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Rome, Italy

Amori G.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience | Gippoliti S.,Viale Liegi 48A
Rendiconti Lincei

The evolutionary history of plant and animal species has been deeply influenced by both climate changes and human actions. Human actions have been particularly heavy during the Anthropocene, when over 250 mammal species became extinct, mostly on islands. Here, we shortly review the existing literature, and test whether the various mammalian orders are all equally prone to extinction risks. We concluded that species belonging to the orders Rodentia, Primates, and Artiodactyla were more prone to become extinct, whereas those belonging to the orders Chiroptera and Carnivora were less. Surprisingly, apparently IUCN red list placed higher conservation concerns for the species belonging to the mammalian orders which are globally least prone to become extinct during the Holocene. © 2013 Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei. Source

Despite the uniqueness and importance of Theropithecus in palaeontological studies, little is known about the geographical and taxonomic differentiation in this genus, now restricted to the Ethiopian Highlands. Traditionally, the single living species Theropithecus gelada (Rüppell 1835) has been considered to comprise two subspecies: the nominate T. g. gelada in the northern highlands, and T. g. obscurus Heuglin 1863, from latitude 12° to 9°N in the south. Both the distributions and the physical characters of these two subspecies are poorly defined, and even in recent major taxonomic revisions, the validity of T.g. obscurus has been questioned. The history of gelada taxonomy and museum collections is reviewed here, and results are compared with the biogeography and major physical features of the Ethiopian Highlands. It is concluded that major gaps exist in our knowledge of the differentiation and distributions of Theropithecus populations. Following this literature review, a series of priority regions for taxonomic research and conservation are identified. These include the gathering of data on (1) geladas inhabiting the Wollo Region, from where obscurus was originally described; (2) the identity of geladas of the Tigray Region northeast of the Tacazzé River, and their current conservation status; (3) the identity of the Shewa population, usually assigned to obscurus; and (4) the identity and current status of geladas found northeast and south of Lake Tana, including Gojjam. © 2010 Japan Monkey Centre and Springer. Source

Gippoliti S.,Viale Liegi 48A
Zoologische Garten

This work reviews nearly 90 years of ape keeping and housing at the Giardino Zoologico in Rome, and offers an overview of the scientific research carried out on these primates. It may thus contribute to a better historical knowledge of primate zoo management in Italy. Furthermore, particular attention is paid to morphological aspects in orangutan physical development that should deserve further research. © 2013. Source

Gippoliti S.,Viale Liegi 48A | Cotterill F.P.D.,Stellenbosch University | Groves C.P.,Australian National University

Ontological and epistemological properties of the Phylogenetic Species Concept (PSC) as applied in recent mammalian taxonomic works are redefined and defended against criticisms raised by Zachos and Lovari (2013), which we find inapplicable to taxonomy because they relate more to the field of population biology. We summarize the negative impacts of the polytypic species concept for conservation and evolutionary biology, with emphasis on Rhinocerotidae. The priority need to embrace and strengthen museum-based taxonomic research is emphasized. © 2013 Associazione Teriologica Italiana. Source

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