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Hrovatin B.,Veterinarska uprava Republike Slovenije | Salamon S.,Veterinarska uprava Republike Slovenije | Wernig J.M.,Veterinarska uprava Republike Slovenije | Hari A.,Veterinarska uprava Republike Slovenije | And 2 more authors.
Slovenian Veterinary Research | Year: 2011

Animal health care by humans reaches back to the prehistoric times. Man has taken care of animal health ever since the domestication and use of animals for food, assistance and company. Approaches to animal health have been changing in time, as well as conditions, animal use and husbandry practices, animal diseases, diagnosis of diseases, and disease treatment practices, which have all been closely related to the progress made in veterinary medicine and veterinary profession. This paper presents a concise historic view of animal health provision in Slovenia, describes the current state and exposes future challenges. Certain diseases causing great economic losses and constituting a public health threat have successfully been eradicated after World War II in Slovenia. Based on multi-annual plans, veterinary services have been implementing relevant disease monitoring programmes. A result of hard work and ample funds invested into such programmes is the preservation of animal health and recognition of officially disease-free status of the country that warrants an unhindered trade. Animal identification systems, reporting on animal diseases, and disease monitoring and control have simultaneously been developed and upgraded. Brought about by the intense globalisation and climate change, we have faced in the recent years the diseases which had never been detected in the past, or the recurrence of diseases, which had practically been eradicated. Future endeavours for maintaining animal health will be focusing in particular on the preventive measures, education and training, on raising awareness, and on distribution of responsibilities.

Comparative analysis of applicable Slovenian legislation governing the protection of animals used for scientific purposes with Directive 2010/63/EU has been conducted. The European Union Member States are required to transpose the relevant Directive into their respective legislation by November 10, 2012 at the latest, and to begin the application thereof as of January 1, 2013. Directive 2010/63/EU is based on the requirement for strict observation of the 3R principles, i.e. the principles of replacement, reduction and refinement in breeding, keeping and use of animals in procedures. The paper presents in relevant tables the comparison of applicable provisions in the Slovenian law with the novelties laid down in Directive 2010/63/EU, which will need to be incorporated into the legal order of the Republic of Slovenia. In addition, tables show optional provisions in Directive 2010/63/EU which, however, are not necessary to be incorporated into the legal order of the Republic of Slovenia. The currently applicable provisions that may be retained in the legal order of the Republic of Slovenia, as they are ensuring a higher level of protection of animals intended for use in experimental procedures are included as well.

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