allowing consideration of these artefacts and their combined impact during the design of ICs are still in their infancy. Rather than developing yet another design support methodology, we aim to combine and refine existing reliability and variability prediction methodologies at the abstraction layers with highest industrial importance: Register transfer (RT) level - usual design entry, gate level where most design for reliability (DfR) techniques are applied, and transistor level - where final sign-off is made.MoRV will cover the strong relationship between variability and ageing, which are usually treated separately, fostering the idea of treating ageing as a form of time-dependent variability. Combined models from transistor, over gate, to RT level will be characterized directly from silicon measurement and all models will be able to interpret the same characterization data base from the silicon measurement.The results will be introduced into a reference design flow combined with a multi-level multi-physics engine. Final goal of MoRV is to enable automated synthesis from specification to circuit. Each model layer will offer reliability and variation prediction for typical and worst case scenarios in order to assess the effectiveness of available design techniques.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.6.3 | Award Amount: 3.32M | Year: 2010

Future buildings and neighbourhoods are expected to combine a manifold of Energy using Products (EuP) ranging from electrical lighting to HVAC with locally available renewable energies (e.g. solar, wind) and with locally available storages (e.g. car batteries). An intelligent management of energy in such a local grid would enable customers to participate in the energy market and even contribute to the stability of the power grid. The problem is that such an energy management requires fine grained infrastructure and expensive hardware. Today, this limits applicability of energy management to large consumers in the industrial and commercial sector.\n\nThe objective of SmartCoDe is to enable the application of advanced techniques for energy management in private and small commercial buildings and neighbourhoods by\n\n1)\tDeveloping new methods for automated energy management that specifically considers the requirements of Energy using Products in homes / offices and local renewable energy providers, considering the required information security and dependability.\n2)\tDeveloping an inexpensive hardware/software implementation that can be integrated into arbitrary Energy using Products, providing them with the ability to communicate and to remotely control its use of power.\n3)\tDemonstration of technical and economic feasibility and benefit of intelligent energy management in buildings and neighbourhoods with an initial focus on electric lighting.\n\nIf successful, the project will allow all manufacturers of EuP to add energy management functionality (and maybe additional features such as remote control, etc.) for very little additional cost, and thereby address a new and huge market in homes and offices. The local energy management will enable local entities to participate in the energy market as an intelligent, managed sub-grid that can if necessary even contribute to a demand side management and thereby reducing the required spinning reserve.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2010.1.1.6-3 | Award Amount: 4.26M | Year: 2011

Climate policy needs to aim at ambitious long-term climate stabilization. This will require managing the transition from carbon intensive to low carbon economies within this century. Research on mitigation pathways to a low carbon society and the associated mitigation costs is indispensable for informing policy makers. The project AMPERE is aiming for a broad exploration of mitigation pathways and associated mitigation costs under various real world limitations, while at the same time generating a better understanding about the differences across models, and the relation to historical trends. Uncertainties about the costs of mitigation originate from the entire causal chain ranging from economic activity, to emissions and related technologies, and the response of the carbon cycle and climate system to greenhouse gas emissions. AMPERE will use a sizable ensemble of state-of-the-art energy-economy and integrated assessment models to analyse mitigation pathways and associated mitigation costs in a series of multi-model intercomparisons. It will focus on four central areas: (i) The role of uncertainty about the climate response to anthropogenic forcing on the remaining carbon budget for supplying societies around the globe with energy, (ii) the role of technology availability, innovation and myopia in the energy sector, (iii) the role of policy imperfections like limited regional or sectoral participation in climate policy regimes, and (iv) the implications for decarbonisation scenarios and policies for Europe.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SiS-2010- | Award Amount: 1.23M | Year: 2011

The objective of the project is to use art to communicate emotions related to the understanding of nature and to stimulate students create artistic initiatives able to demonstrate commonalities of artistic and scientific fascination. The objective will be pursued according to two strictly related aspects: 1)produce artistic works based on scientific phenomena at a professional level; 2)stimulate students of EC schools to produce their own works and to organize an international competition to prize the best ones. (We consider this a form of very deep and long lasting interactive action that we prefer to the sometimes superficial and ephemeral interactive processes available in some popularization science exhibitions). Practically we intend to realize artistic events based on scientific issues per each of the following artistic disciplines: 1)Modern dance 2)Cinema 3)Contemporary art 4)Imaging 5)Literature The produced art work will be exploited in a double way: a)By presenting them in live events in the different countries involved in the project addressing not only the targeted category of persons (high school students (15-18 years), but also the general public; b)By organizing a competition among the EU high school students for each of the 5 considered discipline (with a consequent interactive process involving potentially thousands of students). The consortium includes several scientists, artists, art critics, film directors, actors, musicians and specialists in science popularization, who will work together to achieve the goals synthetically above reported. The activities will be coordinated by the project leader who is, at the same time, a well known scientist and a person active since long time in several artistic activities. Universities, research institutes, dance schools, museums, theatres will be involved, together with the famous European Synchrotron Radiation Facility which hosts every year thousands scientists, including Nobel price winners.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2011.3.7-1 | Award Amount: 10.29M | Year: 2012

Torrefaction is considered worldwide as a promising key technology for boosting large-scale implementation of bioenergy. It involves heating biomass in the absence of oxygen to a temperature of 200 to 320 C. As a result, the biomass looses all its moisture and becomes easy to grind and water resistant, which reduces the risk of spontaneous ignition and biological degradation and permits outdoor storage. By combining torrefaction with pelletisation or briquetting, biomass is converted into a high-energy-density commodity solid fuel or bioenergy carrier with superior properties in view of (long-distance) transport, handling and storage, and also in many major end-use applications (e.g., co-firing in pulverised-coal fired power plants, (co-)gasification in entrained-flow gasifiers and combustion in distributed pellet boilers. Moreover, torrefaction-based bioenergy carriers may form a good starting point for biorefinery routes. The current SECTOR project is focussed on the further development of torrefaction-based technologies for the production of solid bioenergy carriers up to pilot-plant scale and beyond and on supporting market introduction of torrefaction-based bioenergy carriers as a commodity renewable solid fuel. The core of the project concerns the further development of torrefaction and densification technology for a broad biomass feedstock range including clean woody biomass, forestry residues, agro-residues and imported biomass. Production recipes will be optimised on the basis of extensive logistics and end-use testing. Much attention will be given to the development, quality assurance and standardisation of dedicated analysis and test methods. The experimental work will be accompanied by extensive desk studies to define major biomass-to-end-use value chains, design deployment strategies and scenarios, and conduct a full sustainability assessment. The results will be fed into CEN/ISO working groups and international sustainability forums.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: KBBE-2009-2-4-01 | Award Amount: 4.05M | Year: 2010

The NanoLyse project will focus on the development of validated methods and reference materials for the analysis of engineered nano-particles (ENP) in food and beverages. The developed methods will cover all relevant classes of ENP with reported or expected food and food contact material applications, i.e. metal, metal oxide/silicate, surface functionalised and organic encapsulate (colloidal/micelle type) ENP. Priority ENPs have been selected out of each class as model particles to demonstrate the applicability of the developed approaches, e.g. nano-silver, nano-silica, an organically surface modified nano-clay and organic nano-encapsulates. Priority will be given to methods which can be implemented in existing food analysis laboratories. A dual approach will be followed. Rapid imaging and screening methods will allow the distinction between samples which contain ENP and those that do not. These methods will be characterised by minimal sample preparation, cost-efficiency, high throughput and will be achieved by the application of automated smart electron microscopy imaging and screening techniques in sensor and immunochemical formats. More sophisticated, hyphenated methods will allow the unambiguous characterisation and quantification of ENP. These will include elaborate sample preparation, separation by flow field fractionation and chromatographic techniques as well as mass spectrometric and electron microscopic characterisation techniques. The developed methods will be validated using the well characterised food matrix reference materials that will be produced within the project. Small-scale interlaboratory method performance studies and the analysis of a few commercially available products claiming or suspect to contain ENP will demonstrate the applicability and soundness of the developed methods.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2012.2.2-1. | Award Amount: 2.24M | Year: 2013

The proposed project Development of a Next generation European Inland Waterway Ship and Logistics System aims at 1. developing and validating a novel container ship (hull) which will include the following TECHNICAL INNOVATIONS: a) re-design of a standard inland ship hull = increase of transport efficiency (\ 100%) b) adaptable draught = crossing below even low bridges and react to altering water-levels = increase of days of navigability (\88% - 320 days instead of 170 days) c) an adjustable diesel-/gas-/LNG-electric energy- and propulsion system = increase of resource efficiency (up to 30%), decrease of harmful exhaust emissions 2. tailoring a special-designed and integrated logistics system which will include the complying LOGISTICAL INNOVATIONS: a) an adapted logistics and supply system for the respective demands of market in the catchment area b) enlargement of the European inland waterway system for container transport = adapting the novel container ship for a use on UN-classes III and IV and making secondary waterways in Europe accessible c) new river ports infrastructure concepts d) re-evaluation of multimodal activities Concluding, the novel container ship will be able to meet operators targeted costs, optimize time-management (reliability), answer to inland shipping-specific bottlenecks (e.g. low bridges, shallow waters), improve carbon footprints and thus successfully compete with road and railway transport. A significant modal shift is aspired, especially to the Danube and its hinterland. One of the main results will be a finance and business plan to bring the novel ship AND the required logistical concepts to the market, designed to reach EU 2011 White Paper and to strengthen the Danube region. The consortium herewith applies for European funding as both technical AND logistical innovations are designed to support cross-border European challenges for an optimized waterborne transport clearly pointing out the need for an European approach.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.9.1 | Award Amount: 3.48M | Year: 2013

The current acquisition pipeline for visual models of 3D worlds is based on a paradigm of planning a goal-oriented acquisition - sampling on site - processing. The digital model of an artifact (an object, a building, up to an entire city) is produced by planning a specific scanning campaign, carefully selecting the (often costly) acquisition devices, performing the on-site acquisition at the required resolution and then post-processing the acquired data to produce a beautified triangulated and textured model. However, in the future we will be faced with the ubiquitous availability of sensing devices that deliver different data streams that need to be processed and displayed in a new way, for example smartphones, commodity stereo cameras, cheap aerial data acquisition devices, etc.\n\nWe therefore propose a radical paradigm change in acquisition and processing technology: instead of a goal-driven acquisition that determines the devices and sensors, we let the sensors and resulting available data determine the acquisition process. Data acquisition might become incidental to other tasks that devices/people to which sensors are attached carry out. A variety of challenging problems need to be solved to exploit this huge amount of data, including: dealing with continuous streams of time-dependent data, finding means of integrating data from different sensors and modalities, detecting changes in data sets to create 4D models, harvesting data to go beyond simple 3D geometry, and researching new paradigms for interactive inspection capabilities with 4D data sets. In this project, we envision solutions to these challenges, paving the way for affordable and innovative uses of information technology in an evolving world sampled by ubiquitous visual sensors.\n\nOur approach is high-risk and an enabling factor for future visual applications. The focus is clearly on basic research questions to lay the foundation for the new paradigm of incidental 4D data capture.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IAPP | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-IAPP-2008 | Award Amount: 1.13M | Year: 2009

Complex freeform structures are one of the most striking trends in contemporary architecture. So far, design and manufacturing of such structures are based on digital technologies which have been developed for other industries (automotive, naval, aerospace industry). Architecture differs from these traditional target industries of CAD/CAM technology in many ways including aesthetics, statics, structural aspects, scale and manufacturing technologies. Manufacturing architectural freeform structures requires the segmentation into panels, which may be either flat, single-curved or double curved. In the present proposal, we investigate the problem of building architectural freeform structures from single-curved panels. From the mathematical perspective, this leads to the new semi-discrete surface representations, which constitute a link between smooth and discrete surfaces and can be studied with methods from differential geometry and computational mathematics. To meet the practical requirements, solid knowledge and large experience in architectural design and engineering is essential. Three partners joined to meet the challenges in this field: (1) TUW, an academic institution with deep fundamental knowledge in applied geometry and geometric computing, (2) Evolute, a high-tech research start-up specializing in geometric computing for architecture and manufacturing and (3) RFR, an established engineering office with world wide experience, specialized in non-conventional lightweight structures and with relevant experience in freeform design.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2012-1 | Award Amount: 1.48M | Year: 2012

Printing and other large-area roll-to-roll (R2R)-compatible processes present exciting opportunities for cost-efficient mass manufacturing of electronics, among other functionalities, on large-area and flexible substrates such as plastic, paper and fabrics. In particular, thin film Organic Photovolactics (OPV) are generating a buzz in the industry. Printing the active components of a PV system onto flexible substrates means that solar cells could be incorporated onto a host of everyday objects, offing advantages in terms of weight, flexibility and low-cost production methods. A major challenge for the manufacture of polymer and printed electronics is the ability to control the layer properties more precisely than with conventional colour printing. The performance of OPVs is strongly affected by the thickness and uniformity of the needed layers. Accurate information about the thickness of the thin films being deposited would prevent the production of large volumes of materials that do not perform to the standards that they should. Without online thin film thickness measurements the real thickness of the R2R deposited layer can be measured only after the deposition process. The industry is in need of an online quality control method for thin film thickness on selected layers, which is vital for improved high quality, high volume, cost-effective production of such printed and large area electronics (OLAE) devices. The THIME project will develop a novel optical instrument for the on-line measurement of thin film thickness during the R2R manufacturing of these devices, which will be capable of measuring different OPV layers of differing characteristics values: thickness, refractive index, transparency and surface smoothness, and suited to a moving process (up to 10m/min) and is most likely not always in stable position in Z direction. No such detection method is available in the market and THIME will be a breakthrough for advancing the EU industry.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.72M | Year: 2013

The CI-NERGY Marie Curie Initial Training Network (ITN) aims to train young scientists to develop urban decision making and operational optimisation software tools to minimise non-renewable energy use in cities. The training will be carried out by a close collaboration of six of the best academic research centres and four leading industrial companies from the energy and software technology sector (Siemens, WienEnergie, EDF/EIFER, and IES). The research fellows will apply their results in two case study cities (Geneva and Vienna), which were chosen for their very ambitious sustainability goals. The CI-NERGY network will be a highly multi-disciplinary coordinated PhD programme on urban energy sustainability, covering the key challenges in cities related to a low carbon future. There is a gap in high level integrated training in the urban energy research field, which is due to the wide range of fragmented disciplines from building physics and energy supply technologies with electrical and thermal engineering up to software engineering and information technology. The CI-NERGY network wide training provided by excellent academic and industry partners from all areas of smart cities will close this gap. The impact of the network training activities will be highly noticeable for energy supply utilities, IT companies, policy makers, urban planners, researchers on sustainable urban energy systems and finally the inhabitants of cities themselves. All sectors mentioned will provide excellent career opportunities for the research fellows, who will gain excellent knowledge of the sectorial requirements by a structured secondment plan.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2011-1 | Award Amount: 1.52M | Year: 2011

Advances in micro-, nano-, and biotechnology put increasing demands on nanoscale microscopy and characterization. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is one of the highest resolution microscopy methods used in this area. In this project, we will develop a new type of AFM sensor, which will significantly increase the performance of AFM and make it suitable for a much broader range of applications, especially in the life sciences. While traditional AFMs using optical detection of the cantilever sensor, yield very high resolution images, their imaging speed is low, they are difficult to automate and integration with other analysis techniques is limited due to the required optical components. This project aims at removing these limitations for a large area of attractive AFM-applications such as fast analysis in materials science and biological applications. The innovative concept is based on all electric bio cantilevers, ALBICAN. These cantilevers will use novel granular tunneling resistors (NTR), which are fabricated with a mask-less direct writing technique: focused electron beam induced deposited (FEBID). The AFM cantilever will be equipped with an NTR deflection sensor that directly measures the cantilever signal electrically, which removes the need for optical cantilever detection. Recent improvements in AFM cantilever technology have increased the imaging speed of AFM by up to two orders of magnitude by miniaturizing AFM cantilevers (SCL-Sensor.Tech., AMG-T). The unique approach in this proposal, which builds on new materials and fabrication processes (Nanoss), will allow the manufacturing of unprecedented small cantilever sensors with vastly superior performance in imaging speed and usability. These cantilevers will be compatible with a wide variety of existing AFMs and applications in materials and life science. Thereby providing a unique technological edge for the involved SMEs, and opening new avenues for the commercialization of their products and technologies.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-15-2014 | Award Amount: 3.89M | Year: 2015

The overall objective of the KConnect project is to create a medical text Data-Value Chain with a critical mass of participating companies using cutting-edge commercial cloud-based services for multilingual Semantic Annotation, Semantic Search and Machine Translation of Electronic Health Records and medical publications. The commercial cloud-based services will be the result of productisation of the multilingual medical text processing tools developed in the Khresmoi FP7 project, allowing wide adoption of these tools by industry. The critical mass will be created by the KConnect Professional Services Community, which will consist of at least 30 companies by the end of the project. These companies will be trained to build solutions based on the KConnect Services, hence serving as multipliers for commercial exploitation of the KConnect services. The KConnect project will facilitate the straightforward adaptation of the commercialised services to new languages by providing toolkits enabling the adaptation to be done by by people having a software engineering skillset, as opposed to the rarer language engineering skillset. The KConnect services will also be adapted to handle text in Electronic Health Records, which is particularly challenging due to misspellings, neologisms, organisation-specific acronyms, and heavy use of negation and hedging. The consortium is driven by a core group of four innovative SMEs following complementary business perspectives related to medical text analysis and search. These companies will build solutions for their customers based on KConnect technology. Two partners from the medical domain will use KConnect services to solve their medical record analysis challenges. Two highly-used medical search portal providers will implement the KConnect services to innovate the services offered by their search portals. Through these search portals, the KConnect technologies will be used by over 1 million European citizens before the end of the project

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA.2010.1.1-04 | Award Amount: 2.98M | Year: 2011

The main objective of the proposed project GLOWASIS is to pre-validate a GMES Global Service for Water Scarcity Information. In European and global pilots on the scale of river catchments, it will combine in-situ and satellite derived water cycle information and more government ruled statistical water demand data in order to create an information portal on water scarcity. This portal will be made interoperable with the WISE-RTD portal. More awareness for the complexity of the water scarcity problem will be created and additional capabilities of satellite-measured water cycle parameters can be promoted, but also directly matched to user requirements. By creating the user-scientist community, GLOWASIS will guide earth observation scientists to efficient innovation for the specific purpose of water scarcity assessment and forecasting. By linking water demand and supply in three pilot studies with existing systems (EDO and PCR-GLOBWB) for medium- and long-term forecasting in Europe, Africa and worldwide, GLOWASIS information will contribute both in near-real time reporting for emerging drought events as well as in provision of climate change time series. By combining complex water cycle variables, governmental issues and economic relations with respect to water demand, GLOWASIS will aim for the needed streamlining of the wide variety of important water scarcity information. Infrastructure is set up for dissemination and inclusion of current and future innovative and integrated multi-purpose products for research & operational applications. The service will use data from GMES Core Services LMCS Geoland2 and Marine Core Service MyOcean (e.g. land use, soil moisture, soil sealing, sea level), in-situ data from GEWEX initiatives (i.e. International Soil Moisture network), agricultural and industrial water use and demand (statistical AQUASTAT, SEEAW and modelled) and additional water-cycle information from existing global satellite services.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: WASTE-4b-2014 | Award Amount: 1.64M | Year: 2015

Urbanization is on the rise in Africa and this trend is expected to continue in the future. The fast growing use of technology is creating a rising e-waste stream, for which there is limited recycling capacity. Waste management infrastructures and public awareness of the health issues is largely non-existent. Basic environmental precautions are almost absent and health and safety regulations are loosely enforced. Improvements are therefore urgently needed to combat related health issues, alleviate poverty and develop the local recycling sector. EWIT projects aim is to address these challenges, assisting African municipalities in the implementation of effective e-waste management systems for their communities. The project will develop a comprehensive mapping of the baseline data of African metropolitan areas related to e-waste management, analyzing the most relevant experiences, processes and legal tools available. It will then deliver a dynamic and easy to use information and service portal to offer guidance and practical support for the design and development of e-waste collection and recycling systems. EWIT will generate the expected impacts through 5 coordinated work packages. The working model is based on two different set of workshops, one led by Cities and the other by Experts. Tools, implementation models, policies and procedures will feed a dedicated information and service platform called E-waste implementation toolkit. This dynamic and easy to use internet portal will be a strategic source of knowledge for decision makers at industry and local government level. Dissemination will play a key role to assure that the projects deliverables are well understood and ready to be applied. EWIT will define the conditions and actions necessary to implement effective waste recycling systems in metropolitan areas, increasing recycling opportunities for entrepreneurs, generating new jobs and improving environment and health protection of local communities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.4 | Award Amount: 2.79M | Year: 2008

The objective of the GENESYS project is to develop a cross-domain reference architecture for embedded systems that can be instantiated for different application domains to meet the requirements and constraints documented in the ARTEMIS strategic research agenda. These requirements are composability, networking, security, robustness, diagnosis, integrated resource management and evolvability. The reference architecture will address common issues, such as complexity management, separation of communication and computation, support for different levels of quality of service, security, model-based design, heterogeneity of subsystems, legacy integration, optimal power usage, and diagnosis. It will provide domain-independent services that can be customized to the needs of a particular application domain. Domain-specific platform services will be converged such that components from different application domains can be consistently integrated while preserving relevant properties. The project will result in a conceptualization of the cross-domain architecture, a specification of cross-domain core services and optional services for the selected application domains, and four exploratory prototypes that will demonstrate and help to evaluate the feasibility of selected central architectural concepts in the different application domains. The expected impact of GENESYS is a reduction of development costs and a speed-up of the time-to-market of embedded system development in different application domains, thereby strengthening the European presence in the competitive world-wide embedded systems markets. The support for cross-domain reuse of components is of particular relevance to innovative European SMEs that plan to enter those markets with high-tech products under increasing time pressure. The consortium consists of many major European embedded system suppliers and OEMs encompassing a broad range of application domains, supported by leading research and academic organizations.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.5.3 | Award Amount: 3.94M | Year: 2011

Treatment and prognosis of spinal disc degeneration are still based on trial and error clinical decisions from the surgeon leading to numerous post treatment complications and eventual morbidity. A rational engineering approach based on advanced ICT and patient-specific predictive systems to treat various spinal pathologies needs to be developed to guide clinicians and improve long-term clinical outcomes. In silico virtual assessment of the evolution of treatments for patient-specific lumbar spine geometries, tissue properties, and loading histories is the cornerstone of such predictive system. Focus must be made on functional patient-specific models that have mechanobiological predictive capabilities. The objective of My SPINE is to adapt and integrate existing generic finite element (FE) models and use them as ICT tools in a clinical setting. The predictive system will consist in a set of specialized computing platforms. A geometrical and mechanical patient-specific model will be built, involving specialized processes such as image segmentation and analysis, mesh morphing, FE simulations, and optimizations. Based on the analysis of each integrated biomechanical and mechanobiological model, results will be evaluated in a probabilistic way, helping clinician to safely assess the risks and benefits of each simulated treatment. The main outputs of the project are the creation of a prototype computing platform with a graphical user interface for clinical settings and a patient-specific database of the lumbar spine. This interface will give clinicians the ability to virtually explore patient-specific treatment outcomes of disc degeneration, from short-term biomechanical ending to long-term mechanobiological tissue evolution. The project will impact ehealth by bringing new engineering rationale in the clinical decision-process. Impact is thus directly linked to ICT companies for clinical software development and hospital for the development of new clinical protocols.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.6.7 | Award Amount: 4.92M | Year: 2012

Nowadays, mobile Internet is available almost everywhere. Nevertheless, the impact of this ubiquitous Web access has not arrived at road user information systems with a few exceptions for navigation systems or traffic monitoring. Making full use of the Internet availability can enable a whole range of new services and apps for road users, helping them to make their journey safer, more comfortable, and more environmental friendly.\nIn order to foster the wide usage of those services, a holistic framework is needed which structures and bundles potential services that could deliver data from various sources to road user information systems. SIMPLI-CITY will provide this framework.\n\nSIMPLI-CITY will facilitate two main RTD results:\n1. A European wide service platform allowing the creation of mobility services as well as creation of corresponding apps. This will enable third parties to create a wide range of interoperable, value-added services, and apps for drivers and other road users.\n2. An end user assistant allowing road users to make use of the information provided by apps and to interact with them in a non-distracting way based on a speech recognition approach.\n\nAnalogously to the App Revolution, SIMPLI-CITY adds a software layer to the hardware-driven product mobility. SIMPLI-CITY will take advantage of the great success of mobile apps. These apps have created new opportunities and even business models by making it possible for developers to create applications on top of the mobile device infrastructure. Many of the most advanced and innovative services have been developed by new players, who bring in fresh ideas. Hence, SIMPLI-CITY will support third party developers to efficiently realise and sell their mobility-related service ideas by a range of tools and methods. For this, SIMPLI-CITY will deliver a Mobility Service Framework (including according Service and Application Marketplaces), Mobility-related Data as a Service, and the Personal Mobility Assistant, and will build example services.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: NMBP-24-2016 | Award Amount: 3.95M | Year: 2016

The aim of the EMMC-CSA is to establish current and forward looking complementary activities necessary to bring the field of materials modelling closer to the demands of manufacturers (both small and large enterprises) in Europe. The ultimate goal is that materials modelling and simulation will become an integral part of product life cycle management in European industry, thereby making a strong contribution to enhance innovation and competitiveness on a global level. Based on intensive efforts in the past two years within the European Materials Modelling Council (EMMC) which included numerous consultation and networking actions with representatives of all stakeholders including Modellers, Software Owners, Translators and Manufacturers in Europe, the EMMC identified and proposed a set of underpinning and enabling actions to increase the industrial exploitation of materials modelling in Europe EMMC-CSA will pursue the following overarching objectives in order to establish and strengthen the underpinning foundations of materials modelling in Europe and bridge the gap between academic innovation and industrial application: 1. Enhance the interaction and collaboration between all stakeholders engaged in different types of materials modelling, including modellers, software owners, translators and manufacturers. 2. Facilitate integrated materials modelling in Europe building on strong and coherent foundations. 3. Coordinate and support actors and mechanisms that enable rapid transfer of materials modelling from academic innovation to the end users and potential beneficiaries in industry. 4. Achieve greater awareness and uptake of materials modelling in industry, in particular SMEs. 5. Elaborate Roadmaps that (i) identify major obstacles to widening the use of materials modelling in European industry and (ii) elaborate strategies to overcome them. This EMMC-CSA stems directly out of the actions of the EMMC and will continue and build upon its existing activities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EE-08-2016 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2016

Modelling analyses typically suggest that policies accelerating the adoption of energy-efficient technologies (EETs) by overcoming barriers to energy efficiency in the residential sector provide benefits for individual households, the energy system and for society as a whole. Yet, implicit discount rates, employed to reflect households decision criteria and response to policy, are disputed in policy and academic circles. CHEETAH (CHanging Energy Efficiency Technology Adoption in Households) provides evidence-based input to energy efficiency policy design and evaluation, thereby supporting the market uptake of EETs in the EU residential sector. It contributes to the work programme by addressing the interrelations between microeconomic factors, sectoral energy demand and macroeconomic effects, relying on a consistent methodological framework. CHEETAH: Provides empirical evidence on household response to established and new energy-efficiency policies and on factors driving adoption of EETs, accounting for differences across households, technologies, and countries. A multi-country survey (2000 interviews per country) will be carried out and analyzed econometrically Assesses the impact of established and new policies energy demand in the EU residential sector until 2030 (meso-level). Established vintage stock energy models will be employed for appliances (FORECAST) and for buildings (Invert/EE-Lab) and linked with an agent-based modelling approach (ABM) Explores the macro-level impacts of changes in microeconomic decision-making and energy-efficiency policy on employment, GDP and exports until 2030, relying on simulations with a recognized macroeconomic model for the EU (ASTRA) Offers evidence-based recommendations for key energy efficiency policies and input for impact assessments and policy analysis at the three levels of analysis. Communicates empirical findings to policy makers, national experts, the re-search community and the general public

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: TPT.2011.2-1. | Award Amount: 1.94M | Year: 2011

The work to be carried out in COMPASS can build on a substantial body of knowledge on co-modal and intermodal passenger transport already available from past and current projects, in particular KITE, LINK, INTERCONNECT, HERMES, CLOSER, ORIGAMI and USEmobility. From this basis, COMPASSs specific scientific and technological objectives are: To identify key trends (demographic, societal, economical, policy etc) that will affect mobility now and in the future; To identify the mobility needs of current and future travellers; To identify the potential role of ICT in promoting co-modality and data collection; To identify the information that would be needed from data in order properly understand mobility, to optimise a future co-modal transport system and to assess the impact of new solutions; To analyse existing surveys with regard to data available concerning long-distance, rural and urban travel; To identify solutions to improving behavioural data (from ICT or elsewhere) and needs and opportunities for harmonisation of the data collected, in particular in the various national surveys (this also includes new definitions of accessibility indicators); To identify and investigate ICT solutions to influence mobility patterns for long-distance, rural and urban travel towards increased co-modality; To develop business models that enable and promote these solutions in practice; To assess the potential impact of the solutions identified both on local and on European level, in particular with regard to carbon emissions; To derive conclusions and recommendations for national and EU transport policy and actions; To disseminate the findings widely amongst policy makers and other stakeholders as well as researchers and the transport industry. The main outputs of COMPASS will be a Handbook of ICT solutions for improving co-modality in passenger transport and An assessment of the potential impact of ICT solutions on a co-modal transport system.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2011.2.2-4 | Award Amount: 5.19M | Year: 2012

This proposal aims at developing a new generation of novel materials for high performance permanent magnets (PM) with energy product 60 kJ/m3 <(BH)max < 160 kJ/m3, which do not contain any rare-earths or platinum. To achieve this objective two strategies will be used: a) exploitation of shape anisotropy of high magnetic moment materials produced in the form of high-aspect-ratio (>5) nanostructures by environmentally friendly synthesis methods and b) using high-throughput (HT) thin film synthesis and characterization techniques to identify new PM candidate phases. The first strategy, through the control of the nanostructure will lead to a factor of 4 increase of the coercivity (over conventional Alnico) . The second strategy will use (HT) methods to screen hundreds of possible compositions and synthesis conditions. Investigations will focus on promising candidate materials of the type {Fe-Co}-X-Y (X = other 3d or 4d metals and Y= B,C,P or N) and Heusler alloys of the type X2YZ (where X is usually Fe, Co, Ni, Cu; Y other transition metals, most often Mn; and Z a group-B element (Al, Ga, Ge, Sn...). High Ms materials that can be stabilized in tetragonal or hexagonal structures by epitaxial growth on selected substrates are the goal with magnetic anisotropies in excess of 107 ergs/cm3.This range covers a wide field of applications and represents a sizeable market fraction of over 100 M. All research will be performed taking into consideration the critical issues of toxicology and sustainability of the full life cycle of the materials from production to recycling. The consortium will generate breakthroughs to re-establish the EU as a leader in the science, technology and commercialization of this very important class of materials with a wide range of applications, helping to decrease our dependence on raw materials from abroad providing a positive socioeconomic impact and increased employability of young European scientists.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-IA | Phase: ECSEL-14-2015 | Award Amount: 61.99M | Year: 2016

Addressing European Policies for 2020 and beyond the Power Semiconductor and Electronics Manufacturing 4.0 (SemI40) project responds to the urgent need of increasing the competitiveness of the Semiconductor manufacturing industry in Europe through establishing smart, sustainable, and integrated ECS manufacturing. SemI40 will further pave the way for serving highly innovative electronic markets with products powered by microelectronics Made in Europe. Positioned as an Innovation Action it is the high ambition of SemI40 to implement technical solutions on TRL level 4-8 into the pilot lines of the industry partners. Challenging use cases will be implemented in real manufacturing environment considering also their technical, social and economic impact to the society, future working conditions and skills needed. Applying Industry 4.0, Big Data, and Industrial Internet technologies in the electronics field requires holistic and complex actions. The selected main objectives of SemI40 covered by the MASP2015 are: balancing system security and production flexibility, increase information transparency between fields and enterprise resource planning (ERP), manage critical knowledge for improved decision making and maintenance, improve fab digitalization and virtualization, and enable automation systems for agile distributed production. SemI40s value chain oriented consortium consists of 37 project partners from 5 European countries. SemI40 involves a vertical and horizontal supply chain and spans expertise and partners from raw material research, process and assembly innovation and pilot line, up to various application domains representing enhanced smart systems. Through advancing manufacturing of electronic components and systems, SemI40 contributes to safeguard more than 20.000 jobs of people directly employed in the participating facilities, and in total more than 300.000 jobs of people employed at all industry partners facilities worldwide.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SEC-2007-1.3-01 | Award Amount: 3.29M | Year: 2008

Terrorism is a real and growing threat to Europe and the world, and more than 60% of the terrorist attacks are carried out by the use of Improvised Explosive Devices. Security forces demand new tools to fight against this threat and the industry is making a big effort in the last few years to provide such tools. Every year a number of new products to detect and identify concealed explosives reach the market but up to the moment these new systems do not meet the full operational capabilities demanded by the end users. Probably the most demanded by the end users is the capability for standoff detection and identification of explosives, in order to be able to anticipate the threat from a safe distance and to avoid entering into the lethality area of an Improvised Explosive Device (IED). Such standoff detection capability is also very demanded for intelligence operations to identify materials, people or places involved in the preparation and transportation of explosives. In order to meet the end users needs, OPTIX will develop of a transportable system for the standoff detection and identification of explosives in real scenarios at distances of around 20 m (sensor to target), using alternative or simultaneous analysis of three different complementary optical technologies (LIBS, RAMAN, IR) and with the following characteristics: Standoff distance of at least 20 m. Detection of explosives in bulk, trace amounts and even liquids in certain conditions. Very fast detection and identification of explosives Very high specificity for the identification of explosives. Large operational availability of the system. Fully automated decision system (no operator dependence). In order to be successful, end users involvement in OPTIX is essential in the system specifications and validation, and in this sense the OPTIX consortium has put a special effort in including end users in those parts of the project where their contribution is relevant.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 2.54M | Year: 2017

The EN-ACTI2NG program (European Network on Anti-Cancer Immuno-Therapy Improvement by modification of CAR and TCR Interactions and Nanoscale Geometry) emanates from the recent clinical evidence that T cells expressing engineered tumor-specific immune receptors can eradicate certain tumors that do not respond to conventional treatment. To obtain T cells with reactivity to a wider array of tumors and to improve efficiency and on- and off-target toxicity are current challenges Therefore the EN-ACTI2NG program aims 1) to train PhD students with expertise in development of new and improved T cell-mediated cancer immuno-therapies; 2) to endow the PhD students with the ability to establish efficient communication between the academic and industrial research environments and between scientists and the general public; 3) to improve T cell mediated anti-cancer immuno-therapy by the identification and development of new cancer-specific immune receptors and enhancing their function by identifying and modifying their molecular mechanism of action. To reach these objectives we have designed individual research projects ranging from biophysical analysis of immune receptors, via molecular modification of their structure and testing their tumor killing capacity in cell-based and pre-clinical assays to product development. Secondments will assure that each PhD student will be exposed to these complementary approaches and that there will be synergic feedback between the projects, producing innovative results that could otherwise not be achieved. Extensive training in research-specific skills, career development and a continuous training in communication skills will allow the PhD students to become facilitators of the process of transformation of scientific innovation into products with social and economic value. As such, the EN-ACTI2NG program should contribute to overcoming the more general challenge of converting the European Community into an innovation-driven society.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.59M | Year: 2017

Advanced Microscopy techniques are widely recognized as one of the pillars onto which the research and manufacture of Nanotechnology based products is sustained. At present, the greatest challenge faced by these techniques is the realization of fast and non-destructive tomographic images with chemical composition sensitivity and with sub-10 nm spatial resolution, in both organic and inorganic materials, and in all environmental conditions. Scanning Probe Microscopes are currently the Advanced Microscopy techniques experiencing the fastest evolution and innovation towards solving this challenge. Scanning Probe Microscopes have crossed fundamental barriers, and novel systems exist that show potential unparalleled performance in terms of 3D nanoscale imaging capabilities, imaging speed and chemical sensitivity mapping. The objective of the SPM2.0 European Training Network is to train a new generation of researchers in the science and technology of these novel Scanning Probe Microscopes, in which Europe is currently in a leading position, in order to enforce its further development and its quick and wide commercialization and implementation in public and private research centers and industrial and metrology institutions. The researchers of the network will acquire a solid state-of-the-art multidisciplinary scientific training in this field of research, covering from basic science to industrial applications, which should enable them to generate new scientific knowledge of the highest impact. In addition, they will receive a practical training on transferable skills in order to increase their employability perspectives and to qualify them to access to responsibility job positions in the private and public sectors. The final aim of the network is to consolidate Europe as the world leader in Scanning Probe Microscopy technologies and its emerging applications in key sectors like Materials, Microelectronics, Biology and Medicine.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETOPEN-1-2014 | Award Amount: 3.80M | Year: 2015

The terahertz (THz) spectral region, located between the infrared and the microwave regions, is known as the THz gap because of the lack of compact semiconductor devices. This spectral domain is currently intensively explored in view of its potential for medical diagnostics, security screening, trace molecule sensing, astronomical detection, space-borne imaging, non-invasive quality control or wireless communications. A prerequisite for public-domain applications to emerge in the strategic THz frequency range is the availability of compact size semiconductor sources operating at room temperature, which is out of range of the current technology based on GaAs quantum cascade lasers. ZOTERAC proposes a disruptive approach based on ZnO-based nano-engineered semiconductors in order to realize THz emitters operating at room-temperature with milliWatt output power capability as well as THz quantum detectors with unprecedented large operating temperatures. These devices are based on the quantum cascade concept and take benefit of the large optical phonon energy of ZnO (twice that of GaAs) for achieving high temperature operation. Establishing a new state-of-the-art for the design, growth and processing of ZnO/ZnMgO heterostructures, and developing an advanced know-how on oxide-based devices are major challenges of the project. The consortium regroups worldclass academic experts on ZnO technologies, quantum cascade lasers and detectors as well as THz optoelectronics. The strategies have been chosen based on a careful assessment of the risk attached to all tasks and achievement of targeted objectives at each stage of the project. This project which implies a strong expertize in basic physics, chemistry and engineering, is expected to generate high impacts in terms of scientific and technological achievements.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-ITN-2008 | Award Amount: 3.70M | Year: 2009

The multi-site European initial training network ENHANCE New Materials: Innovative Concepts for their Fabrication, Integration and Characterization will be established to deal with the mid and long term issues of concern to the European industry encompassing the whole spectrum of functional materials for microelectronics, nano-electronics, data storage, photovoltaic, with emphasis on emerging nano-technologies. This network consisting of 3 academic groups from chemistry 1 from physics, 3 from Material Science and Engineering and 1 industrial partners from 6 different countries of Germany, Finland, Netherlands, Italy, Denmark and Austria. Despite the exceptional importance of thin film processing of many new materials and their integration in emerging nanotechnologies, there is no systematic interdisciplinary training of students in the traditional courses of chemistry, materials science and engineering. ENHANCE aims to close this gap by combining the classical knowledge of chemistry, materials science, physics and engineering i.e. the knowledge of precursor molecules, materials properties, study of physical phenomena, to electronic devices and circuit integration. The training of ENHANCE fellows will be based on a structured 3 year academic curriculum, including, generic skills workshops and on-site research training at the state of the art laboratories, facilities under clean room conditions and a training at the industrial laboratories. This will provide the young scientists with necessary in-depth knowledge in materials synthesis and thin film processing as well as experimental skills in operating the instruments and analytical skills in different materials characterization techniques. The training concludes with European doctoral examination and will be reviewed by external experts in the field and their remarks will be addressed during the final disputation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IAPP | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IAPP | Award Amount: 1.53M | Year: 2012

Freeform shapes represent one of todays important manufacturing challenges. This applies to numerically controlled (NC) machining of parts to be produced in large amounts as well as to outer surfaces and subconstructions for unique designs in modern architecture. However, currently no systematic method exists which could reconcile the competing aims of faithfully reproducing smooth surfaces with their efficient segmentation into easily manufacturable parts. GEMS aims to overcome this challenge by a geometric approach: We consider surfaces generated by the motion of either a milling tool or a profile curve, and investigate their properties and approximation power. Our ultimate goal is to algorithmically determine a segmentation of freeform surfaces into parts exactly manufacturable by a single sweep. This amounts to highly nonlinear optimization with side conditions originating in both geometry and manufacturing and requires a detailed shape analysis. Subsequently these mathematical results have to be expressed in terms of manufacturing processes, such as NC milling, styrofoam cutting, or the building of molds from a sequence of simple curves. Successful completion of this research would mean a very significant contribution to the manufacturing of freeform shapes, and indeed some complex tasks will be made feasible for the first time. We strongly believe that the proposed consortium of five partners has the capacity and knowledge to achieve success: (1) ModuleWorks, a leading provider of CAD/CAM software components (2) TU Wien, a university with deep knowledge in geometry processing and differential geometry (3) Technion, an internationally renowned technical school very successful in computer aided geometric design (4) Evolute, a high tech start up company specializing in geometric computing for architecture and manufacturing (5) ModuleWorks Romania, a ModuleWorks daughter and highly experienced in computational solutions for 5-axis machining.

Neophytou N.,University of Warwick | Kosina H.,Vienna University of Technology
Applied Physics Letters | Year: 2014

We investigate the effect of electrostatic gating on the thermoelectric power factor of p-type Si nanowires (NWs) of up to 20 nm in diameter in the [100], [110], and [111] crystallographic transport orientations. We use atomistic tight-binding simulations for the calculation of the NW electronic structure, coupled to linearized Boltzmann transport equation for the calculation of the thermoelectric coefficients. We show that gated NW structures can provide ∼5× larger thermoelectric power factor compared to doped channels, attributed to their high hole phonon-limited mobility, as well as gating induced bandstructure modifications which further improve mobility. Despite the fact that gating shifts the charge carriers near the NW surface, surface roughness scattering is not strong enough to degrade the transport properties of the accumulated hole layer. The highest power factor is achieved for the [111] NW, followed by the [110], and finally by the [100] NW. As the NW diameter increases, the advantage of the gated channel is reduced. We show, however, that even at 20 nm diameters (the largest ones that we were able to simulate), a ∼3× higher power factor for gated channels is observed. Our simulations suggest that the advantage of gating could still be present in NWs with diameters of up to ∼40†‰nm. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.

Fertl P.,BMW AG | Jalden J.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology | Matz G.,Vienna University of Technology
IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing | Year: 2012

We provide a comprehensive performance comparison of soft-output and hard-output demodulators in the context of non-iterative multiple-input multiple-output bit-interleaved coded modulation (MIMO-BICM). Coded bit error rate (BER), widely used in literature for demodulator comparison, has the drawback of depending strongly on the error correcting code being used. This motivates us to propose the mutual information of the equivalent modulation channel (comprising modulator, wireless channel, and demodulator) as a code-independent performance measure. We present extensive numerical results for spatially independent identically distributed (i.i.d.) ergodic and quasi-static fading channels under perfect and imperfect channel state information. These results reveal that the performance ranking of MIMO demodulators is rate-dependent and provide new insights regarding MIMO-BICM system design, i.e., the choice of antenna configuration, symbol constellation, and demodulator for a given target rate. © 2011 IEEE.

Wubben D.,ITG | Seethaler D.,Vienna University of Technology | Jalden J.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology
IEEE Signal Processing Magazine | Year: 2011

Lattice reduction is a powerful concept for solving diverse problems involving point lattices. Signal processing applications where lattice reduction has been successfully used include global positioning system (GPS), frequency estimation, color space estimation in JPEG pictures, and particularly data detection and precoding in wireless communication systems. In this article, we first provide some background on point lattices and then give a tutorial-style introduction to the theoretical and practical aspects of lattice reduction. We describe the most important lattice reduction algorithms and comment on their performance and computational complexity. © 2006 IEEE.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2013.6.3-1 | Award Amount: 4.61M | Year: 2013

The COLABATS project will provide new industrial processes for the recycling of the critical metals Cobalt and Lanthanides and key economic metals Nickel and Lithium, from waste batteries, significantly improving recycling efficiencies and metal purity from existing recovery routes. Primarily Li-ion and NiMH will be targeted using novel task specific ionic liquids (TSILs) to selectively extract the metals. These batteries are found in everyday consumer products such as mobile phones, portable media players, etc., as well as other industrial equipment, and are prevalent in hybrid and electric vehicles, which are becoming increasingly widespread on our roads. TSILs are molecules covalently tethered to a functional group. Targeted species will be low-cost, non-toxic, environmentally benign, and will require minimal or no processing to reuse them. The battery recycling processes will be up-scaled to a pilot system using standard hydrometallurgical equipment and will include other novel concepts to further improve the process. The pilots will be operated in an industrial setting at battery recycling plants and demonstrated to the wider recycling and battery communities. The technology will result in: Substantially reducing landfill waste by recovering recyclable metals of high purity Reducing critical metal consumption by increasing recycling efficiencies of spent battery waste. Hence, high purity recovered metals can be recycled into new batteries rather than landfilling or in the case of nickel, processed into lower value stainless steel. Substantially reducing environmental impact by introducing more sustainable hydrometallurgical processing to replace current standard pyrometallurgical processes. This will reduce energy consumption and emissions of CO2 and other pollutants. Increasing the capability of the SME community to carry out the complete recycling process, thereby taking advantage of the potential value chain of critical and high value metals markets.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.41M | Year: 2016

ARCADES aims at disrupting the traditional paradigm in Computer-Aided Design (CAD) by exploiting cutting-edge research in mathematics and algorithm design. Geometry is now a critical tool in a large number of key applications; somewhat surprisingly, however, several approaches of the CAD industry are outdated, and 3D geometry processing is becoming increasingly the weak link. This is alarming in sectors where CAD faces new challenges arising from fast point acquisition, big data, and mobile computing, but also in robotics, simulation, animation, fabrication and manufacturing where CAD strives to address crucial societal and market needs. The challenge taken up by ARCADES is to invert the trend of CAD industry lagging behind mathematical breakthroughs and to build the next generation of CAD software based on strong foundations from algebraic geometry, differential geometry, scientific computing, and algorithm design. Our game-changing methods lead to real-time modelers for architectural geometry and visualisation, to isogeometric and design-through-analysis software for shape optimisation, and marine design & hydrodynamics, and to tools for motion design, robot kinematics, path planning, and control of machining tools. One of the Network SMEs estimates that the innovative impact of ARCADES may enable them to get ahead of competition for up to 2 years, thus benefiting about 40% of their customers. The participants span a multidisciplinary and multisectoral spectrum for realising our vision, all being international leaders at various stages of the pipeline. They form an outstanding ecosystem for training the next generation of applied mathematicians, computer scientists and engineers for achieving our scientific breakthroughs, and who are equipped with a double career advantage: excellent research training, and exposure to industrial research environments through a nexus of secondments among Universities, Research and Innovation Centers, and industrial teams.

Buric M.,University of Belgrade | Wohlgenannt M.,Vienna University of Technology
Journal of High Energy Physics | Year: 2010

We analyze properties of a family of finite-matrix spaces obtained by a truncation of the Heisenberg algebra and we show that it has a three-dimensional, noncommutative and curved geometry. Further, we demonstrate that the Heisenberg algebra can be described as a two-dimensional hyperplane embedded in this space. As a consequence of the given construction we show that the Grosse-Wulkenhaar (renormalizable) action can be interpreted as the action for the scalar field on a curved background space. We discuss the generalization to four dimensions. © 2010 SISSA.

Hisch T.,Vienna University of Technology | Liertzer M.,Vienna University of Technology | Pogany D.,Vienna University of Technology | Mintert F.,Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg | Rotter S.,Vienna University of Technology
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2013

The angular emission pattern of a random laser is typically very irregular and difficult to tune. Here we show by detailed numerical calculations that one can overcome the lack of control over this emission pattern by actively shaping the spatial pump distribution. We demonstrate, in particular, how to obtain customized pump profiles to achieve highly directional emission. Going beyond the regime of strongly scattering media where localized modes with a given directionality can simply be selected by the pump, we present an optimization-based approach which shapes extended lasing modes in the weakly scattering regime according to any predetermined emission pattern. © 2013 American Physical Society.

Abou-Hussein A.A.,Ain Shams University | Linert W.,Vienna University of Technology
Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy | Year: 2014

Two series of mono- and binuclear complexes cyclic or acyclic thio-ferocine Schiff base ligands, derived from the condensation of 2-aminobenzenthiol (L) with monoacetyl ferrocene in the molar ratio 1:1 or in the molar ratio 1:2 for diacetyl ferocine have been prepared. The condensation reactions yield the corresponding Schiff Base ligands, HLa-Maf and H2Lb-Daf. The chelation of the ligands to metal ions occurs through the sulfur of the thiol group as well as the nitrogen atoms of the azomethine group of the ligands. HLa-Maf acts as monobasic bidentate or dibasic tetradentate, while H 2Lb-Daf behaves as twice negatively cargend tetradentate ligand. The structures of these ligands were elucidated by elemental analysis, infrared, ultraviolet-visible spectra, as well as 1H NMR spectra. Reactions of the Schiff bases ligands with ruthenium(III), oxovanadium(IV) and dioxouranium(VI) afforded the corresponding transition metal complexes. The properties of the newly prepared complexes were analyse by elemental analyses, infrared, electronic spectra, 1H NMR as well as the magnetic susceptibility and conductivity measurement. The metal complexes exhibits different geometrical arrangements such as octahedral and square pyramidal coordination. Schiff base ligands and their metal complexes were tested against two pathogenic bacteria as Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria as well as one kind of fungi to study their biological activity. All the complexes exhibit antibacterial and antifungal activities against these organisms. © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Greensite J.,San Francisco State University | Hollwieser R.,New Mexico State University | Hollwieser R.,Vienna University of Technology
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2015

We consider "double-winding" Wilson loops in SU(2) gauge theory. These are contours which wind once around a loop C1 and once around a loop C2, where the two co-planar loops share one point in common, and where C1 lies entirely in (or is displaced slightly from) the minimal area of C2. We discuss the expectation value of such double-winding loops in Abelian confinement pictures, where the spatial distribution of confining Abelian fields is controlled by either a monopole Coulomb gas, a caloron ensemble, or a dual Abelian Higgs model, and argue that in such models an exponential falloff in the sum of areas A1+A2 is expected. In contrast, in a center vortex model of confinement, the behavior is an exponential falloff in the difference of areas A2-A1. We compute such double-winding loops by lattice Monte Carlo simulation, and find that the area law falloff follows a difference-in-areas law. The conclusion is that even if confining gluonic field fluctuations are, in some gauge, mainly Abelian in character, the spatial distribution of those Abelian fields cannot be the distribution predicted by the simple monopole gas, caloron ensemble, or dual Abelian Higgs actions, which have been used in the past to explain the area law falloff of Wilson loops. © 2015 American Physical Society.

Haubner R.,Vienna University of Technology | Kalss W.,Balzers Ag
International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials | Year: 2010

Diamond deposition on various hardmetal tools is widely used. For applications where the mechanical forces are low diamond coatings have long lifetimes, but especially for heavy duty applications the reproducibility of the diamond coating adhesion is not adequate. Wear and lifetime of diamond coated tools are determined by the diamond microstructure, the coating thickness, and the adhesion of the coating. The diamond substrate interface is important for layer adhesion, but in the case of diamond deposition on hardmetal tools, the interface can change during the diamond deposition. For this reason, surface pre-treatments are important, not only for a better diamond nucleation, but also to create a stable interface that allows good coating adhesion. The various aspects of different surface pre-treatments of hardmetal tools will be discussed. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Asghar Z.,Vienna University of Technology | Requena G.,Vienna University of Technology | Boller E.,European Synchrotron Radiation Facility
Acta Materialia | Year: 2011

The three-dimensional (3-D) architecture of rigid multiphase networks present in AlSi10Cu5Ni1 and AlSi10Cu5Ni2 piston alloys in as-cast condition and after 4 h spheroidization treatment is characterized by synchrotron tomography in terms of the volume fraction of rigid phases, interconnectivity, contiguity and morphology. The architecture of both alloys consists of α-Al matrix and a rigid long-range 3-D network of Al7Cu4Ni, Al 4Cu2Mg8Si7, Al2Cu, Al15Si2(FeMn)3 and AlSiFeNiCu aluminides and Si. The investigated architectural parameters of both alloys studied are correlated with room-temperature and high-temperature (300 °C) strengths as a function of solution treatment time. The AlSi10Cu5Ni1 and AlSi10Cu5Ni2 alloys behave like metal matrix composites with 16 and 20 vol.% reinforcement, respectively. Both alloys have similar strengths in the as-cast condition, but the AlSi10Cu5Ni2 is able to retain ∼15% higher high temperature strength than the AlSi10Cu5Ni1 alloy after more than 4 h of spheroidization treatment. This is due to the preservation of the 3-D interconnectivity and the morphology of the rigid network, which is governed by the higher degree of contiguity between aluminides and Si. © 2011 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Ortiz M.,Vienna University of Technology | Rudolph S.,Karlsruhe Institute of Technology | Simkus M.,Vienna University of Technology
IJCAI International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence | Year: 2011

The high computational complexity of the expressive Description Logics (DLs) that underlie the OWL standard has motivated the study of their Horn fragments, which are usually tractable in data complexity and can also have lower combined complexity, particularly for query answering. In this paper we provide algorithms for answering conjunctive 2-way regular path queries (2CRPQs), a nontrivial generalization of plain conjunctive queries, in the Horn fragments of the DLs SHOIQ and SROIQ underlying OWL 1 and OWL 2. We show that the combined complexity of the problem is EXPTIME- complete for Horn-SHOIQ and 2EXPTIME-complete for the more expressive Horn-SROIQ, but is PTIME-complete in data complexity for both. In contrast, even decidability of plain conjunctive queries is still open for full SHOIQ and SROIQ. These are the first completeness results for query answering in DLs with inverses, nominals, and counting, and show that for the considered logics the problem is not more expensive than standard reasoning.

Bonnell D.A.,University of Pennsylvania | Basov D.N.,University of California at San Diego | Bode M.,University of Würzburg | Diebold U.,Vienna University of Technology | And 6 more authors.
Reviews of Modern Physics | Year: 2012

The invention of scanning tunneling and atomic force probes revolutionized our understanding of surfaces by providing real-space information about the geometric and electronic structure of surfaces at atomic spatial resolution. However, the junction of a nanometer-sized probe tip and a surface contains much more information than is intrinsic to conventional tunneling and atomic force measurements. This review summarizes recent advances that push the limits of the probing function at nanometer-scale spatial resolution in the context of important scientific problems. Issues such as molecular interface contact, superconductivity, electron spin, plasmon field focusing, surface diffusion, bond vibration, and phase transformations are highlighted as examples in which local probes elucidate complex function. The major classes of local probes are considered, including those of electromagnetic properties, electron correlations, surface structure and chemistry, optical interactions, and electromechanical coupling. © 2012 American Physical Society.

Jeschke S.,Vienna University of Technology | Cline D.,Oklahoma State University | Wonka P.,Arizona State University
Computer Graphics Forum | Year: 2011

Diffusion curves are a powerful vector graphic representation that stores an image as a set of 2D Bezier curves with colors defined on either side. These colors are diffused over the image plane, resulting in smooth color regions as well as sharp boundaries. In this paper, we introduce a new automatic diffusion curve coloring algorithm. We start by defining a geometric heuristic for the maximum density of color control points along the image curves. Following this, we present a new algorithm to set the colors of these points so that the resulting diffused image is as close as possible to a source image in a least squares sense. We compare our coloring solution to the existing one which fails for textured regions, small features, and inaccurately placed curves. The second contribution of the paper is to extend the diffusion curve representation to include texture details based on Gabor noise. Like the curves themselves, the defined texture is resolution independent, and represented compactly. We define methods to automatically make an initial guess for the noise texure, and we provide intuitive manual controls to edit the parameters of the Gabor noise. Finally, we show that the diffusion curve representation itself extends to storing any number of attributes in an image, and we demonstrate this functionality with image stippling an hatching applications. © 2010 The Author(s).

Abou-Hussein A.A.A.,Ain Shams University | Linert W.,Vienna University of Technology
Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy | Year: 2012

Mono- and bi-nuclear acyclic and macrocyclic complexes with hard-soft Schiff base, H 2L, ligand derived from the reaction of 4,6-diacetylresorcinol and thiocabohydrazide, in the molar ratio 1:2 have been prepared. The H 2L ligand reacts with Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Mn(II) and UO 2(VI) nitrates, VO(IV) sulfate and Ru(III) chloride to get acyclic binuclear complexes except for VO(IV) and Ru(III) which gave acyclic mono-nuclear complexes. Reaction of the acyclic mono-nuclear VO(IV) and Ru(III) complexes with 4,6-diacetylresorcinol afforded the corresponding macrocyclic mono-nuclear VO(IV) and Ru(IIII) complexes. Template reactions of the 4,6-diacetylresorcinol and thiocarbohydrazide with either VO(IV) or Ru(III) salts afforded the macrocyclic binuclear VO(IV) and Ru(III) complexes. The Schiff base, H 2L, ligand acts as dibasic with two NSO-tridentate sites and can coordinate with two metal ions to form binuclear complexes after the deprotonation of the hydrogen atoms of the phenolic groups in all the complexes, except in the case of the acyclic mononuclear Ru(III) and VO(IV) complexes, where the Schiff base behaves as neutral tetradentate chelate with N 2S 2 donor atoms. The ligands and the metal complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-vis 1H-NMR, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and ESR, as well as the measurements of conductivity and magnetic moments at room temperature. Electronic spectra and magnetic moments of the complexes indicate the geometries of the metal centers are either tetrahedral, square planar or octahedral. Kinetic and thermodynamic parameters were calculated using Coats-Redfern equation, for the different thermal decomposition steps of the complexes. The ligands and the metal complexes were screened for their antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus as Gram-positive bacteria, and Pseudomonas fluorescens as Gram-negative bacteria in addition to Fusarium oxysporum fungus. Most of the complexes exhibit mild antibacterial and antifungal activities against these organisms. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2008-2.5-2;NMP-2008-2.5-1 | Award Amount: 4.28M | Year: 2009

The SILTRANS project focuses on the development of novel composites consisting of percolating shaped bodies made from refractory metals (Nb, Mo, W) which are embedded in silicide-matrix. In such composites the silicide matrix provides excellent oxidation resistance at high temperature (forming silica), while percolating refractory metal reinforcements enhances their strength at high temperature, ductility and creep resistance. The continuous metallic skeleton serves as efficient tool against crack propagation, thus improving toughness of material at both high and low temperatures. The volume content of silicides will gradiently increase from the refractory core, forming continuous skin at the surface. The design of these tailored gradient materials (FGM) will be based on multiscale modelling, characterisation and non-destructive evaluation techniques developed to understand the role of residual stresses and acting degradation mechanisms. The infiltration technique for manufacturing of complex near-net shape parts having self-healing oxide coating will open a cost efficient way for wide range of structural applications in space, automotive and energy production sectors, especially when reliable performance at high temperature (above 1500 K) in oxidizing environment is required. The large involvement of industrial partners guarantees the rapid market uptake for developed materials.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2011-1 | Award Amount: 1.17M | Year: 2011

AtexDeDust is a partnership of European SMEs that have identified a promising new design and functionality for air cleaning systems in industrial scale. The proposal addresses dust/air systems according to the ATEX Directive for systems with hazard of explosive atmospheres as well as standard applications in a wide range of production lines. Especially we focus on smart, mobile instrumentation to meet the demands of modern production management. This new technology will guarantee safe air pollution control inside production estates and in the output to environment for a wide size of particulate in air and gases. It overcomes the risks of potential explosive atmospheres of dust concentration inside the housing during the periodic regeneration process of the filter elements. Though it allows mobile instrumentation in smarter size, supply with common electric and electronic components and a better filtration performance compared to the state of the art. One main feature to reach this objectives is the use of a improved textile filter material with mani-fold air permeability. This succeed in a diminishing of the pressure loss about the filter layer thereby reducing energy consumption . Combining new approaches in air flow pattern, in filter design, in new cleaning method to dislodge the dust cake from filters and in sophisticated filter material, it will increase the performance of the filtration system.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.6 | Award Amount: 3.44M | Year: 2010

The emergence of highly parallel, heterogeneous, often incompatible and highly diverse, many-core processors poses major challenges to the European software-intensive industry. It is imperative that such architectures can be fully exploited without starting from scratch with each new design. In particular, there is an urgent need for techniques for efficient, productive and portable programming of heterogeneous many-cores.\nPEPPHER will provide a unified framework for programming architecturally diverse, heterogeneous many-core processors to ensure performance portability. PEPPHER will advance state-of-the-art in its five technical work areas:\n(1)\tMethods and tools for component based software; (2) Portable compilation techniques; (3) Data structures and adaptive, autotuned algorithms; (4) Efficient, flexible run-time systems; and (5) Hardware support for autotuning, synchronization and scheduling.\nPEPPHER is unique in proposing direct compilation to the target architectures. Portability is supported by powerful composition methods and a toolbox of adaptive algorithms. Heterogeneity is further managed by efficient run-time schedulers. The PEPPHER framework will thus ensure that applications execute with maximum efficiency on each supported platform.\nPEPPHER is driven by challenging benchmarks from the industrial partners. Results will be widely disseminated through high-quality publications, workshops and summer-schools, and an edited volume of major results. Techniques and software prototypes will be exploited by the industrial partners. A project website ( gives continuity to the dissemination effort.\nThe PEPPHER consortium unites Europes leading experts and consists of world-class research centres and universities (INRIA, Chalmers, LIU, KIT, TUW, UNIVIE), a major company (Intel) and European multi-core SMEs (Codeplay and Movidius), and has the required expertise to accomplish the ambitious but realistic goals of PEPPHER.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.7 | Award Amount: 5.04M | Year: 2008

CHOSeN will develop appropriate technology, including advanced configurable RF and digital baseband transceiver hardware, networking protocols with scalable Quality of Service in respect of transmission speed, robustness, security, and low-power support, and a generic collaboration middleware that abstracts from the diversity and heterogeneity provided by the layers below, and it will thereby improve the state-of-the-art in system maintenance utilizing heterogeneous wireless sensor technologies. CHOSeN has strong focus on providing practical solutions for the automotive and the aerospace application domain, which promise better, more reliable and easier to maintain products in two of the most significant European industrial domains. The quality of the CHOSeN consortium is high with a balanced mix of partners from academia, SMEs and industry, and a strong industrial presence which covers the entire vertical application domains considered.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2010.2.5-1 | Award Amount: 5.04M | Year: 2011

In this project we will develop multiscale modelling technology supported by comprehensive experimental characterization techniques to study the degradation and reliability of next generation Complimentary-Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor (CMOS) devices. Building upon fundamental analysis of the structure and electronic properties of relevant materials and interfaces at the quantum mechanical level, we will construct mesoscale models to account for defect generation and impact on CMOS transistor and circuit performance and yield. The models will provide detailed understanding of the common reliability issues and degradation routes, and will be verified by cutting edge experimental characterization. Strong links with industry insures that the project will make a step change in the process of next generation device modelling and design. The project will provide technologists, device engineers and designers in the nano CMOS industry with tools, reference databases and examples of how to produce next generation devices that are economical, efficient, and meet performance, reliability and degradation standards.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT-2007-1.1-01;AAT-2007-4.2-01 | Award Amount: 4.56M | Year: 2008

ACFA 2020 deals with innovative active control concepts for ultra efficient 2020 aircraft configurations like the blended wing body (BWB) aircraft. The objective of the designed controllers is an ambitious improvement of ride comfort and handling qualities, as well as load reduction on BWB type aircraft. Due to the unconventional placement of control surfaces, BWB type aircrafts require multi-channel control architectures for manoeuvres as well as for active rigid body and vibration control. This is regarded as technology step compared to state-of-the-art single-channel controllers generally used for conventional aircraft configurations. Moreover promising algorithms such as adaptive feed-forward control and neural network control for active control of BWB type aircrafts will be investigated in ACFA 2020. These multi-channel algorithms will be applied to the large flying wing aircraft designed in the VELA and NACRE project as well as to a newly designed ultra efficient 450 passenger aircraft. For this 450 passenger aircraft design a flying wing and an ultra wide body fuselage aircraft with carry-through wing box will be compared and the configuration which promises highest efficiency with respect to fuel burn will be retained for a more detailed design. Based on the attained loads reduction due to the developed active control systems, the structure of this new 450 passenger aircraft will be resized with the goal of an ambitious weight saving for further improvement of fuel efficiency. To summarise, the main objectives of ACFA 2020 are to provide robust as well as adaptive multi-channel control architectures for loads alleviation and improvement of ride comfort and handling qualities on BWB type aircrafts, as well as the design of a new ultra efficient 450 passenger BWB type aircraft.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.7.2 | Award Amount: 4.33M | Year: 2010

MUNDUS is an assistive framework for recovering direct interaction capability of severely motor impaired people based on arm reaching and hand function. Most of the solutions provided by Assistive Technology for supporting independent life of severely impaired people completely substitute the natural interaction with the world, reducing their acceptance. Human dignity and self-esteem are more preserved when restoring missing functions with devices safeguarding self perception and first hand interaction while guaranteeing independent living.\nMUNDUS uses any residual control of the end-user, thus it is suitable for long term utilization in daily activities. Sensors, actuators and control solutions adapt to the level of severity or progression of the disease allowing the disabled person to interact voluntarily with naturality and at maximum information rate.\nMUNDUS targets are the neurodegenerative and genetic neuromuscular diseases and high level Spinal Cord Injury.\nMUNDUS is an adaptable and modular facilitator, which follows its user along the progression of the disease, sparing training time and allowing fast adjustment to new situations. MUNDUS controller integrates multimodal information collected by electromyography, bioimpedance, head/eye tracking and eventually brain computer interface commands. MUNDUS actuators modularly combine a lightweight and non-cumbersome exoskeleton, compensating for arm weight, a biomimetic wearable neuroprosthesis for arm motion and small and lightweight mechanisms to assist the grasp of collaborative functional objects identified by radio frequency identification. The lightness and non cumbersomeness will be crucial to applicability in the home/work environment.\nSpecific scenarios in the home and work environment will be used to assess, subjectively and quantitatively, the usability of the system by real end-users in the living laboratory facility.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.4 | Award Amount: 4.40M | Year: 2008

The WOMBAT project aims at providing new means to understand the existing and emerging threats that are targeting the Internet economy and the net citizens. To reach this goal, the proposal includes three key workpackages: (i) real time gathering of a diverse set of security related raw data, (ii) enrichment of this input by means of various analysis techniques, and (iii) root cause identification and understanding of the phenomena under scrutiny. The acquired datasets and knowledge will be shared with all interested security actors (ISPs, CERTs, security vendors,\netc.), enabling them to make sound security investment decisions and to focus on the most dangerous activities first. Special care will also be devoted to impact the level of confidence of the European citizens in the net economy by leveraging computer security awareness in Europe thanks to the gained expertise.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-01-2014 | Award Amount: 3.71M | Year: 2015

Uncertainty is intrinsic in Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) due to novel interactions of embedded systems, networking equipment, cloud infrastructures, and humans. CPSs have become predominant in critical domains and necessitate the implementation of proper mechanisms to deal with uncertainty during their operation at an acceptable cost avoiding unwarranted threats to its users and environment. One way to guarantee the correct implementation of such mechanisms is via automated and systematic Model-Based Testing (MBT)a way of improving dependability. U-Test will improve the dependability of CPSs by defining extensible MBT frameworks supporting holistic MBT of CPSs under uncertainty in a cost-effective manner. More specifically our objectives are: 1) Provide a comprehensive and extensible taxonomy of uncertainties classifying uncertainties, their properties, and relationships; 2) An Uncertainty Modelling Framework (UMF) to support modelling uncertainties at various levels relying on exiting modelling/testing standards; 3) Defining an intelligent way to evolve uncertainty models developed using UMF towards realistic unknown uncertainty models using search algorithms (e.g., Genetic Algorithms); 4) Generating cost-effective test cases from uncertainty and evolved models. U-Test consortium encompasses domain experts from various facets of CPSs, i.e., software, embedded systems, distributed systems, and cloud infrastructure. We have chosen two case studies from diverse domains including Handling Systems and Geo Sports to assess the cost-effectiveness of U-Test. The solutions will be integrated into two key commercial tools available in the market: ModelBus/Fokus!MBT and CertifyIt. Moreover, the solutions will be deployed into the actual practise in addition to standardization to achieve a wider impact within Logistics, Geo Sports, and Healthcare domains and further facilitate interoperability among tools and technologies.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.8.0 | Award Amount: 2.96M | Year: 2010

Project CROSS TRAP tackles the ICT objective of photonic components and subsystems for sensing for environment, well-being safety and security. The project aims at developing a versatile method for standoff chemical identification of trace amounts of airborne pollutants, such as biochemicals, bacterial threats and explosive materials that can be fingerprinted using their characteristic vibrational Raman spectral signatures. The core idea of the proposal is to enable a free-space scheme for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) in the direction exactly reversed with respect to an outgoing laser excitation, so that the probe beam can be arbitrarily pointed in any unobstructed direction and an enhanced backward propagating signal detected at the laser source using a LIDAR-type apparatus. The radical advantage, as compared to incoherent light probing techniques, lies in coherent enhancement, which implies that light fields are phase-matched, i.e. added in phase, so that the signal propagation is confined to very narrow solid angle and the signal magnitude scales quadratically with interaction length and the concentration of the resonantly vibrationally excited molecules. Although this sounds like a perfect recipe for increasing the range, speed, and sensitivity of a chemically sensitive standoff detection method and/or decreasing the minimum required laser power, the scheme with a CARS signal returning from a free-space unobstructed laser beam has not been demonstrated yet because of a fundamental challenge: to initiate phase-matched generation in the backward direction, a fraction of the excitation light has to be reflected or re-scattered backwards. However, in natural atmospheric conditions, backward light scattering in air is extremely weak. The grand technological and scientific challenge in this proposal is to apply free-space CARS that would rely on the air itself as a diffuse back-reflector controllable through a reversible interaction with a strong field of an ultrashort intense laser pulse , the so-called light filamentation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2010-1.2-3 | Award Amount: 5.29M | Year: 2011

The NanoHiTEC project is focused on planar thermo-electric converters based on super-lattice quantum wells, which have shown on laboratory scale already a figure of merit ZT > 4 for a wide temperature range. The optimization of BiTe based layer systems as well as Si/SiGe and B4C/B9C lattices will be combined with the development of low cost/high throughput industrial deposition processes for multilayers. Direct p-n-junctions at the hot side of the converter promise further increase in performance and long term stability of the devices, but also simplified fabrication. As technologies for improved material performance multilayered nanowires and sintered nanopowders will be investigated. A central point of NanoHiTEC is the optimization of the passive components (thermal and electrical contacts, substrates) and of new geometries for the layout of planar converters to maximize the system efficiency. In this field particular emphasis is given to the heat flow into the hot and out of the cold side of the active elements where actual devices show the most efficiency loss. The developments in the project are backed by partners experienced in the qualification of thermo-electric materials and devices. Besides the parameters defining the thermoelectric performance - measured in a wide range of temperatures, pressures and magnetic fields - the microstructure, dopant distribution and the inner potentials will be investigated by scanning microscopy and TEM (holography). A major part of the project is the simulation of electronic and phononic properties based on the material microstructure. Intense interaction of theoretical work and characterization results of fabricated systems will pave the way for further enhanced material efficiency and better producibility. A main target is the integration in automotive applications where the high efficiency of superlattice systems over a broad temperature range promises good adaptation to the varying conditions in vehicles.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA-2007-2.1-01 | Award Amount: 1.38M | Year: 2008

The European Space Agencys project MATROSHKA (MTR), dedicated to determine the radiation load on astronauts in- and outside the International Space Station (ISS), launched in Jan. 2004 and is currently in its experimental phase 3. MTR is an anthropomorphic upper torso phantom containing over 6,000 radiation detectors to determine the depth- and organ dose distribution in the body. It is the largest international research initiative performed in the field of space dosimetry, combining the expertise of leading research institutions all over the world. Consequently it generates a huge pool of data of immense value. Aiming at optimal scientific exploitation, the project HAMLET will bring together a European expert committee, consisting exclusively of members of the MTR consortium, to process and compile the data acquired individually. Based on experimental input as well as on radiation transport calculations, a three-dimensional model for the dose distribution in an astronauts body will be built up. The results describe the exposure conditions both for extra-vehicular activities (MTR-1:200405) and inside the ISS (MTR-2A/B:200608). The project goes beyond essential data analysis and incorporates a modelling approach to guide new experimental measurements and strengthen the predictive capacity. This allows further utilization of the data, particularly with respect to detailed modelling of radiation interactions in the human body. The scientific achievements contribute essentially to radiation risk estimations for future interplanetary human missions, putting them on a solid experimental and theoretical basis. The synthesis of data, considerably extending previous knowledge, constitutes a major accomplishment by which Europe can establish worldwide leadership in this special branch of space radiation research. Public outreach is assured by making the data and reports available to the scientific community and the public via a web-based database and a dedicated homepage.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.2 | Award Amount: 5.60M | Year: 2008

The COMPAS project will design and implement novel models, languages, and an architectural framework including required software components and services to ensure dynamic and on-going compliance of software services to business regulations and the stated user service-requirements. This is achieved using the model-driven software development (MDSD) approach to enable organizations developing custom business compliance solutions faster, cheaper, and with less required programming skills. \n We devise a design-for-compliance technology framework which will be used to ensure compliant composition of business processes and services and that will allow specification, validation, and enforcement of comprehensive compliance policies related to these processes and services. To provide a framework for satisfying compliance concerns pertaining service compositions and permit re-use of this, we will enhance business process languages, such as (but not limited to) the Business Process Execution Language (BPEL), with enforceable compliance concepts and policies. Furthermore, we will develop specification languages and models for expressing typical compliance concerns. \n A formally grounded and implemented behavioural model for services and service composition will be provided enabling the formal validation of compliance of composed services to the behaviour and process constraints specifications. With our contributions, compliance concerns can be checked statically as well as dynamically. Finally, we will develop monitoring and management tools for tracking and validating those compliance concerns that can only be verified at runtime, thus enabling governance of compliance concerns. These tools will be complemented with reasoning and mining tooling that will help to discover compliant instances services and processes. COMPAS is a NESSI Project and plans standardization of some parts of its contributions.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2015 | Award Amount: 580.50K | Year: 2016

Substructural logics are formal reasoning systems that refine classical logic by weakening the structural rules in Gentzen sequent calculus. While classical logic generally formalises the notion of truth, substructural logics allow to handle notions such as resources, vagueness, meaning, and language syntax, motivated by studies in computer science, epistemology, economy, and linguistics. Moreover, from a theoretical point of view, substructural logics provide a refined perspective of classical logic, since the former often exhibit features which are either absent or trivialised in the classical case. Traditionally, substructural logics have been investigated following three main approaches: proof theoretic, algebraic and abstract study. Although some connections among these approaches were observed long ago, in large part these practices developed in independence. As a result, the research directions, tools and motivations for each approach developed in relative isolation. The main objective of this project is to establish a network of collaborations between the experts of these diverse methods to investigate substructural logics in a cohesive fashion, taking into account these three distinct yet complementary points of view. The main momentum for this endeavour is provided by recent surprising results that confirm how deeply algebraic and proof theoretic methods are linked to one another. The proposal gathers leading experts in all these three areas, from all around the word, with the aim of reuniting these traditions and their communities and obtain deep results in all three areas. We are confident that this innovative, combined perspective on substructural logics will have a deep impact on the field and that this project will provide a stable basis of cooperation for a large, international community of algebraists, logicians and theoretical computer scientists, giving fresh impetus to these disciplines to flourish and integrate.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: FoF-04-2014 | Award Amount: 7.92M | Year: 2014

It is the high ambition of the project to create FACTorieS for WORKERS (FACTS4WORKERS), therefore a serious effort will be put into integrating already available IT enablers into a seamless & flexible Smart Factory infrastructure based on worker-centric and data-driven technology building blocks. As FACTS4WORKERS is underpinned by a clear human-centric approach: usability, user experience and technology acceptance are of the utmost project interest. FACTS4WORKERS will develop and demonstrate workplace solutions that support the inclusion of increasing elements of knowledge work on the factory floor. These solutions will empower workers on the shop floor with smart factory ICT infrastructure. Advancement will be gained through integrating several building blocks from a flexible smart factory infrastructure, focusing on workers needs, expectations and requirements, and being supported by organisational measures and change management. In line with our assumptions on impacts on productivity we therefore estimate that that we can increase job satisfaction for 800,000 European workers by the year 2025. These solutions will be developed according to the following four industrial challenges which are generalise-able to manufacturing in general: personalised augmented operator (IC1), worked-centric rich-media knowledge sharing/management (IC2), self-learning manufacturing workplaces (IC3) and in-situ mobile learning in the production (IC4). Moreover, FACT4WORKERs objectives in terms of measureable indicators are: To increase problem-solving and innovation skills of workers; To increase cognitive job satisfaction of workers; To increase average worker productivity by 10%; To achieve TRL 5-7 on a number of worker-centric solutions through which workers become the smart element in smart factories The smart factory demonstrator will be run within the automotive supply chain. The consortium is composed by 15 partners from 7 different EU member states.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2013.6.3-3 | Award Amount: 11.33M | Year: 2014

The project eartH2Observe brings together the findings from European FP projects DEWFORA, GLOWASIS, WATCH, GEOWOW and others. It will integrate available global earth observations (EO), in-situ datasets and models and will construct a global water resources re-analysis dataset of significant length (several decades). The resulting data will allow for improved insights on the full extent of available water and existing pressures on global water resources in all parts of the water cycle. The project will support efficient and globally consistent water management and decision making by providing comprehensive multi-scale (regional, continental and global) water resources observations. It will test new EO data sources, extend existing processing algorithms and combine data from multiple satellite missions in order to improve the overall resolution and reliability of EO data included in the re-analysis dataset. The usability and operational value of the developed data will be verified and demonstrated in a number of case-studies across the world that aim to improve the efficiency of regional water distribution. The case-studies will be conducted together with local end-users and stakeholders. Regions of interest cover multiple continents, a variety of hydrological, climatological and governance conditions and differ in degree of data richness (e.g. the Mediterranean and Baltic region, Ethiopia, Colombia, Australia, New Zealand and Bangladesh). The data will be disseminated though an open data Water Cycle Integrator portal to ensure increased availability of global water resources information on both regional and global scale. The data portal will be the European contributor to the existing GEOSS water cycle platforms and communities. Project results will be actively disseminated using a combination of traditional methods (workshops, papers, website and conferences) and novel methods such as E-learning courses and webinars that promote the use of the developed dataset.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2012-1.1.13. | Award Amount: 7.04M | Year: 2014

EUFAR aims at providing researchers with Open Access to the airborne facilities the most suited to their needs. EUFAR thus allocates Transnational Access to 21 installations, develops a culture of co-operation between scientists and operators, and organizes training courses to attract young scientists to airborne research. To improve the quality of the service, EUFAR supports the experts on airborne measurements, constitutes a central data base and develops standards and protocols for this data base to be fully interoperable with Earth observation data bases. EUFAR supports two Joint Research Activities dedicated to (i) the development of methodologies and tools for the integrated use of airborne hyperspectral imaging data and airborne laser scanning data and (ii) the development of robust calibration systems for the core gas-phase chemical measurements currently made on-board research aircraft. To optimise the use and development of airborne research infrastructure, the EUFAR Strategy and European Integration will (i) constitute a Strategic Advisory Committee in which representatives of research institutions will define scientific priorities, jointly support Open Access with in kind contributions to the operation and the harmonized development of the European fleet and (ii) constitute the EUFAR sustainable legal structure. Following the Innovation Union objectives, EUFAR will invite representatives of end user industries to participate in the SAC and constitute a Technology Transfer Office to support both market pull and technology push driven innovation. Workshops will be organized like Innovation Conventions where EUFAR experts and SMEs will closely interact and develop partnerships to transfer airborne research instruments, methodologies and software into new products.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: NMP.2012.4.1-2 | Award Amount: 7.07M | Year: 2013

Prospective global supply and demand for gallium, indium and other key metals show an increasing discrepancy, amongst others due to the explosive growth of green technologies such as photovoltaics (PV) and solid-state lighting (SSL). While their primary production is highly controlled by a few countries, recycling systems to reclaim these materials from discarded products are not yet in place. This makes Europe susceptible for the provision of materials that are crucial for meeting policies on energy saving and renewability, as well as challenges the further development of the concerned industrial sectors. Hence there is a strong need to establish recycling systems for PV, SSL and other electronic waste and capitalise on these as yet unexploited and growing deposits of key materials. The bottlenecks are in the disconnection and sorting of the parts with the targeted materials from the waste and in the release, concentration and purification of the reclaimed metals. More in particular, the concerned materials tend to be used as compounds (gallium arsenide, gallium nitride, indium tin oxide) rather than in their elemental form and to be applied as thin layers on substrates in overall very low amounts. Objectives of the proposed project are (1) technological solutions that relieve current bottlenecks in the recycling of gallium, indium and rare-earth elements, and (2) demonstration of their application potential by means of a pilot implementation in an industrial setting. The project is to result in separation methods for electronic assemblies that reduce manual work (>80% automation) as well as in subsequent recovery methods that yield recycled materials of commercial-grade quality (>99-99.99%, depending on the element), apt to fit an industrial context and being environmentally compliant. To this end, (thermal) disconnection methods, part recognition methods and hydrometallurgical refining processes will be developed. Impact assessments will also be included.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2011-2 | Award Amount: 4.22M | Year: 2012

Repair and patching of resin galls and lose dead knots is a costly and disruptive process of inline production in timber industry. A large variety of plain as well as laminated wooden end-products demands for off-line human interaction and skilled handcrafting in order to add value and quality to the final products. The human workforce involved in these production tasks is hard to be replaced by a machine. Another request for human recognition and decision-making capabilities, occurring at a previous stage of the production line, is the detection and classification of significant artefacts in wooden surfaces. The dimension of these plain or laminated wooden products ranges from a few centimetres up to several meters, thus requiring a related scalability of the fully automised solution being researched for within this project. For that reason this project proposes a holonic concept that subsumes automated visual inspection and quality/artefact classification by a skilled robot visually guided and controlled by non-linear approaches that combine manipulation with energy saving in trajectory planning under real-time conditions enabling the required scalability for a wide range of applications. The interaction of these holonic sub-systems is implemented in agent technology based on a real-time communication concept while fusing multi-sensoric data and information at different spatial positions of the production line. The feasibility of inter-linking independent autonomous processes, i.e. agents for inspection, wood-processing, transport (conveying) to repair by a patching robot, is demonstrated by a pilot in a glue lam factory since shutter boards are a perfectly representative mid-size product. A mobile HMI concept makes interaction with the machine park easy to control, reliable and efficient, while at the same time increasing the safety for workers within a potentially dangerous working environment of a glue lam factories and saw mills.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.2.1 | Award Amount: 7.87M | Year: 2008

Compared to humans or primates, the ability of contemporary robotic hands is suprisingly limited, they can grasp only few objects in constricted poses with limited grasping postures and position. The aim of GRASP is the design of a cognitive system capable of performing tasks in open-ended environments, dealing with uncertainty and novel situations. We have decided to study the problem of object manipulation and grasping, by providing theoretical and measurable basis for system design that are valid in both human and artificial systems. We believe that this is of utmost importance for the design of artificial cognitive systems that are to be deployed in real environments and interact with humans and other artificial agents. Such systems need the ability to exploit the innate knowledge and self-understanding to gradually develop cognitive capabilities. To demonstrate the feasibility of our approach, we will instantiate, implement and evaluate our theories on robot systems with different emobodiments and levels of complexity. These systems will operate in real-world scenarios, with and without human intervention and tutoring.\n\nGRASP will develop means for robotic systems to reason about graspable targets, to explore and investigate their physical properties and finally to make artificial hands grasp any object. We will use theoretical, computational and experimental studies to model skilled sensorimotor behavior based on known principles governing grasping and manipulation tasks performed by humans. Therefore, GRASP sets out to integrate a large body of findings from disciplines such as neuroscience, cognitive science, robotics, multi-modal perception and machine learning to achieve a core capability: Grasping any object by building up relations between task setting, embodied hand actions, object attributes, and contextual knowledge.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.1.2 | Award Amount: 6.07M | Year: 2010

Service-oriented computing has attracted significant attention over recent years. While this innovative approach provides enormous potential for software development in an open, networked environment, the very different constraints and quality concerns in different domains have so far led to a heterogeneous landscape of service platforms.\nWhile a single integrated platform would be highly desirable, the domain-specific constraints in areas like factory automation, business information systems or telecommunication are much too diverse, leading to the need for specialized, domain-specific service platforms. Already now a plethora of different service platforms are available. This fragmentation, however, effectively slows the emergence of a full service ecosystem. In order to fulfill the vision of an integrated platform ecosystem, the various platforms must be made interoperable.\n\nThe INDENICA project will address these challenges in an explicit and integrated way. It will provide a development method, infrastructure components and tools that support the efficient derivation of specialized, domain-specific service platforms. By deriving these platforms from common infrastructures, we will combine optimal adaptation of the service platform to domain-specific constraints with easy and fast development. At the same time, the resulting platforms will be interoperable by design. This allows integrating arbitrary INDENICA service platforms at any time into a virtual domain-specific service platform. The integrated platforms will act from an application point of view as a single platform, enabling transparent multi-platform deployment and comprehensive QoS management. On the technical side INDENICA will use Product Line Techniques (compositional and generative techniques) to provide an efficient approach for the derivation of the domain-specific platforms.\n\nINDENICA results will be systematically validated using an integrated multi-domain use case. This use case integrates components from the relevant areas of the industrial partners and provides a demonstration for the strong integration capabilities of INDENICA platforms.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.4.4 | Award Amount: 8.03M | Year: 2009

The objective of ONTORULE is to enable the right people to interact in their own way with the right part of their business application: different people with different requirements and background, ranging from business executives to IT developers, have to interact in different ways with different aspects of a business application, to use, control and manage it. We believe that this can be achieved by cleanly separating the domain ontology from the actual business rules; and the representation of the knowledge from its IT implementation. The vocabulary required to express the business rules, and the underlying ontology, must be acquired from the natural language sources; the rules must be authored, using that vocabulary, by the owner of the business policies; the data models for the IT applications must be designed by IT developers based on the application requirements. The relevant people in the organisation must be able to manage and maintain Ontologies, business rules and data models separately, without having to care about maintaining the others items. To implement the rules in the business application, the ontology must be mapped onto the applications data model and the rules operationalised accordingly. ONTORULE aims to develop and integrate all the required pieces of knowledge and technology to allow the acquisition of ontologies and rules from the most appropriate sources, including natural language documents; their separate management and maintenance; and their transparent operationalisation in IT applications. To achieve that objective, ONTORULE will deliver: - An integrating modelling and acquisition framework, based on the OMG SBVR standard and NLP technology - Usable ownership and management systems to empower the business owner of rules and ontology - Execution and inference engines to combine ontology and rule-based reasoning usefully and efficiently - End-to-end pilot applications to show the feasibility and added value of ONTORULE.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2013.6.5-3 | Award Amount: 7.73M | Year: 2013

The project SWITCH-ON addresses water concerns to thoroughly explore and exploit the significant and currently untapped potential of open data. Water information is highly sought after by many kinds of end-users, both within government and business as well as within civil society. Water touches virtually all societal and environmental domains and the knowledge domain is largely multidisciplinary. New water information and knowledge can thus lead to more efficient use of environmental services and better handling of environmental problems, including those induced by climate and environmental change. SWITCH-ON will show the benefits achieved through the whole process chain by re-purposing (re-using under different context) open data products into more dedicated and refined water products, which have high value and a broad impact on society. The vision is to improve public services, and to foster business opportunities and growth, by establishing new forms of water research and facilitating the development of new products and services based on principles of sharing. The SWITCH-ON objectives are to use open data for implementing: 1) an innovative spatial information platform with open data tailored for direct water assessments, 2) an entirely new form of collaborative research for water-related sciences, 3) fourteen new operational products and services dedicated to appointed end-users, 4) new business and knowledge to inform individual and collective decisions in line with the Europes smart growth and environmental objectives. While focusing on water, the project is expected to inspire a much broader environmental and societal knowledge domain and many different end-users. The SWITCH-ON project will be one trigger in a contemporary global movement to better address environmental and societal challenges through openness and collaboration.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.71M | Year: 2015

In response to the increasing problem of water shortage, the reuse of treated urban wastewater is considered the most suitable and reliable alternative for sustainable water management and agricultural development. In spite of the benefits associated with this practice, major concerns currently exist, related to the adverse effects regarding chemical and biological contaminants of emerging concern such as antibiotics and mobile antibiotic resistance elements such as antibiotic resistant bacteria and resistance genes. These are now considered as a serious public health problem by various international organizations and the European Commission, because of their spread in the environment, the food chain, drinking water, etc. To tackle these problems, scientists with an interdisciplinary research/training background are urgently needed. This ETN will train a new generation of ESRs to address the risks associated with such contaminants and wastewater reuse. Innovative chemical, microbiological, toxicological and modelling tools, and novel process engineering will form the scientific and training core of their innovative research projects and training. The project will contribute to understanding the fate and transmission of antibiotics and resistance from wastewater to the environment and humans, through soil, ground/surface water and crops. Relevant ELVs will be determined, essential for the development and implementation of regulatory frameworks. This project directly tackles these aspects, by bringing together a multidisciplinary research team, with the private sector, and policy makers and through communication activities towards stakeholders and the wider public.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-23-2014 | Award Amount: 3.75M | Year: 2015

The aim of the RETRAINER proposal is to tune and validate advanced, robot-based technologies to facilitate recovery of arm and hand function in stroke survivors and to verify extensively the use of the system by end-users. RETRAINER will allow the users to use their own arm and hand as much and as soon as possible after the trauma so to achieve the best outcomes in rehabilitation. A continuous iterative process between the technology development and the testing feedback will drive the whole project. RETRAINER will implement a full technology transfer from the results of a previous FP7 project, MUNDUS, aimed at setting up a similar assistive device for severely disabled people in daily life activities. RETRAINER will make available two systems that could be used either combined or stand-alone. RETRAINER S1 will provide the end-user with a robot that does not completely take over the users tasks and substitute the functionality of the body, but specifically supports the user only whenever he/she really needs support. Residual functionality is trained and improved on rather than replaced by the robotic device. Arm movements will be supported by the combined action of a passive exoskeleton for weight relief and Neuromuscular Electrical stimulation (NMES) delivered to several arm muscles in a controlled manner. RETRAINER S2 will exploit a wearable NMES system with multiple arrays of electrodes for hand rehabilitation facilitating the grasping function. Both systems will benefit from use of interactive objects, i.e. daily-life objects able to supply information about themselves to drive usage. Within RETRAINER the same principle and module will be exploited to drive rehabilitation exercises and to monitor daily life. The systems will undergo a thorough randomized control clinical trial with end users to assess their efficacy in rehabilitation. Certification and qualification of the system will be pursued, given the adequate quality of experimental results.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2009.1.4 | Award Amount: 2.95M | Year: 2010

Over the past decade we are witnessing an ever-increasing amount of cyberattacks on the Internet.Prolific, ingenious, and ranging in style from large-scale worms to below the radar phishing attempts, cyberattacks have evolved to unprecedented levels of sophistication. To counter these cyberattacks, defenders are (mostly) developing safeguards, after the attack was made. In the meantime, while defenders are busy with mending the fences, attackers had already developed and planned their next strike. What we have realized over this past decade is that we are facing an asymmetrical threat: unless addressed, this asymmetrical threat will have us defenders locked into a vicious cycle: chasing after attackers without ever being able to catch up.We believe that in order to advance the field of cybersecurity, we must act proactively and in synergy to change the rules of the game:instead of being reactive to cyberattacks, we should become proactive. Instead of cleaning after existing(or past) attacks, we should work on predicting threats and vulnerabilities and build our defense before threats materialize.Research combined with effective synergies is critical to realize this game-changing plan and Europe has the expertise and the talent to succeed. SysSec proposes to create a Network of Excellence in the field of Systems Security for Europe to play a leading role in changing the rules of the game. Capitalizing on the results of the currently running FORWARD CSA and building on strong synergies with Industry and Policy makers, SysSec plans: (i) to create a virtual center of excellence, to consolidate the Systems Security research community in Europe, (ii) to promote cybersecurity education, (iii) to engage a think-tank in discovering the threats and vulnerabilities of the Current and Future Internet, (iv) to create an active research roadmap in the area, and (v) to develop a joint working plan to conduct State-of-the-Art collaborative research.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.8.0 | Award Amount: 2.65M | Year: 2008

Scaling quantum information processors beyond the present small-scale devices is challenging as communication between parts of the processor, single site addressability and scaling are dificult to reconcile. HIP addresses these issues with the experimental realization of elementary hybrid atom-photon devices, and the theoretical development of schemes for their integration on platforms capable of being miniaturized and scaled up in functional networks. The main experimental platform on which this goal will be pursued are atom chips structures on which optical micro-cavities will be integrated. These devices will then be connected with optical fibers to form a network. With increasing size of the quantum information processor the detailed verification of its functionality is a task that is growing exponentially in the system size. HIP will address this issue with the development of theoretical methods for the efficient and quantitative verification of key properties of quantum information processors and their experimental implementation.\nHIP unites leading experimental and theoretical groups to develop and realize these structures and methods, and explore their potential applications. The theoretical methods and experimental demonstrators that will be developed in HIP will provide key facilities for the realization of schemes for medium- and large-scale quantum information processing with integrated atomic and optical systems.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.1.1 | Award Amount: 4.16M | Year: 2010

The focus of LOLA is on access-layer technologies targeting low-latency robust and spectrally-efficient transmission in a set of emerging application scenarios. We consider two basic types of wireless networks, namely long-range LTE-Advanced Cellular Networks and medium-range rapidly-deployable mesh networks. Research on low-latency transmission in cellular networks is focused firstly on transmission technologies in support of gaming services which will undoubtedly prove to be a strategic revenue area for operators in the years to come. Secondly, we also consider machine-to-machine (M2M) applications in mobile environments using sensors connected to public infrastructure (in trains, busses, train stations, utility metering, etc.). M2M is an application area of extremely high growth potential in the context of future LTE-Advanced networks. A primary focus of the M2M research is to provide recommendations regarding PHY/MAC procedures in support of M2M to the 3GPP standardization process. The rapidly-deployable mesh topology component addresses M2M applications such as remote control and personnel/fleet tracking envisaged for future broadband civil protection networks. This work builds upon ongoing European research in this important area. Fundamental aspects of low-latency transmission are considered in addition to validation on real-time prototypes for a subset of the considered application scenarios. The cellular scenario validation is carried out using both live measurements from an HSPA test cell coupled with large-scale real-time emulation using the emulator for both high-performance gaming and M2M applications. In addition, a validation testbed for low-layer (PHY/MAC) low-latency procedures will be developed. The rapidly-deployable wireless mesh scenario validation makes use of the real-time RF platform and the existing FP6 CHORIST demonstrator interconnected with commercial M2M equipment.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN | Award Amount: 3.58M | Year: 2013

In recent years the computational complexity of mathematical models employed in financial mathematics has witnessed a tremendous growth. Advanced numerical techniques are imperative for the most present-day applications in financial industry. The motivation for this training network is the need for a network of highly educated European scientists in the field of financial mathematics and computational science, so as to exchange and discuss current insights and ideas, and to lay groundwork for future collaborations. Besides a series of internationally recognized researchers from academics, leading quantitative analysts from the financial industry also participate in this network. The challenge lies in the necessity of combining complementary techniques and skills such as mathematical analysis, sophisticated numerical methods and stochastic simulation methods with deep qualitative and quantitative understanding of mathematical models arising from financial markets. The main training objective is to prepare, at the highest possible level, young researchers with a broad scope of scientific knowledge and to teach transferable skills, like social awareness which is very important in view of the recent financial crises. The current topic in this network is that the financial crisis in the European countries is a contagion and herding effect and is clearly outside of the domain of validity of Black-Scholes and Mertons theory, since the market is not Gaussian and it is not frictionless and complete. In this research training network our aim is to deeper understand complex (mostly nonlinear) financial models and to develop effective and robust numerical schemes for solving linear and nonlinear problems arising from the mathematical theory of pricing financial derivatives and related financial products. This aim will be accomplished by means of financial modelling, mathematical analysis and numerical simulations, optimal control techniques and validation of models.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: NMP.2012.1.4-3 | Award Amount: 4.33M | Year: 2013

Knowing the mechanical properties of workpieces and machine-tools also at the nanometer scale is an absolute necessity for an efficient nanoscale production. Current technologies are lacking the flexibility and robustness needed for measuring such key parameters as topography, morphology, roughness, adhesion, or micro- and nano-hardness directly in a production environment. This hinders rapid development cycles and resource efficient process and quality control. The following technology and methodology gaps for addressing these challenges were identified: Efficient disturbance rejection and systems stability; robustness and longevity of probes; short time to data (i.e. high-speed measurements and data handling); and traceability of the measurement. The project aim4np strives at solving this problem by combining measuring techniques developed in nanoscience with novel control techniques from mechatronics and procedures from traceable metrology. Goal and Deliverable The main deliverable will be a fast robotic metrology platform and operational procedures for measuring with nanometer resolution and in a traceable way the topography, morphology, roughness, micro- and nano-hardness, and adhesive properties of large samples in a production environment.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST.2011.1.1-4. | Award Amount: 7.39M | Year: 2012

For many transport modes, energy reduction strategies can be effectively formulated at the level of the vehicle or vessel. New technologies can therefore be introduced to a vehicle and the direct energy savings can be readily quantified. However, such approach is not suitable to be employed for urban rail, where it is not sufficient to consider only the energy performance of vehicles; the energy associated with the infrastructure, as well as the influence of the mode of operation are to be considered too. In other words, urban rail systems are complex environments and their energy consumption is characterised by a wide range of inter-dependent factors. This means that it is often extremely difficult to assess the net benefits of introducing new energy saving technologies. For example, whilst a new technology might yield improvements in certain respects, it might also compromise other aspects of system performance. What is needed, and what has been lacking so far, is a holistic approach for the reduction of energy consumption for urban rail systems embracing vehicles, infrastructure and operation, as is proposed by OSIRIS. The project will start from the definition of Key Performance Indicators and Standard Duty Cycles to measure energy consumption in urban rail systems. Then, rather than focussing only on specific technologies, it will address the issue from the system-level ensuring that progresses on energy reduction are substantial. The effectiveness of solutions and their full potential will be proven by means of simulations and pilot tests. OSIRIS will introduce the entire discovered knowledge into a Decision Support Tool, for strategic decision making of companies (i.e., operators) and governments (i.e., public authorities). OSIRIS is fully aligned with the political ambitions of the Framework Program described in activity 7.2 - SUSTAINABLE SURFACE TRANSPORT of the FP7 4th call, topic SST.2011.1.1-4: Energy consumption reduction in urban rail systems.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2011.2.2-1 | Award Amount: 20.10M | Year: 2012

High current coated conductors (CCs) have high potential for developing electrical power applications and very high field magnets. The key issues for market success are low cost robust processes, high performance and a reliable manufacturing methodology of long length conductors. In recent years EU researchers and companies have made substantial progress towards these goals, based on vacuum (PLD) and chemical deposition (CSD) methods, towards nanostructuring of films. This provides a unique opportunity for Europe to integrate these advances in high performance conductors. The EUROTAPES project will address two broad objectives: 1/ the integration of the latest developments into simple conductor architectures for low and medium cost applications and to deliver \500m tapes. Defining of quality control tools and protocols to enhance the processing throughput and yield to achieve a pre-commercial cost target of 100 /kAm. 2/ Use of advanced methodologies to enhance performance (larger thickness and Ic, enhanced pinning for high fields, reduction of ac losses, increased mechanical strength). Demonstration of high critical currents (Ic>400A/cm-w, at 77K and self-field and Ic>1000A/cm-w at 5K and 15T) and pinning forces (Fp>100GN/m3 at 60 K). The CSD and PLD technologies will be combined to achieve optimized tape architectures, nanostructures and processes to address a variety of HTS applications at self-field, high and ultrahigh magnetic fields. Up to month 36, 3 types of conductors will be developed (RABiT, ABAD and round wire); at Mid Term 2 will be chosen for demonstration during the final 18 months. The consortium consists of 20 partners from 8 member states 6 universities (Cambridge, UK; Antwerp, B, U.A. Barcelona, ES, TU Cluj, RO, U. Ghent, BE and TU Wien, A), 5 institutes (CSIC-ICMAB, E, ENEA, I, IEE, SK, Inst. Neel-CNRS, F, and IFW, D), 1 technological center (LEITAT, ES) and 8 industrial companies (Bruker, D, Evico, D, Theva, D, Nexans GmbH, D, Percotech, D, Nexans SA, F, Lafarga Lacambra, ES and Oxolutia, ES).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.4 | Award Amount: 3.35M | Year: 2008

The JEOPARD project will develop a platform independent software development interface for complex multicore systems, including SMP. The interface will be based on existing technologies including Java, the Real-Time Specification for Java (JSR 1 and JSR 282) and Safety-Critical Java (JSR 302), which provide a good foundation for the development of complex, safe, realtime systems, but do not yet provide particular support for multicore systems. Even worse, some technologies can not support more than one processor, making it impossible to develop applications that scale with the number of processors available on current and future advanced multicore systems.The JEOPARD consortium covers all layers of a multicore embedded system. At the processor level, virtualised SMP architectures and advanced NUMA architectures are addressed. At the OS level, required OS scheduling facilities and low-level OS APIs will be provided for the virtual machine, or low-level native application code. JEOPARD will also analyse the impact of NUMA on OS facilities and how FPGA-based components can integrate with OS-supported components. At the Java virtual machine level, a realtime Java implementation that supports predictable execution of all Java operations will be extended to maintain predictable execution on multiple parallel processors, including real-time memory management, and support for efficient synchronisation mechanisms and compiler support for parallel systems. At the API layer, a powerful interface will be provided that provides control over and efficient use of available processor resources. Tools for static analysis of parallel applications will also be developed for detection of runtime errors. The project includes close involvement and validation by industry user partners and strong cooperation with standardisation authorities aiming at a POSIX-like standard for multicore systems both at the OS level and Java level.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.3 | Award Amount: 2.84M | Year: 2008

The level of automation and system complexity in factories and plants increases steadily which results in difficult and less-productive system engineering. Therefore, the main target of the MEDEIA project is to radically improve the development productivity of embedded control systems for the European industrial automation sector. The project results will reduce their system design time by 25%, which will be reached by the following objectives: 1) Formal framework for model-driven component-based development of embedded control, 2) Easy understandable modelling method applicable for domain experts, 3) Integrated modelling of diagnostics, 4) Integrated simulation and verification of systems design, 5) Automatic, embedded platform specific code-generation for the deployment of control software to heterogeneous hardware and 6) Proofof-concept demonstration. The European industrial automation industry will benefit from the MEDEIA results. The project will be applicable for this sector and it will support them with a powerful method to design and maintain long operational installations as well as automation solutions with rapidly changing demands. To ensure a wide usage of the project results it is planned to standardize the MEDEIA method and to provide an open source design tool. Project results will improve the competitiveness of European companies through increased productivity of system development by the provision of a novel model-driven design method for embedded control and diagnostics using Automation Components as major design part. Furthermore, such results will reinforce the European scientific and technological leadership.A major factor for successful projects especially for transnational projects is the project team. Therefore the project partners are selected according to the different levels of knowledge needed within the value creation chain in industrial automation to ensure a holistic view onto the topic, and they can guarantee excellent results.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2010.3.3.2-1 | Award Amount: 5.09M | Year: 2011

LCA to go develops sectoral methods and tools for bio-based plastics, industrial machinery, electronics, renewable energy, sensors and smart textiles. These sectors have been chosen, as the manufacturers show a high interest in making clear the environmental benefits of their products to customers (Green industries) and in prioritizing so they can reduce their environmental impacts. This is particularly the case for SMEs. Free webtools (apps) will serve dedicated needs of these sectors, addressing the specifics of the technologies and implementing parameterised models, such as calculators for energy-break-even-point of photovoltaics, Product Carbon Footprints (PCF) based on technology parameters of printed circuit boards, and Key Environmental Performance Indicators (KEPIs) for smart textiles. Selected Product Category Rules will be developed to provide a robust LCA guidance for SMEs. Practically, the project website will provide an exchange of scientifically validated data templates, to assist SMEs to pass the right questions to their suppliers. Carbon Footprints are a perfect entry point for SMEs to LCA strategies. Thus, implementation of an SME-compatible PCF methodology is a key element of the project. The approaches will be tested in 7 sectoral case studies, involving suppliers, end-product manufacturers and engineering companies. Inter-linkages between the sectors (on a technical and data level) will be thoroughly addressed. A broad dissemination campaign includes a mentoring programme for 100 SMEs, which will act as showcases for others, boosting use of LCA approaches among European SMEs at large. RTD and dissemination activities will be complemented by policy recommendations and liaison with standardisation activities. The web-tools, being compatible with ILCD data and other external sources, will be made available as open source software, to be adapted to other sectors. The project will have a direct impact on sectors representing nearly 500,000 SMEs.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SST-2007-1.2-01;SST-2007-1.2-02 | Award Amount: 1.14M | Year: 2009

InfraGuidER Coordinated Action primary objective is to define the guidelines for developing an effective European method/tool for the environmental impact evaluation of the railway infrastructure (existing and new). Despite a similar process has been already provided for the rolling stock the railway infrastructure is a more complex system where in the last year a silent revolution has been performed in order to face the high performances of trains (high speed trains), to attract the freight transport, to reduce the maintenance and operational costs, to comply with the local, regional regulation in terms of environmental impact. To avoid that this revolution will create a great unbalance among regions and to support the know-how and best practices transfer it is important to assess by a consensus process at European level the following items: the current state of environmental performance within the railway sector, and to highlight the criticalities to become effective and practical for the internal Environmental Management system implemented by railway companies and suppliers; the infrastructure functional subsystems and interfaces from the environment point of view; balance of goods in terms of material flow, environmental performance indicators EPIs and relevant ranking. Finally, as result of the three steps, the specification for the environmental part of a sustainability management system is provided and disseminated to end users (railway infrastructure managers and international organisations), to suppliers and academia (through EURNEX poles of excellence). According to this description InfraGuidER will be delivered in four main work packages. Other two work packages related to the management and communication/dissemination of the project are included in order to guarantee and to monitor the quality and effectiveness of the coordination mechanism. InfraGuidER fits with SST.2007.1.2.1 The greening of transport-specific industrial processes

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.3.4 | Award Amount: 3.41M | Year: 2013

The objective of this research proposal is to bring time awareness and evolution into the design of System-of-Systems (SoS), to establish a sound conceptual model, a generic architectural framework and a design methodology, supported by some prototype tools, for the modeling, development and evolution of time-sensitive SoSes with possible emergent behaviors. Special emphasis is placed on evolution, emergence, dependability (e.g. safety, availability) and security, considering embedded devices and the cloud as the execution platform. The concept of evolution will be addressed from two complementary perspectives, considering both long-term evolution and short-term unexpected changes (e.g., failures) in the constituent systems. The project starts with a study of fielded industrial SoSs, where the handling of time and the evolution aspects will be in the center of the analysis, in the domains of disaster management, transport, and smart grid applications. The following development of the conceptual model, the architectural framework, the design methodology and some extensions to UML-based tools will form the core of the project work. In place of the traditional guarantees that were the target for more closed and static systems, the architectural framework will be based on the concept of guaranteed best adaptation under the given constraints, sometimes just monitoring how the environment evolves, and influencing how the SoS takes mitigating actions. The viability of the framework will be validated on a case study of a CPS, a small smart grid application, where guaranteed responsiveness, evolution, dependability and security are essential requirements. The research is based on the in-depth experience of some of the key researchers of the consortium in the fields of architecture design, real-time systems, dependability, security and the development of large systems-of-systems in such diverse domains as disaster management, the transport sector, and energy distribution.

Ries M.,Vienna University of Technology | Gardlo B.,University of Zilina
IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications | Year: 2010

Provisioning of mobile video services is rather challenging since in mobile environments, bandwidth and processing resources are limited. Audiovisual content is present in most multimedia services, however, the user expectation of perceived audiovisual quality differs for speech and non-speech contents. The majority of recently proposed metrics for audiovisual quality estimation assumes only one continuous medium, either audio or video. In order to accurately predict the audiovisual quality of a multi-media system it is necessary to apply a metric that takes simultaneously into account audio as well as video quality. When assessing a multi-modal system, one cannot model it only as a simple combination of mono-modal models, because the pure combination of audio and video models does not give a robust perceived-quality performance metric. We show the importance taking into account the cross-modal interaction between audio and video modes also code mutual compensation effect. In this contribution we report on measuring the cross-modal interaction and propose a content adaptive audiovisual metric for video sequences that distinguishes between speech and non-speech audio. Furthermore, the proposed method allows for a referencefree audiovisual quality estimation, which reduces computational complexity and extends applicability. © 2010 IEEE.

Steineder D.,Vienna University of Technology | Stricker S.A.,Vienna University of Technology | Vuorinen A.,Bielefeld University
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2013

We use the AdS/CFT conjecture to investigate the thermalization of large-Nc N=4 super Yang-Mills plasma in the limit of large but finite 't Hooft coupling. On the gravity side, we supplement the type IIB supergravity action by the full set of O(α′3) operators, which enables us to derive O(λ-3/2) corrections to the emission spectrum of prompt photons in one model of holographic thermalization. Decreasing the coupling strength from the λ=∞ limit, we observe a qualitative change in the way the photon spectral density approaches its thermal limit as a function of the photon energy. We interpret this behavior as a sign of the thermalization pattern of the plasma shifting from top-down towards bottom-up. © 2013 American Physical Society.

Christensson N.,University of Vienna | Kauffmann H.F.,University of Vienna | Kauffmann H.F.,Vienna University of Technology | Pullerits T.,Lund University | Mancal T.,Charles University
Journal of Physical Chemistry B | Year: 2012

A vibronic exciton model is applied to explain the long-lived oscillatory features in the two-dimensional (2D) electronic spectra of the Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) complex. Using experimentally determined parameters and uncorrelated site energy fluctuations, the model predicts oscillations with dephasing times of 1.3 ps at 77 K, which is in a good agreement with the experimental results. These long-lived oscillations originate from the coherent superposition of vibronic exciton states with dominant contributions from vibrational excitations on the same pigment. The oscillations obtain a large amplitude due to excitonic intensity borrowing, which gives transitions with strong vibronic character a significant intensity despite the small Huang-Rhys factor. Purely electronic coherences are found to decay on a 200 fs time scale. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

Balzer J.,University of California at Los Angeles | Morwald T.,Vienna University of Technology
Proceedings of the IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition | Year: 2012

Inverse problems are abundant in vision. A common way to deal with their inherent ill-posedness is reformulating them within the framework of the calculus of variations. This always leads to partial differential equations as conditions of (local) optimality. In this paper, we propose solving such equations numerically by isogeometric analysis, a special kind of finite-elements method. We will expose its main advantages including superior computational performance, a natural ability to facilitate multi-scale reconstruction, and a high degree of compatibility with the spline geometries encountered in modern computer-aided design systems. To animate these fairly general arguments, their impact on the well-known depth-from-gradients problem is discussed, which amounts to solving a Poisson equation on the image plane. Experiments suggest that, by the isogeometry principle, reconstructions of unprecedented quality can be obtained without any prefiltering of the data. © 2012 IEEE.

Jenke T.,Vienna University of Technology | Geltenbort P.,Laue Langevin Institute | Lemmel H.,Vienna University of Technology | Lemmel H.,Laue Langevin Institute | And 3 more authors.
Nature Physics | Year: 2011

Spectroscopy is a method typically used to assess an unknown quantity of energy by means of a frequency measurement. In many problems, resonance techniques enable high-precision measurements, but the observables have generally been restricted to electromagnetic interactions. Here we report the application of resonance spectroscopy to gravity. In contrast to previous resonance methods, the quantum mechanical transition is driven by an oscillating field that does not directly couple an electromagnetic charge or moment to an electromagnetic field. Instead, we observe transitions between gravitational quantum states when the wave packet of an ultra-cold neutron couples to the modulation of a hard surface as the driving force. The experiments have the potential to test the equivalence principle and Newton's gravity law at the micrometre scale 4,5. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

Koppens F.H.L.,ICFO - Institute of Photonic Sciences | Mueller T.,Vienna University of Technology | Avouris P.,IBM | Ferrari A.C.,Cambridge Graphene Center | And 3 more authors.
Nature Nanotechnology | Year: 2014

Graphene and other two-dimensional materials, such as transition metal dichalcogenides, have rapidly established themselves as intriguing building blocks for optoelectronic applications, with a strong focus on various photodetection platforms. The versatility of these material systems enables their application in areas including ultrafast and ultrasensitive detection of light in the ultraviolet, visible, infrared and terahertz frequency ranges. These detectors can be integrated with other photonic components based on the same material, as well as with silicon photonic and electronic technologies. Here, we provide an overview and evaluation of state-of-the-art photodetectors based on graphene, other two-dimensional materials, and hybrid systems based on the combination of different two-dimensional crystals or of two-dimensional crystals and other (nano)materials, such as plasmonic nanoparticles, semiconductors, quantum dots, or their integration with (silicon) waveguides. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

Carr G.,Vienna University of Technology | Bloschl G.,Vienna University of Technology | Loucks D.P.,Cornell University
Water Resources Research | Year: 2012

Key documents such as the European Water Framework Directive and the U.S. Clean Water Act state that public and stakeholder participation in water resource management is required. Participation aims to enhance resource management and involve individuals and groups in a democratic way. Evaluation of participatory programs and projects is necessary to assess whether these objectives are being achieved and to identify how participatory programs and projects can be improved. The different methods of evaluation can be classified into three groups: (i) process evaluation assesses the quality of participation process, for example, whether it is legitimate and promotes equal power between participants, (ii) intermediary outcome evaluation assesses the achievement of mainly nontangible outcomes, such as trust and communication, as well as short-to medium-term tangible outcomes, such as agreements and institutional change, and (iii) resource management outcome evaluation assesses the achievement of changes in resource management, such as water quality improvements. Process evaluation forms a major component of the literature but can rarely indicate whether a participation program improves water resource management. Resource management outcome evaluation is challenging because resource changes often emerge beyond the typical period covered by the evaluation and because changes cannot always be clearly related to participation activities. Intermediary outcome evaluation has been given less attention than process evaluation but can identify some real achievements and side benefits that emerge through participation. This review suggests that intermediary outcome evaluation should play a more important role in evaluating participation in water resource management. © 2012 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

Cerullo G.,CNR Institute for Photonics and Nanotechnologies | Baltuska A.,Vienna University of Technology | Mucke O.D.,Vienna University of Technology | Vozzi C.,CNR Institute for Photonics and Nanotechnologies
Laser and Photonics Reviews | Year: 2011

One of the most advanced frontiers of ultrafast optics is the control of carrier-envelope phase (CEP) φ{symbol} of light pulses, which enables the generation of optical waveforms with reproducible electric field profile. Such control is important for pulses with few-optical-cycle duration, for which a CEP variation produces a strong change in the waveform, so that strongly nonlinear optical phenomena, such as multiphoton absorption, above-threshold ionization and high-harmonic generation become CEP-dependent. In particular, CEP control is the prerequisite for the production of isolated attosecond pulses. Standard laser systems generate pulses that are CEP unstable; the CEP can be stabilized using either active or passive methods. Passive, all-optical schemes rely on difference-frequency generation (DFG) between two pulses sharing the same CEP: in this process the phases of the two pulses add up with opposite signs, leading to cancellation of the shot-to-shot CEP fluctuations. This paper presents an overview of passive CEP stabilization schemes, starting from the basic concepts and progressing to the details of the practical implementations of the idea. The passive approach allows the generation of CEP-controlled few-optical-cycle pulses covering a very broad range of parameters in terms of carrier frequency (from visible to mid-IR), energy (up to several mJs) and repetition rate (up to hundreds of kHz). Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Pan J.-W.,Anhui University of Science and Technology | Chen Z.-B.,Anhui University of Science and Technology | Lu C.-Y.,Anhui University of Science and Technology | Weinfurter H.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | And 6 more authors.
Reviews of Modern Physics | Year: 2012

Multiphoton interference reveals strictly nonclassical phenomena. Its applications range from fundamental tests of quantum mechanics to photonic quantum information processing, where a significant fraction of key experiments achieved so far comes from multiphoton state manipulation. The progress, both theoretical and experimental, of this rapidly advancing research is reviewed. The emphasis is given to the creation of photonic entanglement of various forms, tests of the completeness of quantum mechanics (in particular, violations of local realism), quantum information protocols for quantum communication (e.g., quantum teleportation, entanglement purification, and quantum repeater), and quantum computation with linear optics. The scope of the review is limited to "few-photon" phenomena involving measurements of discrete observables. © 2012 American Physical Society.

Konig O.,Vienna University of Technology | Hametner C.,Vienna University of Technology | Prochart G.,AVL List GmbH | Jakubek S.,Vienna University of Technology
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics | Year: 2014

Battery emulation with a controllable high-power dc supply enables repeatable hardware-in-the-loop testing of powertrains for hybrid and electric vehicles. For this purpose, not only the power flow but also the nonlinear characteristic and dynamic impedance of batteries need to be emulated. In this paper, nonlinear local model networks are used to obtain dynamic battery models with high fidelity that can be computed in real time. This approach also allows the extraction of local linear impedance models for high-bandwidth impedance emulation, leading to a tighter coupling between the test bed and simulation model with predictable closed-loop dynamics. A model predictive controller that achieves optimal control with adherence to system constraints is extended to impedance control and robustness against constant power loads. This results not only in superior dynamic performance but also in stable dc-bus voltage control even for testing of tightly controlled electric motor inverters with negative differential input resistance. Since the controller design is based on a model of the test bed setup including the virtual battery model, emulator hardware, and input characteristics of the powertrain under test, it is possible to systematically analyze stability. © 1982-2012 IEEE.

Baier R.,Bielefeld University | Stricker S.A.,Vienna University of Technology | Taanila O.,Bielefeld University | Vuorinen A.,Bielefeld University
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2012

We study the production of prompt photons in strongly coupled out-of-equilibrium super Yang-Mills plasma using the AdS/CFT correspondence. Our goal is to determine the photon emission spectrum at different stages of a thermalization process, which is modeled via the gravitational collapse of a thin spherical shell in AdS 5 space. Particular emphasis is placed on the limit of large frequencies, which we are able to treat analytically. © 2012 American Physical Society.

Demircioglu P.,Adnan Menderes University | Durakbasa M.N.,Vienna University of Technology
Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation | Year: 2011

The measurement of roughness on machined metal surfaces is of considerable importance to manufacturing industries as the roughness of a surface has a significant influence on its quality and function of products. In this paper, an experimental approach for surface roughness measurement has been based on the comparison of roughness values taken from the stylus and optical type instruments on the machined metal surfaces (turning, grinding and milling) is presented. Following this experimental study, all measured surface roughness parameters have been analyzed by using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS 15.0) statistically and mathematical models for the two most important and commonly used roughness parameters Ra and Rz have been developed so that Ra = Ra (F, P, C) and Rz = Rz (F, P, C, M), whereas F expresses feed, P periodicity, C contrast and M the type of material. The statistical results from numerous tests showed that there has been a correlation between the surface roughness and the properties of the surface topography and there have been slight differences among three measurement instruments on machined metal surfaces in this experimental study. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Si Q.,Rice University | Paschen S.,Vienna University of Technology
Physica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research | Year: 2013

Strongly correlated electron systems at the border of magnetism are of active current interest, particularly because the accompanying quantum criticality provides a route towards both strange-metal non-Fermi liquid behavior and unconventional superconductivity. Among the many important questions is whether the magnetism acts simply as a source of fluctuations in the textbook Landau framework, or instead serves as a proxy for some unexpected new physics. We put into this general context the recent developments on quantum phase transitions in antiferromagnetic (AF) heavy fermion metals. Among these are the extensive recent theoretical and experimental studies on the physics of Kondo destruction in a class of beyond-Landau quantum critical points (QCPs). Also discussed are the theoretical basis for a global phase diagram of AF heavy fermion metals, and the recent surge of materials suitable for studying this phase diagram. Furthermore, we address the generalization of this global phase diagram to the case of Kondo insulators, and consider the future prospect to study the interplay among Kondo coherence, magnetism, and topological states. Finally, we touch upon related issues beyond the AF settings, arising in mixed valent, ferromagnetic, quadrupolar, or spin glass f-electron systems, as well as some general issues on emergent phases near QCPs. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2011-1.1.15. | Award Amount: 11.05M | Year: 2011

Enhancing biomass utilization without risking its sustainability is a European energy priority, and can be linked to targets for curbing greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2020 and 50% by 2050: enhanced energy security and integration with other industrial sectors, such as agriculture, also play a role. Improved use of biofuels and products in advanced biomass conversion units and biorefineries are seen as a key element in achieving this goal. In recent years leading industrial nations have established facilities in which their researchers have addressed the challenges associated with the production of biofuels and the establishment of bio-refineries. There remains fragmentation in terms of access to high-level experimental equipment necessary for achieving significant advances in this field. The BRISK initiative will integrate networking activities to foster a culture of co-operation between the participants in the project, and the scientific communities benefiting from access to the research infrastructures, with the pursuit of joint research activities, and facilitate transnational access by researchers to one or more infrastructures among those operated by participants in a coordinated way so as to improve the overall services available to the research communities with interests in these fields.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: NMP-2007-1.2-2 | Award Amount: 5.28M | Year: 2008

The objective of this project is to develop an innovative and novel combination of a new TOF-SIMS with substantially improved lateral resolution and sensitivity, combined with a new metrological high resolution SFM. The two techniques provide complementary information on nanoscale surface chemistry and surface morphology. In combination with a layer by layer removal of material using low energy sputtering, quantitatively measured by SFM, this combined ultra-high vacuum (UHV) instrument will be unique for the 3-dimensional chemical characterisation of nanostructured inorganic as well as organic materials with down to at least 10 nm lateral resolution and down to 1 nm depth resolution. Joint by a novel software for the calculation and display of 3-dimensional distributions of all chemical species, this leads to a totally new 3D NanoChemiscope.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.2.1 | Award Amount: 4.79M | Year: 2010

TACO develops a 3D sensing system with real 3D foveation properties endowing service robots with a higher level of motion and affordance perception and interaction capabilities with respect to everyday objects and environments. By 3D foveation properties we mean properties based on the process of acquiring 3D images with coarse level of details, applying fast object recognition techniques to identify areas of interest in the coarse 3D image and then concentrate the image acquisition on details of interest allowing for higher resolution 3D sampling of these details. This new 3D foveation concept will allow robots to interact with everyday environments in a more natural and human-like manner, increasing the level of detail whenever needed for interaction between the robot and everyday objects and humans. These 3D foveation properties are achieved by utilising the power of micro-mirror MEMS technology combined with state-of-the-art time-of-flight methods to ensure a system that is small, light-weight and easily mounted on an ordinary-sized service robot or even a robot arm. The project will explore control strategies for 3D foveation allowing 3D robot vision that is adaptable with space- and time-variant sampling, processing and understanding. The project will verify and test the 3D sensing system in a robotic environment, exploring the capabilities of the system to allow the robot to navigate autonomously and interact with a diverse number of everyday objects. The TACO consortium has RTD partners and industrial end users: Fraunhofer IPMS (micro-mirror scanning device), Fraunhofer IPM (3D range sensors), CTR (Electronics), SINTEF (3D foveation software), TU Wien (benchmarking with state-of-the-art 3D sensing methods), Shadow Robotics (application towards robot grippers) and Oxford Technologies (application towards robots for harsh environments)

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-23-2014 | Award Amount: 4.20M | Year: 2015

Industrial, commercial, civil and service premises, such as supermarkets and airports have huge floor surfaces to be cleaned daily and infra-daily. These activities are time demanding in terms of human repetitive activities and take place at sundry times, not necessarily covering a work-shift duration; this depends on the kind of premise and available time slots as well as on the type of organisation. The floor washing activities are favourably suited for robotization. Currently it does not exists a robot that satisfies the requirements of the professional users and cleaning services companies. Floor washing tasks are demanding under many aspects: autonomy of operation, navigation precision, safety with regards to humans and goods, interaction with the human cleaning personnel, cleaning operations on demand during opening hours, presence of multiple robots at the same time in the same building, optimization of paths, easy set-up of path and duties without reprogramming. The project FLOBOT addresses these problems, integrating existing solutions and knowledge of the partners to produce a professional floor washing robot for wide