Venetian Oncology Institute IRCCS

Padova, Italy

Venetian Oncology Institute IRCCS

Padova, Italy
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Lombardi G.,Venetian Oncology Institute IRCCS | Zustovich F.,Venetian Oncology Institute IRCCS | Farina P.,Venetian Oncology Institute IRCCS | Fiduccia P.,Venetian Oncology Institute IRCCS | And 5 more authors.
Anti-Cancer Drugs | Year: 2013

Treatment with angiogenesis inhibitors is becoming a cornerstone of modern anticancer therapy. Hypertension (HTN) is a common adverse event during antiangiogenic treatment and might represent a cancer biomarker in patients with recurrent glioblastoma treated with angiogenesis inhibitors. In a retrospective study, we analyzed 53 patients with recurrent glioblastoma treated with antiangiogenic drugs. Thirty patients were treated with sorafenib and 23 patients were treated with bevacizumab. All patients underwent brain gadolinium-enhanced MRI assessments according to the Radiologic Assessment in Neuro-Oncology criteria every 2 months or when clinically indicated. Blood pressure was measured before and during the treatment. We investigated whether treatment-related HTN may be associated with outcome in patients treated with antiangiogenic drugs. After 2 months of treatment, 24 patients (45%) achieved disease control: stable disease (17 patients) or a partial response (seven patients). The median overall survival from the start of antiangiogenic treatment was 7.3 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 6.02-8.5]; the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 2.7 months (95% CI 1.5-3.5); and the 6-month PFS was 32%. Twenty patients (38%) developed grades 2-3 HTN within 2 months of treatment. A significant association was found between HTN and disease control rate, and HTN and 6-month PFS; no significant association was found between HTN and the median PFS. According to univariate and multivariate analyses, HTN was related to a longer survival from antiangiogenic drug administration: 9.8 versus 4.8 months (P=0.001; hazard ratio=3.5, 95% CI 1.6-7.6). Our data indicate that HTN may be an effective biomarker in patients with recurrent glioblastoma treated with antiangiogenic drugs; in particular, it may be associated with a favorable effect on disease control, 6-month PFS, and the median overall survival. © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Bonanno L.,Venetian Oncology Institute IRCCS | Favaretto A.,Venetian Oncology Institute IRCCS | Rosell R.,Hospital Germans Trias I Pujol
Anticancer Research | Year: 2014

The standard first-line treatment for around 80% of newly-diagnosed advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is chemotherapy. Currently, patients are allocated to chemotherapy on the basis of clinical conditions, comorbidities and histology. If feasible, platinum-based chemotherapy is considered as the most efficacious option. Due to the heterogeneity in terms of platinum-sensitivity among patients with NSCLC, great efforts have been made in order to identify molecular predictive markers of platinum resistance. Based on the mechanism of action of platinum, several components of DNA repair pathways have been investigated as potential predictive markers. The main DNA repair pathways involved in the repair of platinum-induced DNA damage are nucleotide excision repair and homologous recombination. The most studied potential predictive markers of platinum-sensitivity are Excision Repair Cross Complementing-1 (ERCC1) and Brest Cancer Type-I Susceptibility protein (BRCA1); however, increasing biological knowledge about DNA repair pathways suggests the potential clinical usefulness of integrated analysis of multiple DNA repair components. © 2014, International Institute of Anticancer Research. All rights reserved.


Cabibbo G.,University of Palermo | Tremosini S.,University of Barcelona | Galati G.,Biomedical University of Rome | Mazza G.,Civil Hospital of Brescia | And 4 more authors.
Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy | Year: 2014

Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is considered as the standard therapy for patients with intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma. However, given the high heterogeneity of this population, no common strategy or protocol standardization has been defined yet. In the last few years TACE treatment has been combined with sorafenib systemic therapy, reporting overall positive results both in terms of safety and efficacy. This systematic review presents and critically discusses the evidence available on the use of TACE in combination (concomitant or sequential) with sorafenib, focusing also on clinical trials currently ongoing to better define an optimal therapeutic strategy for this group of patients. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd.


Carozzi F.,ISPO Cancer Prevention and Research Institute | De Marco L.,University of Turin | Gillio-Tos A.,University of Turin | Del Mistro A.,Venetian Oncology Institute IRCCS | And 55 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Virology | Year: 2014

Background: The prevalence of infections with human papillomavirus (HPV) specific genotypes differs by age and areas. Knowledge of these differences will help predicting how prophylactic HPV vaccination and screening program could best be integrated. Objectives: To investigate variations in the HPV distribution between areas and ages in Italy and the impact of vaccination on HPV prevalence. Study design: 37,367 women aged 25-60 years who attended cervical screening in eight different areas in Northern and Central Italy were tested for HPV infection with the high-risk hybrid capture (hr-HC2) assay. hr-HC2 positive samples were genotyped by an intensive integrated strategy. Results: hr-HPV types were detected in 79.1% of HC2 positive women. HPV16 was the most frequent type, followed by HPV31, HPV18 and HPV56. A statistically significant variability in HPV type distribution between centres (overall χ84df2=195.86 p<. 0.001) was observed. No significant overall difference in the HPV type distribution was observed in the age groups 25-34, 35-44 and 45-60 years. Considering cross-protection, overall 57.6% (95%CI 56.0-59.3) of all infections by hr-HPV types was preventable by vaccination with the bivalent vaccine and 49% (95%CI 46.9-51.1) with the quadrivalent vaccine. The variability between centres was statistically significant with both bivalent (χ7df2=43.8, p<. 0.0001) and quadrivalent vaccine (χ7df2=32.9, p<. 0.0001). Conclusions: We observed differences in HPV genotype distribution according to centres but not to age. Results suggest that the higher proportion of HPV16/18 related high grade CIN in younger women could be the result of faster progression and not of earlier infection by these types. © 2014.


Gillio-Tos A.,University of Turin | De Marco L.,University of Turin | Carozzi F.M.,ISPO Cancer Prevention and Research Institute | Del Mistro A.,Venetian Oncology Institute IRCCS | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2013

The Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2) test targets 13 human papillomavirus (HPV) types. Here, cross-reactivity with non-HC2-targeted HPV types is described. We aimed to define the proportion of HC2-positive women who had negative results with HC2-targeted HPV types and estimate its determinants and impact on women's health management. The New Technologies for Cervical Cancer (NTCC) trial was followed in two predetermined phases. Women in the experimental arm were tested for the presence of HPV DNA by HC2 following a sample collection in PreservCyt (first phase) or Digene specimen transport medium (STM) (second phase). HPV genotyping was performed on DNA samples from HC2-positive women by PCR with GP5+/GP6+ primers and reverse line blot (RLB) hybridization. Untyped samples were submitted to direct sequencing or restriction fragment length polymorphism. Multivariate logistic regression analysis estimated the adjusted odds ratios (ORs) between the presence of HC2-targeted types and age, viral load, and type of transport medium. Out of 2,920 HC2-positive samples, 2,310 (79.1%) were positive on RLB for HC2-targeted types, 396 were positive (13.6%) for only non-HC2-targeted types (mostly represented by HPV-53, HPV- 66, and HPV-70), and in 214 (7.33%) samples, no HPV types were detected. The probability of detecting HC2-targeted types increased with increasing viral load expressed as the relative light unit/positive-control specimen ratio (RLU/PC) (OR for unitary increase of log RLU/PC, 1.35; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.30 to 1.42) and with STM versus PreservCyt (OR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.25 to 1.84). If only the samples containing HC2-targeted types tested positive, the positive predictive value (PPV) would have increased from 7.0% (95% CI, 6.1% to 8.0%) to 8.4% (95% CI, 7.3 to 9.6), although 4.9% (95% CI, 2.4% to 8.8%) of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2+ (CIN2+) cases would have been missed. In conclusion, STM use and an increased cutoff would reduce the HC2 analytical false-positive rate and increase the positive predictive value for high-grade CIN. The gain in clinical sensitivity by detecting non-HC2-targeted HPV types is limited. Copyright © 2013, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.


Ceccato F.,University of Padua | Occhi G.,University of Padua | Regazzo D.,University of Padua | Randi M.L.,University of Padua | And 7 more authors.
Hormones | Year: 2014

Background: Most pituitary adenomas with FSH- or LH-positive immunohistochemistry are endocrinologically silent, and neurological symptoms due to their large volume are the first clinical signs; they are rarely reported to be secreting gonadotropins, this usually occurring in cases with clinical endocrine findings. Gonadotropinomas are often treated surgically because they are unresponsive to conventional medical therapies. Temozolomide was recently recommended for non-responder aggressive pituitary adenoma management. Case Report: A 43-year-old male with a history of 5 years of erythrocytosis presented with severe headache, orthostatic dizziness, and difficulty walking. MRI documented a giant pituitary adenoma and high uptake of 111In-pentetreotide indicated somatostatin receptor (SSR) expression. Biochemical tests revealed a secreting gonadotropinoma. Therapy with somatostatin analogs and dopamine agonists improved the patient's headache, achieved partial hormone control, slightly reduced the size of the adenoma, and controlled erythrocytosis. Six months after the diagnosis, hormone escape occurred despite therapy, thus neurosurgery was performed. After the procedure the patient died of untreatable intracranial hypertension. The surgical specimen revealed SSR 2 and 3 expression, and temozolomide did not induce apoptosis in primary cell culture. Review Of Literature: Among gonadotropinomas, female gender (77%), macroadenoma (84%), young age at diagnosis (28 ± 12 years), delay from first symptoms to diagnosis (up to 15 years), and ovarian cysts/menstrual disorders in females or macro-orchidism in males were the foremost clinical and neuroimaging features. Conclusions: Male gonadotropin-secreting pituitary adenomas may have a variable clinical expression secondary to testosterone excess. Somatostatin analogs, dopamine agonists or temozolomide may have a role that needs to be assessed case by case.


Lombardi G.,Venetian Oncology Institute IRCCS | Farina P.,Venetian Oncology Institute IRCCS | Della Puppa A.,Padua Hospital | Cecchin D.,University of Padua | And 3 more authors.
BioMed Research International | Year: 2014

Fotemustine is a third-generation nitrosourea showing efficacy in various types of tumors such as melanoma and glioma. We reviewed the most important studies on fotemustine treatment in glioma patients analyzing its pharmacological profile and its activity and safety. Fotemustine was used as single agent or in association with new targeted drugs such as bevacizumab; fotemustine was used both as first-line chemotherapy before temozolomide era and in refractory-temozolomide patients during temozolomide era. Finally, analyzing and comparing the activity and safety of fotemustine alone or in combination with bevacizumab versus other nitrosoureas such as lomustine, we may suggest that the combination treatment with bevacizumab and fotemustine may be active and tolerable in patients with high grade gliomas. © 2014 Giuseppe Lombardi et al.


Calabrese F.,University of Padua | Loy M.,University of Padua | Lunardi F.,University of Padua | Marino D.,Venetian Oncology Institute IRCCS | And 2 more authors.
Transplant Infectious Disease | Year: 2010

We report the case of an 18-year-old male who underwent bilateral lung transplantation for end-stage cystic fibrosis. No Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) or cytomegalovirus serology mismatch was detected on pre-transplant evaluation (donor and recipient were both positive). Two months after lung transplantation a computed tomography scan showed multiple nodules throughout both lungs. At that time a low EBV DNA blood level was detected (<300 copies/100,000 lymphomonocytes). Scheduled follow-up transbronchial biopsy (TBB) revealed a prevalent finding characterized by perivascular lymphoid infiltrates with endothelitis. Extensive tissue coagulative necrosis with peripheral areas of dense aggregates of larger lymphoid cells were detected in the trans-thoracic fine needle core biopsy (FNCB) performed on the largest nodule. The immunophenotypic profile characterized the perivascular lymphoid cells in TBB as mainly composed of T lymphocytes (CD3 positive) while the larger number of lymphocytes in FNCB as B cells (CD20 positive). In situ hybridization for EBV (EBER mRNA) was negative in TBB while it was positive in many lymphocytes of the FNCB. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for EBV was performed on paraffin-embedded FNCB and detected a high quantity of EBV genomes (1260 copies/cell). IgH gene rearrangement using a fragment size PCR technique revealed a monoclonal B-cell population in FNCB. Morphological and molecular findings suggest a final diagnosis of acute cellular rejection and a post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) EBV-related in a lung transplant recipient with a low EBV DNA blood level. A possible coexistence of PTLD and acute rejection should be considered both for diagnosis and treatment. EBV PCR in the peripheral blood is a useful screening tool in transplant recipients; however, rare cases with PTLD may not have detectable levels of EBV DNA. This aspect should be taken into consideration to avoid false negatives. © 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S.


Palozzo A.C.,Venetian Oncology Institute IRCCS | Di Turi R.,ASL Rome A
Nutritional Therapy and Metabolism | Year: 2011

Background: Decision makers in health care settings in Italy are often concerned about the costs of nutritional intervention. In the economic simulation performed in this paper, it is demonstrated how simple nutritional supplementation is more cost-effective than other therapeutic interventions provided by the Italian National Health Service (i.e., in oncology). Methods: In a review of efficacy studies in long-term nutrition, a paper published by Larsson in 1990 provided the basis for the cost-effective analysis of the actual work. Four hundred and forty-one elderly patients received an additional 400 Kcal/day to the normal spontaneous oral diet, via oral nutritional supplements or enteral nutrition. Results: After 6 months from the start, a statistically significant drop in mortality (from 18.6% to 8.6%) was observed in the subgroup of well-nourished patients supplemented at hospital admission. On the assumption that 6-month survivors were surviving for at least 6 months, an incremental cost analysis was performed. The sensitivity analysis showed the range of costs for each life year saved to be between €1,133 and €13,200, based on the less expensive product vs. the most expensive. © 2011 SINPE-GASAPE.


Treatment with angiogenesis inhibitors is becoming a cornerstone of modern anticancer therapy. Hypertension (HTN) is a common adverse event during antiangiogenic treatment and might represent a cancer biomarker in patients with recurrent glioblastoma treated with angiogenesis inhibitors. In a retrospective study, we analyzed 53 patients with recurrent glioblastoma treated with antiangiogenic drugs. Thirty patients were treated with sorafenib and 23 patients were treated with bevacizumab. All patients underwent brain gadolinium-enhanced MRI assessments according to the Radiologic Assessment in Neuro-Oncology criteria every 2 months or when clinically indicated. Blood pressure was measured before and during the treatment. We investigated whether treatment-related HTN may be associated with outcome in patients treated with antiangiogenic drugs. After 2 months of treatment, 24 patients (45%) achieved disease control: stable disease (17 patients) or a partial response (seven patients). The median overall survival from the start of antiangiogenic treatment was 7.3 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 6.02-8.5]; the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 2.7 months (95% CI 1.5-3.5); and the 6-month PFS was 32%. Twenty patients (38%) developed grades 2-3 HTN within 2 months of treatment. A significant association was found between HTN and disease control rate, and HTN and 6-month PFS; no significant association was found between HTN and the median PFS. According to univariate and multivariate analyses, HTN was related to a longer survival from antiangiogenic drug administration: 9.8 versus 4.8 months (P=0.001; hazard ratio=3.5, 95% CI 1.6-7.6). Our data indicate that HTN may be an effective biomarker in patients with recurrent glioblastoma treated with antiangiogenic drugs; in particular, it may be associated with a favorable effect on disease control, 6-month PFS, and the median overall survival.

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