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Kesti, India

Sripad K.,Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory and Information Center | Kowalli S.,Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory and Information Center | Metri R.,Veterinary Dispensary
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2014

Krishnavalley breed of cattle is an indigenous breed of black soil along the river basin of Krishna predominantly and also Ghataprabha, Malaprabha and Tungabhadra rivers in Karnataka. Present study was conducted at Belgaum and Koppal districts of Karnataka and describes the normal reference values of serum biochemical and hematological parameters in male, female and also in different age groups (0-3 years, 3-6 years and 6-9 years) of Krishnavalley breed of cattle. Fifteen blood samples each were collected from male and female and ten samples each were collected from different age group of animals, taking all aseptic precautions. Serum biochemical and hematological parameters were determined, statistically analyzed and set as reference values for male, female and different age groups of animals, which serve as baseline values for comparison of normal, various physiological, nutritional and deficiency conditions in male, female and also for different age groups of Krishnavalley breed of cattle. Source

Biradar S.S.,Veterinary Dispensary | Saravanan B.C.,Indian Veterinary Research Institute | Tewari A.K.,Indian Veterinary Research Institute | Sreekumar C.,Post Graduate Research Institute in Animal science | And 2 more authors.
Acta Parasitologica | Year: 2014

PCR-RFLP and nucleotide sequencing based genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii Indian isolates (Izatnagar and Chennai isolates and Chennai clone) vis-a vis RH-IVRI strain was conducted by targeting GRA6 as genetic marker. The 791 bp GRA6 product was PCR amplified from the genomic DNA of different T. gondii Indian isolates, including the RH-IVRI strain. Tru1I restriction endonuclease based PCR-RFLP of GRA6 sequence produced polymorphic digestion pattern that discriminated the virulent RH-IVRI strain (as type I) from the moderately virulent local isolates as type III. The PCR amplicon of T. gondii GRA6 from RH-IVRI strain as well as from the local isolates were cloned in cloning vector and custom sequenced. The nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of T. gondii isolates were aligned with that of the type I, II and III strains (RH, BEVERLEY, ME49, C56, TONT and NED) available in public domain and analyzed in silico using MEGA version 4.0 software. Nucleotide sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of GRA6 marker from the Indian isolates revealed a close genetic relationship with type III strains of T. gondii. Further, detection of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at positions 162 and 171 of the GRA6 marker, established the lineage of Indian isolates as type III. This is the first report on characterization of T. gondii lineage as type III in selective chicken population of India based on PCR-RFLP and sequence analysis of GRA6 gene. © 2014 Versita Warsaw. Source

Ravichandran M.A.,Veterinary Dispensary | Saminathan M.,Indian Veterinary Research Institute | Arun Prince Milton A.,Indian Veterinary Research Institute | Dhama K.,Indian Veterinary Research Institute | And 3 more authors.
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances | Year: 2015

Cytogenetic studies in domestic animals are gaining more importance because of their genetic implications to breeding programmes. The present study describes the chromosome profile and morphometric characteristics of Garole and Bonpala sheep and comparison of chromosomes between males, females and between breeds. The Karyotype revealed diploid chromosome number of 54 (2n) in both breeds and sexes. The first three pairs of autosomes were bi-armed, submetacentric and remaining 23 pairs were acrocentric. The X-chromosome was acrocentric and largest and Y-chromosome was the smallest, biarmed and metacentric. The morphometric analysis showed significant variation in mean relative length of 13th chromosome pair of Garole and Bonpala males and significant variation in the arm ratio of 2nd chromosome pair of females and variation also noticed in almost all the pairs of chromosomes but not up to the level of significance. The mean relative length of autosomes of Garole and Bonpala male ranged from 1.39±0.05 to 11.45±0.15 and 1.48±0.06 to 11.69±0.25 percentage, respectively. The mean relative length of X-chromosome of the males was 5.66±0.15 and 5.83±0.17, respectively while the Y-chromosome length was 1.20±0.02 and 1.27±0.06, respectively. The mean relative length of autosomes of the females ranged from 1.43±0.06 to 10.80±0.20 and 1.42±0.04 to 11.42±0.36, respectively. The mean relative length of X-chromosome of Garole and Bonpala female was 5.51±0.13 and 5.61±0.15, respectively. The mean arm ratio of first 2 pairs of autosomes of Garole male was higher than Bonpala male while the 3rd pair was higher in Bonpala males. The mean arm ratio of first 3 pairs of autosomes of Garole female was higher than Bonpala female. The present study for the first time compares the cytogenetic profile between Garole and Bonpala sheep breeds. © 2015 Academic Journals Inc. Source

Bam J.,National Research Center on Yak | Rai S.,Veterinary Dispensary
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge | Year: 2015

Leeches are a nuisance to the livestock and human living in the hills of North Eastern parts of India. The people living in this region have learnt to control and manage leeches through various indigenous methods acquired through generations of practice. The present study is an attempt to document the indigenous traditional practices of used by Galo and Monpa tribes of Arunachal Pradesh and Lepcha, Bhutia and Nepalis of Sikkim against blood feeding leeches. The data were collected through an open ended interview schedule to five key informants of each study area. The study has identified a variety of herbal and non-herbal based methods used to control, prevent and kill leeches. © 2015, National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). All rights reserved. Source

Selvam G.,International Institute of Biotechnology and Toxicology | Swamy M.,Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya | Verma Y.,Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya | Karthik C.M.,Veterinary Dispensary | Arya R.S.,Indian Veterinary Research Institute
Buffalo Bulletin | Year: 2014

Vegetative valvular endocarditis is one of the rare primary cardiac diseases in bovines. Among bovines, the incidence of this condition in Indian buffaloes is poorly reported. The present communication describes the gross and histopathological alterations in the case of vegetative valvular endocarditis observed in a 5-year-old she buffalo. © 2014, Kasetsart University. All rights reserved. Source

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