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Kermānshāh, Iran

Janati Pirouz H.,Ferdowsi University of Mashhad | Mohammadi G.,Ferdowsi University of Mashhad | Mehrzad J.,Ferdowsi University of Mashhad | Azizzadeh M.,Ferdowsi University of Mashhad | Nazem Shirazi M.H.,Veterinary Organization
Tropical Animal Health and Production | Year: 2015

Coxiella burnetii, an obligate intracellular bacterium, is the causative agent of important zoonotic Q fever. It is the etiological agent of coxiellosis or Q fever in animals and human. This seroepidemiological survey was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of coxiellosis in increasingly camel raised population in vast area of Khorasan (North, South, and Razavi) provinces, northeast Iran. Using cluster random sampling strategy, 167 camels in 11 counties were selected as serum samples. Sera were assayed for antibody against C. burnetii using a Q fever ELISA kit. Logistic regression model was used to insight the contributing risk factor(s) of Q fever in the study area. C. burnetii was widely distributed throughout the study area. Seroprevalence of C. burnetii at animal level was 28.7 % [(95 % confidence interval (CI): 21.83, 35.56)] for camel populations. The proportion of seropositivity for camels in the studied counties ranged from 0 to 63.6 %. Logistic regression model showed that age correlated with seroprevalence of coxiellosis at the individual level in camels (P < 0.05). This study showed that a relatively high proportion of camels are seropositive to C. burnetii. Considering the economic, zoonotic, and public health importance of Q fever, percussion measures are to be implemented to prevent spreading of C. burnetii and zeroing the risk of Q fever in farm animals and human in this agro-ecologically and geopolitically important region. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source


Chinikar S.,Pasteur Institute of Iran | Ghiasi S.M.,Pasteur Institute of Iran | Moradi M.,Pasteur Institute of Iran | Goya M.M.,Center for Disease Control | And 4 more authors.
Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases | Year: 2010

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is viral hemorrhagic fever caused by CCHF virus, which belongs to the family Bunyaviridae and the genus Nairovirus. The virus is transmitted to humans via contact with blood and tissue from infected livestock, a tick bite, or contact with an infected person. Since 2000, we have shown the disease to be prevalent in 23 out of 30 provinces of Iran. Among those, Sistan-va-Baluchistan, Isfahan, Fars, Tehran, Khorasan, and Khuzestan demonstrated the highest infection, respectively. Notably, Sistan-va-Baluchistan province, southeast of Iran, has the highest prevalence of CCHF, and has shown to be present since at least 2000. Phylogenetic study of the CCHF virus genome isolated from Iranian patients showed a close relationship with the CCHF Matin strain (Pakistan). Our epidemiological data in the last decade have implied that the severity and fatality rate of the disease has ranged variably in different provinces of Iran. More pathogenesis and phylogenetic studies should therefore be investigated to clarify these differences. Copyright 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source


Ashrafihelan J.,University of Tabriz | Amoli J.S.,University of Tehran | Alamdari M.,Veterinary Organization | Esfahani T.A.,University of Tehran | And 3 more authors.
Interdisciplinary Toxicology | Year: 2013

Arsenic contamination of groundwater has been previously reported in Ghopuz, a village located in the Northwest of Iran. Samples were taken from consuming and irrigation water and plants of the region for chemical analysis. A seven-year old ewe, which had lived in and fed a lifelong at the same place, with clinical signs such as weakness, wasting and inappropriate integument was necropsied. Grossly, buccal erosion, stomatitis, cutaneous ulcers and serous atrophy of fat deposits were observed. Rumen contents, wool and several tissue samples were obtained for toxicological and histopathological examinations. Mean arsenic concentration in the spring water, irrigation water and grass/algae were 70.11, 48.74 and 141.85 ppb (μg/kg), respectively. Arsenic levels were 486.73, 247.94, 127.92, 125.97 and 231.24 ppb in wool, skin, rumen contents, liver and kidney, respectively. Microscopic study revealed hyperemia and heavy parasitic infestation of the abomasal wall. Hyperemia and regeneration of renal tubule epithelia were observed in kidneys and hyperkeratosis, suppurative deep dermatitis and paniculitis were found in skin. Periacinar fibrosis and a poorly differentiated cholangiocarcinoma were seen in liver. In pancreas, reduced cell density of islands of Langerhans was noticeable. In the central nervous system, perineuronal and perivascular edema, ischemic changes in gray matter neurons, and microcavitation of white matter were present. Our findings confirmed chronic arsenic toxicosis in small ruminants in this region. It can be concluded that long-term consumption of arsenic contamined water and forage may be associated with chronic arsenic poisoning in domestic animals and human beings, with consequent neoplastic disease and induction of diabetes in this region. Copyright © 2013 SETOX & IEPT, SASc. Source


Rajaian H.,Shiraz University | Aberumandi M.,Shiraz University | Jalaei J.,Shiraz University | Khosravi M.,Veterinary Organization
Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research | Year: 2014

Satureja hortensis is a popular herb in most regions of the world with leaves used as seasoning. Evidence shows that this plant contains phenolic components such as thymol and carvacrol with a relatively wide spectrum of antimicrobial activity. This study aimed at evaluating the efficacy of S. hortensis plant powder as an alternative to antimicrobial growth promoters in broiler diets. The plant was bought in sufficient quantity from the district of Yasouj, Iran and was dried and ground into powder. A total of 140 unsexed 1-day-old Arbor Acers breed broiler chicks were housed and fed a starter diet up to 18 days of age. The birds were then randomly divided into two groups and reared under similar conditions. Chickens received either normal grower (from 18 to 35 days of age) and finisher (from 36 to 50 days of age) diets without S. hortensis (group I) or a similar diet containing one percent plant powder (group II). Statistical comparison of average body weights at various time intervals showed that chickens in group II (1930 ± 29 g, n=63) were significantly (P<0.05) heavier than the birds in the control group (1837 ± 25 g, n=62). The average body weight of males in each group (2075 ± 42 g, n=20 and 2143 ± 40 g, n=22 for groups I and II, respectively) was also greater than those of the females (1724 ± 34 g, n=42 and 1808 ± 30 g, n=41 for groups I and II, respectively). Although feed conversion ratio was slightly less in group II (1.95), it was not substantially different from that in group I (2.02). It is concluded that S. hortensis might be a potential growth promoter in poultry. Source


Rahimi P.,Pasteur Institute of Iran | Sohrabi A.,Pasteur Institute of Iran | Ashrafihelan J.,University of Tabriz | Edalat R.,Pasteur Institute of Iran | And 4 more authors.
Emerging Infectious Diseases | Year: 2010

In 2008, African swine fever was introduced into Georgia, after which it spread to neighboring Armenia, Azerbaijan, and the Russian Federation. That same year, PCR and sequence analysis identified African swine fever virus in samples from 3 dead female wild boars in northwestern Iran. Wild boars may serve as a reservoir. Source

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