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St Leonards, Australia

Herrin K.V.,Wildlife Conservation Society | Allan G.,Veterinary Imaging Associates | Black A.,Veterinary Specialist Center | Aliah R.,Tautphaus Park Zoo | Howlett C.R.,University of New South Wales
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2012

Three snow leopard (Uncia uncia) cubs, female and male siblings and an unrelated female, had lameness attributed to osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions noted at 6, 8, and 10 mo of age, respectively. All cubs were diagnosed with OCD via radiographs. The sibling cubs both had lesions of the right lateral femoral condyles, while the unrelated cub had bilateral lesions of the lateral femoral condyles. Subsequently, OCD was confirmed in all three cases during surgical correction of the lateral femoral condyle lesions via lateral stifle arthrotomies, flap removal, and debridement of the defect sites. Histopathology also supported the diagnosis of OCD. Postoperatively, the sibling cubs developed seromas at the incision sites and mild lameness, which resolved within a month. To date, two cubs have been orthopedically sound, while one of the sibling cubs has developed mild osteoarthritis. OCD has rarely been reported in domestic felids, and to the authors' knowledge these are the first reported cases of OCD in nondomestic felids. © 2012 American Association of Zoo Veterinarians.

Vogelnest L.,Wildlife Conservation Society | Mcnabb S.,The Neighbourhood Veterinary Center | Allan G.,Veterinary Imaging Associates | Sangster C.,Wildlife Conservation Society
Journal of Medical Primatology | Year: 2014

Background: Cardiomyopathies have been reported in many primates. They may result from an inflammatory response to an infectious agent, nutritional deficiency, familial-genetic inheritance or toxic agents, but in many cases they are idiopathic. Methods: A De Brazza's monkey (Cercopithecus neglectus) presented with weight loss and inappetence. Physical examination, blood collection and diagnostic imaging and an electrocardiogram were performed. Results: Radiographs and echocardiogram revealed pleural effusion with partially collapsed lungs, cardiomegaly, and reduced myocardial contractility from myocardial failure. Conclusions: Necropsy revealed pulmonary infarction, subsequent to heart failure from dilated cardiomyopathy. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Rosenblatt A.J.,University of Adelaide | Hill P.B.,University of Adelaide | Davies S.E.,Veterinary Imaging Associates | Webster N.S.,Veterinary Referral Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Preventive Veterinary Medicine | Year: 2015

Among dog breeds, the Dachshund has the highest lifetime incidence of intervertebral disc disease (IVDD). Intervertebral disc (IVD) calcification is an indicator of severe degeneration that predisposes to disc herniation. IVDD is heritable in Dachshunds, and in some countries, breeding candidates are screened to reduce IVDD occurrence by selecting dogs according to their score of radiographically detectable intervertebral disc calcification (RDIDC) and excluding dogs with ≥5 RDIDCs from breeding. This study evaluated the precision of scoring spinal radiographs for IVD calcification and subsequent classification of Dachshund dogs for breeding based on their RDIDC score. Digital radiographs of the spine were obtained in 19 clinically healthy, young adult Dachshunds, and scored for RDIDC independently by five scorers with varying levels of experience, three times each. Within scorer (repeatability) and between scorer (reproducibility) variability was estimated both at the individual IVD level and at the whole dog level for breeding classification purposes.At the IVD level, some degree of scorer effect was supported by the pairwise repeatability (92.3%; 95% CI: 88.8-94.7%) being marginally higher than the reproducibility (89.2%; 95% CI: 85.7-91.8%). Scorer-specific patterns confirmed the presence of scorer subjectivity. Repeatability significantly increased with scorer experience but the reproducibility did not. RDIDC scoring repeatability and reproducibility substantially decreased at the cervicothoracic spine region, likely due to anatomical superimpositions. At the dog level, a breeding classification could be repeated by the same scorer for 83.6% (95% CI: 73.8-90.2%) of the dogs, and was reproduced between two scorers for 80.2% (95% CI: 66.6-89.1%) of the dogs. The repeatability of breeding classification also seemed to increase with scorer experience but not the reproducibility. Overall, RDIDC scoring revealed some degree of inconsistency explained by scorer subjectivity and inexperience, and anatomical superimpositions. Scorer training and experience is strongly recommended to improve test precision and ensure appropriate classification of Dachshunds for breeding. © 2015 Elsevier B.V..

Lai A.,North Shore Veterinary Specialist Center | Culvenor J.,North Shore Veterinary Specialist Center | Bailey C.,North Shore Veterinary Specialist Center | Davies S.,Veterinary Imaging Associates
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology | Year: 2015

Objective: To report femoral neuropathy caused by nerve entrapment associated with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH). Study Design: Case report. Animal: Seven-year-old female spayed Boxer dog. Results: Entrapment of the right femoral nerve due to DISH caused a femoral nerve deficit and atrophy of muscle groups associated with the affected nerve. A combination of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging was performed to provide a diagnosis. Amputation of the right transverse process of the sixth lumbar vertebra at the level of nerve entrapment relieved the neurological abnormality. Conclusions: Nerve entrapment leading to neurapraxia may occur concurrently with DISH and surgery in this case was successful in restoring function. Clinical relevance: Peripheral neuropathy from nerve entrapment should be considered in patients with DISH. Surgical amputation of impinging osseous structures may be indicated for relief of femoral neuropathy. © Schattauer 2015.

Butcher P.A.,Fisheries Conservation Technology Unit | Broadhurst M.K.,Fisheries Conservation Technology Unit | Hall K.C.,Fisheries Conservation Technology Unit | Cullis B.R.,Wagga Wagga Agricultural Institute | Nicoll R.G.,Veterinary Imaging Associates
ICES Journal of Marine Science | Year: 2010

The eastern sea garfish (Hyporhamphus australis) is an endemic Australian marine teleost that is angled in large numbers throughout its distribution. Most fish are retained, although some are released, mainly because of size-grading in response to bag limits. Owing to their fragility, there are concerns that few released fish survive. To investigate this assumption, 185 angled and 90 control eastern sea garfish were released in groups of five into holding cages, then monitored for up to 24 h. One control and 93 angled fish died, providing an adjusted angled mortality rate of 49.2%. All fish that ingested their hooks (n=7) subsequently died. Generalized linear mixed models for the remaining mouth-hooked garfish revealed that mortalities were mainly caused by scale loss (p<0.01) and air exposure (p<0.05). Further analyses revealed that scale loss most likely occurred when fish were held with dry bare hands (p<0.05), dropped (p<0.05) and exposed to air (p<0.01), or confined in 20-l buckets (p<0.05) for long periods. Air exposure was not significantly affected by any of the variables. Magnetic resonance imaging of 10 live and 5 dead angled-and-released fish revealed no significant differences in dermal damage, although the fatalities typically had greater abrasions than the survivors. The results demonstrate that the fate of eastern sea garfish can be improved significantly if they are released quickly, without physical contact. This protocol could have similar utility among other released species with deciduous scales. © 2009 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.

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