Veterinary College and Research Institute

Nāmakkal, India

Veterinary College and Research Institute

Nāmakkal, India
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Santhi D.,Veterinary College and Research Institute | Kalaikannan A.,Veterinary College and Research Institute | Malairaj P.,Veterinary College and Research Institute | Arun Prabhu S.,Veterinary College and Research Institute
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition | Year: 2017

Microbial transglutaminase (MTG) is an enzyme isolated from a variant of Streptomyces mobaraensis that forms covalent cross-links between protein molecules. Studies are being conducted since last two decades on utilization of MTG in meat foods to improve their characteristics, such as gelation, water-binding, emulsion stability, purge loss, cooking loss, etc. MTG is one of the important topics of interest in meat processing industry due to its advantages in practical utilization and commercial exploitation. This review will discuss about the overall applications of MTG in manipulating the functional properties of meat and meat products by means of various processes such as restructuring, value addition, etc. © 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Pandiyan C.,Veterinary College and Research Institute
Indian Veterinary Journal | Year: 2015

One week old Mecheri lambs having average weight of 2.2 kg were selected and divided into three groups such as control, fed exclusively with ewe's milk, treatment 2, fed with 50% of soya milk and 50% of ewe's milk and treatment 3, fed with 75% soya milk and 25% ewe's milk. All the lambs were fed with 10% of their body weight. The control group had a mean body weight (kg) of 3.43, 6.34 and 8.57 at 30, 60 and 90 days of age, respectively. The T2 group had a body weight (kg) of 3.69, 6.34 and 9.99 at 30, 60 and 90 days of age, respectively. The T3 group had a body weight (kg) of 3.74, 6.89 and 10.33 at 30, 60 and 90 days of age, respectively. The growth performance of the treatment groups T2 and T3 were significantly higher than the control group (p<0.01). The higher weight gain was observed in the T3 as compared to T2, this might be due to higher protein, total solids content of the respective soya milk and ewe's milk blends fed. The present study reveals that the feeding of soya milk and ewe's milk blend will be beneficial for feeding orphan lambs.

Jeykumar M.,Veterinary Dispensary | Vinodkumar G.,Veterinary College and Research Institute | Bashir B.P.,Veterinary College and Research Institute | Krovvidi S.,Veterinary College and Research Institute
Veterinary World | Year: 2013

Aim: The present study was undertaken to ascertain the prevalence and drug sensitivity pattern of causative agents of mastitis in and around Namakkal, Tamilnadu, India. Materials and Methods: Atotal of 74 milk samples were collected and bacterial isolates from 72 samples were obtained and subjected to in-vitro chemotherapeutic sensitivity test. Results: Out of 72 samples, 32 (44.44%) were found positive for Staphylococci species, 4 (5.5%) for Streptococci species, 30 (41.66%) for E.coli and 6 (8.33%) for Klebsiella species. The drug sensitivity test performed irrespective of isolates, revealed sensitivity of organisms to various antibiotics and none of the isolates were found to be sensitive to penicillin G. Conclusion: Enrofloxacin was found to be more effective antibiotic among all the tested antibiotics.

Kumaresan G.,Veterinary College and Research Institute
Indian Veterinary Journal | Year: 2014

Jersey cross bred cow milk samples of different quarters in four stages of lactation were collected and analyzed composition and somatic cell count. SCC was not significant between quarters within the lactation stage. Count was significant between stages of lactation after the 2nd stage. While data obtained in the last stage of lactation had the highest SCC level. Significant (P<0.001) increase in SCC was estimated with advancing parity. The milk yield, SNF per cent tended to decrease, while the fat per cent and ash content tended to increase significantly with increase in the SCC as the lactation advances. It was concluded that the SCC can be used as a reliable indicator of udder health and milk composition during selecting the Jersey cows for milk production. When the SCC exceeds 5.69 log10 units per ml need for a course of antibiotic therapy should be ruled out to save the health of the udder. © 2012 IVJ. All rights reserved.

Thirunavukkarasu D.,Veterinary College and Research Institute | Narmatha N.,Veterinary College and Research Institute
Current Science | Year: 2016

In India sustaining dairy farming as a rural livelihood and to meet the growing demand of milk, necessitates development and dissemination of technology for improving the farm's output. There is also a need to understand how far existing innovations are adopted by farmers and factors influencing adoption and/or rejection. Hence, the factors that influence adoption and the extent of adoption were consolidated from past research using meta analysis and other techniques. It was found that at large-level farmer's knowledge (true effect size r value +0.64) and at medium-level (true effect size r value ranging from +0.32 to +0.47) attitude, risk-taking behaviour and economic motivation, milk production and sales, education, extension agency contacts and mass media exposure influenced adoption of dairy innovation. Further, along with the above factors poor innovation attributes were limiting adoption to 55%.

Thiruvenkadan A.K.,Veterinary College and Research Institute
Indian Veterinary Journal | Year: 2012

The analysis of effect of age at first calving on different lifetime production traits in all the four categories of Jersey cattle revealed that though the majority (60.6 per cent) of the imported Jersey cattle were calving at ≤ 750 days, the optimum age at first calving group in hot and humid climatic conditions of Tamil Nadu for higher longevity, productive herd life and lifetime milk production was > 750 to 800 days. However, in farmbred Australian and Danish Jersey cattle, the heifers freshening at ≤ 750 days and ≤ 1000 days respectively resulted in higher longevity, productive herd life and lifetime milk production. It may be concluded on the basis of finding that the age at first calving should be given due weightage for improving the lifetime production traits of Jersey cattle.

Janani S.R.,Veterinary College and Research Institute | Singaravadivel K.,Indian Institute of Crop Processing Technology
International Journal of PharmTech Research | Year: 2014

In the present study, the tubers of Asparagus racemosus were subjected to preliminary phyto chemical and GC MS analysis. Preliminary phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of steroids, tannins, phenol, carbohydrates, cardiac glycosides, saponins and flavanoids. Xanthoprotein, terpenoids and quinones were not detected. GC MS analysis showed the presence of phytochemicals like 2-Furancarboxaldehyde, 1,2-Dithiolane-3-carboxylic acid [synonyms: Tetranorlipoic acid], 1,6-Anhydro-β-d-talopyranase, Tetradecanic acid, n-Hexadecanic acid, Oleic acid, 4 H Pyran-4 One, 2,3 dihydro-3,5 dihydroxy-6 methyl and 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid.

Gopi M.,Veterinary College and Research Institute | Purushothaman M.R.,Veterinary College and Research Institute | Chandrasekaran D.,Veterinary College and Research Institute
SpringerPlus | Year: 2014

The objective of this experiment was to study the effect of dietary supplementation of Coenzyme Q10 on broiler growth rate, carcass characteristics and cost of production. A biological trial was carried out with 270 broiler chicks fed with coenzyme Q10 at 0, 20 and 40 mg/kg of diet at each of the three energy levels. At the end of 42 days growth period the birds were sacrificed and the samples were analysed. Feed intake was comparable in all the energy and CoQ10 combinations, but higher body weight gain and better feed efficiency with less feed cost per kilogram weight gain was observed in high energy group supplemented with 20 mg of CoQ10/kg diet. The dressing percentages, weight of giblet, liver, spleen, abdominal fat, intestinal length were not significantly altered by CoQ10 supplementation. The heart weight, gizzard weight and ascites heart weight (AHI) were significantly decreased due to CoQ10 supplementation. Hence, birds fed with high energy diet supplemented with 20 mg CoQ10 per kg of diet had higher production performance. © 2014, Gopi et al.; licensee Springer.

Kavitha S.R.,Mother Teresa Women's University | Umadevi M.,Mother Teresa Women's University | Janani S.R.,Veterinary College and Research Institute | Balakrishnan T.,University of Madras | Ramanibai R.,University of Madras
Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy | Year: 2014

Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) of different sizes have been prepared by chemical reduction method and characterized using UV-vis spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Fluorescence spectral analysis showed that the quenching of fluorescence of textile dyeing waste water (TDW) has been found to decrease with decrease in the size of the Ag NPs. Experimental results show that the silver nanoparticles can quench the fluorescence emission of adsorbed TDW effectively. The fluorescence interaction between Ag NPs (acceptor) and TDW (donor) confirms the Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) mechanism. Long range dipole-dipole interaction between the excited donor and ground state acceptor molecules is the dominant mechanism responsible for the energy transfer. Furthermore, photocatalytic degradation of TDW was measured spectrophotometrically by using silver as nanocatalyst under UV light illumination. The kinetic study revealed that synthesized Ag NPs was found to be effective in degrading TDW. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Arunachalam K.,Veterinary College and Research Institute
Buffalo Bulletin | Year: 2013

During the present survey, 20 buffalo calves were examined for lice infestation at a private buffalo farm, situated in Lathuwadi, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu, India. One hundred percent of the buffalo calves were infested with Haematopinus spp. Clinical signs included of alopecia, pruritis, small crusts and scabs. Lesions were confined to the neck, shoulders and rump. Skin scrapings were examined and eggs, larva, nymphs and adult mites were recovered. The relationship between sex and age of animal was also determined; it was 94.1% in females for Haematopinus spp., while in males it was 80 percent. It was significantly (P<0.05) higher in age group of more than six months as compared to 14.2% in lesser than six months old.

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