Sainte-Foy-les-Lyon, France
Sainte-Foy-les-Lyon, France

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Disclosed is a rodenticide bait including: difenacoum in the form of trans-difenacoum of formula 3-(biphenyl-4-yl)-1-(4-hydroxycoumarin-3-yl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene, in wherein carbons 1 and 3 of group 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene of the trans-difenacoum have the same absolute configuration; and an edible excipient for target rodent pests. The bait includes trans-difenacoum at a concentration above a minimum trans-difenacoum concentration lethal to female adults of the target rodents, but below a minimum trans-difenacoum concentration lethal to adult males of the target rodents, the minimum concentration lethal to female adults being less than the minimum concentration lethal to male adults. Also disclosed is a method for selectively controlling a population of target rodent pests.


A rodenticidal bait composition includes bromadiolone mainly in the form of the homostereoisomer of formula 3-[3-(4-bromo-[1,1-biphenyl]-4-yl)-3-hydroxy-1-phenylpropyl]-4-hydroxy-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one, where carbons 1 and 3 of the 3-hydroxy-1-phenylpropyl group have the same absolute configuration. A method for controlling rodent pests using the rodenticidal bait is also described.


The invention relates to a composition comprising bromadiolone mainly in the form of homo-stereo-isomer of formula 3- [3-(4-bromo- [1,1 -biphenyl] -4-yl)-3-hydroxy- 1 -phenylpropyl] -4-hydroxy-2H- 1 - benzopyran-2-one, wherein carbons 1 and 3 of group 3-hydroxy-l- phenylpropyl have the same absolute configuration. The invention also relates to a rodenticide bait and to a method for controlling rodent pests.


The invention relates to a rodenticide bait comprising: difenacoum in the form of trans-difenacoum of formula 3-(biphenyl-4-yl)-1-(4-hydroxycoumarin-3-yl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene, in wherein carbons 1 and 3 of group 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene of the trans-difenacoum have the same absolute configuration; and an edible excipient for target rodent pests. The bait is characterised in that it comprises trans-difenacoum at a concentration above a minimum trans-difenacoum concentration lethal to female adults of the target rodents, but below a minimum trans-difenacoum concentration lethal to adult males of the target rodents, said minimum concentration lethal to female adults being less than the minimum concentration lethal to male adults. The invention relates to a method for selectively controlling a population of target rodent pests.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-SICA | Phase: KBBE-2007-2-1-02 | Award Amount: 3.04M | Year: 2008

The general objective of the FOCUS-BALKANS project is to improve competencies and understanding in the field of consumer food science in the Western Balkan countries (WBC). The scientific results of the research will make important contribution to the public health and consumer protection and to the achievement of the objectives within the FP7. The specific objectives are to: - Develop a network of universities, institutes, high schools, consumer organisations, NGOs and private enterprises active in the field of food consumer science with are able to develop joint-research activities; - Have a better understanding of food consumers in the WBCs, with a focus on products with positive nutritional properties (fruits and health / diet foods) and / or sustainability (organic and traditional food products). Formal training will be organised for key research organisations in the WBCs to enable them to become familiar with state of the art methodologies, practical techniques and theories. The training activities, organised in each WBC-country, target a wide range of organisations from the public and private research sectors, NGOs & consumer associations. 6 regional training meetings will be designed by the project partners and associated organisations. Four studies on niche markets plus one quantitative survey will systematically be conducted by WBC organisations as a mechanism for learning-by-doing. Two open seminars will bring together a wider spectrum of stakeholders including food supply chains representatives and policy-makers. Altogether, these actors will be invited to participate in the Food Consumer Science Balkan Network, which will seek to stimulate regional and interdisciplinary co-operation. The research, training and networking activities are intimately interlinked and will have strong synergies.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: KBBE-2007-1-1-05 | Award Amount: 8.96M | Year: 2009

With the increasing impact of mankinds activities on the natural environment, disease naturally harboured by wild animals, both within the geographical limits of the EU and elsewhere, are becoming increasingly significant both for public health and health of livestock, in addition to having direct concerns for wild animal species. We are proposing a project which will combine (i) technological development to enable high through-put array-based screening of samples from a wide variety of wild animals with (ii) surveillance of terrestrial, aerial and marine wild animal species within Europe and from countries which act as portals of disease entry into the EU, (iii) epidemiological analysis and risk assessment using data generated during the project and from other sources, and (iv) development and proposal of a model framework for disease surveillance within Europe developed in parallel with the burgeoning systems in North America. The proposal will place the EU at the centre of wildlife disease surveillance and also enable the translation of high throughput array-based technologies into human and veterinary medicine.


Patent
Merial Inc., Calixar Inc., Genostar, VetAgro Sup and Institute Pasteur Paris | Date: 2016-02-22

The present invention provides compositions and methods for eliciting heterologous protective immunity in animals against Leptospira spp. The Leptospira spp. immunoprotective peptides disclosed herein elicit protective immunity against subsequent challenge or exposure to at least two Leptospira spp. serovars.


Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is an important cause of food-borne illness. The public health implication of the presence of STEC in dairy products remains unclear. Knowledge of STEC behavior in cheeses would help to evaluate the human health risk. The aim of our study was to observe the growth and survival of experimentally inoculated STEC strains in raw-milk cheeses manufactured and ripened according to five technological schemes: blue-type cheese, uncooked pressed cheese with long ripening and with short ripening steps, cooked cheese, and lactic cheese. Cheeses were contaminated with different STEC serotypes (O157:H7, O26:H11, O103:H2, and O145:H28) at the milk preparation stage. STEC growth and survival were monitored on selective media during the entire manufacturing process. STEC grew (2 to 3 log(10) CFU · g(-1)) in blue-type cheese and the two uncooked pressed cheeses during the first 24 h of cheese making. Then, STEC levels progressively decreased in cheeses that were ripened for more than 6 months. In cooked cheese and in lactic cheese with a long acidic coagulation step (pH < 4.5), STEC did not grow. Their levels decreased after the cooking step in the cooked cheese and after the coagulation step in the lactic cheese, but STEC was still detectable at the end of ripening and storage. A serotype effect was found: in all cheeses studied, serotype O157:H7 grew less strongly and was less persistent than the others serotypes. This study improves knowledge of the behavior of different STEC serotypes in various raw-milk cheeses.


The invention relates to a system for performing an anastomosis between an organic wall having an opening and an organic hollow tube, comprising:


The disclosure relates to a system for preparing an opening created on an organic wall, comprising: a supporting body defining a longitudinal axis and having a proximal portion and a distal portion adapted for insertion through the opening; external clamping elements deployable in an outwardly flaring arrangement relative to the supporting body and able to cover portions of an annular surface of said wall; andbiasing elements arranged to tighten and juxtapose said external clamping elements on said body in order to progressively deform said annular surface so as to shape on said wall a tubular portion extending along the longitudinal axis and form an anchoring clamp consisting of said external clamping elements.

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