Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 2.43M | Year: 2017
Our society in Europe is still under prepared for the demographic changing situation of an ageing population which began several decades ago. This is visible in the age structure of the population and is reflected by the fact that the population aged 65 years and over is increasing in every European country. The growth in the elderly population may be explained by increased longevity, but at the same time, we also see an increase in debilitating conditions. However, it is also clear that the elderly are afflicted by challenging health conditions as a direct consequence of being elderly which impact their quality of life (QOL), e.g. living alone, depression, recovery from illness, immobility. This is what we would like to address. Living longer should be a privilege but there has been a collective failure to address social implications and QOL issues, where social care and the way it is funded are already in crisis. Our aim in this project is to couple the need for new societal approaches in addressing this changing demographic with improving the economy of green microenvironment sites, where health tourism and creating new jobs in this sector would in turn fund and provide benefits with respect to the well-being of the elderly. The ultimate outcome, through this pan-European academic and industrial project, will be: a) to derive cross-disciplinary and inter-sectorial knowledge of how to improve physical and mental well-being in the elderly, b) to characterise the environmental geology of Nemi and to correlate the identified features with improvements in health, well-being and recovery, c) to train a new generation of specialists in the sector of recreation and health for the tourism industry, d) the training of specialists in social and therapeutic horticulture (STH) as a way to improve physical and mental health, e) to create a model for health tourism, and f) to produce a business plan with an economic impact analysis.
Ceruti, Orlandi, Veronica and Rispoli | Date: 2013-07-10
The invention provides a method and an apparatus for neuromotor rehabilitation by using interactive setting systems which allow the subject or patient to carry out rehabilitative training, and to collect functional parameters concerning the neuromotor aspect. Said method offers in only one apparatus a play means, a rehabilitative equipment and a device for collecting and analyzing specific medical parameters. The method can be used according to two modes: the assisted and independent one. The subject is represented in a virtual setting in which he is asked to carry out precise activities in order to reach a target aim and, at the same time, to use or summon up motor pattern studied by rehabilitation therapists; during the activity the equipment records a very significant quantity of previously selected data which are classified, processed, compared and analyzed by means of a dedicated data management software.
Bussing A.,Witten/Herdecke University |
Ostermann T.,Witten/Herdecke University |
Ludtke R.,Veronica |
Michalsen A.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin
Journal of Pain | Year: 2012
We searched databases for controlled clinical studies, and performed a meta-analysis on the effectiveness of yoga interventions on pain and associated disability. Five randomized studies reported single-blinding and had a higher methodological quality; 7 studies were randomized but not blinded and had moderate quality; and 4 nonrandomized studies had low quality. In 6 studies, yoga was used to treat patients with back pain; in 2 studies to treat rheumatoid arthritis; in 2 studies to treat patients with headache/migraine; and 6 studies enrolled individuals for other indications. All studies reported positive effects in favor of the yoga interventions. With respect to pain, a random effect meta-analysis estimated the overall treatment effect at SMD = -.74 (CI: -.97; -.52, P <.0001), and an overall treatment effect at SMD = -.79 (CI: -1.02; -.56, P <.0001) for pain-related disability. Despite some limitations, there is evidence that yoga may be useful for several pain-associated disorders. Moreover, there are hints that even short-term interventions might be effective. Nevertheless, large-scale further studies have to identify which patients may benefit from the respective interventions. Perspective: This meta-analysis suggests that yoga is a useful supplementary approach with moderate effect sizes on pain and associated disability. © 2012 by the American Pain Society.
Homeopathy | Year: 2015
Introduction: The aim of this study was to develop a criteria catalogue serving as a guideline for authors to improve quality of Reporting Experiments in Homeopathic Basic Research (REHBaR). Main focus was in the field of biochemical and biological experiments. So far, there was no guideline for scientists and authors available, unlike criteria catalogues common in clinical research. Methods: A Delphi Process was conducted among experts who published experimental work within the last five years in this field. The process included a total of five rounds, three rounds of adjusting and phrasing plus two consensus conferences. Results: A checklist of 23 items was achieved, augmented with detailed examples how to handle each item while compiling a publication. Background, objectives and possible hypotheses are necessary to be given in the part 'introduction'. The section 'materials and methods' is the most important part, where a detailed description of chosen controls, object of investigation, experimental setup, replication, parameters, intervention, allocation, blinding, and statistical methods is mandatory. In the 'results' section sufficient details on analysed data, descriptive as well as inferential are needed. Moreover, authors should discuss their results and interpret them in the context of current evidence. REHBaR was compiled for authors when preparing their manuscripts, and to be used by scientific journals in the reviewing process. Conclusions: Reporting experiments in basic research in homeopathy is an important issue to state the quality and validity of gained results. A guideline for REHBaR seemed to be the first step to come to a commitment what information is necessary to be given in a paper. More than that, the catalogue can serve as a statement what the standards in good basic research should be. © 2015 The Faculty of Homeopathy.
Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology | Year: 2014
Health care workers need to embrace new concepts, collaborate with other care partners, and focus on cause-driven approaches [9,21] to overcome the obesity epidemic, and develop strategies to minimize obesity-associated stigma. It is irrational and in fact cost-prohibitive in the long term to treat each sign and complication of obesity. Thus, instead of waiting for complications to occur and then treat, cause-oriented approaches is necessary to early identification of reasons for weight gain in a given patient and focus attention on preventing obesity complications by preventing and/ or reversing such weight gain [9,21]. In addition, health care workers, insurance and third party payers, and the politicians need to listen to people, observe trends, and lead the change when appropriate so that physicians can continue what they do best: provide the best possible care for their patients, even under ever-increasing commitments and resource constraints. The stigma associated with obesity is a major barrier to accepting it as a disease by patients and thus to treatment; therefore, the stigma needs to be eliminated . Stigma is also a major psychological and socioeconomic burden in the workplace and classrooms, affecting overweight and obese persons, and their families. The medical profession needs to lead by taking effective actions to overcome this societal stigma, in persons who are overweight or obese and those with other chronic diseases. © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Mathie R.T.,British Homeopathic Association |
Homeopathy | Year: 2015
Background: Meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of veterinary homeopathy has not previously been undertaken. For all medical conditions and species collectively, we tested the hypothesis that the outcome of homeopathic intervention (treatment and/or prophylaxis, individualised and/or non-individualised) is distinguishable from corresponding intervention using placebos. Methods: All facets of the review, including literature search strategy, study eligibility, data extraction and assessment of risk of bias, were described in an earlier paper. A trial was judged to comprise reliable evidence if its risk of bias was low or was unclear in specific domains of assessment. Effect size was reported as odds ratio (OR). A trial was judged free of vested interest if it was not funded by a homeopathic pharmacy. Meta-analysis was conducted using the random-effects model, with hypothesis-driven sensitivity analysis based on risk of bias. Results: Nine of 15 trials with extractable data displayed high risk of bias; low or unclear risk of bias was attributed to each of the remaining six trials, only two of which comprised reliable evidence without overt vested interest. For all N=15 trials, pooled OR=1.69 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.12 to 2.56]; P=0.01. For the N=2 trials with suitably reliable evidence, pooled OR=2.62 [95% CI, 1.13 to 6.05]; P=0.02). Conclusions: Meta-analysis provides some very limited evidence that clinical intervention in animals using homeopathic medicines is distinguishable from corresponding intervention using placebos. The low number and quality of the trials hinders a more decisive conclusion. © 2014 The Faculty of Homeopathy.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine | Year: 2014
During the last two decades, Sri Lanka, located close to the equator, has experienced an escalating incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) of unknown aetiology (CKDue) in dry zonal areas. Similar incidences of unusual CKDs have been reported in the dry zonal, agricultural areas of several other equatorial countries. In Sri Lanka, the incidence of CKDue is highest in the North Central Province (NCP), where approximately 45 % of the country’s paddy fields are located. However, in recent years, the disease has spread into areas adjacent to as well as distant from the NCP. The cause of CKD in Sri Lanka is unknown, and may likely due to interactions of different potential agents; thus, CKD is of multi-factorial origin (CKD-mfo). These factors include, the negative effects from overuse of agrochemicals. Nevertheless, the potential interactions and synergism between probable agents have not been studied. This systematic review discusses the proposed hypotheses and causes of CKD-mfo in Sri Lanka, and ways to decrease the incidence of this disease and to eradicate it, and provide some recommendations. During the past decade, a number of groups have investigated this disorder using different methodologies and reported various correlations, but failed to find a cause. Research has focussed on the contamination of water with heavy metals, agrochemicals, hard water, algae, ionicity, climate change, and so forth. Nevertheless, the levels of any of the pollutants or conditions reported in water in NPC are inconsistent not correlated with the prevalence of the disease, and are too low to be the sole cause of CKD-mfo. Meanwhile, several nephrotoxins prevalent in the region, including medications, leptospirosis, toxic herbs, illicit alcohol, locally grown tobacco, and petrochemicals, as well as the effects of changed habits occured over the past four decades have not been studied to date. Taken together, the geographical distribution and overall findings indicate that combinations of factors and/or their interactions are likely to precipitate CKD-mfo, which kills more than 5,000 people annually in Sri Lanka; most victims are middle-aged male farmers. Much anecdotal evidence from this region suggests that consumption of contaminated water is the most likely source of this deadly disease. Although the aetiology is unknown, prevention of this “environmentally acquired” disease seems relatively straightforward. Solutions include (a) preventing environmental pollution, (b) stopping the irresponsible use and decreasing the usage of agrochemicals, and encouraging the use of environmentally friendly agricultural methods, (c) taking proper precautions when using agrochemicals and safe disposal of their containers, (d) changing the risky behaviour of farmers and educating them to preserve the environment, and (e) providing clean potable water to all affected regions. Implementing a well-coordinated, in-depth, region-wide, broad-based research study together with a long-term effective surveillance programme across the country is essential to curbing this disease. Unless firm actions are taken promptly, more than three million healthy people in the country, live in agricultural regions, are at risk for contracting CKD-mfo and succumb to premature deaths, which are preventable. © 2014, The Japanese Society for Hygiene.
Woodward-Lopez G.,Veronica |
Kao J.,Veronica |
Public Health Nutrition | Year: 2011
Objective A systematic literature review was conducted to determine whether sweetened beverage intake increases the risk for obesity, and the extent to which it has contributed to recent increases in energy intake and adiposity in the USA. Design The search included studies published between 1970 and 2010 that examined secular trends, mechanisms, observational associations and intervention outcomes. Observational and intervention studies were abstracted and systematically evaluated for quality. Setting Trends in obesity prevalence in the USA and studies from industrialized (developed) countries were included. Subjects Studies were included for all ages, genders, ethnic and socio-economic groups for which data were available. Results Obesity rates and sweetened beverage intake have increased in tandem in the USA. Studies consistently show that higher intake of sweetened beverages is associated with higher energy intake. Energy in liquid form is not well compensated for by reductions in the intake of other sources of energy. Well-designed observational studies consistently show a significant positive relationship between sweetened beverage intake and adiposity. More importantly, several well-conducted randomized controlled trials have shown statistically significant changes in adiposity as a result of corresponding changes in sweetened beverage intake. Conclusions All lines of evidence consistently support the conclusion that the consumption of sweetened beverages has contributed to the obesity epidemic. It is estimated that sweetened beverages account for at least one-fifth of the weight gained between 1977 and 2007 in the US population. Actions that are successful in reducing sweetened beverage consumption are likely to have a measurable impact on obesity. © 2010 The Authors.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Innovation Voucher | Award Amount: 5.00K | Year: 2015
The Workplace of the Future; its not where you go but what you do (Hugh Bradlow). Veronica Southern Telerehab Ltd enables clinicians and NHS trusts to be future-focused and provide modern service delivery using technology such as remote therapy. She has developed Teleswallowing as a way to rapidly assess patients with swallowing problems to alleviate distress, provide expert guidance fast and reduce admissions to hospital.
Perry and Veronica | Date: 2014-05-28
A child clothing system comprises an item of childs clothing (1) having a neck end (3) and a lower end (4), a front (2) and a back, and at least one panel (8) attached to the front of the item of clothing (1). The panel (8) is alterable between first and second configurations such that when the panel (8) is attached in the first configuration to the item of clothing (1) the panel (8) is configured to display indicia /11) to a child wearing the item of clothing (1), and when the panel (8) is attached in the second configuration the indicia (11) are hidden from view.