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Hebbal, India

Mahima,Animal Nutrition | Garg A.K.,Indian Veterinary Research Institute | Mudgal V.,Veterinary College
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences | Year: 2012

A 70 day experiment on forty guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus) was conducted to find the influence of different level of sodium selenite (inorganic selenium supplementation) on growth, nutrient utilization and selenium uptake. The sodium selenite was supplemented into a basal diet at 0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 ppm, respectively and the basal diet comprised of 25% ground cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) hay, 30% ground maize (Zea mays) grain, 22% ground gram (Cicer arietinum) grain, 9.5% deoiled rice (Oryza sativa) bran, 6% soybean (Glycine max) meal, 6% fish meal, 1.5% mineral mixture (without Se), ascorbic acid (200 mg kg-1) and 0.1 ppm Se to meet their nutrient requirements. Daily feed intake and weekly body weights were recorded. Intake and digestibility of dry matter, organic matter, ether extract, crude fiber and nitrogen-free extract as well as uptake of calcium and phosphorus, total body weight and average daily gain were similar (p>0.05) among the four groups. However, there was a trend of increase in Se absorption of the guinea pigs with the increasing levels of Se, in the groups given 0.2 and 0.3 ppm of Se. It can be concluded that requirement of Se in guinea pigs is 0.1 ppm, as supplementation of ≥- 0.1 ppm sodium selenite in the diet (having 0.1 ppm Se) did not enhanced their growth rate and nutrient utilization. © 2012 Asian Network for Scientific Information.

Shridhar N.B.,Veterinary College
Indian Journal of Animal Research | Year: 2010

The present study revealed the natural toxicity of a neonicotinoid insecticide imidacloprid on buffaloes which expressed the clinical signs of frothy salivation, in-coordination to move, stiff gait and dyspnoea. The haematological parameters like haemoglobin, packed cell volume (PCV), total erythrocyte count (TEC), total leucocyte count (TLC) and differential leucocyte counts(DLC) were not altered in the affected animals. There was no change in the concentrations of serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) except a slight increase in aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) concentrations.

Shridhar N.B.,Veterinary College
Indian Journal of Animal Research | Year: 2011

Perineal hernia is an uncommon phenomenon in cattle. A case of perineal hernia in a HF crossbred cow was surgically corrected. The urinary bladder was herniated into the vaginal folds and formed a perineal hernia. The same was corrected using a proper surgical technique and the cow recovered uneventfully.

Karabasanavar N.S.,Veterinary College | Singh S.P.,University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences | Shebannavar S.N.,Indian Immunologicals Ltd
Food Chemistry | Year: 2014

We describe a highly specific PCR assay for the authentic identification of pork. Accurate detection of tissues derived from pig (Sus scrofa) was accomplished by using newly designed primers targeting porcine mitochondrial displacement (D-loop) region that yielded an unique amplicon of 712 base pairs (bp). Possibility of cross-amplification was precluded by testing as many as 24 animal species (mammals, birds, rodent and fish). Suitability of PCR assay was confirmed in raw (n = 20), cooked (60, 80 and 100 C), autoclaved (121 C) and micro-oven processed pork. Sensitivity of detection of pork in other species meat using unique pig-specific PCR was established to be at 0.1%; limit of detection (LOD) of pig DNA was 10 pg (pico grams). The technique can be used for the authentication of raw, processed and adulterated pork and products under the circumstances of food adulteration related disputes or forensic detection of origin of pig species. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Haelters J.,Royal Belgian Institute Of Natural Sciences | Kerckhof F.,Royal Belgian Institute Of Natural Sciences | Jauniaux T.,Veterinary College | Degraer S.,Royal Belgian Institute Of Natural Sciences
Aquatic Mammals | Year: 2012

In September 2011, two harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) presenting extensive traumatic lesions washed ashore in Belgium. Similar lesions, with large parts of skin and blubber missing, had not been recorded before on harbour porpoises in Belgium but were recently observed in a number of cases in neighbouring countries. We compared the lesions with the mouth and teeth structure of possible predators. The circumstances of the strandings, the observations during the necropsies, and the results of seal skull investigations pointed towards seals, presumably grey seals (Halichoerus grypus), as the prime suspects for having caused the death of bothharbour porpoises. Although purely aggressive behaviour cannot be completely excluded, predation is considered most likely as part of the skin and blubber tissue of the harbour porpoises was missing. The grey seal is an opportunistic predator, feeding on a variety of fish and cephalopods, and occasionally even on crustaceans and seabirds, but predation on harbour porpoises, or any other marine mammal, had to our knowledge never been described. This finding might shed a new light on the causeof death of some of the other mutilated harbour porpoises recently stranded on southern North Sea beaches, and it presents a case of a change in the feeding strategyof a top predator.

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