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Tumkūr, India

Hemlata,Veterinary Officer | Rao R.,CVAS | Joshi R.,CVAS | Maherchandani S.,CVAS | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology | Year: 2015

The present study was aimed to enumerate Staphylococcus aureus in raw chicken samples sold in Bikaner city (Rajasthan) and to study antibiotic sensitivity pattern of isolated S. aureus. For this a total 50 chicken samples were collected from various meat shops out of which 48 (96%) samples were found to be contaminated with S. aureus. S. aureus counts from all the positive samples ranged between 2.699 to 6.732 log 10 cfu/g, with average counts of 4.587 log 10 cfu/g. Out of these 48 isolates 20 (41.66%) were found coagulase positive. Antibiotic sensitivity test for the isolates revealed that all isolates of chicken meat samples (n = 48) were sensitive to ciprofloxacin and doxycycline (100%). S. aureus isolates were also found highly sensitive to gentamycin. In contrast, all isolates of S. aureus (100%) were resistant to ampicillin and cloxacillin while most of the isolates were also highly resistant to tetracycline. Multidrug resistance was also found in most of the isolates in the present study. The study revealed high prevalence of S. aureus in raw chicken meat samples and also evidenced antibiotic resistance of the organism. The study reflects the poor hygienic condition of slaughtering and handling of chicken meat.


Shivappa Nayaka H.B.,Veterinary Officer | Umakantha B.,Veterinary College | Wilfred Ruban S.,Veterinary College | Murthy H.N.N.,Veterinary College | Narayanaswamy H.D.,Veterinary College
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture | Year: 2013

An experiment was conducted to study the efficiency of inclusion of neem, turmeric, vitamin e and its combinations on performance and hematological parameters for a period of six weeks with 288 day old raja ii broiler chicks. basal diet was supplemented with azadirachta indica (neem 8g/kg feed), curcuma longa (turmeric 2g/kg feed) and vitamin e 0.2g/kg feed) individually and in combination to form eight test diets. each test diet was fed ad libitum for 42 days. the result of the present stumdy identified no significant difference in body weight of chicks fed with supplemented diets. whereas, addition of either neem alone or in combination with turmeric and vitamin e induced significant growth depression in birds compared to control birds. supplementation of neem, turmeric, vitamin e and their combinations in broiler diets did not exhibit any significant effect on feed intake and feed conversion ratio during all the weeks of age. the percentage livability of birds under different treatments was statistically non-significant. hematological parameters in broilers revealed that the hemoglobin concentration in neem fed group was significantly (p<0.05) higher (10.5 g/dl) when compared to turmeric fed group (9.85 g/dl), otherwise diet containing turmeric alone recorded lowest value of hemoglobin. feeding of neem alone and its combination with turmeric and vitamin e increases significantly pcv values as compared to control. the supplementation of turmeric or vitamin e alone to basal diet did not significantly change pcv values.


Dhama K.,Indian Veterinary Research Institute | Chakraborty S.,Veterinary Officer | Pawaiya R.V.S.,Central Institute on Research on Goats CIRG | Kapoor S.,University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances | Year: 2014

Foamy viruses (FVs) are complex retroviruses under the genus Spumauirus of family Retroviridae. They cause induction of multinucleated giant cell formation which presents numerous vacuoles, giving the monolayer culture a foamy appearance. FVs can infect animals as well as humans. In case of the Human foamy virus (HFV), a defective variant (named AHFV or HFVATas) negatively interferes with replication of parental counterpart. Some species, such as rhesus macaques, African green monkeys, chimpanzees and cats harbor closely related yet serologically distinct FV subtypes. Unanticipated FV pathogenicity may warrant appropriate attention to biosafety practices to prevent occupational infections and the importance of additional studies to better define clinical outcome of these zoonotic infections. During cross-species infection and subsequent passages a rapid and fatal disease can occur, with changes from nonpathogenic to pathogenic potentials. In persons occupationally exposed to non-human primates, Simian foamy virus (SFV) infection occurs persistently showing that simian retroviruses cross into humans more frequently. Simian Immunodeficiency Viruses (SIV), mostly are nonpathogenic in their natural hosts but during cross-species infection a rapid and fatal disease can occur. Enzyme Immuno Assay (EIA), Western blot analysis and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) amplification are the important diagnostic tests for FVs. FVs are also being exploited as potential vectors that can be used for gene therapy which is gaining much attention of the researchers worldwide. Strengthening sero-epidemiological as well as molecular investigations and public health surveillance programme along with extra precautions while transferring xenograft are some of the approaches to prevent these viral infections. © 2014 Academic Journals Inc.


Hemlata,Veterinary Officer | Rao R.,CVAS | Maherchandani S.,CVAS | Joshi R.,CVAS | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology | Year: 2015

A total of 50 chevon samples were collected from various meat shops of Bikaner city (Rajasthan) to examine the presence of Staphylococcus aureus and study antibiotic sensitivity pattern of isolated S. aureus. 46 (92%) samples were found to be contaminated with average counts of S. aureus 4.347 log 10 cfu/g. Half of the observed values to be in the potentially hazardous category. Among these 46 S. aureus isolates, 21 (45.65%) were coagulase positive. The results of antibiotic sensitivity tests revealed all S. aureus isolates (100%) sensitive to ciprofloxacin and doxycycline. In contrast, all isolates of S. aureus (100%) were resistant to ampicillin and cloxacillin. Moreover, S. aureus isolates were highly sensitive to gentamycin while most of the isolates were highly resistant to tetracycline and ofloxacin. Multidrug resistance was also found in most of the isolates. This study revealed high prevalence of S. aureus in raw chevon samples and also evidenced antibiotic resistance of the organism. The study reflects the poor hygienic condition of slaughtering and handling of chevon meat.

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