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Rome, Italy

Barchetta I.,Internal Medicine Unit | Alessandri C.,Viale del Policlinico | Bertoccini L.,Internal Medicine Unit | Cimini F.A.,Internal Medicine Unit | And 5 more authors.
European Journal of Endocrinology

Objective: Osteopontin (OPN) is a sialoprotein implicated in different immunity and metabolic pathways. Capable of activating dendritic cells and inducing Th1-Th17-mediated tissue damage, OPN plays a significant role in the development/progression of several autoimmune diseases; interestingly, it was also shown that OPN participates in the acute pancreatic islets response to experimentally induced diabetes in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice. Furthermore, OPN promotes adipose tissue dysfunction, systemic inflammation and insulin resistance. Our aims of this study were to evaluate circulating OPN levels in adult patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) compared to non-diabetic control participants and to unravel clinical and biochemical correlates of OPN concentration. Design: Case-control study. Methods: We enrolled 54 consecutive T1DM patients referred to our diabetes outpatient clinic at Sapienza University of Rome and 52 healthy sex and age-comparable controls. The study population underwent clinical evaluation, blood sampling for biochemistry and complete screening for diabetes complications. Serum OPN levels were measured by MILLIPLEX Multiplex Assays Luminex. Results: T1DM patients had significantly higher serum OPN levels than controls (17.2G12.9 vs 10.5G11.6 mg/ml, PZ0.009). OPN levels correlated with T1DM, higher blood pressure, BMI, creatinine, g-GT, ALP and lower HDL; the association between high OPN levels and T1DM was independent from all confounders. No correlation was shown between OPN and HbA1c, C-peptide, insulin requirement, co-medications and diabetes duration. Conclusions: This study demonstrates for the first time in a case-control study that adults with T1DM have increased serum OPN levels, and that higher OPN concentrations are associated with an unfavorable metabolic profile in these patients. © 2016 The authors Published by Bioscientifica Ltd. Source

Cerulli C.,Viale del Policlinico | Busetto G.M.,Viale del Policlinico | Antonini G.,Viale del Policlinico | Giovannone R.,Viale del Policlinico | And 4 more authors.
Urologia Internationalis

Small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder (SCCUB) is a rare variant of neuroendocrine nonepithelial tumor. Clinically, SCCUB appears like a flat or ulcerated lesion and microscopically can cause microvascular invasion and necrosis. Small cell cancer, rarely found in the urogenital tract in a primitive form, usually coexists with urothelial bladder cancers. It has an incidence of 0.35-0.7% of all bladder neoplasms and survival at 5 years is estimated to be around 8%. A 60-year-old man who was a smoker was referred to our department with episodes of gross hematuria and pain in the lumbar region. After an extensive transurethral resection of the bladder, including of the muscular layer, the diagnosis of small cell carcinoma of the bladder was made. The neoplastic cells were positive with immunohistochemical staining for chromogranin A, paranuclear reactivity to cytokeratin and neuron-specific enolase. A total-body CT scan revealed lymph node involvement and hepatic, adrenal and lung metastases. Because of the advanced stage it was decided to avoid radical cystectomy and perform chemotherapy. The patient underwent two different cycles of cisplatin chemotherapy following international recommendations, but unfortunately without any response. After palliative therapy, the patient died in January 2010. © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Pepe J.,Viale del Policlinico | Curione M.,Viale del Policlinico | Morelli S.,Viale del Policlinico | Varrenti M.,Viale del Policlinico | And 11 more authors.
European Journal of Endocrinology

Objective: To investigate whether parathyroidectomy (PTx) reverses risk factors for arrhythmias related to the QT dynamic changes evaluated during bicycle ergometry exercise test (ET). Methods: Twenty-four postmenopausal women with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) (mean age 60.0±8.4 years) and 30 sex- and age-matched controls underwent ET, echocardiography, and biochemical evaluation. The following stages were considered during ET: rest, peak exercise, and recovery. The patients were randomized to two groups: 12 underwent PTx (group A) and 12 were followed-up conservatively (group B). After 6 months, the patients were studied again. Results: Groups A and B showed no differences in mean baseline biochemical values, echocardiographic parameters, and QTc interval. PHPT patients showed an increased occurrence of ventricular premature beats (VPBs) during ET compared with controls (37.0 vs 6.6%, PZ0.03). Serum calcium level was a predictor of VPBs (PZ0.05). Mean value of QTc was in the normal range at baseline (group A: 401G16.9; group B: 402.25G13.5 ms) but significantly lower than controls (417.8G25.1 ms, P<0.01). A negative correlation was found between QTc and calcium values (PZ0.03). Physiological reduction of QTc interval from rest to peak exercise was not observed in PHPT patients before surgery. After PTx, group A had a significant reduction in VPBs compared with baseline (at baseline, 5 of 12 vs none of 12 patients after PTx, PZ0.03) and a restored normal QT adaptation during ET. Group B showed no significant changes after a 6-month period. Conclusions: PTx reduces the occurrence of VPBs and restored the QTc adaptation during ET. © 2013 European Society of Endocrinology. Source

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