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Redwood City, CA, United States

Patent
Verinata Health | Date: 2014-06-17

The invention provides methods for determining copy number of the Y chromosome, including, but not limited to, methods for gender determination or Y chromosome aneuploidy of fetus using maternal samples comprising maternal and fetal cell free DNA. Some embodiments disclosed herein describe a strategy for filtering out (or masking) non-discriminant sequence reads on chromosome Y using representative training set of female samples. In some embodiments, this filtering strategy is also applicable to filtering autosomes for evaluation of copy number variation of sequences on the autosomes. In some embodiments, methods are provided for determining copy number variation (CNV) of any fetal aneuploidy, and CNVs known or suspected to be associated with a variety of medical conditions. Also disclosed are systems for evaluation of CNV of sequences of interest on the Y chromosome and other chromosomes.


Patent
Verinata Health | Date: 2015-05-29

Disclosed are methods for determining copy number variation (CNV) known or suspected to be associated with a variety of medical conditions, including syndromes related to CNV of subchromosomal regions. In some embodiments, methods are provided for determining CNV of fetuses using maternal samples comprising maternal and fetal cell free DNA. Some embodiments disclosed herein provide methods to improve the sensitivity and/or specificity of sequence data analysis by removing within-sample GC-content bias. In some embodiments, removal of within-sample GC-content bias is based on sequence data corrected for systematic variation common across unaffected training samples. In some embodiments, syndrome related biases in sample data are also removed to increase signal to noise ratio. Also disclosed are systems for evaluation of CNV of sequences of interest.


Patent
Verinata Health | Date: 2013-03-15

The invention provides a method for determining copy number variations (CNV) of a sequence of interest in a test sample that comprises a mixture of nucleic acids that are known or are suspected to differ in the amount of one or more sequence of interest. The method comprises a statistical approach that accounts for accrued variability stemming from process-related, interchromosomal and inter-sequencing variability. The method is applicable to determining CNV of any fetal aneuploidy, and CNVs known or suspected to be associated with a variety of medical conditions. CNV that can be determined according to the method include trisomies and monosomies of any one or more of chromosomes 1-22, X and Y, other chromosomal polysomies, and deletions and/or duplications of segments of any one or more of the chromosomes, which can be detected by sequencing only once the nucleic acids of a test sample.


Patent
Verinata Health | Date: 2013-03-11

The present invention provides apparatus and methods for enriching components or cells from a sample and conducting genetic analysis, such as SNP genotyping to provide diagnostic results for fetal disorders or conditions.


Patent
Verinata Health | Date: 2014-03-14

The disclosure provides methods and kits for preparing sequencing library to detect chromosomal abnormality using cell-free DNA (cfDNA) without the need of first isolating the cfDNA from a liquid fraction of a test sample. In some embodiments, the method involves reducing the binding between the cfDNA and nucleosomal proteins without unwinding the cfDNA from the nucleosomal proteins. In some embodiments, the reduction of binding may be achieved by treating with a detergent or heating. In some embodiments, the method further involves freezing and thawing the test sample before reducing the binding between the cfDNA and the nucleosomal proteins. In some embodiments, the test sample is a peripheral blood sample from a pregnant woman including cfDNA of both a mother and a fetus, wherein the methods may be used to detect fetal chromosomal abnormality such as copy number variation. In other embodiments, the test sample is a peripheral blood sample from a patient known or suspected to have cancer, wherein the methods can be used to detect chromosomal abnormalities in the cfDNA of the patient. Kits for detection of copy number variation of the fetus using the disclosed methods are also provided.

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