Downey L.A.,Swinburne University of Technology |
King R.,Swinburne University of Technology |
Papafotiou K.,Swinburne University of Technology |
Swann P.,Vic Roads |
And 3 more authors.
Accident Analysis and Prevention | Year: 2013
Background: Cannabis and alcohol are the most popular drugs amongst recreational users, and most prevalent in injured and deceased drivers. Clarification of the interactive effects of these drugs upon driving behaviour is critical for reducing drug-related road deaths. Objectives: The current study had two objectives, to examine the effects of cannabis and alcohol on driving performance, and identify if any differences between the effects of cannabis and alcohol on driving performance exist between regular cannabis users and non-regular cannabis users. Methods: The project involved 80 participants (49 male, 31 female) who were abstinent recreational users of alcohol and marijuana. They participated in six experimental sessions that involved the consumption of cannabis cigarettes containing no THC, 1.8% THC or 3% THC together with the consumption of alcohol to obtain either 0% BAC, 0.03% BAC or 0.05% BAC. The six sessions were double-blind, counter-balanced, placebo-controlled and medically supervised. Forty participants were allocated to the cannabis with low alcohol (0.03% BAC) group, and 40 participants were allocated to the cannabis with high alcohol (0.05% BAC) group. Driving simulator performance was assessed at 20 min post-drug administration and blood samples were taken before and after driving. Results: Driving simulator performance was more impaired in the THC and alcohol combined conditions. Consistent with past research, the level of THC detected in blood is higher when THC is consumed with alcohol, than when cannabis is consumed alone, and regular cannabis users returned higher levels of THC in plasma than non-regular users. Generally, regular cannabis users displayed more driving errors than non-regular cannabis users. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Stough C.,Swinburne University of Technology |
Downey L.A.,Swinburne University of Technology |
King R.,Swinburne University of Technology |
Papafotiou K.,Swinburne University of Technology |
And 2 more authors.
Accident Analysis and Prevention | Year: 2012
Objectives: Illicit drugs such as MDMA and methamphetamine are commonly abused drugs that have also been observed to be prevalent in drivers injured in road accidents. Their exact effect on driving and driving behavior has yet to be thoroughly investigated. Methods: Sixty-one abstinent recreational users of illicit drugs comprised the participant sample, with 33 females and 28 males, mean age 25.45 years. The three testing sessions involved oral consumption of 100 mg MDMA, 0.42 mg/kg methamphetamine, or a matching placebo. The drug administration was counter-balanced, double-blind, and medically supervised. At each session driving performance was assessed 3 h and 24 h post drug administration on a computerized driving simulator. Results: At peak concentration overall impairment scores for driving (F 2,118 = 9.042, p < 0.001) and signaling (F 2,118 = 4.060, p = 0.020) were significantly different for the daytime simulations. Performance in the MDMA condition was worse than both the methamphetamine (p = 0.023) and placebo (p < 0.001) conditions and the methamphetamine condition was also observed to be worse in comparison to the placebo (p = 0.055). For signaling adherence, poorer signaling adherence occurred in both the methamphetamine (p = 0.006) and MDMA (p = 0.017) conditions in comparison to placebo in the daytime simulations. Conclusions: The findings of this study have for the first time illustrated how both MDMA and methamphetamine effect driving performance, and provide support for legislation regarding testing for the presence of illicit drugs in impaired or injured drivers as deterrents for driving under the influence of illicit drugs. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Bennett D.J.,Victoria Police |
Ogloff J.R.P.,Monash University |
Mullen P.E.,Monash University |
Mullen P.E.,Institute of Psychiatry |
And 3 more authors.
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica | Year: 2011
Objective: To examine the relationship between committing homicide, the presence of schizophrenia, substance misuse and past criminality. Method: The study employed a data linkage design, using contacts recorded on two statewide databases, one of which recorded public mental health services contacts and the second of which recorded contacts with the police. The estimated rates of schizophrenia disorders, substance abuse and criminal convictions found among a population of 435 homicide offenders were contrasted with estimated rates in two composite comparison samples. Results: Of the 435 offenders, 38 (8.7%) had been diagnosed with a schizophrenia disorder, which was RR 13.11 (95% CI 9.14-18.80) times more likely than a comparison sample. Rates of known substance abuse between homicide offenders with and without schizophrenia and community-dwelling residents with schizophrenia did not differ significantly. However, these rates were higher than those found in the general community. A similar pattern emerged for comparisons regarding offending histories between these same groups. Conclusion: The association between homicidal violence and having a schizophrenia disorder cannot be explained away simply on the basis of either comorbid substance abuse or prior criminal offending. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
News Article | February 21, 2017
Firemen put out a blaze from a light aircraft which exploded as it smashed into a shopping centre near Melbourne on February 21, 2017 killing five people aboard (AFP Photo/) A light aircraft smashed into shops and exploded into a "massive fireball" killing all five on board, including four American passengers reportedly golfers on the trip of a lifetime, officials in Australia said Tuesday. The twin-engined Beechcraft plane veered just after take-off into a shopping centre, that was still closed, next to Essendon Fields airport near Melbourne. "Five on the aircraft and looks like no one has survived the crash," said Victoria Police Assistant Commissioner Stephen Leane. Premier Daniel Andrews described it as "the worst civil aviation accident that our state has seen for 30 years". The private charter from Essendon, north of Melbourne, to King Island, 55 minutes to the south, came down just short of a major motorway packed with the heavy traffic of early morning commuters. Live television footage showed burned out wreckage, flames and major damage at the shopping centre and adjacent buildings. A column of thick black smoke rose into the air as witnesses spoke of an explosion. “The pilot unfortunately attempted to return to Essendon but has crashed into the DFO (Direct Factory Outlet) at Essendon Fields,” Leane told reporters. The centre was not due to open for another hour and the authorities confirmed no one inside was hurt. A taxi driver called ABC radio and told of the "massive fireball" and a landing wheel bouncing onto the motorway. "I saw this plane... when it hit the building there was a massive fireball," said the man called Jason. "I could feel the heat through the window of the taxi, and then a wheel -- it looked like a plane wheel -- bounced on the road and hit the front of the taxi as we were driving along." A shopworker called Ash told Sky News he saw "the fireball go up into the air", adding it "felt like a bomb had gone off". "The fire was just so hot we could not get anywhere near it," he said. "We could see the wreckage, or what was left of it." The US embassy in Canberra said the four passengers were American citizens. "We extend our deepest condolences to the families and loved ones of those who died in today's tragic crash," a spokeswoman said. Melbourne's Herald Sun identified two of the dead as Greg De Haven, 70, a retired FBI agent and lawyer Russell Munsch, both from Texas, who were travelling with two unnamed friends, the daily said. Plumber Michael Howard, 29, told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation he saw a "blue flash". "I was... just looking out the window... and then all of a sudden I just saw a blue flash come down and then all of a sudden there was a massive fireball." "It was like something from a movie," Howard said. Melbourne fire brigade chief Paul Stacchino tweeted that "more than 60 firefighters have worked hard to bring the fire... under control. Crews to remain on scene for some time". Essendon Fields was closed and all traffic diverted to Melbourne's two larger airports Tullamarine and Avalon.
Daniel R.,Victoria Police |
van Oorschot R.A.H.,Victoria Police
Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series | Year: 2011
The presence of background DNA in forensic laboratories is potentially a significant contamination risk to criminal investigations. As part of the laboratory's Environmental Monitoring (EM) program, a preliminary investigation of three brands of laboratory gloves was undertaken to determine the levels of human DNA present on unused gloves from closed and open boxes as well as the origin of stains observed on gloves. The study revealed the presence of DNA on a number of the gloves from closed boxes as well as on some gloves from open boxes. Some observed staining on gloves was indicative of rust. Regular assessment of the presence of human DNA on unused gloves is recommended. In addition, using only certified DNA-free gloves should be considered. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
van Oorschot R.A.H.,Victoria Police |
Ballantyne K.N.,Erasmus Medical Center |
Mitchell R.J.,La Trobe University
Investigative Genetics | Year: 2010
DNA analysis is frequently used to acquire information from biological material to aid enquiries associated with criminal offences, disaster victim identification and missing persons investigations. As the relevance and value of DNA profiling to forensic investigations has increased, so too has the desire to generate this information from smaller amounts of DNA. Trace DNA samples may be defined as any sample which falls below recommended thresholds at any stage of the analysis, from sample detection through to profile interpretation, and can not be defined by a precise picogram amount. Here we review aspects associated with the collection, DNA extraction, amplification, profiling and interpretation of trace DNA samples. Contamination and transfer issues are also briefly discussed within the context of trace DNA analysis. Whilst several methodological changes have facilitated profiling from trace samples in recent years it is also clear that many opportunities exist for further improvements. © 2010 van Oorschot et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Darwinkel E.,Deakin University |
Powell M.,Deakin University |
Tidmarsh P.,Victoria Police
Criminal Justice and Behavior | Year: 2013
We examined whether specialist police training on the dynamics of sexual offending can modify officers' victim-blaming attitudes and negative perceptions regarding likely case authorization. The sample included 77 Australian police officers specialising in sexual assault investigation. The training, delivered face to face over 4 weeks, included focus on identifying elements of grooming in offending relationships and how these elements can be elicited from victims and suspects within a narrative interviewing framework. Officers' perceptions of cases were assessed immediately pre- and posttraining using a series of case scenarios. For each scenario, officers rated (on a 10-point Likert-type scale) their confidence that the case should be authorised to proceed to prosecution and the responsibility attributable to the victim. For each case, officers also listed up to 5 factors to justify their case authorization decision. Overall, confidence in case authorization increased from pre- to posttraining, whilst perception of victim "responsibility" decreased. The pattern of results, including the qualitative evidence to justify officers' decisions, support that the attitude change was due to greater understanding of the dynamics of sexual offending. The implications for police trainers, and directions for future research, are discussed. © 2013 International Association for Correctional and Forensic Psychology.
Ilardi G.J.,Victoria Police
Studies in Conflict and Terrorism | Year: 2013
Based on in-depth interviews with seven Canadian radicals in 2011, this article provides a detailed and nuanced insight into these men's personal journeys into, and in some cases, exit from, the world of radical Islam. Reflecting on their motivation, emotions, and decision-making processes, these men's stories demonstrate that the radicalization experience is anything but straightforward in the sense of there being a single and unambiguous motivation that spurs individuals on. Rather, they reveal that they were drawn to, and remained involved with, the world of extremism for a variety of reasons, not all of which necessarily related to the existence of grievances, real or imagined. Moreover, the relative importance of these drivers appeared to be in a state of flux, depending on an individual's needs or circumstances at any given time. Indeed, the highly idiosyncratic and temporally specific nature of the radicalization process, as demonstrated by these men's accounts, does not bode well for government and law enforcement efforts to anticipate specific cases of radicalization. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Collins S.,Victoria Police
Studies in Conflict and Terrorism | Year: 2015
This article defines and assesses the ideal-type of the radical criminal as the analytical framework for a comparative qualitative study of Mexican religious drug cartels and Australian outlaw motorcycle gangs and concludes that radical criminals operate in both weak and failed states and stable democracies. The article participates in the wider discussion concerning the existence (and the features) of a grey area between criminal and political violence, through the lens of the radical criminal ideal-type. © 2015, Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
News Article | December 13, 2016
MARKHAM, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - Dec. 13, 2016) - VIQ Solutions Inc. ("VIQ Solutions" or the "Company") (TSX VENTURE:VQS) is pleased to announce that Spark & Cannon, VIQ's Australia based reporting and transcription services and technology distributor, was awarded a major new contract with the New South Wales Police Force ("NSWPF") for the provision of secure transcription of police recordings. Revenue expected for Spark & Cannon is AUD$2.085M per year based on historical workflow. The contract term is three years with two options to extend for an additional year each. "This is a significant win. This prestigious contract cements Spark & Cannon's position as the leader for secure law enforcement technology and services in Australia," said Sebastien Paré, President and CEO of VIQ Solutions. "It assures solid revenue for many years as the Company continues to expand beyond historical court markets." The NSWPF is Australia's oldest and largest police organization and one of the largest in the English speaking world with 16,000 employees. NSWPF serves a population of more than seven million in New South Wales from more than 400 police stations. Spark & Cannon has provided secure transcription services to NSWPF since 2007. As with previous awards, Spark & Cannon will be a participant on a panel of multiple transcription contractors appointed by NSWPF. With the new contract, Spark & Cannon's portion of the workflow has more than tripled, making them the predominant transcription supplier for the NSWPF. "The significant expansion of our portion of the workflow demonstrates the confidence that the NSWPF has in Spark & Cannon to provide quality, efficient and secure transcription services," said Matthew Fowler, Managing Director at Spark & Cannon. "We're pleased that NSWPF recognizes Spark & Cannon's leadership in these areas as we continue to increase our law enforcement market." Spark & Cannon also provides transcription services to the Victoria Police through a similar multiyear contract. "As Spark & Cannon continues to win new contracts with police, medical and legal customers across Australia, we look forward to expanding our offerings to these customers to include additional secure technology and services," added Mr. Paré. For more information on what is making the news at VIQ Solutions, please visit our website at http://www.viqsolutions.com/news.html. VIQ Solutions is the leading technology and service platform provider for digital evidence capture and content management. Our secure modular software allows customers to onboard the VIQ platform at any stage of their organization's digitization, from the capture of digital content from video and audio devices through to online collaboration, mobility, data analytics and integration with sensors, facial recognition, speech recognition and case management or patient record systems. VIQ's technology leads the industry in security, meeting the highest international standards for digital/cyber security and privacy, including military and medical regulations. Our solutions are in use in over 20 countries with tens of thousands of users in over 200 government and private agencies including law enforcement, immigration, medical, legal, insurance, courts, and transportation and transcription services. VIQ also provides end to end transcription services to several large government agencies through our Australia-based reporting and transcription partners. VIQ operates worldwide with partners like security integrators, audio-video specialists, and hardware and data storage suppliers. Managing digital media evidence is what we do, and we do it better than anyone else. For more information about VIQ Solutions, please visit www.viqsolutions.com. Certain statements included in this news release constitute forward looking statements or forward looking information under applicable securities legislation. Such forward looking statements or information are provided for the purpose of providing information about management's current expectations and plans relating to the future. Readers are cautioned that reliance on such information may not be appropriate for other purposes. Forward looking statements or information typically contain statements with words such as "anticipate", "believe", "expect", "plan", "intend", "estimate", "propose", "project" or similar words suggesting future outcomes or statements regarding an outlook. Forward looking statements or information in this news release include, but are not limited to, the expected workflow volume and associated revenues of Spark & Cannon attributable to the contract with the New South Wales Police Force. The forward looking statements or information contained in this news release are made as of the date hereof and VIQ Solutions undertakes no obligation to update publicly or revise any forward looking statements or information, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise unless required by applicable securities laws. The forward looking statements or information contained in this news release are expressly qualified by this cautionary statement. Neither the TSX Venture Exchange nor its Regulation Service Provider (as that term is defined in the policies of the Exchange) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release.