Victoria University of Wellington was established in 1897 by Act of Parliament, and was a constituent college of the University of New Zealand.It is particularly well known for its programmes in law, the humanities, and some scientific disciplines, and offers a broad range of other courses. Entry to all courses at first year is open, and entry to second year in some programmes is restricted.Victoria had the highest average research grade in the New Zealand Government's Performance-Based Research Fund exercise in 2012, having been ranked 4th in 2006 and 3rd in 2003. Victoria has been ranked 265th in the World's Top 500 universities by the QS World University Rankings . Wikipedia.
Polaschek D.L.L.,Victoria University of Wellington
Legal and Criminological Psychology | Year: 2012
The science of effective offender rehabilitation remains a very young field: dominated theoretically and empirically by the work of a small group of Canadian psychologists. Their achievements include the 'what works' research literature, and the RNR model of offender rehabilitation. First disseminated in 1990, over the following 20 years, the Risk, Need and Responsivity Principles became the core of the theoretical framework used in those correctional systems around the world that use science as a basis for offender rehabilitation. This paper evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of the RNR model as a Level I rehabilitation framework. It proposes that unrealistic expectations and mistranslations of the model into practice are contributing to concerns about its validity and utility, and stifling needed innovation in the development both of mid-level treatment resources, and of RNR-adherent interventions. It concludes that although the RNR model's empirical validity and practical utility justify its place as the dominant model, it is not the 'last word' on offender rehabilitation; there is much work still to be done. ©2012 The British Psychological Society.
Curtis N.F.,Victoria University of Wellington
Coordination Chemistry Reviews | Year: 2012
The cyclic tetraamine 2,5,5,7,9,12,12,14-Octamethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane can occur as six-diasterioisomers which are best characterised by the Cahn Ingold Prelog (CIP) priority rules. When coordinated, the nitrogen centres can occur in five configurations, resulting in 30 possible configurations. The configuration of the amines and their metal-ion compounds are unambiguously defined by the CIP configuration of the four carbon and four nitrogen chiral centres present. The chemistry of these cyclic tetraamines, and their metal-ion compounds is reviewed, with emphasis on structural studies, which permit unambiguous assignment of configuration. The literature reporting the preparations and properties of 2,5,5,7,9,12,12,14-octamethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane and its compounds contains confusing and incorrect configuration assignments. © 2012 Elsevier B.V..
Visser M.,Victoria University of Wellington
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2013
Area products for multihorizon stationary black holes often have intriguing properties, and are often (though not always) independent of the mass of the black hole itself (depending only on various charges, angular momenta, and moduli). Such products are often formulated in terms of the areas of inner (Cauchy) horizons and outer (event) horizons, and sometimes include the effects of unphysical "virtual" horizons. But the conjectured mass independence sometimes fails. Specifically, for the Schwarzschild-de Sitter [Kottler] black hole in (3+1) dimensions it is shown by explicit exact calculation that the product of event horizon area and cosmological horizon area is not mass independent. (Including the effect of the third "virtual" horizon does not improve the situation.) Similarly, in the Reissner-Nordstrom- anti-de Sitter black hole in (3+1) dimensions the product of the inner (Cauchy) horizon area and event horizon area is calculated (perturbatively), and is shown to be not mass independent. That is, the mass independence of the product of physical horizon areas is not generic. In spherical symmetry, whenever the quasilocal mass m(r) is a Laurent polynomial in aerial radius, r=√A/4π, there are significantly more complicated mass-independent quantities, the elementary symmetric polynomials built up from the complete set of horizon radii (physical and virtual). Sometimes it is possible to eliminate the unphysical virtual horizons, constructing combinations of physical horizon areas that are mass independent, but they tend to be considerably more complicated than the simple products and related constructions currently being mooted in the literature. © 2013 American Physical Society.
McConnell M.J.,Victoria University of Wellington
Science translational medicine | Year: 2014
The addition of high-dose ascorbate to existing anticancer treatment strategies can improve efficacy and decrease toxicity--but not in all patients or with all combination therapies (Ma et al., this issue).
Ellenbroek B.A.,Victoria University of Wellington |
Ghiabi B.,University of Tehran
Trends in Neurosciences | Year: 2014
Although histamine H3 receptors are predominantly known as presynaptic receptors, regulating the release of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, acetylcholine, and histamine, in the striatal complex the vast majority of these receptors are actually located on the other side, in other words postsynaptically. Given their strategic location, they can crucially affect signaling throughout the basal ganglia. We describe the anatomy and function of H3 receptors within the basal ganglia with a specific focus on their colocalization with dopamine D1 and D2 receptors. Because the basal ganglia are centrally involved in several major neurological and psychiatric disorders, we also discuss the therapeutic potential of drugs targeting H3 receptors in the treatment of Parkinson disease (PD), schizophrenia, and addiction. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.