Time filter

Source Type

Litman T.,Victoria Transport Policy Institute
Public Transport International

In recent years bombs have exploded on buses and trains in London, Israel, Madrid, Moscow and Paris. In 1995 poison gas was released in Tokyo's subway system, killing 12 people and making thousands sick. Many other public transportation systems have experienced terrorism threats. Such events create dread, that is, excessive fear of low-probability, high-profile events such as terrorist attacks, child kidnapping and new diseases. This is terrorists' objective: to cause excessive fear and resulting economic and social disruptions. They are successful if people overreact to such risks. Source

Litman T.,Victoria Transport Policy Institute
Environmental Practice

This article provides an estimate of the amount of land that is paved for roads and parking facilities in typical urban areas, examines the full economic, social and environmental costs of this impervious surface, and discusses the amount of road and parking land area that can be considered optimal. The analysis indicates that, in a typical urban area, about three times as much land is devoted to roads and parking as to residential structures, and that per-capita road and parking facility areas vary significantly, depending on planning practices, with much higher rates in areas that have automobile-oriented transport systems and sprawled land use. It identifies current policies and planning practices that unintentionally contribute to economically excessive road and parking requirements, and provides specific recommendations for reducing the amount of land paved for transport facilities. © 2011 National Association of Environmental Professionals. Source

Litman T.,Victoria Transport Policy Institute
Transportation Research Record

This paper evaluates the traffic safety impacts of various transport pricing reforms, including fuel-tax increases, efficient road and parking pricing, distance-based insurance and registration fees, and public-transit fare reductions. This analysis indicates that such reforms can significantly reduce traffic risk, in addition to providing other important economic, social, and environmental benefits. Crash reductions depend on the type of price change, the portion of vehicle travel affected, and the quality of alternative transport options available. If implemented to the degree justified on the grounds of economic efficiency (for example, to reduce congestion, recover road and parking facility costs, and make insurance more actuarially accurate), these reforms are predicted to reduce North American traffic casualties by 40% to 60%. The low per capita traffic fatality rates in European and wealthy Asian countries result in significant part from their higher transport prices, which result in more efficient multimodal transport systems by which residents drive less and rely more on alternative modes. However, these benefits are often overlooked: pricing reform advocates seldom highlight traffic safety benefits, and traffic safety experts seldom advocate pricing reforms. Taking these steps is particularly important for developing countries now establishing pricing practices that will affect their future travel patterns and therefore crash risks. Source

Chung Y.,Korea Transport Institute | Choi K.,Ajou University | Park J.,Ajou University | Litman T.,Victoria Transport Policy Institute
Habitat International

As a progressive and open society, South Korea recognizes the importance of providing public services that respond to the needs of disadvantaged groups, reflecting principles of social justice and community inclusion. Korea has a growing foreign population, including many low-income migrant workers. This study investigates the transportation demands and problems of these workers, and identifies potential ways to better meet their travel needs. It is based on a survey of 300 randomly-selected Chinese, Vietnamese, Filipinos, Indonesian, and Thai workers living in Ansan, Buchon and Uijungbu industrial districts on the outskirts of the Seoul metropolitan region. The survey investigated respondents' ability to communicate in Korean, their knowledge of transportation services and traffic regulations, and their travel demands. Various transportation problems that these workers often face, and potential policy reforms to address these problems were identified. This study indicates that many new foreign workers could benefit from information resources and education programs on Korean language, transportation services, traffic rules and pedestrian safety. The topic is a relatively unexplored research subject; most previous research on low-income migrant population transport demands and improvement strategies is from European and North America. Some limitations and future research agenda have also been presented. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Litman T.,Victoria Transport Policy Institute
ITE Journal (Institute of Transportation Engineers)

Our profession is changing the way we define transportation problems and evaluate solutions. Our new paradigm expands the modes, objectives, impacts, and options considered in the planning process. Table 5 compares the old and new paradigms. Source

Discover hidden collaborations