Hueston W.,Global Initiative for Food Systems Leadership |
Travis D.,University of Minnesota |
Van Klink E.,Veterinary Public Health
OIE Revue Scientifique et Technique | Year: 2011
The effectiveness of risk mitigation may be compromised by informal trade, including illegal activities, parallel markets and extra-legal activities. While no regulatory system is 100% effective in eliminating the risk of disease transmission through animal and animal product trade, extreme risk aversion in formal import health regulations may increase informal trade, with the unintended consequence of creating additional risks outside regulatory purview. Optimal risk mitigation on a national scale requires scientifically sound yet flexible mitigation strategies that can address the competing risks of formal and informal trade. More robust risk analysis and creative engagement of nontraditional partners provide avenues for addressing informal trade.
Zaza S.,Ondico Organismo Notificato Dispositivi Medici e Cosmetici |
de Balogh K.,Veterinary Public Health |
Palmery M.,University of Rome La Sapienza |
Pastorelli A.A.,National Reference Laboratory for Heavy Metals in Food |
Stacchini P.,National Reference Laboratory for Heavy Metals in Food
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis | Year: 2015
The presence of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and mercury (Hg) was investigated in fish and seafood products collected from the FAO Major Fishing Area 34, Eastern Central Atlantic. Samples were purchased from different retail outlets in Italy. Samples were selected so as to assess human exposure through diet. Metals were detected by Q-ICP-MS and Hg-AAS. All the metal concentrations detected were largely below the maximum levels (MLs) established by the European Union. The exposure assessment was undertaken by matching the concentration of Cd, Pb and total Hg in fish and other seafood products selected purposed according to Italian consumption data. The estimated weekly intakes (EWIs) for the evaluated elements related to the consumption of fish and other seafood products by the median of the Italian total population accounted for 14%, 2% and 14% of the standard tolerable weekly intake (TWI) for Cd and Hg as well as the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) for Pb, respectively. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.
Annette M.,Food Safety and Quality Unit |
Poirson J.-M.,Food Safety and Quality Unit |
Zingeser J.,Veterinary Public Health |
Otto P.,Veterinary Public Health |
And 2 more authors.
Unasylva | Year: 2015
In several countries in West Africa, the initial public health emergency triggered by Ebola virus disease (EVD) has developed into a complex crisis, affecting food security, livelihoods and national economies, and even threatening geopolitical stability. © 2015, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. All rights reserved.