Tumkūr, India
Tumkūr, India

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Hemlata,Veterinary Officer | Maherchandani S.,CVAS | Chaudhary A.K.,CVAS | Kumar A.,Veterinary Officer
Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology | Year: 2015

A total of 50 chevon samples were collected from various meat shops of Bikaner city (Rajasthan) to examine the presence of Staphylococcus aureus and study antibiotic sensitivity pattern of isolated S. aureus. 46 (92%) samples were found to be contaminated with average counts of S. aureus 4.347 log 10 cfu/g. Half of the observed values to be in the potentially hazardous category. Among these 46 S. aureus isolates, 21 (45.65%) were coagulase positive. The results of antibiotic sensitivity tests revealed all S. aureus isolates (100%) sensitive to ciprofloxacin and doxycycline. In contrast, all isolates of S. aureus (100%) were resistant to ampicillin and cloxacillin. Moreover, S. aureus isolates were highly sensitive to gentamycin while most of the isolates were highly resistant to tetracycline and ofloxacin. Multidrug resistance was also found in most of the isolates. This study revealed high prevalence of S. aureus in raw chevon samples and also evidenced antibiotic resistance of the organism. The study reflects the poor hygienic condition of slaughtering and handling of chevon meat.


Dhama K.,Indian Veterinary Research Institute | Chakraborty S.,Veterinary Officer | Pawaiya R.V.S.,Central Institute on Research on Goats CIRG | Kapoor S.,University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances | Year: 2014

Foamy viruses (FVs) are complex retroviruses under the genus Spumauirus of family Retroviridae. They cause induction of multinucleated giant cell formation which presents numerous vacuoles, giving the monolayer culture a foamy appearance. FVs can infect animals as well as humans. In case of the Human foamy virus (HFV), a defective variant (named AHFV or HFVATas) negatively interferes with replication of parental counterpart. Some species, such as rhesus macaques, African green monkeys, chimpanzees and cats harbor closely related yet serologically distinct FV subtypes. Unanticipated FV pathogenicity may warrant appropriate attention to biosafety practices to prevent occupational infections and the importance of additional studies to better define clinical outcome of these zoonotic infections. During cross-species infection and subsequent passages a rapid and fatal disease can occur, with changes from nonpathogenic to pathogenic potentials. In persons occupationally exposed to non-human primates, Simian foamy virus (SFV) infection occurs persistently showing that simian retroviruses cross into humans more frequently. Simian Immunodeficiency Viruses (SIV), mostly are nonpathogenic in their natural hosts but during cross-species infection a rapid and fatal disease can occur. Enzyme Immuno Assay (EIA), Western blot analysis and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) amplification are the important diagnostic tests for FVs. FVs are also being exploited as potential vectors that can be used for gene therapy which is gaining much attention of the researchers worldwide. Strengthening sero-epidemiological as well as molecular investigations and public health surveillance programme along with extra precautions while transferring xenograft are some of the approaches to prevent these viral infections. © 2014 Academic Journals Inc.


Hemlata,Veterinary Officer | Maherchandani S.,CVAS | Kumar A.,CVAS | Kumari P.,Veterinary Officer
Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology | Year: 2015

The present study was aimed to enumerate Staphylococcus aureus in raw chicken samples sold in Bikaner city (Rajasthan) and to study antibiotic sensitivity pattern of isolated S. aureus. For this a total 50 chicken samples were collected from various meat shops out of which 48 (96%) samples were found to be contaminated with S. aureus. S. aureus counts from all the positive samples ranged between 2.699 to 6.732 log 10 cfu/g, with average counts of 4.587 log 10 cfu/g. Out of these 48 isolates 20 (41.66%) were found coagulase positive. Antibiotic sensitivity test for the isolates revealed that all isolates of chicken meat samples (n = 48) were sensitive to ciprofloxacin and doxycycline (100%). S. aureus isolates were also found highly sensitive to gentamycin. In contrast, all isolates of S. aureus (100%) were resistant to ampicillin and cloxacillin while most of the isolates were also highly resistant to tetracycline. Multidrug resistance was also found in most of the isolates in the present study. The study revealed high prevalence of S. aureus in raw chicken meat samples and also evidenced antibiotic resistance of the organism. The study reflects the poor hygienic condition of slaughtering and handling of chicken meat.


Shivappa Nayaka H.B.,Veterinary Officer | Umakantha B.,Veterinary College | Wilfred Ruban S.,Veterinary College | Murthy H.N.N.,Veterinary College | Narayanaswamy H.D.,Veterinary College
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture | Year: 2013

An experiment was conducted to study the efficiency of inclusion of neem, turmeric, vitamin e and its combinations on performance and hematological parameters for a period of six weeks with 288 day old raja ii broiler chicks. basal diet was supplemented with azadirachta indica (neem 8g/kg feed), curcuma longa (turmeric 2g/kg feed) and vitamin e 0.2g/kg feed) individually and in combination to form eight test diets. each test diet was fed ad libitum for 42 days. the result of the present stumdy identified no significant difference in body weight of chicks fed with supplemented diets. whereas, addition of either neem alone or in combination with turmeric and vitamin e induced significant growth depression in birds compared to control birds. supplementation of neem, turmeric, vitamin e and their combinations in broiler diets did not exhibit any significant effect on feed intake and feed conversion ratio during all the weeks of age. the percentage livability of birds under different treatments was statistically non-significant. hematological parameters in broilers revealed that the hemoglobin concentration in neem fed group was significantly (p<0.05) higher (10.5 g/dl) when compared to turmeric fed group (9.85 g/dl), otherwise diet containing turmeric alone recorded lowest value of hemoglobin. feeding of neem alone and its combination with turmeric and vitamin e increases significantly pcv values as compared to control. the supplementation of turmeric or vitamin e alone to basal diet did not significantly change pcv values.


PubMed | Health Science University and Veterinary Officer
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Veterinary world | Year: 2016

This study was planned to study the genotypes of verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) in fecal samples of deer due to its public health significance.A total of 160 fecal samples of deer were taken from Mathura district and Kanpur Zoo and screened for VTEC genes by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).All fecal samples were positive for E. coli. All the E. coli isolates were screened by PCR to detect virulence genes stx1 , stx2 , eaeA, and hlyA. Of these, 15 isolates were found positive for VTEC having one or more genes in different combinations.Genes such as stx1 , stx2 , eaeA, and hlyA were prevalent in VTEC isolates from feces of deer. The presence of VTEC isolates having virulent genes may pose a threat to public health.


PubMed | Veterinary Hospital Khajjiar, Himachal Pradesh University and Veterinary Officer
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Open veterinary journal | Year: 2015

The present study was conducted with an objective of establishing a relationship between various routine semen evaluation parameters. Work was conducted at Sperm Station Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, on the semen from five Jersey X local hill cattle crossbred breeding bulls. A total of 40 ejaculates (8 from each bull), were analysed at five different stages of processing namely post dilution, post equilibration, post thaw and after 1 and 2 hours incubation post thaw at 37C for progressive motility, live dead count, reaction to hypo-osmotic solution, acrosomal integrity and gross morphological abnormalities. The results of the study revealed a highly significant (P<0.01) correlation between the various semen evaluation parameters except for the gross morphological abnormalities where there was a significant (P<0.05) negative correlation between the acrosomal integrity and gross morphological abnormalities.


PubMed | Veterinary Hospital Deol and Veterinary Officer
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Open veterinary journal | Year: 2015

The objective of the study was to standardize a new method of vasectomy in male rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). A total of 208 free range male rhesus macaques captured from different locations in Shivalik Hills in a population control programme of the rhesus macaques in India. General anaesthesia was achieved by using a combination of ketamine hydrochloride at 8 mg/kg body weight and xylazine hydrochloride at 2mg/kg body weight intramuscularly in squeeze cage. Surgical procedure of vasectomy was carried out by single-hole no-scalpel technique using a single pre-scrotal skin incision above the median raphae. Spermatic cord was grasped with ringed forceps and was pulled out through the single-hole incision. Vas deferens was separated from the artery-vein complexus and about 3-4 cm portion of vas deferens was resected. Cauterization of both ends of the vas deferens was achieved with electrocautery. The induction time for anaesthesia was 1.400.18 min while surgical time for vasectomy was found to be 5.090.22 min. Recovery from general anaesthesia was without side-effects after a mean duration of 36.071.22 min, whereas the duration of anaesthesia was observed to be 82.274.96 min. There were no major complications following the surgery and recovery of animals was smooth. Animals were kept in postoperative care for five days and released at the same capturing site.


PubMed | Veterinary Officer
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Preventive veterinary medicine | Year: 2011

Livestock diseases have long been a challenge to livestock production and public health in sub-Saharan Africa and Zambia in particular. The Eastern Province of Zambia is one area in Zambia that is not spared by this challenge. Among various livestock diseases affecting cattle in this region, the most prominent are East Coast Fever (ECF) and African Animal Trypanasomiasis (AAT). Since little has been published on the epidemiological trends of these diseases in eastern Zambia, a retrospective epidemiological study was carried out using reports that were submitted to the provincial veterinary office over the past 20 years. This paper assists in evaluating the impact of some of these aid programmes. Data was analysed using Excel(), SPSS(), Epi Info(), and Epi Map() software. Apparent prevalence of AAT in cattle had decreased in the study period from estimates as high as 50% in Katete and Petauke district in 1990 and 1992 respectively to just below 3% (Petauke and Katete) in 2008, thereby, reducing the provincial apparent prevalence from 20% in 1992 to just below 3% in 2008. AAT apparent prevalence dropped from estimates as high as 17% in Chadiza district and 6% in Chipata district in 1990 to just below 1% in 2008 thereby reducing the provincial mean prevalence of East Coast Fever from 6% (1990) to 1% (2008). The inclusion of donor assistance in disease control programmes for both AAT and ECF appeared to have a significant impact on the prevalence of both diseases.

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